What was a “station” on the Underground Railroad? Using the terminology of the railroad, people’s homes or businesses, where fugitive passengers and conductors could safely hide, were “stations.” Those who went south to find slaves seeking freedom were called “pilots.”
- Every home that welcomed fleeing blacks could be called a “station” on the Underground Railroad, and every person who guided them on their way became a “conductor.” Those few who went south to seek out potential black “passengers,” and led them to the free states and on to Canada, became “pilots” on the line.
Where is the main station of the Underground Railroad?
With it’s sophisticated network of conductors, proximity north of the Ohio River and defiant free African Americans, Cincinnati was the Grand Central Station of the Underground Railroad.
How many stops were there on the Underground Railroad?
6 Stops on the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad was a network of people who hid fugitives from slavery in their homes during the day. At night they moved them north to free states, Canada or England. Refugees naturally headed for New England.
What groups made up the Underground Railroad?
Those who most actively assisted slaves to escape by way of the “railroad” were members of the free black community (including such former slaves as Harriet Tubman), Northern abolitionists, philanthropists, and such church leaders as Quaker Thomas Garrett.
How many slaves did Levi Coffin save?
Historians have estimated that the Coffins helped approximately 2,000 escaping slaves during their twenty years in Indiana and an estimated 1,300 more after their move to Cincinnati. (Coffin didn’t keep records, but estimated the number to be around 3,000.)
Where were stations in Indiana that were part of the Underground Railroad?
Indiana’s Underground Railroad All three paths eventually led to Michigan, then to Canada. (Canada abolished slavery in 1833.) The routes in Indiana went from Posey to South Bend; from Corydon to Porter; and from Madison to DeKalb County, with many stops in between.
Which state has the most Underground Railroad routes?
It was used by enslaved African Americans primarily to escape into free states and Canada. The network was assisted by abolitionists and others sympathetic to the cause of the escapees. The enslaved who risked escape and those who aided them are also collectively referred to as the “Underground Railroad”.
What happened to Cesar in the Underground Railroad?
While the show doesn’t show us what happens after their encounter, Caesar comes to Cora in a dream later, confirming to viewers that he was killed. In the novel, Caesar faces a similar fate of being killed following his capture, though instead of Ridgeway and Homer, he is killed by an angry mob.
Was Maine part of the Underground Railroad?
During the mid-1800s, Maine was seen as one of the last steps on the road to freedom for many African-Americans trying to escape slavery through the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad consisted of an elaborate network of people and places to help hide slaves and get them to free states or Canada.
Where did slaves hide in the Underground Railroad?
People known as “conductors” guided the fugitive enslaved people. Hiding places included private homes, churches and schoolhouses. These were called “stations,” “safe houses,” and “depots.” The people operating them were called “stationmasters.”
Who was the most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad?
Our Headlines and Heroes blog takes a look at Harriet Tubman as the most famous conductor on the Underground Railroad. Tubman and those she helped escape from slavery headed north to freedom, sometimes across the border to Canada.
Who is the leader of the Underground Railroad?
Harriet Tubman (1822-1913), a renowned leader in the Underground Railroad movement, established the Home for the Aged in 1908. Born into slavery in Dorchester County, Maryland, Tubman gained her freedom in 1849 when she escaped to Philadelphia.
What race was Levi Coffin?
Levi Coffin was born in North Carolina on October 28, 1798 into a Quaker family who greatly influenced by the teachings of John Woolman a Quaker preacher, who believed slaveholding was not compatible with the Quaker beliefs and advocated emancipation.
Who was Levi Coffin parents?
He was a white-American abolitionist and unofficial president of the Underground Railroad. Levi Coffin, from New Garden, N.C., was the only son among seven children. The young Levi received the bulk of his education at home, which proved to be good enough for Coffin to find work as a teacher for several years.
