Where can I find the Underground Railroad?
- The list of validated or authenticated Underground Railroad and Network to Freedom sites is sorted within state or province, by location. “Keeping the Flames of Freedom Alive”, Underground Railroad Monument in Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
Where was the Underground Railroad in Maine?
All over the state, in Brunswick, Topsham, Auburn up to Brewer, Orono, Eastport and Fort Kent, approximately 75 homes and churches have been identified as stops along the underground railroad.
Was there an Underground Railroad in Maine?
But one piece of history that’s particularly important is that of Maine’s role in the Underground Railroad, which is often overlooked. With vital access to both water and rail, the state became a northern hub for the Underground Railroad.
What cities did the Underground Railroad go through?
In the decades leading up to the American Civil War, settlements along the Detroit and Niagara Rivers were important terminals of the Underground Railroad. By 1861, some 30,000 freedom seekers resided in what is now Ontario, having escaped slave states like Kentucky and Virginia.
How do you know if your house was part of the Underground Railroad?
1) Check the date when the house was built. 2) At your county clerk’s office, or wherever historical deeds are stored in your locality, research the property to determine who owned it between the American Revolution and the Civil War (roughly 1790-1860).
Which state has the most Underground Railroad routes?
It was used by enslaved African Americans primarily to escape into free states and Canada. The network was assisted by abolitionists and others sympathetic to the cause of the escapees. The enslaved who risked escape and those who aided them are also collectively referred to as the “Underground Railroad”.
What states was the Underground Railroad in?
Most of the enslaved people helped by the Underground Railroad escaped border states such as Kentucky, Virginia and Maryland. In the deep South, the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 made capturing escaped enslaved people a lucrative business, and there were fewer hiding places for them.
Where did the Underground Railroad have safe houses?
In the years leading up to the Civil War, the black abolitionist William Still offered shelter to hundreds of freedom seekers as they journeyed northward.
What happened to Cesar in the Underground Railroad?
While the show doesn’t show us what happens after their encounter, Caesar comes to Cora in a dream later, confirming to viewers that he was killed. In the novel, Caesar faces a similar fate of being killed following his capture, though instead of Ridgeway and Homer, he is killed by an angry mob.
The Maine City Of Portland Was Once A Stop Along The Underground Railroad
Posted on January 1, 2020 by MaineAttractions in Attractions Maine, as we all know, has a rich historical legacy. Our history reveals a great deal about who we are as individuals now. The history of Vacationland is filled with intriguing tales, beginning with the indigenous people who lived here originally and on through the settlers who finally arrived. The role played by Maine in the Underground Railroad, on the other hand, is a piece of history that is sometimes forgotten, but is extremely essential.
In order to assist slaves on their journey to England and Canada, activists in Portland set up safe havens along the road to serve as rest stops.
The Abyssinian Meeting House, located in Portland’s historic district, is perhaps the most significant piece of history associated to the city’s participation in the Underground Railroad.
It served as a place of prayer as well as a gathering place for people to debate social and political problems of the day.
- Over the years, it has also served as a performance hall, a banquet hall, and a general entertainment venue for the residents of the surrounding area.
- Those who understood the necessity of utilizing their voices to speak out against slavery are the ones who have been remembered.
- Despite the fact that it is located in a remote part of Maine, the Abyssinian Meeting House is the third oldest continuously operating African American meeting house in the United States.
- The building is currently undergoing extensive renovations, which are being overseen by a group of community members.
- It is important to ensure that this piece of Maine history remains standing so that the general public may come on a regular basis and learn about the meeting house’s significance to the African American community in Maine.
- Attend an event to show your support for them if you want to get engaged.
Sign up for their email list to stay up to date on the latest news. There’s a lot of history here, to be sure! Visit one of these ten historic communities in Maine and you will be transported back in time. Address: 75 Newbury St, Portland, ME 04101, United States of America
How Mainers helped slaves find freedom through the Underground Railroad
As seen from Mount Battie, Camden is a beautiful city. During the mid-1800s, Maine was considered to be one of the last stops on the Underground Railroad for many African-Americans who were attempting to flee slavery through the state. With the use of a network of safe houses, tunnels, and codes, Mainers helped escaped slaves make the last leg of their journey to Canada through inland and coastal routes in secrecy. As Maine author Mark Alan Leslie put it, “people haven’t valued the bravery of their forebears who took it upon themselves to help these individuals escape slavery, even at the risk of losing their homes as well as their lives and their riches.” Just how these Mainers contributed to the formation of the hidden network known as the Underground Railroad will be the subject of a lecture Leslie will give at the Camden Public Library on Tuesday as part of the library’s annual month-long history series, which runs through October.
- Leslie of Monmouth is the author of a number of works of fiction that are based on Maine history.
- The Underground Railroad was a complex network of individuals and locations that assisted slaves in their attempts to escape to free states or Canada via the Underground Railroad.
- “Once they got to Portland, they either headed along the coast or headed interior,” Leslie explained.
- According to Leslie, established anti-slavery groups existed in Lincoln County, Waldo County, Penobscot County, and Mount Desert Island, among other places.
