What Wok Did Stephen M Yers Do For The Underground Railroad? (TOP 5 Tips)

His major contributions to the Underground Railroad include sending runaway slaves to Canada from Albany. Myers’s newspaper the Northern Star also served as another Underground Railroad organization.

What was the Underground Railroad and how did it work?

  • During the era of slavery, the Underground Railroad was a network of routes, places, and people that helped enslaved people in the American South escape to the North. The name “Underground Railroad” was used metaphorically, not literally. It was not an actual railroad, but it served the same purpose—it transported people long distances.

What did Stephen Myers do?

Stephen Myers held a variety of jobs over his lifetime but he is best known as a leader of the local Albany, New York Underground Railroad before the Civil War. Myers was also a prominent publisher who became an effective abolitionist lobbyist.

Who is Harriet Myers?

Harriet Ellan Miers (born August 10, 1945) is an American lawyer who served as White House Counsel to President George W. Bush from 2005 to 2007.

How many tournaments has sandstorm won?

STORY OF 2019 Sandstorm entered sixteen 1v1 tournaments, placed first in nine, top three in the rest, and sustained a five tournament win streak.

What job did Clarence Thomas have before?

Thomas was successively assistant attorney general in Missouri (1974–77), a lawyer with the Monsanto Company (1977–79), and a legislative assistant to Republican Senator John C. Danforth of Missouri (1979–81).

What job did Clarence Thomas have before he was nominated for the Supreme Court?

Thomas began his legal career as an assistant attorney general of Missouri. He worked as a legislative assistant to Sen. John Danforth (R) before being appointed assistant secretary for civil rights in the U.S. Department of Education by President Ronald Reagan (R).

Who nominated Stephen Breyer?

In 1994, President Clinton appointed Breyer to the Supreme Court of the United States. Clinton had considered Breyer for a spot on the Supreme Court the year before as well, but Breyer lost the spot to Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

Did Clarence Thomas work for Monsanto?

Yet none of them linger on the almost three years he worked for Monsanto (it was his only private-sector experience) or the two subsequent years he spent advising Senator John Danforth—a Republican from Missouri—on environmental and energy issues.

Individual biography

Stephen Myers was born into slavery in the town of Hoosick, New York, around 1800. Later, he moved in with Dr. Jonathan Eights, the father of famous artist James Eights, who was living at 92 Pearl Street at the time. Stephen became a free man at the age of eighteen. In 1827, Stephen married Harriet Johnson of Troy, the daughter of Abraham and Catherine Johnson, whose family owned and managed a sloop on the Hudson River that transported freight between Albany and New York City throughout the early nineteenth century.

After a variety of residences throughout Albany, the only one that remains is at 194 Livingston Avenue, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places in the United States, the New York State Underground Railroad Heritage Trail, and the National Park Service’s National Network to Freedom.

In 1842, he began publishing in the Elevator, “a short-lived abolitionist newspaper,” which he described as “abolitionist sheet.” The Northern Star and Freeman’s Advocate, a “anti-slavery and reform journal” for local free blacks, was launched a short time later by the couple.

The Myers earned the reputation of having the “best-organized section of the Underground Railroad in New York State,” which was noted by abolitionist leader David Ruggles in New York City and praised by Frederick Douglas.

  • When Congress approved the Compromise of 1850, it contained the Fugitive Slave Law, which increased the danger of abolitionist activities by allowing runaway slaves seeking sanctuary in Canada to enter the country.
  • Later in life, he founded another newspaper, The Telegraph and Journal, in which he pushed for Black voting rights in New York, as well as for the availability of affordable housing.
  • Stephen Douglass attended the National Convention of Colored People in 1855, and their publication, Frederick Douglass’ Paper, was absorbed into his company.
  • It was meant to be a town similar to Weeksville in Brooklyn, where “black people might live and work.
  • However, by 1860, the region had been abandoned due to the difficulty of farming the soil, the fact that it was separated from marketplaces where inhabitants could sell their products, and the absence of suitable water supplies.
  • For a period of time, he worked at the Delevan House, a temperance hotel on Broadway in New York City.
  • Stephen was able to provide opportunities for escaped slaves while also lobbying people in positions of authority.
  • Stephen passed away on February 13, 1870, and was laid to rest in the family plot of land.
  • The downtrodden who have come among us are taken care of by us with all of our time.

Despite the fact that our remuneration is meager, we are willing to continue to do what we can to help them. The arrivals from southern tyranny arrive once or twice a week, and they are forwarded to the new depot.” Stephen Myers was born in 1860.

