Abolitionists also outright defied the institution by helping black slaves in the South escape to freedom in the North. The journey for an escaping slave was long and dangerous. Many fugitives had to travel hundreds of miles across unknown terrain and rivers, with little or no resources.
Why did Harriet Tubman take the fugitives to Canada?
- As the other answers here describe, the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 meant that there was nowhere safe for an escaped slave anywhere in the United States. That is why Harriet Tubman had to take her runaway slaves all the way to St. Catherines in Canada. Slavery was legally abolished in Canada in 1834.
What did the conductors of the Underground Railroad do?
Underground Railroad conductors were free individuals who helped fugitive slaves traveling along the Underground Railroad. Conductors helped runaway slaves by providing them with safe passage to and from stations. If a conductor was caught helping free slaves they would be fined, imprisoned, branded, or even hanged.
What is the summary of Harriet Tubman conductor on the Underground Railroad?
Harriet Tubman was an escaped enslaved woman who became a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, leading enslaved people to freedom before the Civil War, all while carrying a bounty on her head. But she was also a nurse, a Union spy and a women’s suffrage supporter.
Was the Underground Railroad civil disobedience?
However, in some places, especially after the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, the Underground Railroad was deliberate and organized. Despite the illegality of their actions, people of all races, class and genders participated in this widespread form of civil disobedience.
What did the Underground Railroad have to do with the Civil War?
The Underground Railroad physically resisted the repressive laws that held slaves in bondage. By provoking fear and anger in the South, and prompting the enactment of harsh legislation that eroded the rights of white Americans, the Underground Railroad was a direct contributing cause of the Civil War.
How many conductors were there in the Underground Railroad?
These eight abolitionists helped enslaved people escape to freedom. These eight abolitionists helped enslaved people escape to freedom.
Who was the most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad?
Our Headlines and Heroes blog takes a look at Harriet Tubman as the most famous conductor on the Underground Railroad. Tubman and those she helped escape from slavery headed north to freedom, sometimes across the border to Canada.
What did Harriet Tubman do as a conductor on the Underground Railroad apex?
Who was Harriet Tubman? She was one of the most famous abolitionists who helped the Underground Railroad (a “conductor”). She was a Union spy and nurse during the Civil War. After she escaped from slavery, she made at least 19 trips on the underground railroad to help others escape.
What is Harriet Tubman trying to accomplish?
What is Harriet Tubman trying to accomplish? She wants to help people escape slavery.
What is the summary of Harriet?
Why were Harriet Tubman’s actions as a conductor on the Underground Railroad considered civil disobedience? She broke the law to help enslaved African Americans. In defense of slavery, white Southerners liked to say that the African Americans they had enslaved were better off than what group?
How many slaves did Harriet Tubman help free via the Underground Railroad?
Harriet Tubman is perhaps the most well-known of all the Underground Railroad’s “conductors.” During a ten-year span she made 19 trips into the South and escorted over 300 slaves to freedom. And, as she once proudly pointed out to Frederick Douglass, in all of her journeys she “never lost a single passenger.”
What route did Harriet Tubman take on the Underground Railroad?
One route out of Maryland was that frequently used by Harriet Tubman. She led her groups, beginning on foot, up the Eastern Shore of Maryland and into Delaware. Several stations were in the vicinity of Wilmington, Delaware.
How important was the Underground Railroad?
The underground railroad, where it existed, offered local service to runaway slaves, assisting them from one point to another. The primary importance of the underground railroad was that it gave ample evidence of African American capabilities and gave expression to African American philosophy.
What happened to the Underground Railroad?
End of the Line The Underground Railroad ceased operations about 1863, during the Civil War. In reality, its work moved aboveground as part of the Union effort against the Confederacy.
How many slaves did Harriet Tubman save?
Fact: According to Tubman’s own words, and extensive documentation on her rescue missions, we know that she rescued about 70 people —family and friends—during approximately 13 trips to Maryland.
How Harriet Tubman and William Still Helped the Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad, a network of people who assisted enslaved persons in escaping to the North, was only as strong as the people who were willing to put their own lives in danger to do so. Among those most closely associated with the Underground Railroad were Harriet Tubman, one of the most well-known “conductors,” and William Still, who is generally referred to as the “Father of the Underground Railroad.”