List of Sites for the Underground Railroad Travel Itinerary
|KANSAS 1.John Brown Cabin -Osawatomie 2.Fort Scott National Historic Site- Bourbon County|
|IOWA1.Tabor Antislavery Historic District -Tabor2. George B. Hitchcock House -Lewis vicinity3.Henderson Lewelling House -Salem4.Jordan House -West Des Moines|
|WISCONSIN 1.Milton House -Milton|
|ILLINOIS 1.Owen Lovejoy House -Princeton 2.John Hossack House -Ottawa3.Dr. Richard Eells House -Quincy 4.Beecher Hall -Jacksonville5.Rutherford House- Oakland|
|MICHIGAN1.Dr. Nathan Thomas House -Schoolcraft2.SecondBaptist Church -Detroit|
|INDIANA 1.Bethel AME Church -Indianapolis 2.Levi Coffin House -Fountain City 3.Eleutherian College Classroom and Chapel Building -Lancaster4.Lyman and Asenath Hoyt House -Madison5.Madison Historic District -Madison|
|OHIO 1.Harriet Beecher Stowe House -Cincinnati2.JohnP. Parker House -Ripley3.John Rankin House -Ripley 4.Village of Mt. Pleasant Historic District -Mt. Pleasant 5.Wilson Bruce Evans House -Oberlin6.RushR. Sloane House -Sandusky7.Daniel Howell Hise House -Salem 8.Col. William Hubbard House -Ashtabula9. Reuben Benedict House -Marengo10.Samuel and SallyWilson House -Cincinnati11.James and Sophia ClemensFarmstead -Greenville12.Spring Hill -Massillon13.Putnam Historic District -Zanesville|
|PENNSYLVANIA 1.F. Julius LeMoyne House -Washington2.JohnBrown House -Chambersburg3.Bethel AME Zion Church -Reading 4.Oakdale -Chadds Ford5.White HorseFarm -Phoenixville6.Johnson House -Philadelphia|
|NEW YORK 1.Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged, Residence and ThompsonAME Zion Church -Auburn 2.St. James AME Zion Church -Ithaca 3.Gerrit Smith Estate and Land Office -Peterboro 4.John Brown Farm and Gravesite -Lake Placid 5.Foster Memorial AME Zion Church -Tarrytown6.Plymouth Church of the Pilgrims -Brooklyn7.Asa and Caroline Wing House -Oswego8.Edwin W. and Charlotte Clarke House -Oswego9.John P. and Lydia Edwards House -Oswego10.Orson Ames House -Oswego11.Starr Clock Tinshop -Mexico|
|VERMONT 1.Rokeby -Ferrisburgh|
|MAINE 1.Harriet Beecher Stowe House -Brunswick2.Abyssinian Meeting House -Portland|
|MASSACHUSETTS 1.African American National Historic Site -Boston 2.WilliamLloyd Garrison House -Boston 3.William Ingersoll Bowditch House -Brookline4.The Wayside -Concord5.Liberty Farm -Worcester6.Nathan and Mary Johnson House -New Bedford7.Jackson Homestead -Newton8.Ross Farm (Hill Ross Farm)Northampton9.Dorsey-Jones House- Northampton10.Mount Auburn Cemetary -Cambridge|
|CONNECTICUT 1.Austin F. Williams Carriagehouse and House -Farmington|
|NEW JERSEY 1.The Grimes Homestead -Mountain Lakes2.PeterMott House -Lawnside Borough3.Bethel AME Church -Greenwich4.Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church and Mount ZionCemetery -Woolwich Township|
|DELAWARE 1.Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House -Odessa2.Friends Meeting House -Wilmington3.New Castle County Courthouse -New Castle|
|DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 1.Frederick Douglass National Historic Site 2.Mary Ann Shadd Cary House|
|MARYLAND 1.John Brown’s Headquarters -Sample’s Manor 2.Riley-Bolten House -North Bethesda|
|VIRGINIA 1.Bruin’s Slave Jail-Alexandria 2.Fort Monroe -Richmond3.Moncure Conway House -Falmouth4.Theodore Roosevelt Island- Rosslyn|
|WEST VIRGINIA1.Jefferson County Courthouse -Charles Town2.HarpersFerry National Historical Park -Harpers Ferry|
|FLORIDA 1.British Fort -Sumatra vicinity2.Ft.Mose Site -St. John’s County|
|COLORADO1.Barney L. Ford Building -Denver|
|NEBRASKA 1.Mayhew Cabin -Nebraska City|
|Kentucky 1.Camp Nelson -Jessamine County|
Main Map |Home
Eastern Illinois University : Teaching with Primary Sources
However, many of the intriguing and lesser known elements of the Underground Railroad are not included in many textbooks, despite the fact that it is an essential part of our nation’s history. It is intended that this booklet will serve as a window into the past by presenting a number of original documents pertaining to the Underground Railroad. Broadsides, prize posters, newspaper clippings, historical records, sheet music, pictures, and memoirs connected to the Underground Railroad are among the primary sources included in this collection.
