Was there an underground railroad in New Jersey?
- In the years preceding the American Civil War, New Jersey was a major route for slaves escaping their masters in the South. The legendary Underground Railroad (UGRR), which was neither underground nor a railroad, is preserved today at sites throughout the region.
Was there an Underground Railroad in New Jersey?
In the years preceding the American Civil War, New Jersey was a major route for slaves escaping their masters in the South. The legendary Underground Railroad (UGRR), which was neither underground nor a railroad, is preserved today at sites throughout the region.
Where in NJ was the Underground Railroad?
Runaways would be taken to one of the four main starting points on New Jersey’s Underground Railroad: Cape May, Greenwich/Springtown, Salem or Port Republic. Traveling north to Camden or Mount Holly, they would be funneled into one of central New Jersey’s seven major escape routes.
What were signs of the Underground Railroad?
Certain Songs were sung as symbols of Underground Railway members. ” All Clear ” was conveyed in safe houses using a lighted lantern in a certain place as this symbol. Knocks on doors used a coded series of taps as symbols of identity. Certain items, such as a quilt, were hung on a clothesline.
What cities did the Underground Railroad go through?
In the decades leading up to the American Civil War, settlements along the Detroit and Niagara Rivers were important terminals of the Underground Railroad. By 1861, some 30,000 freedom seekers resided in what is now Ontario, having escaped slave states like Kentucky and Virginia.
Why do you think New Jersey had so many stations on the Underground Railroad?
New Jersey was also an ideal spot for the Underground Railroad because of its many access points. While some came to NJ from Delaware by crossing the bay, others made their way into the state from Pennsylvania.
Did Harriet Tubman go through New Jersey?
She was the first American woman to plan and lead a military operation, a raid that freed more than 700 slaves. While she spent only a few years in New Jersey, we are proud that her reputation as an icon of freedom and courage began here and proud to have her so well known by schoolchildren across the state.
Did the Underground Railroad go through New York?
Abolitionists employed a vast network of churches, safe houses, and community sites in New York, as well as the 445-mile border with Canada, to help emancipate enslaved people.
What town in Camden County New Jersey served as a station in the Underground Railroad?
Edgewater (at Croft Farm) * End of Bortons Mill Road, off Brace Road Cherry Hill, Camden County (856) 795-6225 This house, constructed in 1741, served in the antebellum period as an Underground Railroad station. It was purchased in 1816 by Thomas Evans, a Quaker abolitionist.
Was Lawnside NJ part of the Underground Railroad?
The house was residence to Peter Mott, an African-American preacher and his wife, Eliza. It served as a station along the Underground Railroad. The Borough of Lawnside, located eight miles north of Camden, is the only historically African-American incorporated municipality in the northern United States.
What time period was the Underground Railroad used?
system used by abolitionists between 1800-1865 to help enslaved African Americans escape to free states.
Were quilts used in the Underground Railroad?
Two historians say African American slaves may have used a quilt code to navigate the Underground Railroad. Quilts with patterns named “wagon wheel,” “tumbling blocks,” and “bear’s paw” appear to have contained secret messages that helped direct slaves to freedom, the pair claim.
Were there tunnels in the Underground Railroad?
Contrary to popular belief, the Underground Railroad was not a series of underground tunnels. While some people did have secret rooms in their houses or carriages, the vast majority of the Underground Railroad involved people secretly helping people running away from slavery however they could.
Which state has the most Underground Railroad routes?
It was used by enslaved African Americans primarily to escape into free states and Canada. The network was assisted by abolitionists and others sympathetic to the cause of the escapees. The enslaved who risked escape and those who aided them are also collectively referred to as the “Underground Railroad”.
What states was the Underground Railroad in?
Most of the enslaved people helped by the Underground Railroad escaped border states such as Kentucky, Virginia and Maryland. In the deep South, the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 made capturing escaped enslaved people a lucrative business, and there were fewer hiding places for them.
New Jersey’s Underground Railroad
African American ancestry and vestiges of the Underground Railroad may be found in abundance across South Jersey. South Jersey is home to a number of historic monuments and structures that proudly preserve and interpret the history of African Americans in the Delaware River Region for future generations. Take a journey through Swedesboro and into the twentieth century, where you may visit the Richardson Avenue School. The school, which first opened its doors in 1931, functioned as a “separate but equal” school for African American pupils for 11 years.
Today, it serves as a museum, with guided tours available by appointment.
It is possible to see remnants of the famous Subterranean Railroad (UGRR), which was neither underground nor a railroad, at several locations around the region.
Located just outside of Swedesboro is Mount Zion A.M.E.
- A little distance down the road is a cemetery that contains the bones of some of those fugitives as well as African American Civil War combatants from the 1860s.
- (African Methodist Episcopal) Church, located in the city of Camden, is the city’s oldest Black institution and a station on the Underground Railroad.
- The town of Lawnside in Camden County, which was previously known as Free Haven and subsequently Snow Hill, is worth mentioning.
- Peter Mott’s residence is located in this peaceful neighborhood.
- In today’s world, the Peter Mott House serves as a monument, and guided tours are offered.
