How Did Ajarry From The Underground Railroad Resist Dehumanization? (Solved)

Who is ajarry in the Underground Railroad?

  • His new novel, “The Underground Railroad,” begins with a prologue of sorts, telling the story of Cora’s grandmother, Ajarry, who was kidnapped from her African village and shipped to America to become a slave. Colson Whitehead, welcome back to FRESH AIR.

How does Cora resist dehumanization?

Classroom Activity List all the ways that Cora resists the dehumanization of enslavement. Consider her ownership of the plot of land, her friendships with the Hob women, her insistence on confronting danger, her pursuit of literacy, and other examples.

Who is Ajarry in the Underground Railroad?

Ajarry is Cora’s grandmother and Mabel’s mother. She was born in Africa before being kidnapped and enslaved slave in America, where she is sold so many times that she comes to believe she is “cursed.” She has three husbands and five children, of which Mabel is the only one to survive.

How did the Underground Railroad help resist slavery in the South?

How the Underground Railroad Worked. Most of the enslaved people helped by the Underground Railroad escaped border states such as Kentucky, Virginia and Maryland. In the deep South, the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 made capturing escaped enslaved people a lucrative business, and there were fewer hiding places for them.

What was the social impact of the Underground Railroad?

The work of the Underground Railroad resulted in freedom for many men, women, and children. It also helped undermine the institution of slavery, which was finally ended in the United States during the Civil War. Many slaveholders were so angry at the success of the Underground Railroad that they grew to hate the North.

How did Cora escape?

Ridgeway captures Cora, who leads him to the abandoned railroad station. She escapes along the tracks and emerges days later, accepting a ride from a wagon driver headed west.

How does Cora describe the hob?

Throughout her journey to freedom, Cora carries the spirit of Hob with her, which encourages her to be brave, rebellious, and fierce.

Is Ajarry coras Grandma?

Ajarry is Cora’s grandmother, who was kidnapped in Africa and sold into slavery in America. The book begins with the story of her passage across the Atlantic on a boat called The Nanny.

How old is Ridgeway in the Underground Railroad?

Ridgeway was only 14 when he joined the patrollers who rounded up runaway slaves, seeking to suppress any chance of a rebellion like those taking place in the West Indies and elsewhere in the South.

Did the Underground Railroad go through Georgia?

The famous escape of slaves William and Ellen Craft in 1848 from Macon was an exception to the nearly impossible task of escaping slavery in a Deep South state like Georgia. The two developed an ingenious plan for escape.

Was the Underground Railroad effective?

Ironically the Fugitive Slave Act increased Northern opposition to slavery and helped hasten the Civil War. The Underground Railroad gave freedom to thousands of enslaved women and men and hope to tens of thousands more. In both cases the success of the Underground Railroad hastened the destruction of slavery.

How did the South react to the Underground Railroad?

Reaction in the South to the growing number of slaves who escaped ranged from anger to political retribution. Large rewards were offered for runaways, and many people eager to make money or avoid offending powerful slave owners turned in runaway slaves. The U.S. Government also got involved.

Who was the most successful conductor on the Underground Railroad?

” Harriet Tubman, perhaps the most well-known conductor of the Underground Railroad, helped hundreds of runaway slaves escape to freedom. She never lost one of them along the way. As a fugitive slave herself, she was helped along the Underground Railroad by another famous conductor…

How did the Underground Railroad influence the civil war?

The Underground Railroad physically resisted the repressive laws that held slaves in bondage. By provoking fear and anger in the South, and prompting the enactment of harsh legislation that eroded the rights of white Americans, the Underground Railroad was a direct contributing cause of the Civil War.

Why was the Underground Railroad significant?

The underground railroad, where it existed, offered local service to runaway slaves, assisting them from one point to another. The primary importance of the underground railroad was that it gave ample evidence of African American capabilities and gave expression to African American philosophy.

Was the Underground Railroad civil disobedience?

However, in some places, especially after the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, the Underground Railroad was deliberate and organized. Despite the illegality of their actions, people of all races, class and genders participated in this widespread form of civil disobedience.

