What Did Harriet Tubman Do During The Underground Railroad? (Professionals recommend)

Harriet Tubman was an escaped enslaved woman who became a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, leading enslaved people to freedom before the Civil War, all while carrying a bounty on her head. But she was also a nurse, a Union spy and a women’s suffrage supporter.

Harriet Tubman

  • Harriet Tubman was an escaped slave who became a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, leading slaves to freedom before the Civil War, all while carrying a bounty on her head.

Did Harriet Tubman ever get caught?

Her success led slaveowners to post a $40,000 reward for her capture or death. Tubman was never caught and never lost a “passenger.” She participated in other antislavery efforts, including supporting John Brown in his failed 1859 raid on the Harpers Ferry, Virginia arsenal.

How many slaves did Harriet Tubman save?

Fact: According to Tubman’s own words, and extensive documentation on her rescue missions, we know that she rescued about 70 people —family and friends—during approximately 13 trips to Maryland.

What are 5 facts about Harriet Tubman?

8 amazing facts about Harriet Tubman

  • Tubman’s codename was “Moses,” and she was illiterate her entire life.
  • She suffered from narcolepsy.
  • Her work as “Moses” was serious business.
  • She never lost a slave.
  • Tubman was a Union scout during the Civil War.
  • She cured dysentery.
  • She was the first woman to lead a combat assault.

Is Gertie Davis died?

Her mission was getting as many men, women and children out of bondage into freedom. When Tubman was a teenager, she acquired a traumatic brain injury when a slave owner struck her in the head. This resulted in her developing epileptic seizures and hypersomnia.

Did Harriet Tubman really jump off a bridge?

Cornered by armed slave catchers on a bridge over a raging river, Harriet Tubman knew she had two choices – give herself up, or choose freedom and risk her life by jumping into the rapids. “I’m going to be free or die!” she shouted as she leapt over the side.

Why did Harriet Tubman help slaves escape?

The Underground Railroad and Siblings Following a bout of illness and the death of her owner, Tubman decided to escape slavery in Maryland for Philadelphia. She feared that her family would be further severed and was concerned for her own fate as a sickly slave of low economic value.

What was so significant about the Underground Railroad What impact did it have?

A well-organized network of people, who worked together in secret, ran the Underground Railroad. The work of the Underground Railroad resulted in freedom for many men, women, and children. It also helped undermine the institution of slavery, which was finally ended in the United States during the Civil War.

How many slaves did Jefferson own?

Despite working tirelessly to establish a new nation founded upon principles of freedom and egalitarianism, Jefferson owned over 600 enslaved people during his lifetime, the most of any U.S. president.

Who helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad?

Harriet Tubman, perhaps the most well-known conductor of the Underground Railroad, helped hundreds of runaway slaves escape to freedom.

Is there anyone alive related to Harriet Tubman?

At 87, Copes-Daniels is Tubman’s oldest living descendant. She traveled to D.C. with her daughter, Rita Daniels, to see Tubman’s hymnal on display and to honor the memory of what Tubman did for her people.

How old would Harriet Tubman be today?

Harriet Tubman’s exact age would be 201 years 10 months 28 days old if alive. Total 73,747 days. Harriet Tubman was a social life and political activist known for her difficult life and plenty of work directed on promoting the ideas of slavery abolishment.

Harriet Tubman

As an escaped enslaved woman, Harriet Tubman worked as a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, guiding enslaved individuals to freedom before the Civil War, all while a bounty was placed on her head. But she was also a nurse, a spy for the Union, and a proponent of women’s rights. Tubman is one of the most well-known figures in American history, and her legacy has inspired countless individuals of all races and ethnicities around the world.

When Was Harriet Tubman Born?

Harriet Tubman was born in 1820 on a plantation in Dorchester County, Maryland, and became well-known as a pioneer. Her parents, Harriet (“Rit”) Green and Benjamin Ross, gave her the name Araminta Ross and referred to her as “Minty” as a nickname. Rit worked as a chef in the plantation’s “large house,” while Benjamin was a wood worker on the plantation’s “little house.” As a tribute to her mother, Araminta changed her given name to Harriet later in life. However, the reality of slavery pulled many of Harriet’s siblings and sisters apart, despite Rit’s attempts to keep the family united.

Harriet was hired as a muskrat trap setter by a planter when she was seven years old, and she was later hired as a field laborer by the same planter.

A Good Deed Gone Bad

Harriet’s yearning for justice first manifested itself when she was 12 years old and witnessed an overseer prepare to hurl a heavy weight at a runaway. Harriet took a step between the enslaved person and the overseer, and the weight of the person smacked her in the head. Afterwards, she described the occurrence as follows: “The weight cracked my head. They had to carry me to the home because I was bleeding and fainting. Because I was without a bed or any place to lie down at all, they threw me on the loom’s seat, where I stayed for the rest of the day and the following day.” As a result of her good act, Harriet has suffered from migraines and narcolepsy for the remainder of her life, forcing her to go into a deep slumber at any time of day.

She was undesirable to potential slave purchasers and renters because of her physical disability.

Escape from Slavery

Harriet’s father was freed in 1840, and Harriet later discovered that Rit’s owner’s final will and testament had freed Rit and her children, including Harriet, from slavery. Despite this, Rit’s new owner refused to accept the will and instead held Rit, Harriett, and the rest of her children in bondage for the remainder of their lives. Harriet married John Tubman, a free Black man, in 1844, and changed her last name from Ross to Tubman in honor of her new husband.