- A stop on the Underground Railroad (UGRR) was said to have been the Enoch Middleton House in Hamilton (Mercer County), with its owner serving as both station master and conductor, according to local oral tradition.
- The Burlington Pharmacy, New Jersey’s oldest pharmacy still in continuous business, was a well-known meeting place for abolitionists in South Jersey during the mid-19th century.
- Medford was the hometown of James Still, dubbed “The Black Doctor of the Pines,” and the brother of William Still, a notable historian and Underground Railroad agent.
- Jacobs Chapel A.M.E.
- Still attended services and is buried.
He made a name for himself as a musician, actor, athlete, civil rights activist, and novelist, among other things. It is dedicated to Giles R. Wright, Jr., an internationally known historian of African American history.
Watching Underground Railroad miniseries? Here are some North Jersey safe houses
The state of New Jersey’s relationship to the Underground Railroad is primarily restricted to the I-95 corridor, with the exception of Harriet Tubman’s summertime stays working at Cape May hotels. Running away through Delaware and southern Pennsylvania to New York City between recognized harbor communities and safe homes was chronicled by a New Jersey Historical Commission study published at the start of the twenty-first century, according to the New Jersey Historical Commission. The Greenwich Line, one of the most well-known Underground Railroad routes, was popularized by New Jersey resident William Still’s 1872 book, “Underground Railroad Record,” which chronicled his experiences on the Underground Railroad.
- Hundreds of routes transported enslaved individuals from the South via northern states to Canada, west through Texas to Mexico, and east to the Caribbean until the American Civil War ended their enslavement.
- The rest of the story may be found below the gallery.
- In 1826, state legislators passed a legislation ordering the return of fugitive slaves to their owners, which became effective immediately.
- The Underground Railroad’s secrecy necessitated the preservation of few records; nonetheless, local records indicate that one plausible route passed via Morris, Passaic, and Sussex counties, as well as through New York state.
- The route used by others was through Paterson.
- In 2019, a feature film was released about Harriet Tubman, who is considered to be the most famous of all the known “conductors” for the emancipation network and is credited with guiding approximately 70 enslaved people to freedom.
- The 10-part miniseries based on Colson Whitehead’s novel “The Underground Railroad,” which has just been published on Amazon, is also rekindling interest in the subject matter.
Chimney Ridge Court, Washington Township
The state of New Jersey’s relationship to the Underground Railroad is primarily limited to the I-95 corridor, with the exception of Harriet Tubman’s summertime stays working at Cape May hotels. In the early twenty-first century, a New Jersey Historical Commission report revealed a direct path that took runaways via Delaware and southern Pennsylvania to New York City, between recognized harbor villages and safe homes. William Still, a New Jersey native and author of the 1872 book “Underground Railroad Record,” promoted one of the most well-known Underground Railroad lines, known as the Greenwich Line.
- Hundreds of routes transported enslaved individuals from the South via northern states to Canada, west through Texas to Mexico, or east to the Caribbean before the American Civil War ended their enslavement.
- The rest of the tale may be seen in the gallery below.
- Fugitive slaves were required to be returned to their masters under the terms of a statute passed by state legislators in 1826.
- The Underground Railroad’s secrecy necessitated the preservation of scant records; nonetheless, local records indicate that one plausible route passed via Morris, Passaic, and Sussex counties, as well as New York state.
- A number of others passed through Paterson.
As the subject of a 2019 feature film, Harriet Tubman, who is widely regarded as the most famous of all known “conductors” for the Underground Railroad and who is credited with guiding more than 70 enslaved people to freedom, helped to rekindle interest and understanding in this historic emancipation movement.
The 10-part miniseries based on Colson Whitehead’s novel “The Underground Railroad,” which has been made available on Amazon, is also rekindling interest. A few of the most significant places in North Jersey are as follows:
Huntoon’s Corner, Broadway, Paterson
By passing through Paterson, another route north diverged from the main route through Newark, Jersey City, or Hoboken and into New York City, which followed the Hudson River. In the 1850s, Josiah Huntoon, the owner of the Excelsior Coffee and Spice Factory on Broadway, joined up with his friend William Van Rensalier to support abolitionism with his money and his company. In collaboration with the Godwin Street African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, the two developed a network. Their collaboration resulted in the establishment of an operation to ferry runaways who traveled through Paterson to a safe haven located in the factory’s basement, which was dismantled in the 1980s.
History: If you’re watching the ‘The Underground Railroad’ miniseries on Amazon, you should pay a visit to some of the locations featured in the show.
Julia Martin Local: If you know where to look, you may find evidence of slavery’s impact all around North Jersey.
Ridgedale Avenue, Madison
It is possible to observe a more distinct “line” along the Underground Railroad about 20 miles southwest of Paterson, passing through the old Rose City. In accordance with Madison Historical Society documents, Boisaubin Manor, which features a hidden tunnel running from a porch column entry to the estate’s barn, was the residence of famed abolitionist Alfred Treadwell. Another local, attorney Baxter Sayre, was a prominent figure in the antislavery campaign in the early nineteenth century. He served as a deacon for the Presbyterian Church and was the owner of numerous estates in the region, including Boxwood Hall and Sayre House.
Some historians believe it was a basic cold cellar that served as a covert underground refuge.