Harriet Tubman escaped slavery and guided others to freedom
Tubman, who was born into slavery in Maryland under the name Araminta Harriet Ross, was able to escape to freedom via the use of the Underground Railroad. Throughout her childhood, she was subjected to constant physical assault and torture as a result of her enslavement. In one of the most serious instances, she was struck in the head with an object weighing two pounds, resulting in her suffering from seizures and narcoleptic episodes for the rest of her life. John Tubman was a free black man when she married him in 1844, but nothing is known about their connection other than the fact that she adopted his last name.
Even though she began the voyage with her brothers, she eventually completed the 90-mile journey on her own in 1849.
- As a result, she crossed the border again in 1850, this time to accompany her niece’s family to Pennsylvania.
- Instead, she was in charge of a gang of fugitive bond agents.
- Her parents and siblings were among those she was able to save.
- Tubman, on the other hand, found a way around the law and directed her Underground Railroad to Canada, where slavery was illegal (there is evidence that one of her destinations on an 1851 voyage was at the house of abolitionist Frederick Douglass).
- “”I was a conductor on the Underground Railroad for eight years, and I can say things that other conductors are unable to express,” she stated with a sense of accomplishment.
“I never had a problem with my train going off the tracks or losing a passenger.” Continue reading Harriet Tubman: A Timeline of Her Life, Underground Railroad Service, and Activism for more information.
William Still helped more than 800 enslaved people escape
In 1852, under the alias Araminta Harriet Ross, Tubman was born into slavery in Maryland and eventually emancipated via a network known as the Underground Railroad. For the most of her childhood, she was subjected to regular physical assault and torture. One of the most serious incidents occurred when a two-pound weight was hurled at her head, leading her to suffer from seizures and narcoleptic episodes for the rest of her days. John Tubman was a free black man when she married him in 1844, but nothing is known about their connection other than the fact that she adopted his surname.
- In 1849, she set out on her trek with her brothers, but she eventually completed the 90-mile route on her own.
- Although Tubman had tasted freedom, she couldn’t take the notion of her family being slaves, so she crossed the border again in 1850, this time to accompany her niece’s family to Pennsylvania.
- Instead, she gathered a band of fugitive bond agents and led them away from the facility.
- Her mom and siblings were among the people she saved.
- Instead of ignoring this, Tubman circumvented it by directing her Underground Railroad to Canada, where slavery was illegal (there is evidence that one of her destinations on an 1851 voyage was at the house of abolitionist Frederick Douglass).
“Her proudly stated, “I was a conductor on the Underground Railroad for eight years, and I can say things that other conductors can’t.” In all my years of railroading, I never drove my train off the track or lost a passenger.” Continue reading Harriet Tubman: A Timeline of Her Life, Underground Rail Service, and Activism for more information.
Tubman made regular stops at Still’s station
Tubman was a frequent visitor at Still’s station, since she made a regular stop in Philadelphia on her way to New York. He is also said to have contributed monetarily to several of Tubman’s journeys. Her visits clearly left an effect on him, as evidenced by the inclusion of a section about her in his book, which followed a letter from Thomas Garrett about her ushering in arriving visitors. As Stillwright put it in his book, “Harriet Tubman had become their “Moses,” but not in the same way that Andrew Johnson had been their “Moses of the brown people.” “She had obediently gone down into Egypt and, through her own heroics, had delivered these six bondmen to safety.
But in terms of courage, shrewdness, and selfless efforts to rescue her fellow-men, she was without peer.
“While great anxieties were entertained for her safety, she appeared to be completely free of personal dread,” he went on to say.
will portray William Still, in the upcoming film Harriet. The film will explore the life and spirit of Tubman, and the role that Still had in guiding so many people on the road to freedom.
Along the Underground Railroad
Rebellions of Slaves Untold numbers of slaves attempted to elude capture and escape to freedom. Only a small percentage of them made it more than a few kilometers from their plantation. Any slave’s prospects of fleeing to freedom were slim, and the consequences of being captured and returned to slavery were harsh. A slave who has been recaptured may almost likely expect to be beaten. It is possible that they will be punished with a collar with bells attached to it. The harshest penalty was to be sold “down south,” where one would be permanently removed from one’s friends and loved ones.
- Instead, they found other means of defying their oppressors.
- Slavery was more than only physically terrible; it was also psychological terrorism.
