What Quaker Meeting Houses In Md Were Part Of The Underground Railroad? (Perfect answer)

Were the Quakers part of the Underground Railroad?

  • These Friends were uncomfortable about some of the rhetoric of the Garrisonians even while agreeing with them on the basic principles of anti-slavery. Quakers are part of Underground Railroad mythology. Some people seem to think that any house once owned by a Quaker must have been a stop on the Underground Railroad.

Were Quakers part of the Underground Railroad?

Quakers played a huge role in the formation of the Underground Railroad, with George Washington complaining as early as 1786 that a “society of Quakers, formed for such purposes, have attempted to liberate” a neighbor’s slave.

Where was the Underground Railroad located in Maryland?

The Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park (HATU) memorializes this legacy not through physical structures, but by instead through the landscape in Tubman’s native Dorchester County, Maryland which has been preserved by private and public stewards.

Was the Underground Railroad in Maryland?

Maryland’s Eastern Shore The Eastern Shore was the birthing ground of several famous and lesser-known Underground Railroad leaders, such as Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, and Henry Highland Garnet.

What did the Quakers do in the Underground Railroad?

The Quaker campaign to end slavery can be traced back to the late 1600s, and many played a pivotal role in the Underground Railroad. In 1776, Quakers were prohibited from owning slaves, and 14 years later they petitioned the U.S. Congress for the abolition of slavery.

Was Thomas Clarkson a Quaker?

The twelve founding members included nine Quakers, and three pioneering Anglicans: Clarkson, Granville Sharp, and Philip Sansom. They were sympathetic to the religious revival that had predominantly nonconformist origins, but which sought wider non-denominational support for a “Great Awakening” amongst believers.

What was the major route of the Underground Railroad?

These were called “stations,” “safe houses,” and “depots.” The people operating them were called “stationmasters.” There were many well-used routes stretching west through Ohio to Indiana and Iowa. Others headed north through Pennsylvania and into New England or through Detroit on their way to Canada.

What part of Maryland did Harriet Tubman escape from?

Poplar Neck, Md. Not only is it home to Mount Pleasant Cemetery, but it’s also where Tubman herself escaped slavery in 1849 and would return later, in 1857, to rescue her parents from their then-owner, Dr. Thompson, who owned 2,200 acres of this area.

What routes did the Underground Railroad follow through Maryland?

There were many different routes that enslaved people took as they traveled north to freedom. One route out of Maryland was that frequently used by Harriet Tubman. She led her groups, beginning on foot, up the Eastern Shore of Maryland and into Delaware. Several stations were in the vicinity of Wilmington, Delaware.

How old would Harriet Tubman be today?

Harriet Tubman’s exact age would be 201 years 10 months 28 days old if alive. Total 73,747 days. Harriet Tubman was a social life and political activist known for her difficult life and plenty of work directed on promoting the ideas of slavery abolishment.

Are there tours of the Underground Railroad?

Embark on this Unique Experience highlighting Detroit’s Underground Railroad History. The Incredible Journey to Midnight: Detroit Underground Railroad Lantern Walking Tour isn’t your ordinary tour—it’s an experience!

Which state has the most underground railroads?

Although there were Underground Railroad networks throughout the country, even in the South, Ohio had the most active network of any other state with around 3000 miles of routes used by escaping runaways.

Who were the Quakers and where did they settle?

Many Quakers settled in Rhode Island, due to its policy of religious freedom, as well as the British colony of Pennsylvania which was formed by William Penn in 1681 as a haven for persecuted Quakers.

Who are Quakers and what do they believe?

Quakerism is a religious movement begun by George Fox in the 17th century. Quakers believe that all people have access to the inner light of direct communion with God. They believe in the spiritual equality of all people, pacifism, consensus, and simplicity.

33. Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House

This meeting house, which was built in 1803, was one of five Quaker meeting houses in Caroline County, whose members helped to maintain a local Underground Railroad system. Quakers were also proponents of women’s suffrage and the abolition of slavery. By 1790, all slave owners were barred from attending Quaker meetings on Maryland’s Eastern Shore. Quakers were among the first and most effective advocates in the fight to abolish slavery in America and around the world. They rapidly began putting together a loose network of persons who shared same beliefs and who could be called upon to assist escape slaves in finding their way north, as well as to give assistance and shelter once they reached their destination.

In the mid-19th century, Quakers were at the vanguard of the budding Women’s Rights Movement, which was gaining momentum.