Nonetheless, according to municipal records, Sayre’s abolitionist principles lend validity to accusations that the mansion was used to hide escaped slaves during the Civil War.
Main Street, Boonton
When it came to stopping points on the Underground Railroad, Grimes’s home in Boonton was one of the more noticeable. Located at the intersection of Main and Liberty streets, the doctor housed escaped slaves, including several who had been transferred from Sayre’s custody, according to Grimes’ obituary in the Jerseyman published in 1875. The train’s “Boonton Station,” which is currently occupied by a Domino’s pizza restaurant, was hardly the most subterranean of railroad stations. Grimes was an outspoken opponent of slavery who was once jailed for concealing a fugitive slave from justice.
And, according to town records, he published the New Jersey Freeman from 1844 to 1850 in order to promote abolitionism, so drawing the harassment of neighbors to his home.
According to Grimes’ obituary in the Jerseyman, his residence was a well-known halt on the train before he moved for Boonton.
North Main Street, Boonton Township
Another station, the Powerville Hotel, was located close to Grimes’ residence in adjacent Boonton Township. In 1880, the town elected Charles Hopkins as its mayor. Nathan Hopkins’ son Charles Hopkins became involved in the railroad industry as a teenager, went on to join the First New Jersey Volunteer Infantry in 1861, survived a stint as a Confederate prisoner at Andersonville in Georgia, and rose through the ranks to become the town’s mayor. A collection of essays by the younger Hopkins, included in David Mitros’ 1998 Morris County Civil War-era anthology, “Gone to Wear the Victor’s Crown,” chronicled his experiences throughout the war.
According to town records, other anti-slavery activists, such as Grimes’ brother James and Boonton’s ironworks supervisor, William Lathrop, also contributed to the campaign against slavery.
Route 23, West Milford
The United Methodist Church of Newfoundland previously existed on the location of the Clip Shoppe, which now serves as a dog grooming and boarding facility. The converted church edifice was constructed in 1865, two years after the Civil War’s conclusion. According to locals, the ministry extends back decades, and the land granted to the church by a long-time devotee is regarded one of the last stations on the line before reaching the New York border. According to reports, a nearby property featured underground passageways leading to a local cemetery and the barn in the backyard.
Hopkins documented excursions to the area, which was then known as Newfoundland, as well as further north along Route 23 in the communities of Canistear and Stockholm, which both had an earlier Methodist parish.
Hopkins stated that he dropped the trio off in a safe home in Pequannock, New Jersey, where they would stay for a while before returning to assist them in getting to Stockholm.
In 2016, the New Jersey Herald published an article on a hidden safe room in a property near the Warwick Reformed Church, which linked the latter to a previously reported stop in Chester, New York.
Hambletonian Avenue, Chester, N.Y.
- According to Wilmot Vail, John Milton Bull, who resided near Walton Lake, was a well-known guide for fugitive slaves on the run. As reported by the Port Jervis Daily Gazette, Vail, who reportedly assisted runaways, said that Bull transported fugitive slaves north to Chester. It was a Quaker family named Bull who resided near Goshen and took care of all fugitives who came to them, he wrote in notes obtained by the Associated Press. “Abolitionists were overwhelmingly supported by the population at the time, despite the fact that it was not openly voiced.” The Chester (New York) Church: A History 1799-1965, by Helen Predmore, describes how Bull utilized the cover of darkness and a carriage with curtains to transport runaways to the Presbyterian parsonage on the southwest corner of Hambletonian and High Street in Chester. The Rev. James W. Wood, who served as pastor of the Sussex Presbyterian Church from 1839 to 1845, was a former pastor of the Sussex Presbyterian Church. David Zimmer is a NorthJersey.com reporter that covers the local news. Please subscribe or activate your digital account now to have unlimited access to the most essential news from your local neighborhood.
Eastern Illinois University : Teaching with Primary Sources
However, many of the intriguing and lesser known elements of the Underground Railroad are not included in many textbooks, despite the fact that it is an essential part of our nation’s history. It is intended that this booklet will serve as a window into the past by presenting a number of original documents pertaining to the Underground Railroad. Broadsides, prize posters, newspaper clippings, historical records, sheet music, pictures, and memoirs connected to the Underground Railroad are among the primary sources included in this collection.
The Underground Railroad was a covert structure established to assist fugitive slaves on their journey to freedom in the United States.
As a result, secret codes were developed to aid in the protection of themselves and their purpose.
Runaway slaves were referred to as cargo, and the free persons who assisted them on their journey to freedom were referred to as conductors.
Stations were the names given to the safe homes that were utilized as hiding places along the routes of the Underground Railroad. These stations would be identified by a lantern that was lighted and hung outside.
A Dangerous Path to Freedom
Traveling through the Underground Railroad to seek their freedom was a lengthy and risky trek for escaped slaves. Runaway slaves were forced to travel long distances, sometimes on foot, in a short amount of time in order to escape. They accomplished this while surviving on little or no food and with little protection from the slave hunters who were rushing after them in the night. Slave owners were not the only ones who sought for and apprehended fleeing slaves. For the purpose of encouraging people to aid in the capture of these slaves, their owners would post reward posters offering monetary compensation for assisting in the capture of their property.