The Underground Railroad – Literature / History

The Underground Railroad is a term used to describe a system of transportation that allows people to flee their homes. Within the pages of this riveting and emotionally painful novel, author Colson Whitehead tells the story of Cora, a teenage third-generation slave on a Georgia cotton farm who is mercilessly beaten by both whites and African-Americans. With the conviction that the horror will only worsen, she leaves with a young guy who knows how to find his way to the Underground Railroad. Almost everything Whitehead describes is vividly, and at times jarringly realistic; even the novel’s most fantastic element, his vision of this secret transport network as an actual railroad running through tunnels dug beneath the blood-soaked fields of the South, a jolting and resounding embodiment of heroic efforts and colossal risks, is vividly, and at times jarringly realistic.

— Booklist’s Donna Seaman says: (June 2016) You may browse around the website by clicking on the links provided below.

A deep-seated ambivalence regarding the American slogan of “Pursuit of Happiness” characterizes Railroad, just as it did in the original slave tales.

During each of the stops on the runaway slave characters’ journey, contentment may look as a trap, a tempting enticement to stay in a cozy area, which quickly turns sour and becomes the polar opposite of what was intended.

  • The image of “the pleasant plantation and the satisfied slave who sang and danced and adored Massa,” which was widely circulated in the press and popular culture, contributed to the justification of this inequity (209).
  • Due to her past experiences with other slaves, Cora is wary of closeness for the rest of the narrative.
  • Slaves, on the other hand, can build minor attachments that provide them with a measure of satisfaction while simultaneously serving as a sort of resistance against dehumanization.
  • The numerous parties, feasts, and “socials” that are shown in the work serve to disprove rather than reinforce the illusion of the happy slave, as is suggested by the title.
  • Whitehead’s novel is highly critical of the American tenet of “the pursuit of happiness.” Slavery is viewed as a logical extension of white America’s desire of financial comfort.
  • For slaves, happiness may appear to be an extravagance, with liberation being the primary goal of their search for freedom.
  • Therefore, Cora’s departure and search, like the slave narratives and neoslave narratives on which it is based, sits in paradoxical contrast with the national character of the United States of America.

However, the same desire to avoid being imprisoned inside the confines of pre-determined identities applies to African-Americans’ self-definitions, whether in political debate or in literary fiction, regardless of their origins.

“Revue française d’études américaines” (French Journal of American Studies) published an article on the Underground Railroad (2016) The underground railroad is depicted in the novel as an actual train transportation system, as well as a network of safe homes and hidden passageways.

It established pathways for fugitive slaves to migrate to free states in the United States, Mexico, British North America (now Canada), and other countries.

Some researchers believe that the figure is higher.

In recent years, academic research has revealed that the vast majority of persons who engaged in the Underground Railroad did it on their own, rather than as part of a larger organization.

According to historical tales of the railroad, conductors frequently pretended to be enslaved persons in order to smuggle runaways out of plantation prisons and train stations.

The railroad is transformed into a journey through some of the most famous incidents in African-American history, including the Tuskegee experiments, Harriet Jacobs’ autobiographicalretelling of hiding in an attic for seven years, W.E.B.

DuBois’ and Booker T. Washington’s differing visions of progress, lynchings, and the Maroons.

On Whitehead’s The Underground Railroad : Coles’s On Whitehead’s The Underground Railroad Chapter 2 Summary & Analysis

GeorgiaSummary Cora’s mother abandoned her when she was ten or eleven years old. With no mother to guide her, Cora became a misfit among the slaves and was taken to the Hob, a cabin for women who do not belong anyplace else, such as those who are unable to work or who are psychologically disturbed. Ajarry had claimed a modest three-square-yard plot of land to cultivate on the Randall plantation, which was located within the slave quarters of the plantation. This land was passed down to Mabel, and later, after Mabel managed to flee, it was passed down to Cora.