They had the backing of other influential abolitionists and like-minded men and women as well.


Meeting House RoadDenton, MD 21629 Meeting House Road Location: 38.891444, -75.842966 GPS Coordinates

Practical info

The page load URL for Danielled6514 was last updated on January 30, 2017.

Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House Historical Marker

American Northeast — Denton in Caroline County, Maryland (Mid-Atlantic)

Living Their Beliefs

Inscription on the Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House-Living Their Beliefs Marker, written by Allen C. Browne on January 19, 2018. Slavery was abolished and women’s rights were upheld by the Quakers, also known as Friends, who convened in this Meeting House. They not only had strong ideas about these issues, but they actually took action to implement them. After 1790, the Quakers who met at this location refused to admit slaveholders as members. The Underground Railroad was also important to them; they relied on family, friends, and business ties in the North to transport fugitives from one safe home to another along the numerous routes to liberation.

  1. Female members such as Hannah Leverton, who ran a safe home south of here, engaged actively in the meeting’s activities and freely stated their opinions, regardless of how controversial they appeared to others.
  2. RIGHT: Topics and series are discussed.
  3. African-Americans are a diverse group of people.
  4. The year 1790 is a crucial historical date for this article.
  5. The marker may be found in Denton, Maryland, which is in Caroline County.
  6. To access the map, simply touch it.
  7. To get directions, tap on the screen.

In addition to this marker, there are at least 8 more markers within walking distance of this landmark.

0.6 miles away).

Also, have a look at.

Maryland Historic Trust State Historic Sites Inventory Form (Submitted onJanuary 30, 2018, by Allen C.


Tuckahoe Neck Meeting HouseBy Don Morfe, October 29, 20145.

Tuckahoe Neck Meeting HouseBy Don Morfe, October 29, 20147.

Photograph of Jacob Lawrence’s Driving Tour Guide-Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House, number six.

To view in full size, please click here “The Life of Harriet Tubman,13 by Jacob Lawrence, was published on January 19, 2018 by Allen C.

An enlargement of the picture on the marker1838 image.

1838.” description=”Am I not a Womana Sister?” To view in large resolution, please click here “Is it possible that I am not a Womana Sister?

Browne, January 19, 20188.

A close-up of the image from the markerCredits website.

Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland, initially contributed it on December 3, 2014, and it has since been updated.

The following photos were contributed on January 30, 2018 by Allen C.

Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland, sent in these numbers on December 3, 2014: 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland, filed a letter on January 30, 2018 to the editor. This page was created by Bill Pfingsten, who also served as the page’s editor.


The Deer Creek Friends Meetinghouse is one of the country’s oldest meetinghouses still in continuous operation on its original site, and it was built in 1791. When the meetinghouse was established in 1737, it was constructed of logs and frames and stood directly across the street from the current meetinghouse location. After a fire, it was relocated and rebuilt in 1784, this time using strong local field stone with smooth stone lintels above windows and doors. Construction of the slate roof was done using slate shingles mined and trimmed at the famed Delta-Cardiff slate quarries, which are located a few miles north on the Maryland-Pennsylvania border.

The meetinghouse had a complete refurbishment in 1888, and in the years that followed, extensions were constructed that include a kitchen, gathering room, library, and entry parlor (the original side expansion), all of which are equipped with rest facilities.

A Meeting Near the Mason-Dixon Line

Mason and Dixon, two British astronomers and surveyors, lay the Mason-Dixon Line, which is now known as the Delaware River, between 1763 and 1767 to designate the border between Pennsylvania and Maryland. There had been a century of conflicts between the two colonies, who had each claimed territory for settlement and expansion (sometimes brutally) in an area of disputed ownership. The formal designation of this border brought a stop to the hostilities. Due to its significance as a symbolic border between the North and the South, the Mason Dixon Line brought Quakers who lived along the line in Pennsylvania and Maryland into close contact with the abolitionist movement and a dedication to the preservation of manumitted slaves.

Men, women, and children who had been released were legally put in the care of the Meeting.

When the fire that nearly destroyed the old meetinghouse broke out in 1784, it was very certainly started by arsonists who, like the Paxton gang north of the Mason Dixon Line, utilized fear to scare and intimidate people working to protect and educate free and manumitted blacks along the boundary.

It needed guts to take this step because black education was not widely supported in slave-holding states like Maryland.

Numerous Deer Creek Friends were active participants in the Underground Railroad, putting their lives and property in danger as they provided sanctuary to escaped slaves during the day and guided them across the Mason Dixon Line into Pennsylvania at night.