Harriet’s marriage was in shambles, and the idea that two of her brothers—Ben and Henry—were going to be sold prompted her to devise a plan to flee. She was not alone in her desire to leave.

Harriet Tubman: Underground Railroad

On September 17, 1849, Harriet, Ben, and Henry managed to flee their Maryland farm and reach the United States. The brothers, on the other hand, changed their minds and returned. Harriet persisted, and with the assistance of the Underground Railroad, she was able to journey 90 miles north to Pennsylvania and freedom. Tubman got employment as a housekeeper in Philadelphia, but she wasn’t content with simply being free on her own; she desired freedom for her family and friends, as well as for herself.

She attempted to relocate her husband John to the north at one time, but he had remarried and preferred to remain in Maryland with his new wife.

Fugitive Slave Act

The Runaway Slave Act of 1850 authorized the apprehension and enslavement of fugitive and released laborers in the northern United States. Consequently, Harriet’s task as an Underground Railroad guide became much more difficult, and she was obliged to take enslaved people even farther north into Canada by leading them through the night, generally during the spring or fall when the days were shorter. She carried a revolver for her personal security as well as to “encourage” any of her charges who might be having second thoughts about following her orders.

Within 10 years, Harriet became acquainted with other abolitionists like as Frederick Douglass, Thomas Garrett, and Martha Coffin Wright, and she built her own Underground Railroad network of her own.

Despite this, it is thought that Harriet personally guided at least 70 enslaved persons to freedom, including her elderly parents, and that she educated scores of others on how to escape on their own in the years following the Civil War.

More information may be found at The Little-Known Underground Railroad That Ran South to Mexico.

Harriet Tubman’s Civil War Service

In 1861, as the American Civil War broke out, Harriet discovered new methods of combating slavery. She was lured to Fort Monroe to provide assistance to runaway enslaved persons, where she served as a nurse, chef, and laundress. In order to assist sick troops and runaway enslaved people, Harriet employed her expertise of herbal medicines. She rose to the position of director of an intelligence and reconnaissance network for the Union Army in 1863. In addition to providing Union commanders with critical data regarding Confederate Army supply routes and personnel, she assisted in the liberation of enslaved persons who went on to join Black Union battalions.

Despite being at just over five feet tall, she was a force to be reckoned with, despite the fact that it took more than three decades for the government to recognize her military accomplishments and provide her with financial compensation.

Harriet Tubman’s Later Years

Following the Civil War, Harriet moved to Auburn, New York, where she lived with her family and friends on land she owned. After her husband John died in 1867, she married Nelson Davis, a former enslaved man and Civil War soldier, in 1869. A few years later, they adopted a tiny girl named Gertie, who became their daughter. Harriet maintained an open-door policy for anyone who was in need of assistance. In order to sustain her philanthropic endeavors, she sold her homegrown fruit, raised pigs, accepted gifts, and borrowed money from family and friends.

  • She also collaborated with famed suffrage activist Susan B.
  • Harriet Tubman acquired land close to her home in 1896 and built the Harriet Tubman Home for Aged and Indigent Colored People, which opened in 1897.
  • However, her health continued to deteriorate, and she was finally compelled to relocate to the rest home that bears her name in 1911.
  • Schools and museums carry her name, and her life story has been told in novels, films, and documentaries, among other mediums.

Harriet Tubman: 20 Dollar Bill

The SS Harriet Tubman, which was named for Tubman during World War I, is a memorial to her legacy. In 2016, the United States Treasury announced that Harriet Tubman’s portrait will be used on the twenty-dollar note, replacing the image of former President and slaveowner Andrew Jackson. Later, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin (who previously worked under President Trump) indicated that the new plan will be postponed until at least 2026 at the earliest. President Biden’s administration stated in January 2021 that it will expedite the design phase of the project.


Early years of one’s life. The Harriet Tubman Historical Society was founded in 1908. General Tubman was a female abolitionist who also served as a secret military weapon during the Civil War. Military Times is a publication that publishes news on the military. Harriet Tubman is a historical figure. Biography. Biography. Harriet Tubman is a historical figure. Thompson AME Zion Church, Thompson Home for the Aged, and Thompson Residence are all located in Thompson. The National Park Service is a federal agency.

  1. Myths against facts.
  2. Kate Clifford Larson, Ph.D.
  3. Harriet Tubman is a historical figure.
  4. National Women’s History Museum exhibit about Harriet Tubman.

Harriet Tubman, “The Moses of Her People,” is a fictional character created by author Harriet Tubman. The Harriet Tubman Historical Society was founded in 1908. Harriet Tubman is a historical figure. The Underground Railroad (Urban Railroad). The National Park Service is a federal agency.

Harriet Tubman

Frequently Asked Questions

Who was Harriet Tubman?

In the United States, Harriet Tubman, née Araminta Ross, (born c. 1820 in Dorchester County, Maryland, U.S.—died March 10, 1913 in Auburn, New York) was an abolitionist who managed to escape from slavery in the South and rise to prominence before the American Civil War. As part of the Underground Railroad, which was an extensive covert network of safe homes built specifically for this reason, she was responsible for guiding scores of enslaved persons to freedom in the North. Araminta Ross was born into slavery and eventually assumed her mother’s maiden name, Harriet, as her own.