Upstate’s forgotten abolitionists: Stephen Myers helped hundreds to find their freedom

Upstate New York was a hub for the abolitionist movement and the Underground Railroad throughout the 19th century, according to historians. Famous people with names like Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, and Gerrit Smith are well-known today. In addition to these heroes, there were others from the region, both white and black, who battled for the abolition of slavery and whose names have since faded into history. During this Black History Month, after poring over ancient newspapers and websites, we take a look back at some of Upstate New York’s forgotten abolitionists who were active during the Civil War.

  • In 1860, Myers stated, “We dedicate all of our time to the care of the oppressed who come among us.” “Although we receive a meager wage, we are determined to continue to do what we can to help them.
  • In 1800, he was born into slavery in the town of Hoosick, New York, which is located north of Albany.
  • In 1827, he tied the knot with Harriet Johnson, whose family owned a sloop that cruised between Albany and New York City at the time.
  • In the 1830s, the pair began supporting slaves on the Underground Railroad, presumably by ferrying them north on the family boat.

Their efforts are summed up in this letter to John Jay II from December 1860: “There have been more fugitives fled from the south in the last eight weeks than there have been in any four months previously.” We had eight people in one party, including men, women, and children, including two from South Carolina and one from Georgia last Sunday.

  • Later, with the support of his wife Harriet, he established the “Northern Star and Freeman’s Advocate,” which he published until his death.
  • Myers rose to prominence as a leader of the Albany anti-slavery movement, and he traveled widely over the world to advocate for freedom.
  • He was an outspoken campaigner for African-American voting rights and worked with state legislators to modify the New York constitution, which forced African-Americans to pay a $250 property tax when they purchased a home.
  • During the American Civil War, he assisted in the recruitment of African-American soldiers to serve in the Union Army.
  • Myers died in 1870, the “Troy Daily Times” described him as follows: “Mr.
  • Prior to the war, he worked as an agent for the ‘Underground Railroad’ in Albany for many years, and his home was frequently the hiding place for up to a dozen fugitive slaves at any given time.
  • This is the first in a series of articles.
  • February is Black History Month.
  • Movies for Black History Month: 20 excellent films to watch right now on Disney+, Hulu, Prime Video, and other streaming services During Black History Month, the Abolition Hall of Fame and Museum in Peterboro will be providing free daily movies.

to Syracuse for a cabaret celebrating Black History Month. Interested parties should contact Johnathan Croyle by email at [email protected] or by phone at 315-427-3958. Please keep in mind that if you purchase something after clicking on one of our affiliate links, we may receive a fee.

Stephen Myers (1800-1870) •

Stephen Myers worked in a number of positions during his life, but he is most remembered for his role as a commander of the Albany, New York Underground Railroad before to the American Civil War. Myers was also a well-known publisher who rose to prominence as a powerful abolitionist activist. Myers was born into slavery in Hooksick, New York, a village located just north of the capital city of the state. He was released after he reached the age of eighteen. He married Harriet Johnson in 1827, and the couple went on to have four children together.

  • Through the 1830s, he began assisting runaway slaves, and finally began publicizing his findings.
  • Within a few months, he began working with the Northern Star Association, an abolitionist organization, and helped to launch its publication, the Northern Star and Freeman’s Advocate.
  • On occasion, the Northern Staroffice and the Myers house were utilized to give comfort and assistance to fleeing slaves who were hiding in the area.
  • Their efforts earned the Albany station the reputation of being the most well-organized part of the Underground Railroad in New York State as a result of their contributions.
  • Throughout the region, he appeared as a representative of the Albany Vigilance Committee, the largest abolitionist organization in the area, at rallies and conferences.
  • The new paper, which was published in Albany, was unsuccessful two years later.
  • With the passage of this new law, abolitionist action became significantly more hazardous, and thousands of free blacks were deported to Canada.

He was in the role for two years before resigning.

His second publication, theTelegraph and Temperance Journal(1851-1855), devoted as much emphasis to the abolitionist movement as it did to the issue of voting rights in the state of New York.

Given his local notoriety, Myers was chosen to represent upstate New York in the National Convention of Colored People in Chicago in 1855.

Unfortunately, he also had to deal with the death of his wife Harriet in the same year as well.

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In his long career, Stephen Myers worked in a variety of fields, but he is most remembered as a leader of the Albany, New York Underground Railroad before to the Civil War. Another notable characteristic of Myers was that he was a successful abolitionist lobbyist after his publishing career ended. Slavery was Myers’ birthright when she was born in Hooksick, New York, which is located just north of Albany. Upon reaching the age of 18, he was released. After marrying Harriet Johnson in 1827, he and his wife were blessed with four children.