  1. Blake, a hulking slave, tore up her garden and used the area to construct a doghouse for his canine companion.
  2. When Cora reached adolescence a little time later, Blake’s henchmen raped her in front of her.
  3. The plantation co-owners James and Terrance pay a visit to the birthday celebration feast of a slave named Jockey, who is celebrating his 30th birthday.
  4. A young slave named Chester accidently brushes against Terrance, leading the master to spill a drop of wine down his sleeve as a result of the instruction to dance given by Terrance.
  5. Cora intervenes, and she is also beaten as a result.
  6. This shift provides Cora with the drive she requires to flee.
  7. Caesar persuades her to accompany him since he has met an abolitionist named Mr.
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Three white hog hunters come across the escaped slaves and capture Lovey, dragging her away.

She uses a rock to repeatedly beat him in the head in order to get away from him.

Cora and Caesar finally make it to Mr.

Food is provided by Fletcher, who then brings them to the subterranean railroad station on his cart while concealing them behind a blanket.

Analysis It is crucial for a variety of reasons that Cora fights Blake for the right to preserve her small plot of property.

Her quest to hold on to it is more than just a fight for a few more veggies to eat each year; it is also a fight to maintain what little sense of history and communal identity she has left.

Even if she is forced to pay a price for her defiance, as she was in this instance, she will ensure that those who have injured her are also punished in return.

It is highly ironic that slaves would fight over three square yards of land while working together in captivity to cultivate a white man’s acres of cotton, which brings us to our third and last point: Slavery itself is the fundamental enemy that must be fought against; nevertheless, when this opponent appears to be unconquerable, the Randall slaves turn on one another (and against their own self-interest) because their survival instinct compels them to do so.

  • As the novel’s narrator observes, slavery might allow slaves to knit together at times, but it can also force them to turn against one another at other times.
  • With Lovey’s decision to follow in the footsteps of Caesar and Cora, the three of them are put in more danger.
  • Do you think it’s better for two individuals to successfully escape than for three people to attempt an escape and fail?
  • Fletcher and go via the Underground Railroad, which becomes much more pressing once Lovey is apprehended.
  • Cora and Caesar, on the other hand, are well aware that there is a chance that Lovey would divulge any information she has to her captors.
  • The difficulty of determining ethics inside the system of slavery is something Cora has already begun to learn via many conflicting interests such as this one.
  • Is it more “ethical” for Cora to show compassion to others, even if doing so puts her in more danger?

In the perspective of the white South, Cora is a murderer, and consequently bad, as a result of her deed.

There can be no such thing as a “good” slave in Cora’s situation since she is trapped.

Besides Michael, the slave who was able to recite the Declaration of Independence, there were several additional slaves who lived under this untenable ethical conundrum.

In order to maintain his “good” status according to white ethical norms, Michael had to disregard the claims of independence he was making.

As Lumbly, the station agent explains, the conflict between freedom and imprisonment is ingrained in the very fabric of American society and culture.

“If you want to know what this country is all about.

As you race through, take a look about you to see the genuine face of America.” That is, America is both a path toward freedom and a dismal, darkhearted society constructed by a system of enslavement that is now invisible to the world.

It holds immense promise while yet harboring a deep-seated wickedness.

The Underground Railroad by Colson Whitehead – Teacher’s Guide: 9780345804327

IMPORTANT NOTE FOR TEACHERS Instructions for Teachers The Underground Railroad is a term used to describe a system of transportation that allows people to flee their homes. Cora, a young African American lady who goes to freedom from the antebellum South via a magnificently conceived physical—rather than metaphorical—railroad, is introduced in The Underground Railroad by Colson Whitehead. The locations and people Cora experiences throughout the novel, which is told in episodes, furnish her and the reader with important discoveries about the consequences of captivity.

The reader is reminded of the importance of hope, of resistance, and of freedom via Cora, making The Underground Railroadan essential supplement to any classroom curriculum.

An understanding of the slave trade, slavery, and how it operated in the United States is necessary in order to make sense of the number of Africans who were enslaved and the historical legacy of enslavement that has lasted through Reconstruction, the civil rights movement, and up to the present day in the United States.