- While some Mainers assisted slaves in achieving freedom, other Mainers were interested in cashing in on the prize associated with their capture, according to Leslie.
- “People who were putting themselves at danger of huge penalties and jail time,” Leslie explained.
You have to keep it a secret because your next-door neighbor may be reporting you in because they wanted a few extra dollars in their pocket.” According to Leslie, the effort to keep the movement of runaway slaves a secret evolved in a sophisticated network of routes that transported these individuals from one safe house to another and eventually to Canada.
Safe homes were occasionally identified by a white chimney with a black ring at the top, which could be seen up and down the coast as well as inland in Augusta, Bangor, and Brewer, according to Leslie.
In some cases, persons “riding” the Underground Railroad could identify whether the house was a safe place, which direction they should walk in, or even whether a slave catcher was in the vicinity by looking at the design on a quilt.
An evening talk about Maine’s link to the Underground Railroad will be held in Camden on Tuesday at 7 p.m. Follow the Bangor Daily News on Facebook for the most up-to-date news from Maine.
When it comes to the American Civil War era, many people believe that the northern states were generally opposed to slavery, whilst the southern states were supportive of the institution. As well as the history of Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” there is plenty of evidence of Underground Railroad safe homes distributed throughout the state and even into Canada, which may be found in Maine. However, according to author Mark Alan Leslie, the history of the Pine Tree State isn’t quite as rosy as those statistics may lead one to believe.
- “However, it is not the case because so much of the slave trade had an impact on Maine.
- Leslie immersed himself in Maine’s historical archives as part of his research for the narrative, in order to authentically portray the state’s participation in the Underground Railroad and the disputes that existed surrounding it at the time.
- 18, he gave a discussion at the Winslow Public Library, which was well attended.
- According to Leslie, slave labor was used to sustain some of Maine’s most important businesses throughout the mid-nineteenth century.
- “A lot of individuals would have gone out of business if (those materials) hadn’t been available,” Leslie added.
- Leslie went on to say that, in light of this environment, the Mainers who supported slaves in their flight to freedom were in grave danger.
- “If you were a member of the Underground Railroad or were assisting slaves in their escape, you had to keep a close eye on your surroundings and your neighbors to make sure no one saw what you were doing,” Leslie explained.
- Some quilters used African or Masonic symbols that they had learnt to integrate into their designs.
- Chimneys that were painted white with black rims around the top signaled the presence of a safe house.
- Leslie pointed out that the majority of people are completely ignorant of this link.
- “The slave grapevine had a lot of power,” Leslie explained.
Among the notable safe homes were the First Baptist Church on Park Street in Waterville (which served as the college’s chapel at the time), the Episcopal Parish House on Dresden Avenue in Gardiner, and many properties in China, Vassalboro, Belgrade, Palmyra, Gardiner, and Augusta, among others.
- According to the 1994 edition of Charles Blockson’s “Hippocrene Guide to the Underground Railroad,” the Nason and Reuel Williams homes, located in the state’s present capital, were two significant nodes of Underground Railroad routes in Maine, as were the Nason and Reuel Williams houses.
- in Augusta, has survived.
- “This room was connected to the cellar.” Slave guides are believed to have traveled from this house over the river to the Reuel Williams House across the river, then to the Farwell Mansion across the Vassalboro border and the Abel Chadwick House here in China, according to Leslie’s statement.
- The Farwell Mansion is located on the edge of the city’s historic district.
Chinese immigrants Abel and Elizabeth Chadwick resided somewhere along State Route 3, at an address that has remained a mystery to historians, according to a publication by the American Revolution Bicentennial Administration titled “Underground Railroad in New England.” One of the Chadwick sons noted in a letter to a researcher dated March 1897 that “(China) was a town pretty substantially populated by Quakers, who were early participants in the campaign against slavery.” There were numerous important Quakers who were active in the movement, the most notable of them being Eli Jones and Sybil his wife, who were also renowned Quakers.
Oliver Webber, the most notable of its people, was the most prominent member of the anti-slavery campaign in the neighboring town of Vassalboro.” The state’s connections to the Underground Railroad, despite the existence of these documents, is quite scant, and the most of what is known about them comes from anecdotal stories or accidental discoveries.
- This sentiment was mirrored by Leslie.
- In recent months, Leslie has learned of a safe home in Benton, known as the Eames House, from conversations with people who attended his presentation at the Winslow Public Library.
- The Holyoke House acquired prominence in 1995 when the Maine Department of Transportation demolished it to make way for a bridge between Brewer and Bangor, despite local attempts to save the structure from demolition.
- Several important abolitionists were born and raised in the state, including Paris and Bangor’s Hannibal Hamlin, who served as vice president under Abraham Lincoln; Albion’s Elijah Lovejoy; Hallowell’s Austin Willey; and Portland’s Samuel Fessenden, who was born in Portland.
- A fantastic history, and one that not many people are aware of or are taught about in school, according to the author.
- In his words, “it’s never left us.” “The entire slave narrative has not been forgotten.” Meg Robbins may be reached at 861-9239 or megrobbins.com.