  1. When she was approximately 12 years old, she reportedly refused to assist an overseer in punishing another enslaved person; as a result, he hurled an iron weight that accidently struck her, causing her to suffer a terrible brain injury, which she would endure for the rest of her life.
  2. Tubman went to Philadelphia in 1849, allegedly on the basis of rumors that she was due to be sold.
  3. In December 1850, she made her way to Baltimore, Maryland, where she was reunited with her sister and two children who had joined her in exile.
  4. A long-held belief that Tubman made around 19 excursions into Maryland and assisted upwards of 300 individuals out of servitude was based on inflated estimates in Sara Bradford’s 1868 biography of Tubman.
  5. If anyone opted to turn back, putting the operation in jeopardy, she reportedly threatened them with a revolver and stated, “You’ll either be free or die,” according to reports.
  6. One such example was evading capture on Saturday evenings since the story would not emerge in the newspapers until the following Monday.
  7. It has been stated that she never lost sight of a runaway she was escorting to safety.
See also:  Ex Slave Who Helped The Underground Railroad? (The answer is found)

Abolitionists, on the other hand, praised her for her bravery.

Her parents (whom she had brought from Maryland in June 1857) and herself moved to a tiny farm outside Auburn, New York, about 1858, and remained there for the rest of her life.

Tubman spied on Confederate territory while serving with the Second Carolina Volunteers, who were under the leadership of Col.

Montgomery’s forces were able to launch well-coordinated attacks once she returned with intelligence regarding the locations of munitions stockpiles and other strategic assets.

Immediately following the Civil War, Tubman relocated to Auburn, where she began caring for orphans and the elderly, a practice that culminated in the establishment of the Harriet Tubman Home for IndigentAged Negroes in 1892.

Aside from suffrage, Tubman became interested in a variety of other issues, including the abolition of slavery.

A private measure providing for a $20 monthly stipend was enacted by Congress some 30 years after her contribution was recognized. Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Jeff Wallenfeldt was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.

Moses of Her People: Harriet Tubman and Runaway Slaves

NOTE FROM THE EDITOR: PBS has worked with historians and academics to bring fans the Mercy Street Revealed blog. Click here to read more. Originally from New York City, Kenyatta D. Berry is an experienced genealogist and lawyer with more than 15 years of expertise conducting genealogical research and writing. During law school, she spent time at the State Library of Michigan in Lansing, where she began her genealogy research. Berry, a native of Detroit, received his education at Bates Academy, Cass Technical High School, Michigan State University, and the Thomas M.

  1. She also co-hosts the PBS program Genealogy Roadshow.
  2. In the third episode: One Equal Temper, a prejudiced white guy infected with smallpox, is escorted to the quarantine tent to be treated for the disease.
  3. He is hurt after a struggle with a patient.
  4. Bryon Hale enters the tent and immediately recognizes Samuel’s knowledge of medicine and compassion for his patients.
  5. Charlotte recounts her experience as a fugitive slave with Samuel, and he learns more about her through Charlotte.

In the course of her voyage, she learned of Harriet Tubman, whom she subsequently met as “The Moses of Her People.” What was it about Harriet Tubman that earned her the title “The Moses of Her People?” Araminta Ross, a slave in Bucktown, Maryland, was given the name Harriet Tubman when she was born.

  1. 1 While in Philadelphia, Harriet collaborated with abolitionists William Still and John Brown on their respective projects.
  2. Harriet Tubman is well-known as a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad during the American Revolution.
  3. Harriet came on Hilton Head, South Carolina, in 1862 to provide assistance to Union forces fighting in the Civil War.
  4. Gen.
  5. 2 “Pass the bearer, Harriet Tubman.
  6. 3 A scene in the contraband tent Harriet worked as a nurse on Sea Island, off the coast of South Carolina, where she cared for the ill and injured without regard to race or ethnicity of those who came to her for help.
  7. Durrant, Acting Assistant Surgeon, was very struck by her kindness and generous attitude toward others.

James Montgomery.

“I’d want to draw your attention to Mrs.

In 1863, Col.


It was signed by President Millard Fillmore on September 18, 1850, as a supplemental modification to the Slave Act of 1793, and it became effective on October 1, 1850.

Upon capture, the putative slave would be taken before a commissioner or federal court, who would hold a short hearing before ruling on the case.

6 Following the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act, free persons of color and escaped slaves were put at danger in the United States’ northern states.

Abolitionists called these slave catchers “Kidnappers” because they kidnapped children.

She was a co-leader of the Cannon-Johnson Gang of Maryland-Delaware in the early nineteenth century, and she was a slave dealer who operated illegally.

The Reverse Underground Railroad was the name given to this phenomenon.

Patty Tubman was indicted for four murders in 1829, when she was just nine years old, when the remains of four black people, including three children, were discovered on property she owned.

She admitted to over two dozen homicides involving black abduction victims and died in prison while awaiting prosecution for her crimes.

Upon the arrival of the racist white guy, she assumes command of the smallpox tent in a manner that has never been seen before.

As a result of channeling the power and tenacity of Harriet Tubman, Charlotte transforms into a natural force at the Contraband Camp.

Berry is a writer and poet.

Wesley and Patricia W.

“Negro Americans in the Civil War: From Slavery to Citizenship” is the title of this article.

Ibid, page 107.

Ibid, page 108.

A History of the Slaveholding Republic: An Account of the United States Government’s Relations with Slavery, by Don E.


The Reverse Underground Railroad Patty Cannon is a fictional character created by Wikipedia.

Berry is an expert in her field.