  1. Through the 1830s, he assisted escaped slaves and finally entered the publishing business.
  2. Soon after, he joined the Northern Star Association, an abolitionist organization, and helped to form its publication, the Northern Star and Freeman’s Advocate.
  3. It was an anti-slavery and reform journal.
  4. Accordingly, Stephen and Harriet Myers assisted hundreds of fleeing slaves on their final part of their trek northward to Canada.
  5. As early as 1848, Myers had risen to the position of prominent anti-slavery activist in the Albany region.
  6. It was renamed theImpartial Citizen in 1849 after merging with another newspaper, theNorthern Star and Freeman’s Advocate.
  7. According to some historians, implementation of a punitive Fugitive Slave Law as part of the Compromise of 1850 by the United States Congress was a contributing factor to the failed attempt.
See also:  When Did Frederick Douglass Discover The Underground Railroad? (Perfect answer)

Myers, on the other hand, remained and was elected to the executive committee of the American League of Colored Laborers, which was the country’s first African-American labor organization.

His involvement in the struggle for African-American voting rights in New York was particularly notable, as was his participation in other campaigns.

He died in 1855.

Myers was elected to represent upstate New York in the National Convention of Colored People in 1855 as a result of his local notoriety.

That same year, he was also bereaved of his wife Harriet, who died unexpectedly.

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Source of the author’s information:

“Letters from Negro Leaders to Gerrit Smith,” The Journal of Negro History 27:4 (October 1942); C. Peter Ripley, ed., The Black Abolitionist Papers, Vols. I, III, and IV (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986); “Letters from Negro Leaders to Gerrit Smith,” The Journal of Negro History 27:4 (October 1942); “Letters from Negro Leaders to Gerrit

African American Transportation History: Stephen Myers, Steamboat Steward and Underground Railroad Leader

He was a prominent African-American civil rights activist and Underground Railroad leader in his native state of New York, and he died in the year 2000. While working to achieve the freedom of fugitive slaves in the decades before the Civil War and liberation, he made use of his extensive understanding of the state’s water transportation infrastructure to assist in the process. Myers was born a slave in the area of Albany, New York’s state capital, in 1800, but was emancipated when he reached the age of eighteen.

  1. Steamboat steward was one of Myers’ numerous professions that proved to be very significant for him and many others throughout their time on the water.
  2. Harriet Johnson, whose family had nautical links and even owned a boat that moved freight across the Hudson River, may have been the inspiration for his water-based art, which may have begun following his marriage to her in 1827.
  3. By the 1850s, Myers had risen to the position of leader of the Underground Railroad network in the Albany vicinity.
  4. It was during this period that he gained widespread recognition as operator of one of the most effective connections in the whole Underground Railroad system.
  5. Many escaped slaves were transported from the Hudson River to western New York via the Erie Canal or Canada via the Champlain Canal, thanks to his shrewd use of such advantages.
  6. He was laid to rest in Albany Rural Cemetery, which is located just outside the city limits of Albany, the state capital of New York.

New York: The Stephen and Harriet Myers Residence (U.S. National Park Service)

This award-winning Greek Revival Underground Railroad site commemorates the anti-slavery efforts of Stephen and Harriet Myers and their associates, the meetings of The Vigilance Committee, and the Freedom Seekers who came to this location to solicit aid during the American Civil War. This area is designated as the Hudson River Valley Heritage Area. The Stephen and Harriet Myers Residence served as the Vigilance Committee of Albany’s office during the mid-1850s period. It was formed by Black abolitionists in the early 1840s and continued to be active in it until the Civil War, assisting hundreds of freedom seekers in their quest for freedom throughout the northern United States and Canada.

Sydney Howard Gay’s Record of Fugitives, which is kept at Columbia University’s Rare Books and Manuscripts Collection, has the names of 50 freedom seekers who were led to Stephen Myers at 194 Livingston Avenue, which is where he currently resides.

Letters and editorials written by Stephen Myers and preserved in such sources as Black Abolitionists written by Benjamin Quarles, Black Abolitionist Papers compiled by C.

As a member of the New York State Suffrage Association and the American Council of Colored Laborers, he filed a lawsuit against the City School District of Albany, New York in an attempt to force the district to desegregate its schools, and he helped to found the Florence Farming and Lumber Association, an economic development settlement for Black families in central New York State.

When Stephen, who was born enslaved in Rensselaer County, New York in 1818 and granted his legal freedom in 1818, rose from his position as Vice Chairman of the Vigilance Committee to become the most important figure in Albany’s Underground Railroad history, he was joined by a group of other Black Albany residents in anti-slavery and civil rights campaigns.