  1. Most importantly, including The Underground Railroadallows readers to bear witness to a counter-narrative of slavery that is not generally covered in the literature on slavery.
  2. Because of the Underground Railroad, we are reminded that her tale may be used as a springboard for bigger talks about racism, gender, and a slew of other critical issues.
  3. When used at the collegiate level, the book is suited for writing and literary classes, race and gender studies, and first-year/common reading programs, among other things.
  4. The prompts are organized according to the standard that they most directly support.
  5. For a comprehensive listing of the Standards, please see the following link: warnings: There are multiple instances of violence throughout the text (sexual and physical).
  6. Although teachers should not avoid exposing children to these events, guiding them through them via conversation and critical analysis will help them gain a better understanding of the consequences of enslavement as it has been experienced by so many people throughout history.
  7. Activity in the Classroom Make a list of all the ways in which Cora fights against the dehumanization that comes with servitude.

Then hold a Socratic seminar to determine in what ways she is a “insurrection of one” (172) and why her resistance is such a threat to the system of white supremacy.Key Ideas and Specifics : CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.3 Examine the consequences of the author’s decisions about how to develop and connect the many aspects of a tale or drama (e.g., where a story is set, how the action is ordered, how the characters are introduced and developed).

  • Even while whites continue to orchestrate festivals among the slave population in South Carolina, free people are free to congregate and spend time with one another whenever they choose.
  • And what do these get-togethers have to say about community, kinship, and happiness?
  • What aspects of South Carolina’s enslavement are similar to those of slavery?
  • What characteristics distinguish South Carolina from Randall?
  • Her reading materials include a Bible and almanacs, which “Cora admired.
  • What role does the act of reading, and hence literacy, play in Cora’s ability to be free?

Consider, as well, how Ethel and Ridgeway use the Bible and religion to justify slavery: “If God had not intended for Africans to be enslaved, they would not be in chains” (195); and Cora’s observation: “Slavery is a sin when whites are subjected to the yoke, but not when Africans are subjected to the yoke” (195).

  1. This is how Ridgeway describes his position: “I’m an idea of order.” Likewise, the slave who vanishes is only a fictitious concept.
  2. If we allow it to happen, we are acknowledging the fault in the imperative.
  3. Is there a “defect in the imperative,” and why is it critical for Ridgeway and the larger institution of enslavement that is reliant on Black people that this flaw be addressed and eliminated?
  4. Mingo and Lander are similar in many ways.
  5. What are the similarities and differences between these two guys and Booker T.
  6. E.
  7. Du Bois?

Examine the relevance of how each person who worked on the railroad—from station agents to conductors—was influenced by their jobs and the railroad itself.

Which concepts such as resistance, agency, and responsibility do these individuals hold dear to their hearts?

The ability to read and to be literate provided one with a tremendous instrument for comprehending the world and for liberating others from oppression.

Consider the significance of the Valentine library, which boasts “the largest collection of negroliterature this side of Chicago,” among other things (273).

What role does Cora’s experience play in articulating the relationship between freedom and literacy?

Cora’s grandmother, Ajarry, is our first introduction to her.

What role does Ajarry play in setting a good example for Mabel, and in especially for Cora, is unclear.

A comparison has been made between the episodic structure of The Underground Railroad and that of Jonathan Swift’sGulliver’s Travels by Colson Whitehead.

A station agent tells Cora, “If you want to see what this country is all about, I always say you have to ride the rails,” as he tells her he wants her to ride the trains.

What role does Lumbly’s appraisal play in framing Cora’s next phase of her trip once she leaves Georgia?

Cora travels the majority of the way by herself.

Years ago, she had taken a wrong turn and was no longer able to find her way back to the folks she had left behind” (145).

Also, how do her travels influence her perspective on the ever-present threat of sexual assault against Black women, as well as the general lack of protection for enslaved women?

Examine the Friday Festivals and the night riders to see how they compare.

What are the ways in which these occurrences express worries of black rebellion?

Instead, he and his family were sold and split apart by the government.

Gulliver’s Travels is the title of the book.

The notion of literacy for freedom is sustained by Caesar’s hunger for knowledge in what way is unclear.

Who was the one who started it?