- Indeed, even the masters became victims of their own maltreatment; after all, slavery had taught them to be emotionally damaged beings in the first place.
- Slaves reacted with their predicament in the most effective way they knew how.
- Various other slaves, including as resistance fighters in occupied area, participated in acts of sabotage.
- Some people got so desperate that they chose to murder their own children rather than allow them to become the property of their captors.
- Absconding from their master’s command was a popular technique of opposing him.
A hunting team would be dispatched, and if the slaves were able to hold out for a long enough period of time, the master would conclude that they had escaped.
An absconding slave did not aim to go away for good, but rather to terrify their owner into making a modest concession in exchange for some small demand (like better food or keeping the family together).
When You’re on the Run Frederick Douglass once stated that a slave who had been beaten the most was the least inclined to flee his master’s possessions.
Exiting bondage was as simple as catching a ride on the Underground Railroad, according to historical accounts.
The truth, on the other hand, was far more difficult.
The plantation’s ability to maintain slaves fueled the development of a whole economy.
A slave was considered a runaway in Mississippi if he or she was apprehended more than eight miles from their plantation without the required documentation.
Many impoverished whites from the north and south took up the role of the Patroller since the ten percent payment for capturing and returning a fugitive slave was substantial, and many took advantage of the opportunity.
The majority of the slaves who managed to escape were young guys.
When he made the decision to depart, he preferred to go at night.
There was no map outlining the road to liberation since most slaves were unlikely to be able to read it in the first place.
When the slaves were looking for common landmarks, they felt about in the trees for the thickest patch of moss — since the side facing north is where the slaves were looking.
If you live in the northern hemisphere, no matter what season you are in, the handle of the Little Dipper is always pointing to the North Star.
A fugitive slave from Kentucky would presumably make her way north to the Ohio River, where she would be captured.
It is possible for a Mississippi slave to flee westward to Indian Territory.
Slavery in Texas would naturally lead a slave to Mexico, where slavery was banned at the time.
Texas has its own natural law enforcement officer.
Henry “Box” Brown is a fictional character created by author Henry “Box” Brown.
The captain of a ship or other free blacks serving as deck men may be bribed by a southern slave in order to smuggle him on board.
While traveling to Pennsylvania, he was forced to lie upside down in the cargo hold, with blood pouring into his brain to the point that his eyeballs felt like they were about to burst from his skull.
Ellen was a light-skinned house slave who was the daughter of a slave and a white farmer.
In 1848, Ellen pretended to be a white male planter traveling with a black “manservant” in order to avoid detection.
Ellen had a dependable master who trusted her enough to allow her to go into town.
Their journey to Philadelphia began on December 21 when they boarded a train for Savannah and, from there, a boat for Philadelphia.
The Crafts, in contrast to the majority of slaves who sought refuge in marshes or the blistering hot bowels of a ship, traveled in elegance on their trip to freedom.
They traveled with the wealthy and influential after putting on their disguises.
Ellen was once compelled to sit next to her master’s next-door neighbor, who happened to be an eminent judge who frequently dined at her master’s house.
They went on speaking tours, much like Frederick Douglass, to educate people about the injustices of slavery.
Northern Governments Refuse to Enforce the Fugitive Slave Act One of the most common concerns that southern plantation owners had was the fact that the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 was not being properly enforced because northern states refused to enforce it.
The police frequently turned a blind eye to the situation, while anti-slavery crowds occasionally prevented slave hunters from carrying out their duties.
Every year, almost 1,000 slaves escape to freedom, many of them utilizing the Underground Railroad, which transported slaves to freedom through a network of safe homes and deception-proof disguises.
The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 made it illegal for anybody, including law enforcement officers, to assist a fugitive slave.
This was a proposal that was rejected.
New territories would now be able to decide for themselves whether slavery would be permitted in their territories and if they would eventually join the Union as a free or slave state, respectively.
The final stop on the Underground Railroad wasn’t always Canada. Mexico outlawed slavery in 1810; and many slaves headed south of the border or integrated with Indian tribes.
Abolitionist Uprisings in Africa Many slaves attempted to escape to freedom, but the number of successful attempts was uncountable. They only made it a few miles away from their plantation, and that was a lucky break. Any slave’s prospects of fleeing to freedom were slim, and the consequences of being captured and returned to slavery were harsh. Almost without exception, a recaptured slave would be subjected to physical punishment. A collar with bells attached to it is sometimes used as a punishment.