Berry, a native of Detroit, received his education at Bates Academy, Cass Technical High School, Michigan State University, and the Thomas M. Cooley Law School, among other institutions. She also co-hosts the PBS program Genealogy Roadshow. Read More About Me|Read All of My Posts

Harriet Tubman—facts and information

In history, she is regarded as one of the most famous Americans of all time, a woman who was so brave that she sought her own liberation from slavery twice, and who was so resolute that she encouraged a large number of other enslaved people to do the same. “Moses,” “General,” and other honorific titles bestowed upon her by some of her era’s most powerful thinkers, she inspired generations of Americans, both enslaved and free, to pursue their dreams. The person in question was Harriet Tubman, and her life was filled with both shocking cruelty and surprising achievement.

  1. She was the daughter of Araminta “Minty” Ross.
  2. The incident occurred when she was 13 and an overseer attempted to force an enslaved man to return to work by throwing a metal weight at him.
  3. She began to have vivid dreams and symptoms that were similar to those associated with temporal lobe epilepsy; she regarded her visions as holy symbolism and became passionately religious as a result of her experiences.
  4. John was free, but his freedom was insufficient to prevent his new wife, now known as Harriet, from being unjustly sold by the authorities.
  5. Following his death, it appeared as though she might be isolated from her other family members.
  6. When her brothers returned to the Brodess family, the endeavor was deemed a failure.
  7. Discover the Underground Railroad’s “great central depot” in New York by taking a tour of the city.

Once there, she endeavored to assist other members of her family in escaping enslavement.

Along the way, she provided information to other enslaved persons that they may use to aid their own escape.

Despite the fact that she was illiterate and had received no formal education, she exploited her own experiences with captivity to further the abolitionist cause.

As the most well-known “conductor” of the Underground Railroad, she received the moniker Moses, which refers to the biblical hero who led his people out from slavery in the New World.

In 1863, she conducted an armed expedition into Confederate territory, which was unsuccessful.

Despite the fact that she was penniless and in terrible health in her final years, she never ceased advocating for women’s rights.

She passed away in the city in 1913.

At one point, she was even set to appear on United States money as part of a proposed makeover that would have replaced Andrew Jackson’s visage on the $20 bill with her own.

Those plans have been put on hold as a result of a change in management as well as reported technological difficulties. Even if Harriet Tubman never receives that symbolic nod, she will forever be remembered as one of the most well-known characters in American history.

Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad

Taking a look at Harriet Tubman, who is considered the most renowned conductor on the Underground Railroad, our Headlines and Heroes blog. Tubman and those she assisted in their emancipation from slavery traveled north to freedom, occasionally crossing the Canadian border. While we’re thinking about the Texas origins of Juneteenth, let’s not forget about a lesser-known Underground Railroad that ran south from Texas to Mexico. In “Harriet Tubman,” The Sun (New York, NY), June 7, 1896, p. 5, there is a description of her life.

  • Prints Photographs Division is a division of the Department of Photographs.
  • Culture.
  • She then returned to the area several times over the following decade, risking her life in order to assist others in their quest for freedom as a renowned conductor of the Underground Railroad (also known as the Underground Railroad).
  • Prior to the Civil War, media coverage of her successful missions was sparse, but what is available serves to demonstrate the extent of her accomplishments in arranging these escapes and is worth reading for that reason.
  • Her earliest attempted escape occurred with two of her brothers, Harry and Ben, according to an October 1849 “runaway slave” ad in which she is referred to by her early nickname, Minty, which she still uses today.
  • Photograph courtesy of the Bucktown Village Foundation in Cambridge, Maryland.
  • Her first name, Harriet, had already been chosen for her, despite the fact that the advertisement does not mention it.

She had also married and used her husband’s surname, John Tubman, as her own.

Slaves from the Cambridge, Maryland region managed to evade capture in two separate groups in October 1857.

In what the newspapers referred to as “a vast stampede of slaves,” forty-four men, women, and children managed to flee the situation.



Tubman and the majority of her family had been held in bondage by the Pattison family.

While speaking at antislavery and women’s rights conferences in the late 1800s, Tubman used her platform to convey her own story of slavery, escape, and efforts to save others.

There are few articles regarding her lectures during this time period since she was frequently presented using a pseudonym to avoid being apprehended and returned to slavery under the rules of the Federal Fugitive Slave Act.

“Harriet Tribbman,” in “Grand A.

Convention at Auburn, New York,” Anti-Slavery Bugle (Salem, Ohio), January 21, 1860, p.

“Grand A.

Convention in Auburn, New York,” Anti-Slavery Bugle (Salem, Ohio), January 21, 1860, p.

A description of Harriett Tupman may be found in “A Female Conductor of the Underground Railroad,” published in The Daily Dispatch (Richmond, VA) on June 6, 1860, page 1.

In addition, when Tubman’s remarks were mentioned in the press, they were only quickly summarized and paraphrased, rather than being printed in their whole, as other abolitionists’ speeches were occasionally done.

With the rescue of Charles Nalle, who had escaped slavery in Culpeper, Virginia, but had been apprehended in Troy, New York, where Tubman was on a visit, Tubman’s rescue attempts shifted from Maryland to New York on April 27, 1860, and continued until the end of the year.

See also:  How Many Slaves Were Freed Each Year On The Underground Railroad? (TOP 5 Tips)

At the Woman’s Rights Convention in Boston in early June 1860, when Tubman spoke about these events, the Chicago Press and Tribunereporter responded with racist outrage at the audience’s positive reaction to Tubman’s story of Nalle’s rescue as well as her recounting of her trips back to the South to bring others to freedom.