- Numerous arrested fugitive slaves were beaten, branded, imprisoned, sold back into slavery, or sometimes killed once they were apprehended.
- They would have to fend off creatures that wanted to kill and devour them while trekking for lengthy periods of time in the wilderness, as well as cross dangerous terrain and endure extreme temperatures.
- The Fleeing Slave Law of 1850 permitted and promoted the arrest of fugitive slaves since they were regarded as stolen property rather than mistreated human beings under the law at the time.
- They would not be able to achieve safety and freedom until they crossed the border into Canada.
- Aside from that, there were Underground Railroad routes that ran south, on their way to Mexico and the Caribbean.
- He was kidnapped from his northern abode, arrested, and prosecuted in Boston, Massachusetts, under the provisions of this legislation.
- After the trial, Burns was returned to the harshness of the southern states, from which he had thought he had fled.
American Memory and America’s Library are two names for the Library of Congress’ American Memory and America’s Library collections.
He did not escape via the Underground Railroad, but rather on a regular railroad.
Since he was a fugitive slave who did not have any “free papers,” he had to borrow a seaman’s protection certificate, which indicated that a seaman was a citizen of the United States, in order to prove that he was free.
Unfortunately, not all fugitive slaves were successful in their quest for freedom.
Harriet Tubman, Henry Bibb, Anthony Burns, Addison White, Josiah Henson, and John Parker were just a few of the people who managed to escape slavery using the Underground Railroad system.
He shipped himself from Richmond, Virginia, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in a box that measured three feet long, two and a half feet deep, and two feet in diameter. When he was finally let out of the crate, he burst out singing.
Fugitive slaves who wanted to escape to freedom had a long and risky trip ahead of them on the Underground Railroad. It was necessary for runaway slaves to travel great distances in a short period of time, sometimes on foot. They did this while surviving on little or no food and with little protection from the slave hunters who were following after them in the streets. The pursuit of fleeing slaves was not limited to slave owners. For the purpose of enticing people to aid in the capture of these slaves, their owners would post reward posters promising cash to anybody who assisted in the capture of their property.
- Numerous apprehended fugitive slaves were beaten, branded, imprisoned, sold back into slavery, or sometimes killed once they were captured.
- In order to live lengthy amounts of time in the wilderness, people would have to battle off creatures that wanted to kill and devour them, navigate dangerous terrain, and contend with extreme temperatures.
- The Fleeing Slave Law of 1850 permitted and promoted the apprehension of fugitive slaves since they were viewed as stolen property rather than mistreated human beings under the terms of the legislation.
- Only after crossing into Canadian territory would they find safety and liberty.
- Aside from that, there were Underground Railroad routes that ran south from the United States to Mexico and the Caribbean.
- The man was apprehended at his northern residence, arrested, and prosecuted in Boston, Massachusetts, under the provisions of this law.
- Then, following the trial, Burns was returned to the harshness of the South, from which he had believed himself to have fled.
Both the American Memory and America’s Library divisions of the Libray of Congress are located in Washington, DC.
Frederick Douglass was yet another fugitive slave who managed to flee from his master’s grasp.
He pretended to be a sailor, but it was not enough to fool the authorities into believing he was one.
Fortunately, the train conductor did not pay careful attention to Douglass’ documents, and he was able to board the train and travel to his final destination of liberty.
Although some were successful in escaping slavery, many of those who did were inspired to share their experiences with those who were still enslaved and to assist other slaves who were not yet free.
Another escaping slave, Henry “Box” Brown, managed to get away in a different fashion.
He shipped himself from Richmond, Virginia, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in a box that measured three feet long, two and a half feet deep, and two feet wide, and weighed two pounds. His singing was heard as soon as he was freed from the box.
Efforts of Abolitionists Telling Their Story:Fugitive Slave Narratives
Henry Bibb was born into slavery in Kentucky in the year 1815, and he was the son of a slave owner. After several failed efforts to emancipate himself from slavery, he maintained the strength and persistence to continue his struggle for freedom despite being captured and imprisoned numerous times. His determination paid off when he was able to successfully escape to the northern states and then on to Canada with the assistance of the Underground Railroad, which had been highly anticipated. The following is an excerpt from his tale, in which he detailed one of his numerous escapes and the difficulties he faced as a result of his efforts.
- I began making preparations for the potentially lethal experiment of breading the shackles that tied me as a slave as soon as the clock struck twelve.
- On the twenty-fifth of December, 1837, the long-awaited day had finally arrived when I would put into effect my previous determination, which was to flee for Liberty or accept death as a slave, as I had previously stated.
- It took every ounce of moral strength I have to keep my emotions under control as I said goodbye to my small family.
- Despite the fact that every incentive was extended to me in order to flee if I want to be free, and the call of liberty was booming in my own spirit, ‘Be free, oh, man!
- I was up against a slew of hurdles that had gathered around my mind, attempting to bind my wounded soul, which was still imprisoned in the dark prison of mental degeneration.
- Furthermore, the danger of being killed or arrested and deported to the far South, where I would be forced to spend the rest of my days in hopeless bondage on a cotton or sugar plantation, all conspired to discourage me.
- The moment has come for me to follow through on my commitment.