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Map of underground routes to Canada, 1898
A map of underground railroad lines to Canada that illustrates the many methods by which runaway slaves were able to escape to freedom. The map is taken from Wilbur H. Siebert’s book, The Underground Railroad from Slavery to Freedom (New York, 1899). View and/or submit comments
About This Item
- In the year 1898, a map showing underground passages to Canada was published. The map’s creator was Wilbur Henry Siebert. Date of creation: 1898
- Subject period: 1780–1865
- Ink on paper is the medium of choice. Size: 17 x 36 cm
- Dimensions: The following is the local code: Map FF 689
- 326 Si15u
- Text and image are the two types of objects.
Cross Reference Searches
- African Americans
- Antislavery movements in the United States
- Fugitive slaves in the United States
- Slavery in the United States
- Underground Railroad-Maps
- Underground Railroad-Pennsylvania-Maps
For more information about this item, contact:
Maine Historical Society 485 Congress Street, Portland, ME 04101 (207 774-1822 x230) Maine Historical Society Website We have not determined whether or not this material is protected by copyright or associated rights. For further information, please get in touch with the contributing repository. How to properly reference material from this website Please share your thoughts in the comments section below so that others might benefit from them. MMN staff members will not be able to see or hear your comment or correction unless you submit it through this form.
Maine Farmhouse Journal Entry, Was there an Underground Railroad Station in Sebago?, March 10, 2005
During a conversation in the parlor of Bob Greene’s old house in Sebago one evening, while we were both sipping some brown liquor, Bob Greene asked me a question “Did you know that this location used to be a tavern before it became a restaurant? This is where the tavern’s tap room used to be, and we’re sitting in it now.” “No,” I answered, always ready for a good yarn. “I’m not,” I said. “Tell me more about it.” In addition to serving as a bar and inn from 1848 to 1869, the Sebago House may have served as a station on the Underground Railroad, assisting slaves in their escape to freedom in Canada.
- “Robert McDonald purchased this house in 1848, which was constructed by Jeremiah Decker.
- In its tavern form from 1848 to 1869, Messrs Rowe and Wight served the community “Bob shared his thoughts.
- “It must have been difficult to maintain a bar in such a dry climate.” “They also took in boarders and had a large livery stable in the barn, and it appears that everything went smoothly for them.
- Visitors who were traveling to Bridgton and other points north along the west side of the lake would find this a convenient rest stop.” As a result, the road intersection in front of the building is named Mc’s Corner in honor of McDonald?” “That’s right,” Bob confirmed.
- Several generations of family members claim that the tavern was used to hide escaping slaves and that it served as a stop on the Underground Railroad in Maine.” Bob had piqued my interest by this point.
- “Could you please show me this hidden room?” I inquired.
- In the distance, I noticed walls of split granite, with some brickwork sprinkled throughout the structure.
- This stone wall in the cellar of the Sebago House conceals a secret room that is believed to have been used to hide escaped slaves on the Underground Railroad during the Civil War.
When we were putting in some duct work, we had to pull down a section of the wall, and it turned out that there was a little chamber behind the wall we’re currently standing by.” He walked me around the outside of the building to show me where the wall had been breached, and I was able to stare into the abyss.
- Continuing his explanation, Bob stated that travelers and wagons would have come and gone from the bar on a daily basis at all hours of the day and night.
- The slave might be safely hidden in the secret chamber and then transported to the next station when the situation was no longer threatening.
- However, I discovered that there is a substantial amount of circumstantial evidence to support the theory that the Sebago House was at one point a station on the Underground Railroad, which I believe is correct.
- Conflict over slavery engulfed the United States during its years leading up to the American Civil War.
- Everything changed in 1850, when Congress established the Fugitive Slave Law as part of the Compromise of 1850, allowing federal marshals to aid in the recovery and extradition of slaves who had fled from their masters’ possession.
- Runaways were compelled to go to Canada and other foreign countries as a result of these limitations, which made the northern states no longer regarded safe havens for fugitives.
There was no railroad, and there was no subterranean transportation, but slaves on their trip to freedom were referred to as “freight,” halting points were referred to as “stations,” and individuals who assisted the slaves along the way were referred to as “conductors.” It was common for slaves to arrive at Portland, Maine, and then go to Canada by sea, train, or overland via Sebago Lake.
- Safe-houses where fugitives may sleep or relax were discovered in a number of different towns “[email protected] is the e-mail address.
- When I visited the Westbrook Historical Society, I spoke with Vaugn Born and Susan Norton about a station in Westbrook that used to be located near Brackett’s Store.
- They were transferred from there to several locations along the route to Canada.
- Ray’s Story of Westbrook, published in 1912) She had also heard rumors about the existence of more stations in the vicinity.
- Approximately 1910, Mrs.
- She was 93 years old at the time of the interview.
- Her neighbor shared her sentiments “Now, don’t be afraid any longer.
In the event that there was only one, it’s possible that there were others as well.
According to reports, the entire Underground Railroad operation was carried out in complete secrecy.
Later, following the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act, there was likely an increase in secrecy.
Perhaps we will never know for definite whether or not escaped slaves were ever concealed at the Sebago House and assisted on their journey to freedom.