According to Harriet Myers’ obituary, which was published in The Christian Recorder out of Philadelphia following her death in 1865, “during the many years her husband was devoted to the supervision of the underground railroad, she was kind and unremitting in her attendance on the unfortunate passengers.

Myers had published some years before, and was entrusted with the reading of the proof sheets for its columns.” Myers’ significance in the national movement was highlighted many years after emancipation by author Wilbur Siebert in his 1898 book, The Underground Railroad: A History of the Underground Railroad: A Biography of the Underground Railroad: A Biography of the Underground Railroad In his account of the Albany route, Frederick Douglass, who was familiar with it during the period of his residence in Rochester, described it as running through Philadelphia and New York, then through Albany and Rochester, and on to Canada; he also provides the name of the person at each station who, in his mind, was most closely associated with the work of the station in question.

  1. “Fugitives were accepted in Philadelphia by William Still, who then transported them to New York where they were cared for by Mr.
  2. Gibbs,” he writes.
  3. W.
  4. Catherines, Canada West, the route was completed.

The fact that what is now known as The Stephen and Harriet Myers Residence was built and owned by John Johnson, a Black boat captain and Vigilance Committee member, who was a successful enough businessman to be in a position to construct this 10 room, four story Greek Revival home in 1847 that includes medallions and gas lighting, among other cutting-edge features, should be added to this list.

In February 2021, the Stephen and Harriet Myers Residence became a member of the African American Civil Rights Network, which is a network of civil rights organizations.

Through a mix of public and private pieces, the Network explores the story of the people, places, and events that shaped the United States civil rights movement. The Network was established by the African American Civil Rights Act of 2017 and is administered by the National Park Service.

Stephen and Harriet Myers Residence

As a key player in the Underground Railroad movement in the Capital Region during the 1840s and 1850s, Stephen Myers worked for the abolition of slavery in the United States. Myers was an African-American activist who battled to end slavery in the United States. He also aided freedom seekers, individuals who had fled servitude and were pursuing their dreams of independence. While serving as the primary agent for the Vigilance Committee of the Underground Railroad in Albany, New York in the 1850s, he organized the efforts of local individuals in order to provide food, clothes, shelter, lodging, and job for freedom seekers making their way into the city.

As a result of his political lobbying, public speaking, and newspaper education efforts, Myers was a pioneer in the struggle for the rights of African Americans in housing, education, employment, and voting.

In addition to his journalistic work with other African American newspapers, The Northern Star and Freeman’s Advocate, published in Albany, was the most well-known of his publications.

In the 1850s, Stephen and Harriet Myers resided in what is now known as the Stephen and Harriet Myers Residence in Albany’s Arbor Hill district, where they raised their family.

Myers Residence History

Abolitionist Stephen Myers was an African American activist who was active in the Underground Railroad organization that operated in the Capital Region during the 1840s and 1850s. Myers was the major figure in the Underground Railroad movement in the Capital Region during this period. He also aided freedom seekers, individuals who had fled servitude and were attempting to gain their freedom, in their quest for liberty. While serving as the senior agent for the Vigilance Committee of the Underground Railroad in Albany, New York in the 1850s, he organized the activities of local individuals in order to provide food, clothes, shelter, lodging, and job for freedom seekers on their way into the city.

As a result of his political lobbying, public speaking, and newspaper education efforts, Myers was a leader in the struggle for the rights of African Americans in the areas of housing, education, employment, and voting rights.

In addition to his journalistic work with various African American newspapers, The Northern Star and Freeman’s Advocate, published in Albany, was the most well-known of Myers’s publications.

In the 1850s, Stephen and Harriet Myers resided in what is now known as the Stephen and Harriet Myers Residence in Albany’s Arbor Hill district.

The residence is a recorded Underground Railroad location that is recognized on the National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service’s Network to Freedom, and the New York State Underground Railroad Freedom Trail, among other places of recognition.


The Myers Residence restoration project’s first phase was put out to bid in the fall of 2007 and was completed in the spring of 2008. The construction process began in 2008. It was completed in the fall of 2015 that the exterior repair was completed. From the back doorway, a stairway has been repaired, and a lift with a brick walkway has been erected, which will be operational by March 2020. Completed exterior restoration work is still pending on the first floor and basement entrances, which are the final two components of the overall project.

The Historic Structure Report can be downloaded.


Ultimately, we hope to restore The Myers Residence to the condition of elegance that it had at the time when Stephen and Harriet Myers resided there, when the Vigilance Committee convened there, and when freedom seekers found safety there. To date, more than $950,000 has been raised toward the project’s $1,500,000 fundraising target. Your contribution to the Underground Railroad Education Center will assist us in restoring the Myers Residence to its former splendor.