- This marked the beginning of the construction of what was known as the underground rail route to Canada.
For nearly forty-eight hours, I pushed myself to complete my journey without food or rest, battling against external difficulties that no one who has never experienced them can comprehend: “not knowing when I might be captured while traveling among strangers, through cold and fear, braving the north winds while wearing only a thin layer of clothing, pelted by snow storms through the dark hours of the night, and not a single house in which I could enter to protect me from the storm.” This is merely one of several accounts penned by runaway slaves who were on the run from their masters.
Sojourner Truth was another former slave who became well-known for her work to bring slavery to an end.
Green and many others, including Josiah Henson, authored autobiographies in which they described their own personal experiences.
Perhaps a large number of escaped slaves opted to write down their experiences in order to assist people better comprehend their struggles and tribulations; or perhaps they did so in order to help folks learn from the mistakes of the past in order to create a better future for themselves.
Freedom’s Path: The Underground Railroad in NJ
Davie, Isaac, James, and Hannah were able to overcome the odds. During the summer of 1840, the four siblings escaped enslavement on the eastern Maryland coast in pursuit of freedom. Their next destination was Haddonfield, where they might expect assistance from the Quakers, who played an important role in the Underground Railroad’s operation in New Jersey. While Kate Rushin, Davie’s great-great granddaughter explains, “since their parents were deceased, the three brothers and their sister wished to remain close to one another as they began a new life for themselves.” That was easier said than done, to be honest.
Finally, they reached southern New Jersey, where members of the area’s Underground Railroad were able to transport them securely to Haddonfield, where they slept for the night.
Their success “says a lot about their character, their love, their commitment to each other, and their faith in God,” says Rushin, whose roots are in Lawnside, a Camden County town established in 1840 as a haven for former slaves and other African-Americans.
The story of the four siblings also reveals a great deal about New Jersey’s role in the Underground Railroad, which was a loose network of secret routes and safe houses operated by abolitionists and other volunteers known as conductors to assist slaves in escaping bondage during the American Civil War.
- The boats were equipped with a system of signal lights, including yellow lights on top and blue lights on the bottom.
- It was not uncommon for the runaways to have to evade slave catchers who patrolled the seas.
- For the sake of secrecy, these men, women, and children were frequently secreted in tiny, cave-like chambers beneath the boat’s cabin, with the hatches closed with coal.
- When escorted to one of the four primary beginning sites on New Jersey’s Underground Railroad: Cape May, Greenwich/Springtown, Salem or Port Republic, runaways would be transported to a safe haven.
- It was from there that they would be handed to conductors on one of the escape routes in northern New Jersey.
- In addition to serving as a conductor on New Jersey’s Underground Railroad, Abigail Goodwinof Salem was regarded as a member of the Quaker Society of Friends, which the Arthur siblings were looking for.
Abigail expressed her concerns about the dangers her runaway guests were facing in her letters to Still: “I am frightened that because it is so cold, and one of them has a bad foot, they will not be able to escape—it is perilous remaining here.” “There has been a slave-hunter here recently, I was told yesterday, in quest of a woman; he tracked her down to our Alms-house,” the source said.
- Some, on the other hand, provided better concealment than others.
- Hall, a Quaker who owned the establishment, appears to have converted a chimney flue into what was known as a body-hiding box, which was reached by a trapdoor.
- Those who sought refuge in such areas were confined, and they were utterly reliant on their hosts for even the most basic of demands.
- The hidden five-foot-square compartment that once existed beneath the current altar is still there.
- They would then be transported to Springtown, which was the next safe place on the trip.
- After his birth in Delaware, evidence shows that Peter Mott was born a free man, however it is possible he was the child of slave parents.
- As a pastor and the first Sunday-school superintendent of the Mount Pisgah A.M.E.
As Linda Shockley, president of the Lawnside Historical Society, explains, “Oral legend holds that Peter transported the freedom seekers in his wagon to the Friends in Haddonfield and Moorestown.” “When the Motts were sheltering fugitive slaves, the ladies in the village would lend a hand by preparing additional food for Eliza and the slaves.
A documentary film, The Best Kept Secret, about the house and town’s history is shown, and visitors can examine artifacts discovered during an on-site archeological dig, as well as items donated by William Still’s descendants, such as a pocket watch, opera glasses, and a.22-caliber Derringer pistol, among other things.
- Tour guides in period clothes lead visitors through the Mott kitchen and parlor.
- Even when it was first erected in 1854, the Hilton-Holden House in Jersey City’s Paulus Hook neighborhood, with its four stories and 18 rooms, must have appeared extravagant, especially given its rooftop observatory.
- Although it was the only house on the block when it was built, this remarkable safe house now sits anonymously in the middle of a dense row of surrounding houses.
- Abolitionist Dr.
- Holt, a well-known Jersey City physician, utilized his position as the editor of the Jersey City Advertiser and the Bergen Republican to speak out against slavery in the state of New Jersey.
- Harriet Tubman, the most well-known escape from slavery, completed 19 trips on the Underground Railroad, assisting more than 300 slaves on their journey to freedom.
- All slaves who crossed New Jersey’s Underground Railroad, including the Arthur children, had aspirations of achieving freedom and living a better life.