  1. Later media coverage of Tubman’s accomplishments was frequently laudatory and theatrical in nature.
  2. On September 29, 1907, p.
  3. This and several other later articles are included in the book Harriet Tubman: Topics in Chronicling America, which recounts her early days on the Underground Railroad, her impressive Civil War service as a nurse, scout, and spy in the Union Army, and her post-war efforts.
  4. In keeping with contemporary biographies such asScenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman(1869) and Harriet, the Moses of her People(1886), both written by Sarah H.
  5. Taylor, financial secretary at Tuskegee Institute, certain content in these profiles may have been embellished from time to time.

This request was made in an essay written by Taylor shortly before to the release of his book, “The Troubles of a Heroine,” in which he requested that money be delivered directly to Tubman in order to pay off the mortgage on her property so that she may convert it into a “Old Folks’ Home.” On March 10, 1913, Tubman passed away in the Harriet Tubman Home for Aged Negroes in Auburn, New York, where she had lived for the previous twelve years.

While these newspaper stories provide us with crucial views into Harriet Tubman’s amazing heroics, they also serve as excellent examples of the variety of original materials available inChronicling America. More information may be found at:

  • Harriet Tubman: A Resource Guide
  • Harriet Tubman: A Resource Guide
  • Runaway! from Slavery in America: A Resource Guide
  • Slavery in America: A Resource Guide Newspaper advertisements for fugitive slaves, as well as a blog called Headlines and Heroes Topics in Chronicling America: Fugitive Slave Advertisements

A Guide to Resources on Harriet Tubman Runaway! from Slavery in America: A Resource Guide; Runaway! from Slavery in America: A Resource Guide Newspaper advertisements for fugitive slaves, as well as a blog called Headlines and Heroes; Topics in Chronicling America: Fugitive Slave Advertisements

Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad, often regarded as one of the most brave efforts to rescue imprisoned slaves, was a vital network of individuals and ways that enabled slaves attempting to flee to the northern United States and Canada. The actual date of the building’s construction is uncertain, although specialists at the Independence Hall Association assume that it was built around the end of the 17th century. The route to liberation was far from being as straightforward as a train journey. In reality, according to the United States National Park Service, the slaves passed through difficult terrain, both natural and man-made, on their journey.

Additionally, individuals on the run sought refuge in areas like as Mexico, the Caribbean Islands, and even Europe in order to avoid capture.

Learn more about the significance of the Underground Railroad and the people who labored to keep it running smoothly as part of Black History Month celebrations.

How it Started

According to the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, it is the Quakers of the 18th century who are credited with the formation of the underground railroad network. As members of the Religious Society of Friends, the organized abolitionists thought that slavery was incompatible with their Christian beliefs, which prompted them to become involved in the battle for equal rights. The hazards were so great for those engaged that they had to come up with their own nomenclature for discussing participants, safe spots, and secret codes.

Harriet Tubman

“I worked as a conductor on the Underground Railroad for eight years, and I can claim something that most conductors cannot: I never ran my train off the track or lost a passenger.” Harriet Tubman was a well-known conductor of the Underground Railroad, and she was one of the most well-known women in the world. A former slave herself, she achieved freedom in 1849 before bringing hundreds more convicts and family members to freedom the following year. It was the next year that the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was established, making life as a conductor much more difficult and perhaps dangerous.

It also imposed severe penalties, including as fines and imprisonment, on people who were participating in the network. Tubman would continue to assist her fellow slaves until the Underground Railroad was forced to close its doors in 1863, during the American Civil War.

FSU experts available to discuss life of Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman was born into slavery and dedicated her life to abolitionist causes. Once she had escaped to freedom in Philadelphia, she returned multiple times to the southern United States to assist other slaves in escaping, transporting them to safety via the Underground Railroad. Experts from Florida State University are ready to speak with you about Harriet Tubman’s life in advance of the upcoming film “Harriet.” Growing up on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, Tubman was hired as a domestic worker by a family that had rented her out when she was a little child.

  • She was struck in the head by a heavy object, and she will suffer from terrible headaches for the rest of her life.
  • Jones is a history professor at Florida State University who specializes in women’s history.
  • From there, she began plotting covert operations to release others who were imprisoned.
  • Jones, Professor of History [email protected] Maxine D.

According to Jones, the most well-known aspect of Tubman’s life is that she assisted enslaved people in escaping their lives as property in the South, an accomplishment that earned her the moniker “Moses.” The fact that she also worked as a spy and scout for the Union Army during the Civil War is a little known fact among historians.

  1. This is an occurrence that appears to be depicted in the film’s trailer.
  2. She needed to be entirely devoted to the cause if she was going to walk into a place where her freedom and life were on the line with each voyage.
  3. “It was said that she was prepared to quiet — and even kill — that individual if necessary.” Her advocacy for freedom continued later in her life when she spoke in favour of the Women’s Suffrage Association.
  4. A teaching assistant professor at Florida State University, Meghan Martinez has a bachelor’s degree in psychology.
  5. Martinez described Tubman as “a symbol of black agency and sovereignty.” “People like Abraham Lincoln are frequently credited for ‘freeing the slaves,’ and this is understandable.

‘However, Harriet Tubman is a shining example of the various ways in which black people struggled to liberate themselves from slavery — both physically, as Tubman did in the Underground Railroad and during the Civil War, and also via political engagement.’ Slavery abolitionists like Harriet Tubman were active in anti-slavery groups in the North, where they educated white Northerners about the horrors and crimes of slavery.