The Underground Railroad was a covert structure established to assist fugitive slaves on their journey to freedom in the United States.
As a result, secret codes were developed to aid in the protection of themselves and their purpose.
Runaway slaves were referred to as cargo, and the free persons who assisted them on their journey to freedom were referred to as conductors.
These stations would be identified by a lantern that was lighted and hung outside.
A Dangerous Path to Freedom
However, many of the intriguing and lesser known elements of the Underground Railroad are not included in many textbooks, despite the fact that it is a vital part of our country’s history. This pamphlet will give a glimpse into the past through a range of primary documents pertaining to the Underground Railroad, which will be discussed in detail. Broadsides, prize posters, newspaper clippings, historical records, sheet music, pictures, and memoirs relating to the Underground Railroad are among the primary sources included in this collection.
The Underground Railroad was a covert structure established to assist fugitive slaves on their journey to freedom in the American Civil War.
Consequently, secret codes were developed to assist them in protecting themselves and their purpose.
It was the conductors that assisted escaped slaves in their journey to freedom, and the fugitive slaves were known as cargo when they were transported.
Train conductors on the Underground Railroad were free persons who provided assistance to escaped slaves moving via the Underground Railroad system. Runaway slaves were assisted by conductors, who provided them with safe transportation to and from train stations. They were able to accomplish this under the cover of darkness, with slave hunters on their tails. Many of these stations would be in the comfort of their own homes or places of work, which was convenient. They were in severe danger as a result of their actions in hiding fleeing slaves; nonetheless, they continued because they believed in a cause bigger than themselves, which was the liberation thousands of oppressed human beings.
- They represented a diverse range of ethnicities, vocations, and socioeconomic backgrounds.
- Due to the widespread belief that slaves were considered property, the freeing of slaves was perceived as a theft of slave owners’ personal belongings.
- Captain Jonathan Walker was apprehended off the coast of Florida while attempting to convey slaves from the United States to freedom in the Bahamas.
- With the following words from one of his songs, abolitionist poet John Whittier paid respect to Walker’s valiant actions: “Take a step forward with your muscular right hand, brave ploughman of the sea!
- She never lost sight of any of them during the journey.
- He went on to write a novel.
- John Parker is yet another former slave who escaped and returned to slave states in order to aid in the emancipation of others.
Rankin’s neighbor and fellow conductor, Reverend John Rankin, was a collaborator in the Underground Railroad project.
The Underground Railroad’s conductors were unquestionably anti-slavery, and they were not alone in their views.
Individuals such as William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur and Lewis Tappan founded the American Anti-Slavery Society, which marked the beginning of the abolitionist movement.
The group published an annual almanac that featured poetry, paintings, essays, and other abolitionist material.
Frederick Douglass was an escaped slave who rose to prominence as an abolitionist after escaping from slavery.
His other abolitionist publications included the Frederick Douglass Paper, which he produced in addition to delivering public addresses on themes that were important to abolitionists.
Anthony was another well-known abolitionist who advocated for the abolition of slavery via her speeches and writings.
For the most part, she based her novel on the adventures of escaped slave Josiah Henson.
Efforts of Abolitionists Telling Their Story:Fugitive Slave Narratives
Henry Bibb was born into slavery in Kentucky in the year 1815, and he was the son of a slave owner. After several failed efforts to emancipate himself from slavery, he maintained the strength and persistence to continue his struggle for freedom despite being captured and imprisoned numerous times. His determination paid off when he was able to successfully escape to the northern states and then on to Canada with the assistance of the Underground Railroad, which had been highly anticipated. The following is an excerpt from his tale, in which he detailed one of his numerous escapes and the difficulties he faced as a result of his efforts.
- I began making preparations for the potentially lethal experiment of breading the shackles that tied me as a slave as soon as the clock struck twelve.
- On the twenty-fifth of December, 1837, the long-awaited day had finally arrived when I would put into effect my previous determination, which was to flee for Liberty or accept death as a slave, as I had previously stated.
- It took every ounce of moral strength I have to keep my emotions under control as I said goodbye to my small family.
- Despite the fact that every incentive was extended to me in order to flee if I want to be free, and the call of liberty was booming in my own spirit, ‘Be free, oh, man!
- I was up against a slew of hurdles that had gathered around my mind, attempting to bind my wounded soul, which was still imprisoned in the dark prison of mental degeneration.
- Furthermore, the danger of being killed or arrested and deported to the far South, where I would be forced to spend the rest of my days in hopeless bondage on a cotton or sugar plantation, all conspired to discourage me.