- That many slaves opted not to flee is understandable given their circumstances.
- Although the plantation owners invented tales to defend their system, no slave ever expressed any interest in living a life of servitude.
- Property, not human people, was taught to slaves from a young age.
- Every person who came into contact with the system became contaminated.
- In most cases, they would find ways to slow down their job without incurring reprimand from their boss.
- Fires are started “accidentally” by the perpetrators in outbuildings or on damaged equipment.
- This was the pinnacle of sabotage in the eyes of a slave!
Occasionally, a slave would escape and take refuge in the adjacent woods, where he would remain for many days.
A runaway slave represented a significant financial loss, but the likelihood of truly achieving freedom was remote.
A slave might use this method to gain control over a horrible circumstance.
“Keep him hungry and devoid of soul, and he will follow the chain of his master like a dog,” says the author of the novel.
The truth, on the other hand, was far more complex.
Keeping slaves on the plantation became the basis of a whole economy.
Running away from one’s plantation for more than eight miles without the required documentation was considered a runaway in Mississippi.
Many impoverished whites from the north and south took on the role of the Patroller since the ten percent incentive for bringing a fugitive slave back was substantial.
Those who managed to flee their slave masters were mostly young males.
When he finally made the decision to leave, he preferred to travel at night to avoid being discovered.
Despite the fact that there was no map outlining the road to liberation – and most slaves were unlikely to be able to read one – As a result, slaves relied on geography to find their journey northward.
The most dependable reference point was located in the skies above us all.
Escape was possible for slaves at any time and from any location they could find.
However, this is not just the most intensively monitored region, but it is also the location where the abolitionists who were conducting the Underground Railroad were most active.
Many Native Americans welcomed fugitive slaves into their tribes, where African-Americans and Native Americans lived side by side for generations.
To defend the Rio Grande River, which defined the boundary with Mexico, border patrollers would be employed.
More than a few of fugitive slaves were murdered by the severe desert temperature, poisonous snakes, and scorpions.
Those slaves who lived near the shore would attempt to escape on a ship, as the vast majority of trade ships were owned by northerners.
By shipping himself inside a closed container, Henry “Box” Brown achieved something akin to this.
The Disguised Runaways (also known as Runaways in Disguise).
A light-skinned house slave, Ellen was the daughter of a slave and a white landowner, and she grew up in the South of the United States.
Ellen wore a sling on her writing arm to conceal the fact that she could neither read nor write.
A method had been discovered for months by the conspirators to secure the papers and tickets they would need to flee.
To remain in plain sight was William’s concept.
Every step of the journey, I’ll be in first class.
It was a continual source of anxiety for them the entire time they were travelling.
They quickly rose to prominence among abolitionists in Philadelphia after their arrival.
A large reward was placed on their heads as well, and they were eventually expelled to England, where they were able to raise their five children in peace.
Runaway slaves were intended to be returned to their masters under the terms of the legislation, which was never implemented.
Trapping slaves was a profitable enterprise, and the loss of runaway slaves was causing the South millions of dollars in lost revenue.
In response to Southerners’ demands, Congress strengthened the Fugitive Slave Act.
As a last resort, John Calhoun, the staunchly pro-slavery Senator from South Carolina, recommended that the United States have two presidents—a Northern president and a Southern president.
The Missouri Compromise was pronounced dead, which was a significant triumph for the Compromise of 1850. New territories would now be able to determine whether slavery would be permitted in their territory and if they would eventually join the Union as a free or slave state.
Swing Low Sweet Chariot
The Underground Railroad and the Bond between Siblings Tubman initially came into contact with the Underground Railroad in 1849, when she attempted to flee slavery on her own behalf. Following a bout of sickness and the death of her master, Tubman made the decision to flee slavery in Maryland for freedom in Pennsylvania. Tubman had no intention of staying in bondage any longer.
How did Harriet Tubman help the Underground Railroad?
Harriet Tubman is possibly the most well-known of all the “conductors” who worked on the Underground Railroad. Her journey into the South spanned ten years, during which time she made 19 visits and transported more than 300 slaves to their freedom. Tubman was born a slave in the Maryland county of Dorchester in the year 1820.
Why did Harriet Tubman first become involved with the Underground Railroad?