Errata I received a few phone calls in reaction to my piece on the Underground Railroad in Sebago, which was published in the Press Herald on March 10, 2005, with the headline “Sebago home may have been Underground station.” I was pleased to provide further information.
It was claimed by her that Jeremiah Decker constructed the Sebago House for John McDonald in 1848.
The Sebago House was a tavern and inn that had a dance hall on the second floor with a raised platform where the fiddler used to perform, as well as a bar on the first floor.
Vaun Born forwarded me some material from the Westbrook Historical Society, which included an excerpt from a 1976 interview with Miss Marion Dana, who talked of her grandpa, Sewall Brackett, harboring fugitive slaves in his store while he was running a grocery store.
“During the Civil War, my grandpa, Sewall Brackett, had a connection to the underground slave trade, and he was instrumental in assisting many slaves in their escape to Canada.
In the upper storey of his business on Main St., he kept them safe and secure.
“Sewall, what happened to those doughnuts,” or a variety of other questions.” Moreover, Born forwarded to me information indicating that the historic Presumpscot Hotel on Main Street in Westbrook served as a station on the Underground Railroad.
At long last, Harriet Price of Portland got in touch with me and informed me that escaping slaves used routes up both sides of Sebago Lake, and that there were probably one to three stations in the Sebago area on the Underground Railroad.
The most recent update was made on June 21, 2005.
In the Portland Press Herald on March 10, 2005, under the heading “Sebago home may have been Underground Station,” this story was altered and published under the title “Sebago home may have been Underground Station.” On March 24, 2005, an errata was issued under the title “Readers share subterranean railroad details.”
Town of Winslow – Event Details: The History of the Underground Railroad in Central Maine
On one particular evening, Bob Greene and I were sitting in the parlor of his old house in Sebago sipping some brown whiskey when he approached me and said, “Do you want to go fishing?” “It could have escaped your notice, but this building used to be a bar. This is where the tavern’s tap room used to be, and we’re sitting in it.” My response was a resounding “No,” as I was always up for a good yarn. I’m interested in knowing more. In addition to serving as a bar and inn from 1848 to 1869, the Sebago House may have served as a stop on the Underground Railroad, assisting slaves in their escape to freedom in Canada during the American Civil War.
- “It was built for Robert McDonald by Jeremiah Decker in 1848 for the family’s benefit.
- From 1848 until 1869, it was owned and run by Messrs Rowe and Wight “Bob expressed himself.
- “They also took in boarders and had a large livery stable in the barn, and it appears that they were successful in these endeavors as well.
- Travelers travelling to Bridgton and places north along the west side of the lake found this to be a convenient rest stop.” So McDonald’s Corner, the road intersection in front of the building, is named after him?
- According to family legend, it was utilized to shelter escape slaves, and the pub served as one of the Underground Railroad’s Maine stations.” Bob had piqued my curiosity by this point.
- What is the secret chamber like?
- In his cellar, Bob asked me whether I had observed anything peculiar as he took me down the steep, narrow stairs.
My first thought was, “This looks like a classic Maine basement.” It is thought that this secret chamber in the cellar of the Sebago House served as a safe haven for fugitive slaves on the Underground Railroad during the Civil War.
In Bob’s words, “it is only accessible from the upstairs tap room, which is where we were seated.” As Bob went on to explain, visitors to the bar would have came and gone throughout the day and night, every day of the week, all hours of the day and night.
The slave might be safely hidden in the secret chamber and then transported to the next station when the situation was no longer a danger to them.
As a result of my investigation, I discovered that there is a substantial quantity of circumstantial evidence to support the hypothesis that the Sebago House was formerly a station on the Underground Railroad.
As early as 1786, Philadelphia Quakers supported slaves fleeing to freedom from Virginia, but the peak years of what we now refer to as the Underground Railroad were from roughly 1830 to 1865, when the slave uprising in the United States was in full swing.
As antislavery feeling became stronger in the 1840s, underground activity increased, with the northern states perceived as a safe haven for fugitive slaves from the slave states of the South.
They had to be apprehended with the assistance of both government personnel and private individuals.
Despite the fact that the Underground Railroad ran through 14 northern states from Maine to Nebraska, it was most active in New England and the surrounding states of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and New York.
The Underground Railroad is chronicled by the Portland Branch of the NAACP, which also cites a fugitive from justice “It was a northwest voyage that took in Sebago Lake, went through Bridgton, and proceeded into New Hampshire and Vermont to its destination.
According to one historian, stations were often located roughly 10 to 30 miles apart, which corresponded to the distance that a healthy man could walk on foot or the distance that a wagon hauling numerous slaves could cover in a day’s trip.
Vaughn handed me a copy of Fabious Ray’s history of Westbrook, which detailed how fugitive slaves were secreted on the fourth floor of a department shop in the 1830s, according to the author.
The Story of Westbrook, by Fabius M.
Other stations in the region had also been mentioned to her by others.
Approximately 1910, Mrs.
She was 93 years old at the time.
According to her aunt, “Don’t be terrified any more.
In the event that there was only one, it’s possible that there were several others.
A tremendous deal of secrecy appears to have pervaded the whole Underground Railroad effort.