Deer Creek Friends Meeting, located just north or south of the Mason-Dixon Line, was one of many meetings that took part in this action, despite the fact that it came at a high social cost and was compounded by its ties with slave owners themselves.

The Nature of Where We Are

Mason and Dixon, two British astronomers and surveyors, lay the Mason-Dixon Line, which is now known as the Delaware River, between 1763 and 1767 to delineate the border between Pennsylvania and Maryland. There had been a century of conflicts between the two colonies, which had each claimed territory for settlement and expansion (sometimes brutally) in an area of disputed ownership. The formal designation of this border brought the hostilities to a stop. Due to its significance as a symbolic border between the North and the South, the Mason Dixon Line brought Quakers who lived along the line in Pennsylvania and Maryland into close contact with the abolitionist movement and into a dedication to the preservation of manumitted slaves.

See also:  How Did Slaves Communicate In The Underground Railroad Art? (Solved)

The Meeting took legal responsibility for the care of freed black men, women, and children.

When the fire that nearly destroyed the old meetinghouse broke out in 1784, it was most likely started by arsonists who, like the Paxton gang north of the Mason Dixon Line, utilized fear to scare and intimidate people working to protect and educate free and manumitted blacks along the boundary.

As a slave-holding state like Maryland, the education of blacks was not widely supported, therefore this action required guts.

Many Deer Creek Friends took part in the Underground Railroad at considerable personal danger, sheltering escaped slaves during the day and escorting them across the Mason Dixon Line into Pennsylvania at night, as part of the Underground Railroad.

Despite the fact that this activism came at a high social cost, as well as a complicated relationship with slave owners themselves, the story of Deer Creek Friends Meeting during these turbulent and troubling times serves as an example among many other meetings located just north or south of the Mason-Dixon Line.

Historical Sites Along MD’s Active Underground Railroad Are Being Rediscovered

As recorded in the 1860 Census, more than one out of every five persons who resided in Howard County was an enslaved individual. In addition to being transported to the county to work in the tobacco fields, slaves were subsequently used in the mining and manufacture of iron in and around the town of Elkridge, Maryland. Put another way, throughout the century and a half during which slavery was institutionalized and legally enforced in Howard County, a large portion of the county’s economy was constructed on the backs of enslaved African Americans.

Due to its geographic location—between railways and the Potomac and Patuxent rivers—the region served as a way station on the Underground Railroad, which connected slaves in the northern United States and Canada to freedom in the southern United States.

Additionally, it was the site of a stone-built courthouse, which is still standing today, where individuals accused of inciting and supporting enslaved African Americans to leave their masters’ grasp were tried.

Also detained here was Augustus Collins, who was being jailed for encouraging an uprising among the Black populace while awaiting trial.

The most well-known case in this area, arguably, involved well-known Underground Railroad “general” William Chaplin of the American Anti-Slavery Society, who was arrested in August 1850 for having “abducted, stolen, taken, and carried out from the city of Washington” two fugitive slaves, according to court documents.

Doctor Everlene Cunningham, head of the Howard County Center of African American Culture, who was responsible for the county’s Simpsonville Freetown Legacy Trail, argues that these locations and tales are essential to the county’s history.

“These are the kinds of stories you didn’t learn in school when you were younger.” Maryland has the highest number of known successful slave escapes in the country, and counties around the state have been rediscovering—and highlighting—more historical locations in the state, which is considered the heart of the Underground Railroad in the United States.

Larry Hogan, Maryland has also been at the forefront of Underground Railroad research, documentation, and commemoration, which includes the now annual state recognition of September as International Underground Railroad month, which was signed into law by the governor two years ago.

That being said, there’s no reason to wait until the autumn to learn about Maryland’s pivotal part in the Underground Railroad’s history.

Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House

The Nicholites, a group of Quakers, constructed the Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House in 1803 as a meeting place for its members. The structure operated as a place of worship and a school for the Nicholite Quakers, who were proponents of women’s suffrage and the abolition of slavery at the time of its construction. Nicholite Quakers also utilized this meetinghouse as a safe haven for enslaved individuals going over the Underground Railroad, demonstrating their dedication to their ideals. Some members of the church actively supported people as they attempted to elude slave hunters.