The question is, how could this be both a “community striving for something precious and unique” and a threat to others (such as the residents in the nearby town, slave hunters, and so on)?

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Is there a clear message about risk and return in this?

Why is Sam the only one that returns to Cora out of all of the agents she has encountered?

Look at page 285 and see how Lander responds to Mingo.

What is the role of illusion throughout the narrative, and why is this particular moment so important for the acts that follow?

“You have a responsibility to pass on something beneficial to your children” (293).

What is their legacy in Cora, and how has it been realized?

Examine the relevance of turning the Underground Train into a real-world railroad system.

Create stations for students to study and debate each advertising based on a framing text (for example, “New Databases Offer Insight into the Lives of Escaped Slaves” from the New York Times).

What are some of the parallels and contrasts between the actual announcements and Cora’s version of them?

Knowledge and ideas are integrated in this process.

“That tale, like so many that we tell about our nation’s past, has a complicated relationship to the truth: not exactly false, but simplified; not quite a myth, but mythologized,” argues Kathryn Schultz in her essay “The Perilous Lure of the Underground Railroad” in the New Yorker.

For what reason is it necessary to emphasize African Americans’ participation in the abolitionist movement?

According to the Slave Memorial Act of 2003, “the District of Columbia shall be the site of a memorial to slavery to: (1) acknowledge the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery throughout the United States and its thirteen American colonies; and (2) honor the nameless and forgotten men, women, and children who have gone unrecognized for their undeniable and weighty contribution to the development of the United States.

” There are no national monuments dedicated to the enslavement of Africans in the United States at this time.

What is the most appropriate method to commemorate and remember the enslavement of African people?

Draw on examples from the book to support your reasoning as you create an artistic depiction that places Cora inside that lineage, stretching the history all the way to the current day.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.WHST.11-12.7 Research projects that are both short and long in duration are carried out to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; when necessary, inquiries are narrowed or broadened; and multiple sources on the subject are synthesized to demonstrate understanding of the subject under investigation.

One of the episodes should be chosen as a starting point for doing critical analysis and presenting findings from research on one of the issues listed below, along with an explanation of how that topic relates to the novel’s themes.

forced sterilization, settler colonialism, lynching, African Americans and abolitionism, African American slave rebellions, sexual violence against African American women, reparations, literacy practices during and after enslavement, the role of white women in slavery, maroons and maronage, racial health disparities, and reparations.

  1. (Ta-Nehisi Coates, “The Case for Reparations,” The Atlantic, November 2005.
  2. Social Theory, Sociology, “Settler Colonialism: An Introduction from the Perspective of Global Social Theory.” (E.
  3. The New York Times is a newspaper published in New York City.
  4. NPR’s “Fresh Air” program.
  5. Kathryn, “The Perilous Lure of the Underground Railroad” is a book about the Underground Railroad.
  6. Works of Spectacular Interest Podcast with a historically black cast.
  7. Ashley Bryan is a writer of children’s books.

Ava DuVernay’s Thirteenth (film) Strange Fruit: Uncelebrated Narratives from Black History, by Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Alex Haley (film), Joel C.

Zora Neale Hurston’s novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, is a classic.

Promoting High Achievement Among African American Students, Young, Gifted, and Black (Young, Gifted, and Black), Theresa Perry is a woman who works in the fashion industry.

The Smithsonian American Art Museum is located in Washington, DC.

Gregory Christie is a writer and poet from the United Kingdom.

Heather’s book, Help Me to Find My People: The African American Search for Family Lost in Slavery, is a must-read for anybody interested in African American history.

Author of Self-Taught: African American Education in Slavery and Freedom, Heather A.

Monroe Work is the webpage for the Lynching Project.

Kimberly N.

Previously, she served as president of the New England Association of Teachers of English and as the National Council of Teachers of English’s Secondary Representative at-Large for the secondary division.