It’s likely that the secrecy intensified as a result of passage of the Fugitive Slave Act.
The circumstantial evidence, on the other hand, all points to the possibility that it did occur.
In response to my phone call, Lucretia Douglas from Sebago phoned and corrected a handful of things.
(I had Jeremy Decker for Robert McDonald).
The cellar included a mystery closed area, which Douglas remembered as well.
She expressed herself in the following manner: “A relationship with the underground slave trade existed between my grandpa, Sewall Brackett, and many slaves during the American Civil War.
When they arrived by train in Westbrook, he took them in as his guests.
Occasionally, he would steal food from my grandmother’s kitchen, and she would inquire, “Sewall, what happened to all of my food?” His wife would ask him questions like, “Sewall, what happened to those doughnuts,” or other things, and he would never answer her because he didn’t want anybody to know that he was a part of the Underground Railroad, assisting blacks in their escape from the slave states and into Canada.” Moreover, Born forwarded to me information indicating that the ancient Presumpscot Hotel on Main Street in Westbrook served as a station on the Underground Railroad.
Suzan Norton, secretary of the Westbrook Historical Society, also shared information with us about a property on Allen Avenue in Portland that was allegedly one of the sites on the Underground Railroad, which she learned from an aunt of hers.
A book on the Underground Railroad in Maine is in the works, and she is conducting substantial research for it.
Allan Crabtree is an American actor and director.
Treasures of the Tier
Cyrus Gates’ Station on the Underground Railroad was named after Cyrus Gates. While our country was highly divided on the question of slavery throughout Cyrus Gates’ lifetime, he made no secret of his strong abolitionist sentiments. The location of his farmhouse, which was located in the Town of Maine, coincided with one of the numerous paths traveled by escaped slaves in search of freedom. As a safe haven, Gates and his wife Arabella welcomed fugitive slaves into their house, and they were to serve as a station on the Underground Railroad together.
It is comprised of thirty acres, various outbuildings, a family cemetery, and a spectacular Greek Revival style farm home, which is open to the public.
Cyrus Gates was born in 1802, and he would go on to become a cartographer and surveyor.
In order to construct the farmhouse in the Greek style, Gates “hired a guy from New York City,” according to Beukema.
As a result of the employment of an out-of-town constructor, the new mansion was dubbed “Gates’ white elephant” by the locals who were dissatisfied with the decision.” The front part of the house is lined with four tall columns, and symmetrical columned wings extend from either side of the structure.
- Throughout the home, magnificent woodwork and period furnishings can be discovered, with the hand-grained wood doors, which are still as beautiful now as they were when the house was initially built, being of particular note.
- Gates’ Farmstead very certainly qualifies as a “Treasure of the Tier,” not only because of its architectural significance and inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places, but also because of the crucial part it played in the development of our nation’s history.
- A great many citizens of this country were fleeing for their lives under the cover of darkness, fleeing injustice and enslavement in the South, to slightly more forgiving conditions in the North, and in many cases, eventually finding freedom in our neighboring country, Canada.
- In addition to the threat of bounty hunters, those escaping were faced with an even more pernicious aspect to worry about.
- In addition, the Slave Act imposed severe penalties for anybody who assisted them in their escape from the plantation.
- Most of what we know comes through oral history that has been passed down from generation to generation.
- As far as Smith is concerned, the Cyrus Gates property is one spot that may credibly claim to be a station on the Underground Railroad, according to Smith.
If that’s the case, “I’d like to believe she would have stayed at Gates’ station,” he said.
The following is quoted from Cyrus Gates’ great-granddaughter, Louise Gates-Gunsalus: “In order to assist the sheltering and, if required, the concealing of fugitive slaves, the Gates created a hiding spot inside the south wing of their attic,” according to Beukema.
This seems to indicate that the family’s oral history is correct.
The secret chamber, as well as the concealed panel, are still in place today.
However, staring into that tight attic room elicits a flurry of emotions, and one can’t help but sympathize with those who halted here on their long trek to freedom.
The City Hall Gallery, located at 38 Hawley Street in Binghamton, will host an exhibit on the Underground Railroad beginning tomorrow, February 8, and running through March.
“Freedom is where I’m heading,” says an anonymous traveler on the Underground Railroad, according to an excerpt from his or her quote. It has been ascribed to Harriet Tubman on occasion.