- The moment has come for me to follow through on my commitment.
- This marked the beginning of the construction of what was known as the underground rail route to Canada.
For nearly forty-eight hours, I pushed myself to complete my journey without food or rest, battling against external difficulties that no one who has never experienced them can comprehend: “not knowing when I might be captured while traveling among strangers, through cold and fear, braving the north winds while wearing only a thin layer of clothing, pelted by snow storms through the dark hours of the night, and not a single house in which I could enter to protect me from the storm.” This is merely one of several accounts penned by runaway slaves who were on the run from their masters.
Sojourner Truth was another former slave who became well-known for her work to bring slavery to an end.
Green and many others, including Josiah Henson, authored autobiographies in which they described their own personal experiences.
Perhaps a large number of escaped slaves opted to write down their experiences in order to assist people better comprehend their struggles and tribulations; or perhaps they did so in order to help folks learn from the mistakes of the past in order to create a better future for themselves.
The Underground Railroad review: A remarkable American epic
He was born into slavery in Kentucky in the year 1815, and he was the son of a slave owner named Henry Bibb. After several failed efforts to emancipate himself from slavery, he maintained the strength and persistence to continue his struggle for freedom despite being captured and imprisoned multiple times. It was only through his determination that he was able to successfully escape to the northern states and then to Canada with the help of the Underground Railroad, a feat that had been highly anticipated.
- For my own personal liberty, I made a decision somewhere during the autumn or winter of 1837 that I would try to flee to Canada if at all feasible.” Immediately after, I began preparing for the potentially lethal experiment of breading the chains that kept me a prisoner in my own home.
- I also purchased a suit that I had never worn or been seen in before, in order to escape discovery.
- It was the twenty-fifth of December, 1837.
- My moral bravery was tested to the limit when I left my small family and tried to keep my emotions under wraps at all times.
- No matter how many opportunities were presented to me to flee if I wanted to be free, and the call of liberty was booming in my own spirit, ‘Be free!
- A thousand barriers had formed around my mind, attempting to bind my wounded spirit, which was still imprisoned in the dark dungeon of mental degradation.
- It was difficult to break free from my deep bonds to friends and relatives, as well as the love of home and birthplace that is so natural among the human family, which were entwined around my heart and made it difficult to go forward.
- But I’d calculated the cost and was completely prepared to make the sacrifice before I started the process.
If I don’t want to be a slave, I’ll have to abandon friends and neighbors, along with my wife and child.” I was given something to eat by these gracious folks, who then set me on my way to Canada on the advise of a buddy who had met me along the road.” This marked the beginning of the construction of what was referred to be the underground rail track from the United States to the Canadian continent.
In the morning, I walked with bold courage, trusting in the arm of Omnipotence; by night, I was guided by the unchangeable North Star, and inspired by the elevated thought that I was fleeing from a land of slavery and oppression, waving goodbye to handcuffs, whips, thumb-screws, and chains, and that I was on my way to freedom.
I continued my journey vigorously for nearly forty-eight hours without food or rest, battling against external difficulties that no one who has never experienced them can comprehend: not knowing when I might be captured while traveling among strangers, through cold and fear, braving the north winds while wearing only a thin layer of clothing, being pelted by snow storms through the dark hours of the night, and not being able to find a house in which to take shelter from the storm.” Among the countless accounts recorded by escaped slaves is this one, which is only one example.
Sojourner Truth, a former slave who became well-known for her efforts to bring slavery to an end, was another person who came from a slave background.
Green and many others, including Josiah Henson, authored autobiographies in which they described their own personal journeys.
The writing down of one’s experiences by so many escaped slaves may have been done in order to assist people better comprehend their struggles and tribulations; or it may have been done in order to help individuals learn from their mistakes in the aim of building a brighter future.
The Underground Railroad
It was far-reaching in scope, covering the whole United States and beyond, and profound in significance for a nation whose very existence was intertwined with the sale of human life. However, because of its secrecy, that history has proven to be a tough one to uncover.
What was the Underground Railroad?
For enslaved persons seeking freedom, Western Pennsylvania served as a key corridor via which they might travel. They traveled largely on foot, with the odd trip in secret compartments of wagons and other modes of conveyance. They followed paths that had been sculpted by nature through rivers, streams, and mountains, and they did it mostly on foot. It is impossible to know how many there were because no formal records were kept and just a few informal ones have survived. Some writings written by people who aided in this subterranean process—sometimes referred to as “conductors”—have survived, providing some indication of the hardships suffered by those going on the railroad.