A Ph.D. in Curriculum and Instruction from the University of Illinois at Champaign, Dr. Parker is an expert in the field of education. WHAT THIS BOOK IS ABOUThtml /


Cora’s grandma and Mabel’s mother, Ajarry, are both deceased. The author’s character was born in Africa before being abducted and enslaved as a slave in America, where she is sold several times, leading her to feel she is “cursed.” Three spouses and five children have been born to her, with Mabel being the only one who has lived to adulthood. The fact that she is well-liked and respected on Randall, as well as in the enslaved society, helps to keep Mabel and Cora safe until Ajarry’s death. After suffering a brain hemorrhage while laboring in the field, she is the first owner of thegarden, and she passes away on Randall.

Ajarry Quotes inThe Underground Railroad

Cora’s grandma and Mabel’s mother, Ajarry, is the main character in the story. The author’s character was born in Africa before being abducted and exploited as a slave in America, where she is sold several times and learns to feel she is “cursed.” Three husbands and five children have been born to her, with Mabel being the only one who has survived the ordeal. The fact that she is well-liked and respected on Randall, as well as in the enslaved society, helps to keep Mabel and Cora safe until Ajarry’s demise.

‘The Underground Railroad’ attempts to upend viewers’ notions of what it meant to be enslaved

While appearing on NPR’s Fresh Air, the director of “The Underground Railroad,” Barry Jenkins, stated that “before producing this program, [he’d] claimed that he’s the descendent of enslaved Africans.” “I believe that response has developed now,” he said further on. “I come from a long line of blacksmiths, midwives, herbalists, and spiritualists,” says the author. Because I am a researcher who is concerned in how contemporary portrayals of enslavement impact our knowledge of the past, I am impressed by the ways Jenkins wants to alter the way viewers think about – and talk about – Black American history.

Rather of seeing slaves as just things to be acted upon, much of this work has focused on reframing slaves as persons who retained identities and agency (although with some limitations) in spite of their status as property.

Pushing the boundaries of language

Within academia, there has been a drive for the past three decades to identify more appropriate terminology to use in place of the phrases “slave” and “slavery.” When a group of researchers maintained that “slave” was an overly restrictive term in the 1990s, they argued that doing so emphasized the “thinghood” of all persons kept in slavery, rendering personal traits other than those of being owned invisible.

Other academics, in an attempt to emphasize the humanity of slavery, substituted the words “enslavement” for “slavery,” “enslaver” for “slave owner,” and “enslaved person” for the word “slave.” By adhering to the principles of “people-firstlanguage” – such as referring to “incarcerated persons” rather than “inmates” – the terminology indicates that the person in issue is more than simply the condition of oppression that has been imposed upon him or her.

  • This proposal was not universally supported.
  • The publishing of The New York Times’ 1619 Project marked another another milestone in the development of the new language.
  • Regardless matter how contentious the series may be, it is influencing modern conversations regarding servitude.
  • So, what are we to make of Barry Jenkins’ statement that he wishes to move beyond this terminology?
  • Regardless of whatever side of the ongoing terminology argument you are on, both the terms “slave” and “enslaved person” remove both personality and agency from the humans who are being referred to.
  • In the film ‘The Underground Railroad,’ Caesar, played by Aaron Pierre, and Cora, played by Thuso Mbedu, flee from a plantation where they were being held as slaves to freedom.

And once you’ve started down that road, it’s just a matter of time before you’ve reduced the collective group’s identity – even their forebears – to one that’s defined by their worst experiences.

Seeing slaves on screen

Recently, scholars have begun to push for more appropriate terminology to replace the labels “slave” and “slavery,” which have been in use for more than three decades. When a group of researchers maintained that “slave” was an overly restrictive term in the 1990s, they argued that doing so highlighted the “thinghood” of all persons kept in slavery, leaving personal characteristics other than those of being owned invisble. Other scholars, in an attempt to underline the humanity of slavery, substituted the words “enslavement” for “slavery,” “enslaver” for “slave owner,” and “enslaved person” for “slave” in their statements.

  1. This proposal was not well received by many.
  2. With the publishing of The New York Times’ 1619 Project, the new language attained yet another apex.
  3. No matter how contentious the series is, it is influencing current debates regarding enslavement in the United States.
  4. In light of this, what are we to make of Barry Jenkins’ statement that he wishes to go beyond this jargon?
  5. Jenkins, I believe, is on to something significant here.
  6. And here’s where the problem begins: It goes without saying that being enslaved was a degrading experience.
  7. Kyle Kaplan and Amazon Studios are responsible for this image.