- Pisgah A.M.E.
- In a gathering that has taken place roughly every 60 years, the descendants of Davie, Isaac, James, and Hannah, many of whom are still living in the region, have convened to share their tale.
“We have a responsibility to ensure that the heritage and tradition are maintained and passed on to those who will come after us.” Patricia Weigold Fiaschetti is a writer who works as a freelancer in the Kingwood Township area. To leave a comment, please visit this page.
The Underground Railroad review: A remarkable American epic
The Underground Railroad is a wonderful American epic, and this is my review of it. (Photo courtesy of Amazon Prime) Recently, a number of television shows have been produced that reflect the experience of slavery. Caryn James says that this gorgeous, harrowing adaptation of Colson Whitehead’s novel, nevertheless, stands out from the crowd. T The visible and the invisible, truth and imagination, all come together in this magnificent and harrowing series from filmmaker Barry Jenkins to create something really unforgettable.
- Jenkins uses his own manner to pick out and emphasize both the book’s brutal physical realism and its inventiveness, which he shapes in his own way.
- In the course of her escape from servitude on a Georgia plantation, the main heroine, Cora, makes various stops along the railroad’s path, all the while being chased relentlessly by a slavecatcher called Ridgeway.
- More along the lines of: eight new television series to watch in May–the greatest new television shows to watch in 2021 thus far– Mare of Easttown is a fantastic thriller, according to our evaluation.
- Jenkins uses this chapter to establish Cora’s universe before taking the story in a more fanciful path.
- The scenes of slaves being beaten, hung, and burned throughout the series are all the more striking since they are utilized so sparingly throughout the series.
- (Image courtesy of Amazon Prime) Eventually, Cora and her buddy Caesar are forced to escape the property (Aaron Pierre).
- Ridgeway (Joel Edgerton, in another of his quietly intense performances) is determined to find Cora because Reading about a true subterranean railroad is one thing; but, witnessing it on television brings the concept one step closer to becoming a tangible reality.
It’s not much more than a dark tunnel and a handcar at one of the stops.
In South Carolina, she makes her first stop in a bright, urbane town where a group of white people educate and support the destinies of black people.
Cora is dressed in a fitted yellow dress and cap, attends classes in a classroom, and waltzes with Caesar at a dance in the town square, which is lit by lanterns at night.
She plays the part of a cotton picker, which she recently played in real life, and is on show behind glass.
Every one of Cora’s moves toward liberation is met with a painful setback, and Mbedu forcefully expresses her rising will to keep pushing forward toward the future in every scene she appears in.
The imaginative components, like the environment, represent her hopes and concerns in the same way.
Jenkins regularly depicts persons standing frozen in front of the camera, their gaze fixed on us, which is one of the most effective lyrical touches.
Even if they are no longer physically present in Cora’s reality, they are nonetheless significant and alive with importance.
Jenkins, on the other hand, occasionally deviates from the traditional, plot-driven miniseries format.
Ridgeway is multifaceted and ruthless, never sympathetic but always more than a stereotypical villain, thanks to Edgerton’s performance.
The youngster is completely dedicated to Ridgeway, who is not officially his owner, but whose ideals have captured the boy’s imagination and seduced him.
Some white characters quote passages from the Bible, claiming that religion is a justification for slavery.
Nothing can be boiled down to a few words.
The cinematographer James Laxton and the composer Nicholas Britell, both of whom collaborated on Moonlight and Beale Street, were among the key colleagues he brought with him to the project.
Despite the fact that he is excessively devoted to the beauty of backlight streaming through doors, the tragedy of the narrative is not mitigated by the beauty of his photos.
An ominous howling noise can be heard in the background, as though a horrible wind is coming into Cora’s life.
Slavery is sometimes referred to as “America’s original sin,” with its legacy of injustice and racial divide continuing to this day, a theme that is well conveyed in this series.
Its scars will remain visible forever.” ★★★★★ The Underground Railroad will be available on Amazon Prime Video starting on May 14th in other countries.
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Three major Underground Railroad routes were in South Jersey
The woman’s warm, mahogany hand grasped the little fist of a small kid who shared her broad, tawny eyes, and the two of them smiled. It was in the basement of a New Jersey inn that an African mother and her son were kneeling and praying, hoping and praying that they would be able to escape into the United States. In the course of the Underground Railroad, hundreds of slaves from upper southern states such as Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware were able to escape. New Jersey was a crucial link in their journey.
- Runaway slaves were sifted through these three sites and sent to North Jersey, then on to New York and Canada, where they were able to find freedom.
- According to records written by Mrs.
- “Blue or yellow lights flashed as a warning or as a safety,” she described the situation.
- To see the full size, click here.
- From the time of its creation until the onset of the Civil War, the little one-story frame chapel on the left, which was erected in 1834, served as an important Underground Railroad station in Small Gloucester.
- Underground Railroad historian Lester Owens, a professor at Camden County College who is a big fan of the Underground Railroad, says escaping slaves trekked through South Jersey “all the way up the state” in quest of freedom.
- Jericho (in Woodbury Heights) was an African-American settlement that was a natural stopping point on the Underground Railroad, according to the historian.