List of Sites for the Underground Railroad Travel Itinerary
|KANSAS 1.John Brown Cabin -Osawatomie 2.Fort Scott National Historic Site- Bourbon County|
|IOWA1.Tabor Antislavery Historic District -Tabor2. George B. Hitchcock House -Lewis vicinity3.Henderson Lewelling House -Salem4.Jordan House -West Des Moines|
|WISCONSIN 1.Milton House -Milton|
|ILLINOIS 1.Owen Lovejoy House -Princeton 2.John Hossack House -Ottawa3.Dr. Richard Eells House -Quincy 4.Beecher Hall -Jacksonville5.Rutherford House- Oakland|
|MICHIGAN1.Dr. Nathan Thomas House -Schoolcraft2.SecondBaptist Church -Detroit|
|INDIANA 1.Bethel AME Church -Indianapolis 2.Levi Coffin House -Fountain City 3.Eleutherian College Classroom and Chapel Building -Lancaster4.Lyman and Asenath Hoyt House -Madison5.Madison Historic District -Madison|
|OHIO 1.Harriet Beecher Stowe House -Cincinnati2.JohnP. Parker House -Ripley3.John Rankin House -Ripley 4.Village of Mt. Pleasant Historic District -Mt. Pleasant 5.Wilson Bruce Evans House -Oberlin6.RushR. Sloane House -Sandusky7.Daniel Howell Hise House -Salem 8.Col. William Hubbard House -Ashtabula9. Reuben Benedict House -Marengo10.Samuel and SallyWilson House -Cincinnati11.James and Sophia ClemensFarmstead -Greenville12.Spring Hill -Massillon13.Putnam Historic District -Zanesville|
|PENNSYLVANIA 1.F. Julius LeMoyne House -Washington2.JohnBrown House -Chambersburg3.Bethel AME Zion Church -Reading 4.Oakdale -Chadds Ford5.White HorseFarm -Phoenixville6.Johnson House -Philadelphia|
|NEW YORK 1.Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged, Residence and ThompsonAME Zion Church -Auburn 2.St. James AME Zion Church -Ithaca 3.Gerrit Smith Estate and Land Office -Peterboro 4.John Brown Farm and Gravesite -Lake Placid 5.Foster Memorial AME Zion Church -Tarrytown6.Plymouth Church of the Pilgrims -Brooklyn7.Asa and Caroline Wing House -Oswego8.Edwin W. and Charlotte Clarke House -Oswego9.John P. and Lydia Edwards House -Oswego10.Orson Ames House -Oswego11.Starr Clock Tinshop -Mexico|
|VERMONT 1.Rokeby -Ferrisburgh|
|MAINE 1.Harriet Beecher Stowe House -Brunswick2.Abyssinian Meeting House -Portland|
|MASSACHUSETTS 1.African American National Historic Site -Boston 2.WilliamLloyd Garrison House -Boston 3.William Ingersoll Bowditch House -Brookline4.The Wayside -Concord5.Liberty Farm -Worcester6.Nathan and Mary Johnson House -New Bedford7.Jackson Homestead -Newton8.Ross Farm (Hill Ross Farm)Northampton9.Dorsey-Jones House- Northampton10.Mount Auburn Cemetary -Cambridge|
|CONNECTICUT 1.Austin F. Williams Carriagehouse and House -Farmington|
|NEW JERSEY 1.The Grimes Homestead -Mountain Lakes2.PeterMott House -Lawnside Borough3.Bethel AME Church -Greenwich4.Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church and Mount ZionCemetery -Woolwich Township|
|DELAWARE 1.Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House -Odessa2.Friends Meeting House -Wilmington3.New Castle County Courthouse -New Castle|
|DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 1.Frederick Douglass National Historic Site 2.Mary Ann Shadd Cary House|
|MARYLAND 1.John Brown’s Headquarters -Sample’s Manor 2.Riley-Bolten House -North Bethesda|
|VIRGINIA 1.Bruin’s Slave Jail-Alexandria 2.Fort Monroe -Richmond3.Moncure Conway House -Falmouth4.Theodore Roosevelt Island- Rosslyn|
|WEST VIRGINIA1.Jefferson County Courthouse -Charles Town2.HarpersFerry National Historical Park -Harpers Ferry|
|FLORIDA 1.British Fort -Sumatra vicinity2.Ft.Mose Site -St. John’s County|
|COLORADO1.Barney L. Ford Building -Denver|
|NEBRASKA 1.Mayhew Cabin -Nebraska City|
|Kentucky 1.Camp Nelson -Jessamine County|
Main Map |Home
Underground Railroad stop in Broome County included hidden room in the Gates attic
This white Greek Revival farm house, located on 30 sprawling acres in Maine, New York, on the route between significant Underground Railroad stations in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Peterboro, New York, was likely traveled by many slaves during the mid-nineteenth century, including conductor Harriet Tubman. Nevertheless, because supporting fugitive slaves was against the law, the Cyrus Gates Farmstead’s participation in their passage remains cloaked in secret. It’s a family narrative that has been passed down down the years by word of mouth – there are no written letters, no records, and no diaries to back it up.
An attic chamber in Broome County is home to stories about the Underground Railroad.
Contact: Katie Sullivan Borrelli at [email protected] or on Twitter @ByKatieSullivan The farmhouse, located in a lonely region of upstate New York, belonged to Cyrus Gates, who, according to Broome County historian Roger Luther, was a geographer and surveyor, as well as an outspoken abolitionist, when he built it in the early 1800s.
- Pictured here in 2008 is the main home on the Cyrus Gates Farmstead.
- Escaped slaves could crawl into a 10-by-20-foot secret compartment hidden behind a hidden panel at the back of a cabinet when they wanted to conceal themselves, stooping so that they didn’t strike the four-foot-tall ceiling above them.
- Photograph in the file A woman called Margaret is buried at the family cemetery, which is located next to the home.
- After being listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999, the Gates Farmstead was preserved for future generations.