As soon as one steps upon that route, one is on the road to reducing the collective group’s identity – including that of their forebears – to one defined by their most traumatic experiences.

A delicate dance between beauty and suffering

In reading about Jenkins’ vision for “The Underground Railroad,” I can see how and why his vision is so essential at this particular time. Jenkins’ films ” Moonlight ” and ” If Beale Street Could Talk” established him as an artist who is capable of moving beyond limiting, constricting views of Black identity as one characterized primarily by sorrow and into more expansive, liberating territory. Of course, his films are not without their share of heartache. Pain, on the other hand, is not their most prominent sound.

  • This sensibility is carried over into Jenkins’s “The Underground Railroad” as well.
  • In particular, I was taken aback by how the sun-drenched fields of an Indiana farm serve as an eminently appropriate setting for Cora’s discovery of a newfound love with Royal.
  • When the wind blows through the curtain of Cora’s deserted cabin, it conjures the paintings of Jacob Lawrence, which are framed by the rough timbers of the slave quarters and framing it.
  • Atsushi Nishijima/Amazon Studios is the photographer.
  • Cora, for example, works as an actor at a museum, where she portrays a “African savage” for the sake of the public; in one scene, she changes out of the costume and into a beautiful yellow dress to wow the audience.
  • The attractiveness of these middle-class ideals is demonstrated in scenes depicting the etiquette and reading lessons taught by the teachers of theTuskegee-styleinstitute where Cora and other fugitives take refuge.
  • It is only later, when Cora is compelled by her mentor to undergo forced sterilization, that it becomes clear that she has arrived in a horror show of epic proportions.
  • Every episode contains moments of breathtaking beauty.
  • Living with the knowledge that tranquility might suddenly and abruptly turn into devastation is a normal aspect of the human experience.
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‘The Underground Railroad’ Proves Black Americans’ Dehumanizing Journey Isn’t Past Tense

After stating “all men are created equal” in the Declaration of Independence nine years earlier, Thomas Jefferson released a book titled “Notes on the State of Virginia” in which he stated that Black people might not genuinely be human beings. He placed Blacks on an evolutionary rung barely above orangutans in this nonfiction book, writing: “I express the notion simply that the Blacks, whether they were born as a different race or were created distinct by time and circumstance, are inferior to Whites in the endowments both of body and intellect.” The issue of Black humanity looms over “The Underground Railroad,” a 10-episode Amazon Prime drama filmed and written by Oscar winner Barry Jenkins (“Moonlight”) that premiered on May 14 and is currently streaming on Amazon Prime.

The Underground Railroad is a sprawling adaptation of Colson Whitehead’s 2016 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name, which follows the journey of Cora, a Georgia slave played by Thuso Mbedu, as she rides the Underground Railroad — an actual subterranean train system, as opposed to the symbolic Underground Railroad from U.S.

  1. With the help of Cora’s narrative, “The Underground Railroad” explores the experience of being a Black person in America and navigating an obstacle course in which the color of your skin can be as immobilizing as the real shackles that once bound us.
  2. As a Black spectator, one of the first things I saw on the Randall plantation in Georgia, where the tale begins, is that slaves are treated worse than cattle.
  3. It is referred to as “it” when referring to a single Black person, and those who flee are pursued down by slave catchers like game.
  4. For narrative purposes, it is a free state, and Cora accepts a position as part of a museum’s slavery display there.
  5. Even free Blacks have been indoctrinated into believing that they are less than human as a result of white supremacy.
  6. In the notion of Manifest Destiny, he explains the divine harshness of the American caste system and how it came to be.
  7. Whites are created to take what is rightly theirs while maintaining control over “lesser” races by pulling them up, subjugating them, or exterminating them as they see fit.
  8. Crossing state lines with Cora is like traveling to separate continents, since North and South Carolina appear to be at least a century apart in terms of time and geography.
  9. South Carolina is a free state where Blacks have the right to vote, but they are being utilized as scientific experiments by Whites, much like rats in a laboratory.
  10. It is even further north in Indiana, where free Blacks have established their own Rosewoodlike hamlet named Valentine, that the ghost of White supremacy hangs over their heads, threatening to demolish at any time the achievements of its Black people.
  11. Valentine’s opening sequences provide the sole relief from the relentless Black degradation that continues throughout the film.