- Affected by the Fugitive Slave Laws were also free individuals of African descent who resided in the region.
- Even more were transformed into the voice of social transformation and self-empowerment for all Blacks of the time period and beyond.
- From Slavery to Freedom, an exhibition at the Senator John Heinz History Center, will take you on a journey through more than 250 years of African-American history.
- One of the several Underground Railroad routes in western Pennsylvania entered through Uniontown in Fayette County, proceeded through Blairsville in Indiana County, and then continued on into Mercer, Venango, and Erie Counties before coming to an end in the city of Pittsburgh.
Western Pennsylvania Underground Railroad Sites
For enslaved persons seeking freedom, western Pennsylvania served as a key highway. They traveled largely on foot, with the odd trip in secret compartments of wagons and other modes of conveyance. They followed pathways that had been formed by nature via rivers, streams, and mountains. Because no formal records were kept and only a few informal ones survived, it is impossible to estimate their numbers. Some writings written by people who aided with this subterranean process—sometimes referred to as “conductors”—have survived, providing some indication of the hardships suffered by those going on the railway.
- The Fugitive Slave Laws had an impact on free people of African descent who resided in the area, causing them to abandon their homes in fear of being captured and sold into slavery.
- Unlike any other period in history, history has no end.
- The exhibition highlights the history of the anti-slavery movement, the Underground Railroad, and the impact of 19th-century activism on the quest for civil rights in Pittsburgh.
- One of the several Underground Railroad lines in western Pennsylvania entered through Uniontown in Fayette County, proceeded through Blairsville in Indiana County, and then continued on into Mercer, Venango, and Erie Counties before coming to an end in the state’s capital.
The Blairsville Area Underground Railroad Projectprovides tours of the town and cemetery, as well as UGRR-related locations, such as the Underground Railroad Museum, as part of its educational outreach.
Western Pennsylvania served as a key corridor for enslaved peoples seeking freedom in the nineteenth century. They traveled largely on foot, with the odd trip in secret compartments of wagons and other modes of conveyance, following pathways that had been sculpted by nature via rivers, streams, and mountains. It is impossible to estimate their numbers because no formal records were kept and only a few informal ones have survived. Some writings written by persons who aided in this underground process—sometimes referred to as “conductors”—have survived, providing some idea of what those going on the railroad suffered.
- The Fugitive Slave Laws had an impact on free people of African descent who resided in the area, causing many to escape their homes in fear of being enslaved.
- The history is one-of-a-kind and limitless.
- It will cover topics such as the anti-slavery movement, the Underground Railroad, and the impact of 19th-century activism on the struggle for civil rights in Pittsburgh.
- The Blairsville Area Underground Railroad Projectprovides tours of the town and cemetery, as well as UGRR-related locations, such as the Underground Railroad Museum, as part of its educational outreach.
Freedom Road Cemetery
Western Pennsylvania served as an important highway for enslaved peoples on their way to liberation. They traveled via paths formed by nature in rivers, streams, and mountains, primarily on foot, with the odd trip in secret compartments of wagons and other modes of conveyance. Because no formal records were kept and only a few informal ones survive, it is impossible to estimate their numbers. Some writings written by persons who aided in this underground process—sometimes referred to as “conductors”—have survived, providing some idea of what those going on the railroad had to undergo.
The Fugitive Slave Laws had an impact on free people of African descent who resided in the area, causing many to escape their homes in fear of becoming enslaved.
The history is one-of-a-kind and beyond bounds.
It will cover topics such as the history of the anti-slavery movement, the Underground Railroad, and the impact of 19th-century activism on the struggle for civil rights in Pittsburgh.
The Blairsville Area Underground Railroad Project offers guided tours of the town and cemetery, as well as UGRR-related locations like as the Underground Railroad Museum.
Gibson House (Mark Twain Manor)
The Jamestown Future Foundation is located at 210 Liberty St. in Jamestown, Pennsylvania 16134 and can be reached at 724.932.5455. Dr. William Gibson, a well-known Jamestown physician, accompanied Samuel Clemens on his journey to Russia. Clemens authored a book on their adventures, titled Innocents Abroad, which is available on Amazon. It has been speculated that the home served as a halt on the Underground Railroad. There is evidence of a tiny chamber that was utilized as a station on the Underground Railroad in the basement.