- FollowKatie Sullivan Borrelli on Twitter @ByKatieBorrelli for more information.
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An untold story
There is a tale that has to be told, and you readers are well aware of how much I enjoy telling stories. An old, yet clandestine narrative that has had a profound impact on so many people’s lives. The fact that no one dared to discuss it at the time makes further investigation impossible, and the fact that people’s lives were in risk if anyone knew makes further investigation tough even now. The “Underground Railroad” was the name given to it. When the Africans arrived in the New World, they were hoping to find freedom, but instead found themselves as slaves.
- They risked their lives in order to get them to Ontario, Canada, where they would be free.
- The “Underground Railroad” was not a real railroad with tracks and trains, as the name implies.
- Maine was a major player in the antislavery campaign for a variety of different reasons.
- Maine also had a large population of African Americans, European Americans, and Native Americans.
- Due to the fact that water was a mode of transportation, there were houses all along the shore that had an underground passageway leading to the ocean, and a captain was waiting to load them onto his boat and bring them to Canada.
- Having wanted to tie it to Camden and write about their narrative for a long time, maybe approximately 22 years, I finally had the chance.
- What I also discovered was a little map with dots representing “Underground Railroad” stations, and they said that each of these two locations — Camden and Belfast — might have been among the 130 Underground Railroad stations in Maine.
There were, however, several dwellings near water where abolitionists were willing to sacrifice their lives in order to aid in this effort.
It was my Mother’s cousin, Philip Christmas, who resided in the ancient brick mansion, and I had spent time with her there when I was a child.
When the home was demolished, they discovered a “slave-style shirt” stowed away in the eaves of an attic bedroom, despite the fact that it had not been documented.
Following the death of her husband, a guy was mowing the grass for Mrs.
Christmas had to call for assistance to get him out.
A trapdoor led to the summer kitchen, which was accessible through this passageway.
They were under the impression that it was one of the Underground Railroad stops in Maine.
The statue, known as the “North to Freedom” statue, was installed above a shaft in Chamberlain Freedom Park and rested on translucent plastic to allow visitors to see into the shaft itself.
Chamberlain was also the Governor of Maine, and he grew up in Brewer, just next door to the Holyoke family.
Each design on the quilt sent a secret message to the slaves, which they recognized as being a part of their own culture.
They knew it was time to prepare for the perilous journey ahead when the wagon wheel appeared, and that the bear paw pattern indicated that they should follow the track of a bear for guidance on their trek north.
The log cabin might represent a safe haven or a temporary shelter from the elements.
When purchasing a new house, many individuals are interested in learning about the previous owners.
She wondered whether it had been a slave station, but it turned out to have been a bordello.
Brewer was well-known for producing high-quality bricks.
It is the location of an abandoned brickyard that was formerly owned by John Holyoke, according to legend.
The sky would remain crimson for days on end.
The brick mush was forced through a die that had been greased with water and onto a cutting table.
The “green” bricks were placed on racks and dried until they were dry enough to be fed into the wood-burning kilns, where they were transformed into bricks.
Brewer bricks were deemed exceptional quality and exported around for structures.
It’s likely that’s why Mr. Holyoke built such a massive brick residence. So now you’re aware of the previously unknown narrative. Barbara F. Dyer has resided in Camden for the most of her life and is the town’s official historian, according to the town’s website.
Maine’s Only Official Memorial to the Underground Railroad
You know how much I enjoy telling stories, and you also know how much I enjoy telling stories. Many people’s lives have been impacted by this old yet clandestine tale. The fact that no one dared to discuss it at the time makes further investigation difficult, and the fact that people’s lives were in risk if anyone knew makes further investigation tough still now. The “Underground Railroad” was the name given to this network of tunnels. When the Africans arrived in the New World, they were hoping to find freedom, but instead they were treated as slaves by the Spanish.
- Given that Africans were not permitted to learn English, their trade secret was passed down verbally from one family to another.
- Slaves were escorted or transported from the southern hemisphere to northern freedom by a hidden network of individuals.
- There were three types of humanitarians in Maine: African Americans, European Americans, and Native Americans.
- Because no one dared to record it, there is a wide range of responses as to how many radio stations existed in Maine.
- They were aided in their journey to Canada by the Penobscot Native Americans, who formerly claimed Brewer as their home.
- My search for a “Underground Railroad” from Virginia resulted in a list that included both Camden and Belfast as probable stations.
- A captain from Camden, New Jersey, agreed to give them a lift to Canada.
When the Holyoke House or Christmas House in Brewer, Maine, was demolished in 1995 to make way for the new “Penobscot Bridge,” I became quite interested in the ensuing discussion in Bangor.
John Holyoke, a rich abolitionist, resided nearby, and it was thought to be a stop on the Underground Railroad, which was discussed.
In addition, a stone-lined tunnel leading to the root cellar, which was previously the site of the house’s summer kitchen, was uncovered.
Christmas’s husband passed away, a guy was mowing the grass for her when he fell into a hole so deep that Mrs.
This particular tunnel was broad enough to crawl through and nicely lined with granite.
In order to prevent someone from sinking again, they filled the hole with two truck loads of earth.