- The church is still standing, and the congregation continues to gather on Sundays in what is now known as Woolwich Township to worship God.
- The church was always considered a safe haven, and numerous founding church members, including Pompey Lewis and Jubilee Sharper, sent conductors, engineers, and slaves north after seeing to the needs of the fugitives.
Abolitionist Richard Allen, an African-American circuit preacher who, along with many other preachers, played a critical role in the protection and movement of runaway slaves as they made their way through the state on their way to freedom, organized the African-American Missionary Church (AME Church) on a national scale in 1816.
Mount Zion AME Church in Woolwich Township is depicted in photographs.
Former vice president of programs at the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center in Cincinnati, Ohio, Naomi Nelson, Gloucester County College Grants and Special Projects Administrator, explained that many stops on the Underground Railroad were not simply one building or hiding place, but rather entire communities, such as Sadlers Woods in Haddon Heights.
- “It’s a long way away from the main roadways.” It was there that Joshua Sadler, a former runaway slave, established his home, and many other slaves who had fled from the South joined him to build the colony, according to Nelson.
- Her description of the structures included: “There are what look to be cottages, identical to those they lived in down South.” Nelson also mentioned Jericho, a neighborhood in Woodbury Heights that was one of the area’s earliest free black neighborhoods, as well as other places.
- Mount Zion AME United Methodist Church in Woolwich Township is depicted in this photograph.
- “Jericho was founded by fugitive slaves with the assistance of the Quakers,” she explained.
- After that, it expanded into a wider community.
- Even some of the people who reside there are unaware of the area’s link to the Underground Railroad.
- “Anyone who came to Philadelphia had to speak with William Still before they could continue their journey,” Nelson explained.
- She stated that the book may be accessed in republication form on the internet.
- In the end, they all assisted folks they had no prior knowledge of.
Anybody today may set a goal for oneself to make a positive contribution to the world.” Nelson will give a presentation on the Underground Railroad on Tuesday at noon at Gloucester County College in room 500 of the Health Sciences building, 1400 Tayard Road in Deptford, where he will discuss code words, hiding places, including sites in South Jersey, historical figures, and the slavery escape route to freedom.
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Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia
The woman’s warm, mahogany hand grasped the small fist of a small child who shared her wide, tawny eyes, and the two of them looked at one other in wonder. It was in the basement of a New Jersey inn that the mother and boy from Africa were kneeling and praying, hoping and praying that they would be able to escape. In the course of the Underground Railroad, hundreds of slaves from upper southern states such as Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware were able to escape. New Jersey was a vital link in their journey.
- These were Station A, which connected Camden to Burlington and Bordentown to Princeton; Station B, which included a system that ran from Woodbury to Mouth Laurel; and Station C, which was comprised of a route that ran from Greenwich to Swedesboro and then on to Mount Holly.
- In the most active phase of the Underground Railroad, historian William Danzi estimates that 2,000 slaves passed through New Jersey at a time over these three routes, according to him.
- William Farr of Haddonfield wrote records for the Gloucester County Historical Society in the 1960s about the Underground Railroad in Cumberland, Salem, Gloucester, Camden, Burlington, and Mercer counties.
- In her letter, she described how “blue or yellow lights flashed a warning or a safety.” In Greenwich or Swedesboro, the goods would be unloaded before continuing on to Woodbury or Camden.
- In Woolwich Township, the Mount Zion AME Church is made up of three independent construction operations that combined to create the current edifice.
- Underground Railroad sites may be found in and around the chapel.
- According to him, “the Cape May Lighthouse acted as a light for people arriving by sea.” Swedesboro was a key hiding location for fugitive Africans, according to Owens, and communities like as Gouldtown and Springtown were essential stopover on their journey.
The Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church, located in what was then known as Small Gloucester, was one of the most important stations for runaway slaves traveling through Gloucester County.
According to congregation member and historian Karyn Collier Fisher, the church, which was founded in 1799 and constructed in 1834, actively offered safety, supplies, and refuge to fugitive slaves.
An underground crawlspace beneath the church’s entryway was accessible by a concealed trap door in the floor of the vestibule that was three feet by four feet, according to Fisher.
You can see the entire picture here.
When slave hunters came looking for fleeing slaves in the Mount Zion AME Church’s vestibule, they used the trap door and the little crawlspace under the entrance to conceal them.
This is a historic portion that has been transformed into a natural park with walking trails, according to her.
It was there that Joshua Sadler, a former runaway slave, established his home, and many other slaves who had escaped from the South joined him to build a colony, according to Nelson.
Her description of the structures included: “There are what look to be cottages, identical to the ones they lived in down South.” During his speech, Nelson also mentioned Jericho, a neighborhood in Woodbury Heights that was one of the region’s first free black neighborhoods.
Woolwich Township’s Mount Zion AME United Methodist Church, shown here.
According to her, “Jericho was founded by escaping slaves with the assistance of Quakers.” In the beginning, there were only a few residences.
Indeed, the area is rich in history.
” Another neighborhood, Lawnside, was the home of the family of William Still, who served as the Secretary of the Underground Railroad organization in Philadelphia.
“William Still recorded their tale.” In a book titled ‘The Underground Railroad,’ which was the first publishing of true first-person tales, he collected all of the dramatic episodes and published them in one volume.” She stated that a copy of the book in republication form may be accessed on the internet.