As I sat there watching Randall publicly punish a slave after a failed escape attempt by whipping him until his skin comes off and then setting him on fire, images of a White cop strangling George Floyd with his knee as an audience of witnesses looked on flashed through my mind’s eyelids and into my consciousness.

  1. Running away from one’s master was the antebellum ancestor of resisting arrest, which was also punishable by death in the case of Black Americans.
  2. “The Underground Railroad” is a historical drama about the Underground Railroad that was released in 2019.
  3. Many Black people believe that America is still the same place it has always been, a place that continues to push us up while also subjugating and exterminating us.
  4. Jeremy Helligar is a writer, blogger, pop culture expert, and global traveler whose work has appeared in a variety of newspapers and on a variety of websites, including Entertainment Weekly, HuffPost, and The Root, on six continents.
  5. After extensive travels to Buenos Aires, Bangkok, Cape Town, and Australia, he released his first book, “Is It True What They Say About Black Men?” in November 2013, following prolonged stays in Buenos Aires, Bangkok, Cape Town, and Australia.

After starting in June 2017, he’s been traveling across Asia and Europe, but he hasn’t been able to surpass the time he interviewed David Bowie, which took place in June 2017. The Taj Mahal was a close second.

The Underground Railroad Ajarry Summary

When Cora refused to flee with Caesar, she used the words of her grandmother, Ajarry, in her speech. After being seized by raiders in her African village and sold to slave dealers, Ajarry was just a little girl when she was sold to slave traders. In a dungeon in a port city, she and several other slaves are detained until they are purchased by traffickers from Liverpool and imprisoned in the cargo hold of a ship. Ajarry is raped while on the voyage, which leads to her attempting to commit herself twice more.

  • When Ajarry arrives in America, she is stripped of her clothing and sold at a public auction among a large number of other slaves.
  • In America, everything has a value based on its uses, and African American people are merely “things,” as Ajarry discovers when the price of her product fluctuates.
  • She marries three different guys in a row and has five children as a result of this.
  • The other two are killed.
  • Four of her children die as a result of sickness, diseases, or maltreatment at the hands of a slave master.
  • Ajarry dies in the cotton fields due to “a knot in her head,” according to the coroner.


Ajarry’s narrative encapsulates the experience of millions of Africans who were abducted and uprooted from their homes, families, and cultures over the twentieth century. While on the trans-Atlantic trip, she is subjected to torture that is reminiscent of what the “Middle Passage”—the passage of enslaved Africans from Africa to the New World—was truly like. Despite the fact that she would want to believe her African ancestors are content, in truth, they have perished. Because only surviving slaves were counted, it is difficult to tell how many abducted Africans perished during the trip to the Americas.

Ajarry, in contrast to her ancestors, including Mabel and Cora, who were born into slavery and understand English, must discover out what is happening to her in a foreign place where she is dehumanized and abused before she can get any help.

In the opening chapter, authorColson Whitehead employs framing and foreshadowing to introduce the storyline and relate Cora’s story to the stories of her grandmother and mother, among other things.

Cora is mentioned for the first time in the novel, and it appears as though her grandmother Ajarry was speaking for her, urging her to follow and survive.

She claims that it was as though her mother, Mabel, coerced her into changing her mind and agreeing to marry Caesar.

For further information on why Cora is motivated to run by Mabel’s life, readers will have to continue reading.

The author argues that Ajarry comes to the conclusion that African American people are “things” in this new place, and that their worth is defined by the services they can supply to others.

The most she can do is educate her children how to live by following their masters’ orders, just as she has done throughout her life.

When Cora declines Caesar’s offer, she claims that it is her grandmother speaking.

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