The wounds and maltreatment served as a constant reminder of the harrowing existence of a slave, and they served as the impetus for her escape from bondage in 1849. After escaping to Pennsylvania on her own, Tubman went on to work as a conductor in the Underground Railroad, returning to the South on several occasions to assist others from slavery.
How many slaves used the Underground Railroad?
According to various estimates, at least 30,000 slaves, and maybe as many as 100,000, were able to escape to Canada through the Underground Railroad system.
What would happen to slaves if they resisted?
At the at least 30,000 slaves, and maybe as many as 100,000, fled to Canada through the Underground Railroad, according to varying estimates.
What were three ways that slaves resisted slavery?
According to various estimates, at least 30,000 slaves, and maybe as many as 100,000, fled to Canada through the Underground Railroad.
How were cotton and slavery connected?
According to various estimates, at least 30,000 slaves, and maybe as many as 100,000, were able to escape to Canada through the Underground Railroad.
How did slaves protest?
The most spectacular form of slave dissent was open insurrection, which occurred on a large scale. The number, scale, ferocity, and duration of slave revolt were all extremely variable. The slave communities of West Africa were perhaps the most peaceful of any known slave societies because the prevalence of women and children resulted in a low number of rebellions.
How did slaves create their own culture?
This act of revolt, in which they established a civilization apart from the rest of the world, was successful. Harvesting personal gardens, preparing culturally varied cuisines, engaging in religious activities, developing strong family relationships, and even expressing oneself via music were some of the methods they discovered to fight their chains of slavery.
Why did they burn cotton in antebellum?
In order to kick off King Cotton diplomacy, about 2.5 million bales of cotton were burnt in the South in order to create a scarcity of cotton. Indeed, the amount of cotton bales sent from the southern United States to Europe declined from 3 million bales in 1860 to a few thousand bales in 1890.
Why did Southerners establish a tight grip on the enslaved?
Because of rebellions and abolitionists, the southerners were able to tighten their grasp on the enslaved even further. Colonel John Mosby, CSA, and other Southern gentlemen were lauded for adhering to a code of honor that was most nearly related to medieval chivalry, as was the case with Colonel Mosby.
Did cotton cause the Civil War?
Rebellions and abolitionists prompted southerners to tighten their grasp on the enslaved even farther as a result.
Colonel John Mosby, CSA, and other Southern gentlemen were lauded for adhering to a code of honor that was most nearly related to medieval chivalry, as was the case with Colonel John Mosby.
Why did the issue of slavery became a conflict between the North and the South?
It was the question of whether slavery would be permitted to grow into newly acquired western territory that would eventually be divided into states which became the primary political conflict that led to Southern secession. For a time, Congress had been annexing new states into the Union in an alternating pattern of slave and free states.
What were the key issues that caused conflict between North and South?
Among the most often cited explanations is that the war was fought over the moral problem of slavery. In truth, the economics of slavery, as well as the political control of that institution, were at the heart of the battle. The rights of states was a major point of contention.
Why did the issue of slavery become a conflict between the North and the South?
Among the most frequently cited explanations is that the Civil War was waged over the moral problem of slavery. However, the economics of slavery, as well as political control over that institution, were the driving forces for the struggle. The right of states to exist was a major concern.
The Civil War 1850–1865: Quiz
If you were a slave during the mid-nineteenth century, your only hope of achieving freedom was through the Underground Railroad system. The Underground Railroad “was a secret network of individuals and locations designed to assist fugitive slaves in escaping safely to the northern United States and Canada,” according to Wikipedia. People seeking freedom were helped by free blacks who, with the assistance of sympathetic white Northerners, worked mostly in disguise and at night to give directions, food, and shelter” (Underground Railroad).
- The slaves traveled wherever they could, “on foot, on tiny boats, via covered wagon, and even in boxes sent by train or sea,” according to the abolitionists (Underground Railroad).
- “The elements of the system comprised of numerous routes (lines), hiding spots (stations), and aides (conductors) who assisted in the transfer of escapees (packages or freight) along the way,” for example (Underground Railroad).
- Starting with the fact that the Underground Railroad would not have been a successful system if it hadn’t been for the essential individuals who conceived it and supported it, Harriet Tubman was, and continues to be, the organization’s most important person.
- additional stuff to be displayed.