A monument depicting a fugitive slave was unveiled in May of 2002.
While creeping out of the tunnel, the fugitive slave is casting a glance back to the south and leaning to the north.
As Governor of Maine, Chamberlain grew up next door to the Holyokes in Brewer, where they were neighbors.
Each design on the quilt sent a secret message to the slaves, which they recognized as being a part of their own cultural traditions.
They knew it was time to prepare for the perilous voyage ahead when the wagon wheel appeared, and that the bear paw pattern indicated that they should follow the route of a bear northward.
If the log cabin is used for protection or as a temporary shelter, it might suggest that the structure is holding up.
Inquiring about the property’s past is something that many people want before purchasing a new house.
When she arrived, she wondered if it had been a slave station, but it turned out to be a bordello.
This hole, created by chipping away the clay, contained Doyle Field and the theater.
Nine days passed before a brick was set alight.
The clay was dug using a power shovel, then crushed and combined with sand and water until it reached the desired consistency.
Afterwards, 10 wires were used to sever them, and they were then placed on pallets.
A lot of work went into it.
Perhaps this is why Mr. Holyoke built a massive brick home in the first place? In any case, you now know what happened. The official town historian, Barbara F. Dyer, has lived in Camden for much of her life and is the town’s most devoted resident.
Underground Railroad in Iowa
Initially funded by the National Park Service’s Network to Freedom program in 2002, the Iowa Network to Freedom project, which investigated persons and locations involved with the Underground Railroad in Iowa, became the Iowa Freedom Trail Project in 2003. After a five-year period of grant funding, volunteers have continued to collect information from historical resources and compile it into a form containing general information, such as biographical data, resource references, associated properties, and researcher information, among other things, to be used by the public.
- Individuals (by name)
- Individuals (by county)
- Places (by county)
- Research Files (by county)
- Inventory of Individuals (by name)
- Inventory of Places (by county)
- Inventory of Research Files
If you have any concerns concerning the Iowa Freedom Trail Project, please do not hesitate to contact us.
Researching Underground Railroad Activity
Since 2002, volunteers at the State Historical Society of Iowa have been doing research into the Underground Railroad’s presence in the state. The research and biographical form instructions can be found here. If you are interested in researching Underground Railroad activity in Iowa and have access to historical documents and primary sources, please review the instructions for submitting a research and biographical form to learn how you can contribute to the project.
- Instructions for the Research and Biographical Form
- Biographical Form
- Sample Biographical Form
- Biographical Form
Iowa and the Underground Railroad
Beginning in the late 1700s and continuing until the conclusion of the Civil War in 1865, the Underground Railroad was a network of people who assisted runaway slaves in their attempts to escape slavery. It included both northern and southern states, spanning from Texas all the way up to Maine. The vast majority of runaway slaves fled to Canada from the Deep South, although a minor number journeyed further south to Mexico and the Caribbean. Due to the fact that slaves were considered property in the United States at the time, helping runaway slaves was deemed larceny under American law at the time.
Prior to the American Revolution, slavery was lawful across the British Empire, including the United States.
These principles would transform the lives of black people, and many of them fought in the American Revolution in the hope that these rights would be given to them as well.
Vermont became the first state in the new United States of America to pass anti-slavery legislation after the British were defeated in the Revolutionary War in 1777.
Apart from that, there were no laws in the newly created United States that forced civilians to return fugitive slaves to their owners.
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 and Article IV, section 2 of the United States Constitution both stated similar views on the subject at the time.
Taking it a step further, the Fleeing Slave Act of 1850 declared aiding and abetting fugitive slaves a federal felony punishable by penalties or jail.
As the Underground Railroad network began to take shape, people began to fill a number of positions inside it.
Fugitive slaves were often referred to as passengers, cargo, fleece, or freight when they were on the run.
Others choose to play a more passive role.
The modes of transportation used varied from one region to the next, and were mostly determined by concealment and closeness to slave hunters.
In contrast to this, the majority of fleeing slaves travelled at night, particularly in towns with ambivalent sentiments regarding slavery.
In the middle of the night, conductors would walk or ride horses to the next station to transport them.
Because of its physical proximity between Missouri, a slave state to the south, and Illinois, a free state to the east, Iowa saw a substantial amount of Underground Railroad activity during this period.
That meant that when Iowa became a state in the Union in 1846, it would be a free state.
Most fugitive slaves crossed through Iowa on their route to other free states farther north or to Canada, where Britain would protect them from being arrested and returned to slavery.
Southeastern Iowa was also home to a large number of fugitive slaves from northern Missouri who were making their way to the Mississippi River and Illinois.
Numerous Iowans also became involved in the growing political opposition to the expansion of slavery into the Kansas and Nebraska Territories, which culminated in the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and granted Kansas and Nebraska the authority to determine their own slave-holding status.
You may get further information about the history of the Underground Railroad and anti-slavery movements in Iowa and other states by clicking here. Take a look at the resources listed below.
- The John Brown Freedom Trail (1859)
- Abolitionist Movement Primary Sources
- Underground Railroad Primary Sources
- Underground Railroad Sites in the Iowa Culture mobile app