  • The Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House is located in Tuckahoe, New York.
  • By 1790, all of the Quaker churches on Maryland’s Eastern Shore had no slave owners among their ranks.
  • Some Quakers even assisted slaves in escaping their captors by providing covert shelter as they moved from one safe house to another along an informal network of like-minded people that became known as the Underground Railroad.
  • She ran a safe house south of the Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House, which she owned and controlled.

Female religious leaders were included in the Quaker church, and it is not a coincidence that many of the most influential women of this time period, such as Lucretia Mott and Martha Coffin Wright, who participated in the first women’s rights convention in Seneca Falls, were also members of the Quaker religion.

  • The Caroline County Historical Society completed a restoration project on the Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House in 2006.
  • The Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House is currently one of 36 historical sites on the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway self-guided tour, which includes the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Museum.
  • Official Site of the State of Maryland Tourism,Clay.
  • The eponymous star.
  • Neck Meeting House is a historic building in the town of Neck.
  • Accessed on September 10, 2018.
  • Neck Meeting House—They Are Practicing Their Beliefs The Historical Marker Project was launched on December 4, 2014.

On the 10th of September, 2018, the website was accessed. Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House is a historic building in Tuckahoe, New York. ‘Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway,’ according to the National Park Service.

This Maryland Quaker Town Was a Major Stop on the Underground Railroad

During the seventeenty-second century, Christian Quakers founded the community of Sandy Spring, Maryland. Within their own ranks, the Quakers forbade members of their religion from enslaving anyone, and a community of ex enslaved people moved into the region to live alongside the Quakers. Eventually, these two factions would collaborate to create the town a significant stop on the Underground Railroad, which assisted enslaved persons from the American South in their escape to the North. From its inception in the early 1800s and continuing through the American Civil War and the eventual abolition of slavery, the Underground Railroad was a loosely organized network of routes and safehouses that people fleeing slavery would use to travel north, sometimes as far as Canada, in order to find safety.

The Underground Railroad Trail Experience is a walking tour that takes visitors on a journey through history.

In addition to passing through hollowed-out trees that may have served as food caches, the path also passes by stones that may have served as trail markers for escaping slaves as they made their way through the deep forest and across fields and waterways.

Sandy Spring is a small community in the heart of the Appalachian Mountains.

Know Before You Go

The park is open all year, but parking is restricted, so if you want to visit on a weekend, get there as early as possible. The route itself is 2 miles one-way and 4 miles round trip in total length. It travels across hilly terrain, through creeks, and through farms, so be sure to dress accordingly. Additionally, the Sandy Spring Slave Museum and the ancient Quaker Friends Meeting House may be found at Sandy Spring. The Meeting House may be visited by taking a little detour off the route, and the Slave Museum is only a short drive away from the Meeting House and the walk.

Harriet Tubman’s Heroic Legacy in Maryland

The Harriet Tubman roadway marker was dedicated in 2014. The Maryland State Highway Administration provided this photograph.

Harriet Tubman’s Heroic Legacy in Maryland

Marylanders gathered to commemorate the grand inauguration of the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Visitor Center, which was dedicated in 2011.

As a result of Tubman’s heroics, we at Preservation Maryland decided to take a comprehensive look at the impact of her sacrifice. Continue reading to learn how to trace the route of the Underground Railroad across various regions of Maryland and beyond.


In 2014, a roadway monument commemorating Harriet Tubman was erected in Buckstown. The image is courtesy of the Maryland State Highway Administration. Harriet Tubman was born in 1822 and grew up on Edward Brodess’s estate in Bucktown, Maryland, where she spent her formative years. When Edward Brodess did not have enough labor for his own slaves, he rented them out, which was standard practice on small farms like his. When Harriet and her family were separated, they were subjected to the horrors of slavery on a regular basis, if not at the hands of Brodess himself, then at the hands of masters of other farms where they worked.

Harriet moved to Philadelphia in 1849 when Brodess died and the danger of being sold to another owner compelled her to go to the north.

The abolitionist would eventually make 13 journeys back to the Eastern Shore, saving nearly 70 slaves in the process.

Bucktown Village Store, Bucktown, Dorchester County

It was 1975 when the Buckstown Village Store first opened its doors. The image is courtesy of the Maryland Historical Trust. The Bucktown Village Store is located just a few miles away from Edward Brodess’s property. At this point in her life, Harriet Tubman demonstrated the beginnings of a resilient spirit that would serve her well throughout her life. According to legend, Harriett and the farm’s cook were on their way to the shop to buy food when a slave from another farm, who had gone without permission, walked in.

She declined, and the slave managed to get away.