- Without the incredibly brave individuals who sacrificed everything for the sake of the slaves, the organization would never have grown to such a size and left such a lasting historical legacy.
The extraordinary narrative of the establishment and functioning of the complex system is one that will be remembered for years in the future.
History Of The Underground Railroad – 820 Words
- When someone expressed a desire to alter his or her decision while on the way to freedom and back, Tubman pulled out a revolver and declared, You’ll either be free or die a slave!'” When anybody turned back, Tubman realized that she and the other runaway slaves would be in risk of being discovered, captured, or perhaps killed” (Harriet Tubman – Leading Slaves into Freedom). Tubman was able to assist many slaves realize their dreams of freedom, and he was instrumental in making those dreams a reality. In addition to singing the spiritual hymn “Go Down Moses,” slaves prayed that a savior would save them from slavery, just as Moses had freed the Israelites from servitude (Harriet Tubman – Leading Slaves into Freedom). 1. What is the book’s topic (what is the book’s subject matter)? The central premise of the book is how runaways had a significant impact on the system of slavery. A slave master’s best interests would be served by ensuring that his slaves do not escape the plantation, or at the very least being able to locate and recapture them if they were successful in their mission. A significant number of slaves seemed to be subservient, and some of these individuals were the primary organizers of their escape
- As more slaves were released, they began to disappear from their places of employment, causing slave owners to become suspicious of what was happening to them. Eventually, the issue was brought to the attention of the government, which came up with the concept of the Fugitive Slave Act. This edict mandated that any fugitive slaves be returned to their masters, and that anybody who assisted them in escaping would be punished (“Fugitive Slave Acts”). A success story like the Underground Railroad encouraged the government to ratify and put into effect the Underground Railroad Act. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 was immediately and harshly criticized by the Northerners
- However, even though many slave owners had strict rules and control over their slaves in the nineteenth century, enslaved individuals established their own ways of coping with the hardships they were forced to live through. The majority of people would have considered it risky to challenge a slave master because of the punishments that were imposed on those who did so. Those who took part in the resistance placed a higher value on their freedom than they did on the possibility of punishment. In Harriet Jacobs’ Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, she demonstrates the many methods of effectively fighting the slave owner’s power. Over the course of this time period, it was common to witness slave owners sexually desiring a scandalous connection
- They not only agitated for the abolition of slavery, but also took steps to aid its victims in obtaining freedom. The Underground Railroad, in contrast to other organized operations of the abolitionist movement that were primarily concerned with the elimination of human bondage, surreptitiously opposed slavery by assisting runaways. Because the Underground Railroad lacked a formal structure, its continued survival was frequently dependent on the actions of numerous people from many different walks of life in North Carolina who assisted slaves in their attempts to elude capture. Individuals who have genuinely participated in its activities are the only ones who may create accounts. Usually, conductors kept their personal journals hidden or destroyed them in order to protect themselves and the runaways.
Because of its geographical isolation from free states in the North and British Canada, the Deep South is rarely mentioned when discussing the Underground Railroad in the United States. Evidence, on the other hand, indicates that the Underground Railroad, by offering a passage to Mexico, gave some slaves in Texas reason to be hopeful. The Underground Railroad was neither a real railroad, nor was it a route that had already been built. The fact remains that it was a method of transporting slaves from the South to the North, or more specifically from the Deep South to Mexico.
The Underground Railroad was home to a large number of fugitive slaves who were willing to sacrifice their lives in order to try to survive.
The Underground Railroad, on the other hand, played a critical role in the abolition of slavery.
Slaves were subjected to a variety of adversities, including being raped, beaten, and overworked by their slave masters.
Abolition of slavery was widespread across the American colonies during the 17th and 18th century.
Slavery was abolished later in history in the North because it was not as reliant on it as the South had been.
Equiano’s inability to obtain a bible during his travels in the West Indies serves as evidence of this point of view.
The Quakers founded the abolitionist movement in order to put a stop to the slave trade in the United States.
There were three types of resistance to slavery practiced by African American slaves: fleeing from their masters, engaging in day-to-day activities, and revolting against their masters.
In the 1800s, the Underground Railway served as their primary means of escape, allowing them to make their way to the North of England.
They fled away from their masters when they were about to be punished or when they needed reprieve from a severe labor load, among other reasons. The slaves fled from their owners and banded together to devise strategies for bringing slavery to an end. They were known as abolitionists.