The Gibson House is a historic structure that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
John C. Peck Oyster House
Fourth Street between Wood and Market Streets in downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania A station halt on the Underground Railroad.
Plaque Honoring Jane Gray Swisshelm
600 Grant St., in the heart of downtown Pittsburgh In downtown Pittsburgh, on Sixth Avenue, at the Heinz headquarters is the Heinz Museum. Jane Grey Swisshelm had direct experience with slavery and became committed to the abolitionist fight for the Underground Railroad as a result. She started publishing an abolitionist weekly in Pittsburgh in 1848, called the Pittsburgh Saturday Visitor.
Private homes in Arthurville and Hayti
Pittsburgh’s Lower Hill neighborhood It is believed that the fugitives were hiding out in private homes in the predominantly African-American neighborhoods of Arthurville and Hayti, where they were assisted by agents and conductors such as the Rev. Lewis Woodson, Samuel Bruce, George Gardner and Bishop Benjamin Tanner, the father of the noted black artist Henry Ossawa Tanner, who is depicted on a United States postage stamp.
St. Matthew’s A.M.E. Church in Sewickley
Sewickley is located at 345 Thorn St. Built in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, in 1857, they functioned as Underground Railroad operators. One common technique of providing food to escaped slaves in the Pittsburgh region was for conductors to disguise as hunters at night and carry a game bag full with foodstuffs to their destination.
Wylie A.M.E. Church
Sewickley, Pennsylvania 345 Thorn St. Sewickley, Pennsylvania’s Underground Railroad was served by a building constructed in 1857. One common way for providing food to escaped slaves in the Pittsburgh region was for conductors to disguise as hunters at night and carry a game bag stocked with foodstuffs to their destination.
Avery Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church, at the corner of Nash and Avery Streets, was afterwards known as Avery College and then as Avery Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church. In 1812, Charles Avery moved to Pittsburgh from New York. His interest in the cotton industry led him on purchasing excursions to the southern United States, where he became interested in the situation of the Negro slaves. He became a member of the abolitionist movement and assisted slaves in their escape from the South to Canada via the underground railroad.
- Avery’s riches enabled him to build the Allegheny Institute and Mission Church, which became known as Avery College.
- The basement, which was only accessible by concealed trap doors, was most likely a “station” (hiding spot) on the Underground Railroad’s secret underground network.
- During the night, a rowboat was employed to transport them up the canal to the tunnel entrance in secrecy.
- When Avery passed away, his net worth was estimated to be $800,000.
- Workmen dismantled the red brick structure of Avery College in Old Allegheny’s Dutchtown to make room for the East Street Valley Expressway, which has been a source of contention for years.
With the exception of a few nostalgic old-timers, hardly one seemed to notice the demolition of the ancient building. Old-timers, on the other hand, believed that demolition of the structure signaled the end of a notable Pittsburgher’s dream.
In the Hill District, this was a hub of Black social life where performers such as Art Blakey, Mary Lou Williams, and John Coltrane drew a racially diverse and international audience. Founded by William “Gus” Greenlee, a major person in Pittsburgh’s Black community who was also the owner of the Pittsburgh Crawfords, the city’s Negro League baseball club, the Pittsburgh Crawfords was founded in 1903.
Formerly located at the junction of Water and Smithfield Streets, this hotel has been demolished. One of the city’s most luxurious hotels, as well as a hotbed of anti-slavery activities. It had a staff of 300 free Blacks who were in regular touch with a steady stream of affluent Southern merchants who arrived from the north and east.
Point View Hotel
On Brownsville Road in Brentwood, there is a family-owned historic pub and restaurant that was originally used as a stopping point on the Underground Railroad. Slaves who had escaped were housed in the basement.
The Underground Railroad Recap: A Different World
Image courtesy of Kyle Kaplan/Amazon Studios Griffin, South Carolina, is a peculiar town with a strange population. White people and Black people both dress up and go along the same streets in nice attire. There’s a building known as a skyscraper that has an elevator and appears to reach out and touch the clouds. It appears to be vastly different from, and far more hopeful than, the area Cora and Caesar left behind in Georgia. Caesar and Cora discuss the possibility of remaining in this place indefinitely, establishing themselves and establishing roots in this new world of access and near freedom.
- But what if Cora and Caesar aren’t in a hurry to get out of the house?
- Cora and Caesar have both found new employment in South Carolina, with Caesar working in a factory and Cora working at a museum.