The injury came close to killing her and left her with migraines, visions, and seizures that would last the rest of her life.

See also:  When Did The Underground Railroad Stop Running? (The answer is found)

Choptank River

Archaeologists excavate near the site of Harriet Tubman’s birthplace in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 2002. Harriet Tubman took her passengers on a number of paths to freedom, sometimes via land, through perilous slave-owning country, and other times by sea, depending on the circumstances. The Choptank River, which runs through Caroline County, was one of the routes that Tubman regularly traveled on. Crossing the Red Bridges, an escape location near Greensboro, Maryland, was one of the several shallow tributaries of the Choptank River that fugitives depended on for a safe crossing north to the state of Delaware.

Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House

Tuckahoe Meeting House is a historic building in Tuckahoe, New York. Caroline County Historical Society provided this photograph. Quakers had an important role in the abolitionist cause as well as the Underground Railroad. It is estimated that there were just a handful Quaker slave owners by the time the Constitution was approved in 1787. Underground Railroad networks across Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New York, including Quaker homes and meeting houses, as well as agents, provided safe havens for fugitive slaves and guided them on their journey to freedom.

This Quaker meeting house in Caroline County was one of five meeting houses around the country that provided assistance to slaves attempting to flee Maryland.

Kennedy Farm: John Brown’s Headquarters

The Kennedy Farm House is seen in this historic photograph. The image is courtesy of the Maryland Historical Trust. In addition to her service as a conductor on the Underground Railroad, Tubman was an active member of the civil rights movement. A slave insurrection was planned at Kennedy Farm in Sharpsburg, Maryland, where John Brown was preparing for his attack on the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, in the hopes of sparking a slave uprising. As if she were General Tubmanby Brown herself, Harriet was a valuable resource before to the raid, thanks to her considerable knowledge of abolitionist support networks in Maryland, Delaware, and Pennsylvania, which she shared with the group.

However, this was merely the beginning of her career as a quasi-military officer.

More about African American History in Maryland
  • Museums dedicated to African-American culture in Maryland
  • A Walking Tour of the History of African-Americans in Prince George’s County

It was written by Maggie Pelta-Pauls, a Waxter Intern with Preservation Maryland, and published on their blog. The College of William and Mary graduate, Maggie is well-suited to research and write about Maryland history – particularly culinary history – for a variety of publications. More information on Maggie and our The Waxter Memorial Internship program may be found at: www.presmd.org/waxter/index.html.

Waxter Intern

The Waxter Memorial Internship was established through a legacy gift from William D. Waxter, III to assist Preservation Maryland in supporting the next generation of historic preservation professionals. Meet the Members of Our Team

Pathways to Freedom

Visiting Museums and Historic Sites Maryland’s Central Region Baltimore is a city in Maryland. Orchard Street African Methodist Episcopal Church Baltimore, Maryland is a city in Maryland. Orchard Street AM.E. Church, located at 512 Orchard Street, was founded in 1825 as a series of prayer sessions at the home of Truman Le Pratt, a freed slave who was born in the Caribbean. In 1837, a formal structure was constructed with the help of free Blacks and slaves who contributed their labor and worked by torchlight at night to complete the project.

  1. Tradition holds that the church’s initial structures acted as a stopping point for slaves traveling the Underground Railroad.
  2. President Street Station is located in the heart of the city.
  3. Many slaves were able to escape to the North by boarding actual trains.
  4. In 1857, one of these slaves, a young, pregnant lady, staged a daring escape from slavery by putting herself inside a box and sending herself by rail from Baltimore to freedom in Philadelphia, a feat that is still considered remarkable today.
  5. Baltimore County is located in the state of Maryland.
  6. Towson, Maryland It was the largest mansion in the United States when it was erected in 1790, until the Hampton Mansion was completed.
  7. Between 1790 and 1830, the Ridgely family ruled over one of the greatest slave populations in Maryland history, with a total of 340 slaves working on the plantation at one point.

Hampton runaways have been reported in more than 70 different instances.

It has been designated a National Historic Site by the National Park Service, which is based in Washington, D.C.

Site of the Howard Methodist Episcopal Church Port Deposit, Maryland (U.S.A.) A decade before the Emancipation Proclamation, the Howard Methodist Episcopal Church, also known as Howard Chapel, was constructed by liberated African Americans in 1853.

The church on Center Street was destroyed in 1981 after it had fallen into disrepair.

Montgomery County is located in the U.S.

Bloomfield Estate is a private estate in Bloomfield, Massachusetts.