In order to elicit empathy from white supporters and to convince them to become abolitionists themselves, they put their own trauma on the line.”

Underground Railroad Bibliography

Herbert Aptheker is the author of this work. Ideology of Abolitionism, Revolutionary Political Movement G.K. Hall & Company, Boston, 1989. Lerone Bennett is a fictional character created by author Lerone Bennett. Before the Mayflower: A Brief History of Black America is a collection of essays about the history of black people in America before the Mayflower. Johnson Publishing Company, Chicago, Illinois, 1982. Ira Berlin is a fictional character created by author Ira Berlin. Hundreds of Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America.

  • The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press published the book in 1998 in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • The Hippocrene Guide to the Underground Railroad is a guide to the Underground Railroad written by Hippocrene.
  • Charles Blockson is the author of this work.
  • Prentice Hall Publishing Company, New York, 1987.
  • The Underground Railroad: Dramatic First-Hand Accounts of Daring Escapes to Freedom is a collection of dramatic first-person accounts of daring escapes to freedom.
  • 1987.
  • Wadsworth Publishing Company, Belmont, California, 1971.

Harriet Tubman, “The Moses of Her People,” was published in 1869.

Frederick Douglass was a famous American author.

Knopf Publishing Group, New York, 1994.

Frederick Douglass’s Thoughts and Feelings are explored in this book.

Cromwell & Company, New York, 1968.

Slavery as Seen from the North Side.

Ericson, David F., “The Debate Over Slavery: Antislavery and Proslavery Liberalism in Antebellum America,” in The Debate Over Slavery: Antislavery and Proslavery Liberalism in Antebellum America, edited by David F.

The New York University Press published a book in 2000 titled Paul Finkelman, ed., Slavery and the Law.

Madison, WI: Madison House Publishers, 1997.

Larry Gara is the author of this work.

The University Press of Kentucky published this book in 1996.

Between Slavery and Freedom: The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom, 1750-1925 Vintage Books, a division of Random House, published the book in 1976 in New York.

1831-1861: The Abolitionists and the Southern Confederacy The University Press of Kentucky published this book in 1995.

is a member of the Hornsby family.

From 1619 until the present, significant events and people have occurred.

Harriet Jacobs is a writer who lives in New York City.

Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1987.

In the United States, there are several underground railroad resources.

The National Park Service is a federal agency.

The United States Department of the Interior published this publication in 1998 in Washington, D.C.

The Department of the Interior of the United States of America published this publication in 1995.

The Department of the Interior of the United States of America published this book in 1996 in Washington, D.C.

His Promised Land: The Autobiography of John P.

Parker, a former slave and conductor on the Underground Railroad.

Norton & Company, New York, 1996.

Facts about the Underground Railroad, as well as authentic narratives, letters, and other materials PorterCoates Publishing Company, Philadelphia, 1872.

“Hidden in Plain View: A Secret Story of Quilts and the UGRR,” by Jacqueline Tobin and Raymond G. Dobard, is available online. Doubleday Publishing Company, New York, 1999.

Indiana Resources

Ronald Baker is the author of this work. Homeless, friendless, and penniless: The WPA conducts interviews with former slaves who are now residents of Indiana. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana, 2000. Maxine Brown is the author of this work. A Study of Free Blacks’ Participation in the Underground Railroad Activities of Central Indiana The DNR-DHPA published a report in 2001 titled COL. WILLIAM Cockrum’s obituary. The Anti-Slavery League’s investigation into the Underground Railroad’s history was published in the book The History of the Underground Railroad.

  • Levi Coffin is a fictional character created by author Levi Coffin.
  • Mark Coomer is the author of this work.
  • Indianapolis.
  • The DNR-DHPA published a report in 2001 titled Xenia, you have a cord.
  • The Indiana Historical Society published this book in 1993.
  • Bury me in a Free Land: The Abolitionist Movement in Indiana, 1816-1865, is a book on the Abolitionist Movement in Indiana, 1816-1865.
  • Slavery and the Law, edited by Paul Finkelman, is available online.

Madison, WI: Madison House Publishers, 1997.

Associated with the Underground Railroad in the Indianapolis Area: Interpretive Narratives The DNR-DHPA published a report in 2001 titled Furlong, Patrick J., ed., The South Bed Fugitive Slave Case (The South Bed Fugitive Slave Case).

Goodall, Hurley C.

Goodall Publishing Company, Muncie, Indiana, 2000.

Underground Railroad: The Invisible Road to Freedom Through Indiana is a project of the Works Progress Administration’s Writers Project.

The Anti-Slavery Movement in Henry County, Indiana: A Study of the Local Abolitionists is a study of the anti-slavery movement in Henry County, Indiana.

Marlene Lu is the author of this article.

The DNR-DHPA published a report in 2001 titled George Olshausen is a writer who lives in New York City.

Pamela R.

Originally published by McFarlandCompany, Inc.

The Underground Railroad and the Antislavery Movement in Fort Wayne and Allen County, Indiana, by Angela M.

Fort Wayne, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2000.

The Indiana Negro Registers, 1852-1865 are available online.

Emma Lou Thornbrough’s Indiana in the Civil War Era 1850-1880 is available online.

Emma Lou Thornbrough is a fictional character created by author Emma Lou Thornbrough. Before 1900, there were a lot of black people in Indiana. The Indiana Historical Bureau published this book in 1957 in Indianapolis.