- However, their mattresses are in dormitories with all of the other Black inhabitants, and their occupations are overseen by white supervisors, evoking memories of the plantation.
- “Work on channeling that African spirit,” he tells her.
- Despite the fact that Cora and Caesar have no idea where the next train will take them, it’s difficult to ignore the newfound liberties they have gained.
(Cora hasn’t merely disappeared; she’s being sought for murder.) I have to constantly reminding myself of this fact since it feels so unfair that she is being treated as the “criminal” in this situation.) Because Cora has stolen the okra seeds, which he describes as “her mother’s birthright,” Ridgeway surmises that she must not know where her mother has fled: “She’s not rushing to somewhere; she’s fleeing somewhere,” he says emphatically.
- As long as I put my exposition-analysis cap on, I suppose that makes sense; but, as long as I put my fuck-Ridgeway cap on, I’m annoyed by his hubris in believing he knows so much about her thought process.
- There is just so much time left with Ridgeway on the prowl.
- “Perhaps we should remain,” Caesar suggests to Cora, who is seated aside from the rest of the guests.
- Despite his best efforts, he is unable to get the kiss.
- “They’re murdering us,” to put it another way.
His companion, Caesar, informs him that “things are occurring here.
They will have to wait for the next train because they missed the one that Sam indicated.
When Homer discovers Cora in the museum, she flees to Sam’s house, where she is escorted down to the railroad tunnel, where she meets Caesar.
In the beginning, I thought Ridgeway wouldn’t recognize Caesar, but his “very special” eyes quickly reveal him to be the man he was.
Walking down the tunnel with a lantern in hand, he promises her that he will never abandon her and recite lines from The Odyssey: “Be strong, says my heart.” I am a member of the military.
Another thing has been taken away from them.
He is also not a conductor and is only authorized to do maintenance.
Cora, filled with emotion, sobs in the back of the cart as it rolls away, alone and unsure of where she is going.
Parker collaborated on the writing of “Chapter 2: South Carolina.” The Pharcyde’s “Runnin’,” from their albumLabcabincalifornia, is the song that plays during the credits at the end of the film.
Fields fall so effortlessly into the character of a slaveholder while giving advice to a white actor at the museum is a horrifying experience.
It’s much too much.
The photo of Caesar and his two coworkers going through town with their suit coats unfastened except for the top buttons was one of my favorites as well.
“However, it was when we were dancing that I saw a vision of our future.” Cora: “Wait a minute, you’re talking about babies?” Cora: “One kiss and you’re talking about babies?” “I’ve never seen a white man to show any regard for what Negroes are psychologically capable of,” Caesar says in response to the use of the word “aptitude.” “Do you understand what aptitude is?” says the doctor.
A little more about Cora’s resentment toward her mother is revealed when she tells one of the physicians, “After my mama left, a bunch of older males started calling me names and pestering me.” “They took me into the woods one night,” says the author.
Cora borrows a book of Gulliver’s Travels from Miss Lucy in this episode, and Caesar receives a gift from Miss Lucy.
A current novel, Reading Railroad: Lakewoodby Megan Giddings, tells the story of a Black college-age girl who agrees to take part in a strange scientific investigation.
The Underground Railroad is a term used to describe a system of transportation that allows people to flee their homes. Recap: It’s a Whole Other World
Barry Jenkins’ Underground Railroad is a full-force triumph
If you make a purchase after clicking on a Polygon link, Vox Media may get a commission. See our code of ethics for more information. In Barry Jenkins’ 10-hour historical fantasy miniseries The Underground Railroad, remorse is carried down from generation to generation, just as readily as eye color or hair texture are passed down in a family. The Underground Railroad, a 2016 novel by Colson Whitehead that won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction, was adapted by the Moonlightdirector and is place in colonial Georgia.
- Within the confines of a genre that was initially created to abolish slavery by revealing the horrors of plantation life to Northern white readers, there is only agony and sorrow.
- Jenkins eliminates that lens, utilizing slavery as the backdrop for a journey toward liberation — not just from unscrupulous slave hunters and ruthless masters, but also from the generational remorse that has accompanied servitude.
- That betrayal left a wound in the adult Cora (Thuso Mbedu), and resentment festered in her heart for the rest of her life.
- In order to continue her trip out of slavery, she must leave not just the plantation, but also the hatred that she has developed for Mabel.
- In light of these considerations, Whitehead and Jenkins’ The Underground Railroadis not a narrative of dehumanization, but rather of re-humanization.