The Bloomfield estate employed a free Black man called Samuel Adams as a blacksmith in the 1850s.

Later, he relocated to Canada, where he made contact with runaway slaves from Sandy Spring, Maryland, who had fled to that country.

Brookeville, Maryland The Madison home, located at the intersection of Georgia Avenue and Market Street, has links to the adjacent Quaker abolitionist hamlet of Sandy Spring.

Until recently, this area could only be accessed by removing the floorboards of the family room above it and walking up the stone staircase.

Mount Airy is a small town in the United States.

In the window of their home at 18120 New Hampshire Avenue, the white couple would place a lamp, a signal to escaping slaves that they had arrived at a safe halt.

Sandy Spring, Maryland The Sandy Spring Friends’ Meetinghouse, located at 17901 Bentley Road, was built in 1817 as a place of gathering and worship for local Quakers who were active in the anti-slavery struggle and ran Underground Railroad stations in the area to help fleeing slaves.

Sandy Spring, Maryland The Sandy Spring Museum, located at 18524 Brooke Road on a one-acre parcel of land, is open to the public.

Tours can be arranged upon prior request.

It is thought that this church had a part in the Underground Railroad activities in the Sandy Spring region because of the range of Underground Railroad activity in the area.

Mary’s Church St.

The Underground Railroad functioned in this area, despite the fact that the Catholic Church sanctioned slaveholding among its members.

Uncle Tom’s Cabin (also known as Uncle Tom’s Cabin II) is a fictionalized account of the life of Uncle Tom.

His house, which he has lived in for thirty years, is near the crossroads of Old Georgetown Road and Tilden Lane.

Aboard the Underground Railroad- Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House

NPS-NHL Photo of the Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House Located in a hamlet where there was a significant Quaker antislavery movement, the Appoquinimink Friends Meetings House, built in 1783, is a national historic landmark. The Meeting House is linked with John Hunn (1818-1894) and John Alston (1794-1874), two Underground Railroad “station masters” who were members of the congregation and who were also members of the congregation. John Hunn, who was mentioned in William Still’s 1872 book The Underground Railroad, gained notoriety in 1844 for assisting the Hawkins family and several other fugitive slaves, who were under the care of freedman and famous “conductor” Samuel Burris, to escape through Delaware and into Pennsylvania and eventually achieve freedom.

Hunn was fined $2,500, which forced him to sell his farm, and Burris was sentenced to slavery, but was later purchased from the auction block by a Philadelphia antislavery activist.

“O Lord.enable me to keep my heart and house open to greet thy servants that they may rest in their journeys that this house that thou hast enabled me to construct may be holy symbol unto thee of the pilgrim’s rest,” Alston writes at the end of an entry in his diary from 1841.

The Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House is located on SR 299, west of US 13 near Odessa, Delaware, and is a meeting place for Quakers.

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I have always been fascinated by American history, which is one of the reasons why I decided to work as a history guide at Tyler Arboretum. Fortunately for me, my spouse Joel has done the same. We have spent several vacations traveling to different places and learning about our country’s history. As a professional librarian, there is nothing I enjoy more than the process of obtaining knowledge. Also, I have a personal connection to the religious movement known as Quakerism. Despite the fact that I do not identify as a Quaker, my father’s ancestors were, and I have spent a significant amount of time investigating that branch of my family line.

  • I found it intriguing to discover more about the Painter family and how their Quaker beliefs influenced their actions and contributions to our history, even though Tyler Arboretum is mostly known for its amazing collection of plants (as it should be).
  • Quakers believe that God exists within each and every human being.
  • In 1775, Quakers in Philadelphia created the Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage, which became known as the Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage.
  • Quakers who continued to keep slaves were either “read out” or ejected from the meetinghouse for their actions.
  • Escaped slaves had been making their way to the Free states for quite some time, with assistance from Quakers, free blacks, and others along the route.
  • Former slaves were once regarded free once they were able to go to a free state.
  • Under the Fugitive Slave Act, slave hunters were permitted to enter Free States in order to chase down escaped slaves.

Anyone found guilty of assisting fugitives by supplying them with food, lodging, or any other form of help might face a $1,000 fine and a term of 6 months in jail if convicted.

This, combined with the fact that it was close to Delaware and Maryland, resulted in a thriving Underground Railroad in the area.

Eighty-two of them were Quakers, while thirty-one were free blacks.

Eusebius was married to Sarah Painter, daughter of Enos and Hannah Painter and sister to Minshall and Jacob.