In the end, they all assisted persons they had no prior knowledge of.” Chacune of them took a conscious decision to make a positive change in the world in which they resided.
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The “riot” in Christiana took place at the home of William Parker, a free black man who had assisted in the formation of a mutual defense group for the black people of the region. Upon arriving to Parker’s house, Edward Gorsuch and his men were greeted by a group of at least fifty men who had come to defend the fugitive slaves from capture. History of Pennsylvania (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). Interstate relations were heated as a result of this activity between border South states such as Maryland and border North states such as Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
- Armed resistance was mounted against slaveholders’ attempts to recapture slaves, with abolitionists in many cases liberating the accused from courtrooms and jailhouses as a result.
- However, although the rescuers in New Jersey were successful in freeing a black family from a professional slave catcher from Philadelphia, their counterparts in Carlisle were less successful, and the scenario ultimately resulted in the conviction of eleven rescues.
- In spite of the increasing violence along the North/South border, escapes were still common during the 1850s.
- The Vigilance Committee, led by notable black abolitionists like Robert Purvis(1810-98) in its early years and subsequently by William Still, provided further help to new immigrants in Philadelphia (1821-1902).
- William Still (1821-1902), a New Jersey native, was a prominent member of the Vigilance Committee during the Civil War.
- His wife, Letitia (George) Still (1821-1906), played a vital role in the operation by lending the Still family a place to stay and by utilizing her sewing abilities to create the garments and earn money to assist with the project’s funding.
- Also at the Anti-Slavery Society office at 105 N.
- 1816-97), who had been brought there from the South, and Still’s own brother Peter (1801-68).
- According to his notebook, which is now housed at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, he assisted 485 fugitives in Philadelphia between 1852 and 1857, according to the journal.
Still’s labor and records demonstrate unequivocally the significance of the free black community to the functioning and success of the Underground Railroad, and they are well worth studying.
Philadelphia’s Aid Network
Even yet, the legacy of free black volunteers assisting fugitives was still being built upon. In Philadelphia, he joined the largest and wealthiest northern free black community, one that was home to a slew of churches, clubs, and mutual assistance groups, among them the Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church, which he attended as a young boy. These institutions contributed to the development of a strong leadership class among African-Americans, who had already contributed to the establishment of Philadelphia as an epicenter of American abolition even before the American Revolution.
- The Pennsylvania Abolition Society and the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society were established to fight against bondage and provide assistance to liberate black people in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
- In the 1850s, Pennsylvanians were occasionally hauled before the courts for assisting and hiding fugitives from slavery, and alleged fugitives were subjected to trials that may result in their being returned to slavery.
- Because it compelled federal officials to seek runaway slaves and bystanders to engage in their apprehension when called upon, the 1850 legislation made it impossible to provide assistance to fugitives, particularly in the South.
- The tale of the Underground Railroad serves as a powerful example of inter-racial cooperation in the struggle for social justice, which began in the colonial era and continues now in the United States.
- Citizens from various walks of life who worked as guides and conductors along the train had come to see that the United States’ racial caste system was harmful to all Americans, and they took nonviolent direct action to combat the injustice they witnessed.
She is the author of Pennsylvania Hall: A “Legal Lynching” in the Shadow of the Liberty Bell (Oxford University Press, 2013) and Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania (Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania) (NYU Press, 2011).
She currently serves as an associate professor of history and assistant provost at the University of Houston-Victoria.
the State University of New Jersey (Rutgers University) Nat and Yanna Brandt are the authors of this work.
The University of South Carolina Press, in Columbia, South Carolina, published a book in 2007 titled The Slave Catchers: Enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, 1850-1860, by Stanley Campbell.
The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, published this book in 1970.
Pennsylvania History28 (1961): 33-44.
In Gigantino, James J.
Stanley Harrold is a fictional character created by Stanley Harrold.
The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, published a book in 2010 titled McCurdy, Linda McCabe, and others.
Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1995.
The names Okur and Nilgun are derived from the Turkish words for “beautiful” and “nilgun.” Anadolu.
Journal of Black Studies, Volume 25, Number 5, May 1995, pages 537-557.
Siebert’s The Underground Railroad: From Slavery to Freedom is a must-read.
Smedley, R.C., “History of the Underground Railroad in Chester and the Neighboring Counties of Pennsylvania,” in Smedley, R.C., History of the Underground Railroad in Chester and the Neighboring Counties of Pennsylvania.
Smith, David G., et al.
Fordham University Press published a book in 2013 titled Nonetheless, William.
narrating the hardships, hair-breadth escapes, and death struggles of the slaves in their efforts to achieve freedom, as related by themselves and others or witnessed by the author; and sketches of some of the largest stockholders and most liberal aiders and advisers of the road.
The article “”Beautiful Providences”: William Still, the Vigilance Committee, and Abolitionists in the Age of Sectionalism” by Elizabeth Varon is available online.
In Richard Newman and James Mueller, eds., Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge, 2011, pages 229-45.
The William Still Journals and the Pennsylvania Abolition Society Records are housed in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1300 Locust Street in Philadelphia, and are open to the public.