- His imposing build and penetrating hazel eyes conceal a number of secrets: He is literate, and he is aware of a route out of the plantation.
- She, on the other hand, does not consider herself exceptional.
They are on a risky journey over the Georgia countryside, through deep woodlands and dark marshes –welcome echoes of Andrei Tarkovsky’s Ivan’s Childhood — in search of a station house, which they hope to find.
Jenkins makes it possible to live out that fantasy.
Caves serve as the primary operating space for certain stations, while others are ornately tiled like subway stations in New York City.
A terminal might be abandoned or considered hazardous for use by travelers, mainly as a result of an increase in white racial violence in the surrounding community.
In contrast to other directors that construct slave tales around misery in order to demonstrate the importance of Black history — whether through stunning brutality or jolting cries like those that characterize Antebellum — Jenkins is unfettered by such constraints.
First and foremost, he presents a human narrative, imbuing personality into Cora’s sly smirk and Caesar’s fervent orations.
Image courtesy of Kyle Kaplan/Amazon Studios Black literature’s opinions regarding the city have been defined as “either promised land or dystopian hell” by film scholar Paula Massood in a previous interview.
A bright Black youngster named Homer (Chase W.
Their relationship is similar to that of Daniel Plainview and H.W.
Ridgeway spares Homer from this awful environment by instructing him on how to capture slaves with his bare hands.
Jenkins takes tremendous joy in the expanded narrative and character range that television affords him and his characters.
Instead, Jenkins and his scripting crew take the time to get to know this character, filling in the blanks where Ridgeway’s inconsistencies are lacking.
But with Edgerton’s scary and captivating performance, and the young Dillon’s breakthrough performance, who could blame Jenkins for giving them screen time?
Despite their brief appearances, characters such as Ellis (Marcus “MJ” Gladney Jr.), a conductor in training; Grace (Mychal-Bella Bowman), a North Carolina girl hiding in an attic; Jasper, a hymn-singing Floridian slave; and Mingo (Chukwudi Iwuji), an upper-class former slave living on an Indiana farm, are memorable because Jenkins never loses their individuality.
Image courtesy of Kyle Kaplan/Amazon Studios The scope of the Underground Railroad appears to be incomprehensible.
Each location is crammed with extras, resulting in a kaleidoscopic mosaic of costumes that conjure up memories of previous lifetimes for those who wear them.
Jenkins and cinematographer James Laxton, a longstanding colleague, have pushed the boundaries of their visual abilities in order to convey the intricate narrative.
As if the almighty has decided our point of view, celestial light fills the frames, surrounding the persons in whom Cora should put her faith.
Even in calm situations, Jenkins and Britell are experts at building suspense, as seen by the Brian Tyree Henry passage in If Beale Street Could Talk.
The trilling of cicadas has reached thunderous proportions.
And the soaring strings take us up into the air.
In one sitting, it’s much too thick in terms of narrative, visual, and aural detail, far too perfectly calibrated, far too drenched in a sugary blend of Southern accents to really enjoy.
Rather of ignoring the challenges associated with seeing such a hard subject matter, Jenkins expresses his understanding of them.
Throughout the series Lovecraft Country, author Misha Green frequently interjected modern-day singles such as “Bitch Better Have My Money” into the narrative of her 1950s fiction.
For Jenkins, on the other hand, breaking the dream means allowing listeners to leave this realm unafraid and return safely to reality in the span of a song, according to Jenkins.
Cora learns about the trials and tribulations her mother is likely to have gone through as a result of her voyage.
Jenkins transforms historical slaves from being suffering objects for white consumption to becoming people of dignity by depicting their pleasure and laughter, their love and drive, combined with the horrors they endured throughout their lives.
It was difficult for me to see The Underground Railroad after suffering the relentless on-screen attack of Black people inAntebellum, Bad Hair, Lovecraft Country, and They.
Jenkins, I was afraid, would do the same.
I felt uplifted and unafraid to look this era of history in the eyes without reservation.
I spread my arms like rails illuminating the path to a different world, a more promising land.
At the film’s finale, the final sun-soaked scene that filled me with calm and that depicts Black people’s right to exist as a manifest destiny, I was left with one thought: he truly accomplished what he claimed to have done.
He actually went through with it. Jenkins was able to break out from the loop of tiresome torture stories by finding a tunnel that was not burdened by the unpleasant weight of Hollywood’s past sins. Amazon Prime Video has made all ten episodes of The Underground Railroad available for viewing.