Elizabeth Barnard and Sarah Painter are two of the most important figures in the history of literature.

Because of the strong assistance provided by Quakers in these locations, these routes were thought to be quite secure at the time.

See also:  What Happened To Conductors On The Underground Railroad If They Got Caught? (Professionals recommend)

The Honeycomb A.M.E.

Located on Barren Road, close to Tyler Arboretum, this church serves the local community.

Several strands of Jacob and Minshall Painter’s lives were intertwined with the Underground Railroad.

A known “conductor” is even mentioned by Minshall Painter in his journal as sending an escaped slave to Lachford Hall, according to Minshall Painter’s diary.

Because the Underground Railroad was illegal, and the penalties for participation were severe, the persons engaged were generally reluctant to record information that may be used against them, putting their lives and their efforts at risk.

Are you interested in the history of the Quakers? Swarthmore College’s Friends Historical Library is a worthwhile stop. a link to the page’s load

The Meeting House – Quaker Worship Group @ The McKim Center

Because I have a lifelong interest in American history, I was drawn to Tyler Arboretum to work as a history guide there in the first place. Fortunately for me, my spouse, Joel, has done the same for me! Over the years, we’ve taken several trips to see and learn about the sights of our country and its people. Gathering knowledge is one of my favorite activities as a professional librarian. In addition, I have a personal relationship to Quakerism, which is described below. Despite the fact that I do not identify as a Quaker, my father’s ancestors were Quakers, and I have spent a significant amount of time investigating that branch of my family’s genealogy.

  1. I found it intriguing to discover more about the Painter family and how their Quaker beliefs affected their actions and contributions to our history, even though Tyler Arboretum is mostly known for its amazing collection of plants (as it should be).
  2. Every human creature, according to Quakers, contains a spark of divine light.
  3. Founded in Philadelphia by Quakers in 1775, the Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage is a non-profit organization dedicated to the emancipation of freed slaves.
  4. “Read out” or expelled from the meetinghouse were those who continued to keep slaves.
  5. It had been a while since escaped slaves had made their way to the Free states, with assistance from Quakers, free blacks, and others.
  6. Once they had crossed the border into a free state, former slaves were first believed to be liberated.
  7. To track down escaped slaves, the Fugitive Slave Act authorized slave hunters to enter Free States.

The punishment for runaway helping includes a $1,000 fine and up to 6 months in jail for those who provide food, lodging, or any other form of support.

Given its geographic location in close proximity to Delaware and Maryland, it was a hotbed for the Underground Railroad during its most active periods.

Eighty-two of them were Quakers, and thirty-one of them were free black people.

He was married to Sarah Painter, a daughter of Enos and Hannah Painter who was also the sister of Minshall and Jacob.

Elizabeth Barnard and Sarah Painter are two of the most important figures in the history of art.

Because of the substantial assistance provided by Quakers in these places, these routes were regarded to be quite secure for the time being.

The Honeycomb A.M.E.

A short distance away from Tyler Arboretum, this church may be found on Barren Road.

Several strands of Jacob and Minshall Painter’s family were intertwined in the Underground Railroad.

A known “conductor” is even mentioned by Minshall Painter in his journal as sending a runaway slave to Lachford Hall.

Given that participation in the Underground Railroad was unlawful and that the penalties for doing so were severe, those involved in it were frequently reluctant to record information that may be used against them, putting their own lives and the lives of others in danger.

You might be interested in the history of the Society of Friends. Go to Swarthmore College and check out the Friends Historical Library! a link to the page load


Note from the editor: This piece was originally published on February 25, 1991. Breaking wine bottles, food wrappers, a ragged sleeping blanket and pillow, and other household items left by homeless people who sleep in the old cemetery vault in Georgetown choke the entrance to the ancient cemetery vault in Georgetown on freezing evenings. The little brick cell measuring 8 by 8 feet appears exactly the same as it did two centuries ago, when it was used to keep corpses on their way to the local cemetery for burial.

Intruders’ eyes are shielded from view by ivy and thick vegetation surrounding the cell.

It was a secure location for the slaves since it was tucked away deep in the woods and obscured from view on one side, making it difficult to find.” Neville Waters, 62, a historian who grew up in Georgetown, stated that because the building was used to store the remains of the deceased, no one would have thought to peek inside.” The slaves used to be provided with food, drink, and other necessities by their fellow citizens, according to the narrator.

It was their custom to come into the vault and relax before continuing on their journey.