In their entirety, the original slave tales docsouth.unc.edu This project, Documenting the American South (DAS), brings together historical, literary, and cultural materials on the Southern United States from the colonial period through the early decades of the twentieth century. Throughout the nineteenth, twentieth, and early twentieth centuries, DAS chronicles the individual and communal stories of African Americans who fought for freedom and human rights in the United States. Slave Narratives: Excerpts from the Book It includes passages from early European voyage accounts to Africa, as well as passages from slave narratives.

  1. Those who survived slavery share their experiences in the documentary Remembering Slavery.
  2. Many of the interviews were recorded on paper, but other interviewers were able to capture the voices of the former slaves on tape.
  3. Interactive for PBS Online entitled “Africans in America: America’s Journey through Slavery.” The history of slavery in America is given in four sections, each of which includes a historical narrative, a resource book, and a teacher’s guide.
  4. Provide a history of the home, an overview of Coffin’s work, as well as a comprehensive connections page.
  5. With a range of presentation techniques and depths of coverage, the site is unique in its capacity to make the experience of the Underground Railroad accessible to students in elementary, middle, and early high school.
  6. Students in the upper grades can study “Routes to Freedom,” which includes a map that can be magnified, and “Timeline,” which provides accurate facts.
  7. In the “For Kids” section, young detectives may investigate some of the greatest and most imaginative hiding places utilized by tourists.
  8. The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting freedom from slavery and other forms of oppression.
  9. Among the resources available are an introduction, a map of the routes, a list of railroad sites organized by state, and a links page with a comprehensive bibliography.
  10. These pages provide a brief history of the home, farm, or church that is being featured, as well as a photo and information about whether or not the property is accessible to the general public.

It is concerned with more than just the history of the Underground Railroad. Frederick Douglass was an American civil rights leader. Douglass, his life, and his mansion are all covered in detail. His abolitionist activities are described in detail.


Patricia Beatty is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom. Who is it that is bringing the cannons? Originally published in 1992 by Morrow Junior Books in New York. Judith Bentley is a writer and editor who lives in New York City. The Underground Railroad was a collaboration between Thomas Garrett and William Still, who were friends for years. Cobblehill Books published the book in 1997 in New York. Raymond Bial is a writer who lives in New York City. Life in the Slave Quarters is a testament to the strength of these arms.

  1. Raymond Bial is a writer who lives in New York City.
  2. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1997.
  3. Allen Jay and the Underground Railroad are two of the most well-known characters in American history.
  4. Sylviane A.
  5. Growing up in Slavery is a difficult experience.
  6. Brookfield, Conn.: Brookfield Publishing Company, 2001.
  7. I’m going to make something out of this Nettle.
See also:  How Many Slaves Cross Underground Railroad? (TOP 5 Tips)

Fradin, Dennis Brindell, and others.

Peter Still’s Biography is a fictionalized account of his life.

New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2001.

Get aboard the bus.

Harriet Jacob is a fictional character created by author Harriet Jacob.


A Slave Family is defined as follows: Crabtree Publishing Company, New York, 2002.

True North: A Novel of the UGRR is a novel about the Underground Railroad of the Great Plains.

Frank Latham is a writer who lives in New York City.

Franklin Watts, Inc.

Ellen Levine is a writer who lives in New York City.

Scholastic Publishing Company, 1988.

The Herald Press, Scottdale, Pennsylvania, published this book in 1975.

Harriet Tubman: The Runaway Slave is a biography of Harriet Tubman.

Meyer, Linda D., et al.

The Parenting Press published this book in 1988.

The Last Days of Slavery, written by Frederick Douglass.

“The Drinking Gourd,” says Monjo in his book F.N.

Kay Moore is the author of this work.

Scholastic Publishing Company, 1994.

Freedom River is a river in the United States of America.

Anita Riggio is a writer living in New York City.

Boyds Mills Press published this book in 1997.

Athenaeum Books for Young Readers published the book in 1997 in New York.

Minty: A Story of Young Harriet Tubman is a fictionalized account of Harriet Tubman’s childhood.


The Underground Railroad: A Historical Account The Children’s Press of Chicago published this book in 1981.

North to Liberty: The Story of the Underground Railroad is a book on the Underground Railroad.

The World Book Encyclopedia is a collection of books published by the World Book Company.

“The Underground Railroad,” as it is known. The World Book Encyclopedia was published in 1997. Sharon Dennis Wyeth is the author of this work. Freedom’s Wings: A Diary of Corey’s Adventures. Scholastic, Inc. (New York, 2001) published the book.

For Teachers

Linda Jacobs and Altman, Linda Slavery and Abolition in the History of the United States Enslow Publishers, Berkeley Heights, New Jersey, 1999. Judith Bentley is a writer and editor who lives in New York City. Harriet Tubman is a historical figure. Franklin Watts Publishing Company, New York, 1990. Charles Charlers and Blockson “The Underground Railroad,” as they say in the United States. National Geographic magazine published an article in July 1984 titled Budda Records is a record label based in New York City.

  1. Buddha Records released the album in 2001.
  2. Fiery Vision: The Life and Death of John Brown is a book about the life and death of John Brown.
  3. Dennis B.
  4. Clarion Books, New York, published in 2000.
  5. North Star to Freedom: The Story of the Underground Railroad is a book on the Underground Railroad.
  6. It is a partnership between Kim and Reggie Harris.
  7. Ascension Records released the album in 1984 in Philadelphia.