Many slaves fled from the Washington region, as evidenced by newspaper advertisements and slaveholder records, but little information is available concerning precise places and the identities of those who supported the slaves in their endeavors to free themselves.

The tales of various stations in the Washington region have been passed down from generation to generation since the early 1800s, ranging from farmhouses in Virginia and Maryland to churches in the District.

And, according to historians, for every location that has been located, there are likely dozens more that will never be discovered due to the secrecy surrounding the escapes.

Peter H.

According to Kostmayer, “it’s a part of American history.” The individuals were practically torn away from their houses and manacled to machines before being separated from their families,” says the narrator.

It is thought that a church erected in 1803 near to what is now the Alfred Street Baptist Church in Alexandria was used to shelter slaves during the Civil War.

According to Waters, the Meeting House, currently known as Mount Zion United Methodist Church, is located on 29th Street NW in Georgetown and was used by slaves traveling north into Philadelphia.

Walcott House, on Decatur Place NE near Florida Avenue, according to Quaker history enthusiast Sarah Hadley, is also supposed to have served as a station on the Underground Railroad at one point.

SW, where former slave and pastor Anthony Bowen harbored slaves he had met while on regular excursions to the Washington dock.

The islands of Assateague and Chincoteague, located off the coast of Virginia’s Eastern Shore, are also thought to have served as stopovers for slaves attempting to swim to freedom.

Many of Maryland’s Underground Railroad stations, according to historians, were located in and around the city of Baltimore.

historian Louise Daniel Hutchinson, the District’s black churches played a significant part in the slave uprising by sheltering slaves and collecting funds to assist them in their relocation.

“A large number of slaves thought this region to be the promised land.

Several historians, like Vincent deForest of Washington, D.C., believe that the Underground Railroad is important in history for a variety of reasons.

“The house that I grew up in in Loudoun County was a station on the Underground Railroad,” Werner Janney, 78, said, citing family and local history.

Abolitionist Quaker abolitionist Samuel Janney was prosecuted for encouraging slaves to rebel following the publication of a newspaper article critical of slavery.

Springdale, the home of Samuel Janney, is now a bed-and-breakfast on Route 722 near Purcellville, Virginia.

It is the inn’s rear stairs, a small path illuminated by a solitary light bulb that has been installed since his family moved in.

Is it possible to envision walking up these steps with a candle or a candlestick?

My first impression was that it was much more concealed than it is now.

The path continued all the way into Mexico.

Several trails from the South followed the same route as Interstate 95 today, according to Charlottesville historian Jay Worrall, who spent 20 years documenting the Underground Railroad for a history of Virginia Quakers that will be published later this year, according to Worrall.

According to Waters, several people discovered the old burial crypt in Georgetown, near to Mount Zion Cemetery.

His words, “This site is a part of American history,” were eloquent.

NW, in Georgetown, Washington.

In Georgetown, the Montgomery Street Baptist Church, which stood on the site of what is now MountZion United Methodist Church, at 1334 29th St.

Churchgoers, the majority of whom were free blacks, supported slaves since churches were less likely to be investigated by slave hunters than other places of worship.

After purchasing his freedom, a former slave would meet slaves who had escaped by boat at the Washington dock and transport them to his home for formalities and recuperation before returning them to their captors.

House was held by Jacob Troth, a Quaker abolitionist who was instrumental in the formation of the Woodlawn Friends Meeting Quaker organization.

5 – Israel African Methodist Episcopal Church, which is now known as Metropolitan AMEChurch, located at 1518 M Street Northwest.

7, near Sixth Street SE, is the location of D.C.

Some slaves made a pit stop at Washington, D.C., which was regarded as “the promised land.” 8, some Quakers who resided in what is now Old Town Alexandria who opposed slavery are reported to have served as conductors, although there is no historical proof to back up this assertion.

Washington St., was a staunch opponent of slavery, as was John Janney, a relative of Samuel Janney, who lived at 211 S.

Asaph St., and Benjamin Hallowell, who lived for a time at Lloyd House, which is now a historical and genealogical library at 220 N.


Slaves swam to escape in order to avoid being detected by slave hunters’ dogs while traveling on land.

Home of John B.

Butterton, Maryland, is located in Dorchester County.

Among the residents of Dorchester County was Samuel Green, who was imprisoned in 1857 for supporting slaves.

Several historians believe that Elijah Tyson, a famous trader who aided slaves, may have served as a conductor on the Underground Railroad.

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