The Underground Railroad was a dangerous place to be.

Patricia McKissack and Frederick McKissack are the authors of this work.

Scholastic Books, New York, 1996.


Stowe, Harriet Beecher.


According to ABC News. Taking a Journey to Africa: A Return to the Slave Pens of Ghana Films for the Humanities and Sciences, a division of Films for the Humanities and Sciences, was founded in 2002 in Princeton, New Jersey. Orlando Bagwell is a fictional character created by the author of the novel The Hunger Games. Roots of Resistance: A Story of the Underground Railroad is a book on the Underground Railroad. Raja Productions is a production company based in India. In 1990, a film on the American experience was made.

  • Africans in America: America’s Journey Into the Heart of Africa Boston, Massachusetts, 1998.
  • Roots.
  • Susan Michaels is the author of this work.
  • Triage, Inc.

A E Network/The History Channel published a book in New York in 1999. Scott Paddor is the author of this work. Frederick Douglass was an American civil rights leader. Greystone Communications, Inc. is a communications company based in the United States. A E Home Video, New York, New York, 1999.

Harriet Tubman’s lost Maryland home found, archaeologists say

She’d been irritated that there had been no indication that she was anywhere near Tubman’s father, Ben Ross, and she’d wanted to know why. She saw that the profile of a woman with flowing hair who was wearing a cap that said “Liberty” developed while she was cleaning the coin. The year 1808 was written at the bottom of the page. Schablitsky believes she has located the location where Tubman lived with her parents and many siblings during her formative adolescent years before escaping servitude, according to state and federal officials who revealed the discovery on Tuesday morning.

  • Her father was the owner of the edifice, which was of unknown design.
  • Authorities claimed bricks, dateable fragments of 19th-century crockery, a button, a drawer handle, a pipe stem, ancient papers, and the location all pointed to the site as a potential Ben Ross cottage, according to the officials who investigated.
  • on Saturday.
  • It also sheds light on the role that her father, as well as the rest of her family, had in her maturation into the daring Underground Railroad conductor that she eventually became.
  • Historians think that between around 1850 and 1860, Tubman made 13 visits home, smuggling 70 people out of slavery.
  • Aside from her brothers and parents, who were no longer slaves but were still in danger in Maryland, she also rescued a number of other people.
  • Following his freedom, Ben married his enslaved wife, Rit, and for a time housed Tubman and several of her siblings, all of whom were still enslaved, in his cabin in what is now the federal Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, south of Cambridge, Md., after purchasing her from her master.
  • A lot of us believe we know everything there is to know about Harriet Tubman,” says Schablitsky, an archaeologist with Maryland’s Department of Transportation’s State Highway Administration.

understand her not only as an older woman who led people to freedom, but also as a young woman who lived during the American Revolution.” The project began last year when the United States Fish and Wildlife Service purchased a 2,600-acre tract adjacent to Blackwater for $6 million in order to replace refuge areas that had been lost due to rising sea levels elsewhere, according to refuge manager Marcia Pradines.

  1. Pradines stated that she had heard that the Ben Ross cabin may have existed on the tract and that she had contacted Maryland experts to see if an archaeologist would be interested in conducting an investigation into the possibility.
  2. But she was well aware of the difficulties she would face in narrowing down the search area and determining whether a particular site might be Ross’s.
  3. Last fall Schablitsky and her team went to the area and dug over 1,000 test pits.
  4. But as they dug, nothing turned up.
  5. “I’m like, ‘Where is this place?
  6. In desperation, she started walking an old road with a metal detector.
  7. “I dug it out of the ground thinking I was going to get, like, a shotgun shell,” she said.

“It was totally a eureka moment.” The coin was found about a quarter-mile from where the cabin would eventually be located, she said.

Last month, as they dug further, more artifacts began to appear — chunks of brick, rusty nails, bits of ceramics with designs patterns that could be dated, she said.

“That’s when we had our … moment,” she said.

Because it couldn’t be anywhere else.

“It’s not just one artifact that tells us we have something.

It’s the multiple pieces.” Harriet Tubman was born Araminta “Minty” Ross about 1822 outside the hamlet of Tobacco Stick, modern-day Madison, in Dorchester County, according to Kate Clifford Larson’s biography, “ Bound for the Promised Land.” One of nine children, she slept in a cradle made of a hollowed-out sweetgum log, and was hired out to work by the time she was 6.

As a child, Tubman was beaten by a mistress who slept with a whip under her pillow.

She checked muskrat traps, broke flax and hauled logs with a team of oxen she was later permitted to purchase.

Her know-how gave her some freedom of movement, and she was able to live in her father’s cabin roughly between 1839 and 1844, when she was ages 17 to 22, Larson said.

“He was an amazing figure, and a committed father,” she said.

… She learned how to survive in those woods.

… He taught her things that helped her become the woman she was.” He also told her about the Underground Railroad.

In 1844, she married John Tubman.

In the fall of 1849, fearing she was about to be sold, she fled, later returning to conduct others on the secret railway.

The meeting place was outside a home in Caroline County, Md., where her parents had moved a few years earlier.

But they did tell Ben, who brought them food.

On Christmas night, he had himself blindfolded with a handkerchief.

With a son on each arm, he walked with his children on the start of their journey, Larson reported. After a few miles, he stopped and said goodbye. He stood in the dark until he couldn’t hear their footsteps. Three years later, Harriet came back for her parents.

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