Stephen & Harriet Myers, station agents for Albany’s portion of the Underground Railroad

Stephen Myers, an abolitionist who lived in Albany for a while, and the house where portions of his narrative took place. In recognition of Black History Month, we’ll be featuring people and stories from the Capital Region on Fridays throughout February. Because we reside in a historical region of the country, history is a natural aspect of the environment. On our way to the grocery store, we pass historical markers, and on our way to the bank, we see monuments. Even though many people no longer remember who they were or what they did to earn the distinction, historic personalities continue to live on through the names of streets, cities, and public structures.

  1. It’s likely that you’ve passed by their old residence on Livingston Avenue or the Albany middle school that bears their names, perhaps without giving them a second thought.
  2. 198 Lumber Street, according to Paul Stewart, co-founder of The Underground History Project in Albany, which is seeking to rebuild one of the Myers’s previous properties on Livingston Avenue (originally 198 Lumber Street).
  3. It was in the early 1830s, he points out, that they began their efforts, and that in just a few years in the final few years of the 1850s alone, as many as 600 persons were recognized.
  4. Jonathan Eights was a physician in Albany, and Stephen Myers was born into slavery in Rensselaer County in the home of Dr.
  5. After being released at the age of 18, he did a variety of occupations around the region, including butler, waiter, steward, and janitor, from Lake George all the way down to New York City.
  6. Harriet and Stephen Myers began their work on the Underground Railroad in the company of one another.
  7. The abolitionist leader Frederick Douglass also praised Stephen Myers for his achievements.
See also:  When Dose The Underground Railroad Take Place? (Suits you)

These jobs were low-level service jobs.

“His success was largely due to his location in Albany,” says Paul Stewart.

After moving to Albany, he worked at several hotels, including the Delavan House, which was an anti-slavery establishment that attracted many abolitionists to visit.

The Myers also created a number of publications, according to Stewart, which provided them with access to a diverse range of individuals and assisted them in maintaining relationships.

“A disproportionately large number of individuals were more literate than we would like to believe, and one of the pleasures that people took advantage of was reading aloud to their friends.

Eventually, he became associated with colored men’s conventions groups, which were intellectual organizations dedicated to furthering the cause of African Americans, according to Stewart.

Later in life, he rose to the position of president of the New York State Suffrage Association.

Myers thought that the advancement of African Americans could be achieved via education and suffrage for everyone.

It was intended to be “a location for people to settle, buy farms, and create a life for themselves,” according to community leader Paul Stewart.

“There were a lot of folks who were afraid of the law,” Stewart adds.

With this law, what could have been an economic triumph was rendered ineffective.” Harriet Myers died in 1865, just a few months after the Union army had won the American Civil War.

“According to historian Paul Stewart, “when you think of a janitor, you automatically think of someone in a poor position.” However, when you think about it, the janitor is actually a highly powerful person in some ways.

They are well-versed in the operation of everything.” Stephen Myers passed away in Albany, New York, in 1870.

The Underground Railroad History Project’s founders, Paul and Mary Liz Stewart, will speak about the Stephen and Harriet Myers House and the Underground Railroad during their presentation.

The Albany Roundtable will host a luncheon on February 11th. Tickets are available for purchase for $20. The Underground Railroad History Project provided the photographs used in this article.

NCUGRHA – People & Places

Reverend Charles B. Ray was one of the most influential agents in New York City at the time. Rev. Charles Bennett is a minister in the Episcopal Church. Ray The following is Ray’s explanation of how the UGRR operated between New York City and other destinations: There were regular lines on this route all the way from Washington; between Washington and Baltimore, there was a type of branch road. It had depots in Philadelphia, New York, Albany, Troy, Utica, Syracuse, Oswego, and Niagara Falls, as well as other locations.

  • We also periodically dumped a few on Long Island when we felt it was safe to do so.
  • Occasionally, we’d have a group of twenty-eight people come in, ranging in age from the elderly grandma to a young youngster of five years or so old.
  • I was able to get a passage for them on a barge, and Mr.
  • After that, I boarded the usual passenger boat at the foot of Cortlandt Street and began my journey.
  • We were successful in making up the difference between what they raised in Albany and what I had in my hands, allowing us to send them all the way to safety from here.
  • Wright” was most likely the Rev.
  • The Rev.

Henry Highland Garnet is a member of the Highland Garnet Society.

Garnet, speaking at the National Colored Convention in Buffalo in September 1843, called for slaves to rise out against their owners, saying: “Brothers and sisters, rise and shine!

The time has come and the hour has come.

It is preferable to die as free men than to live as slaves.

The delegates voted to reject Garnet’s call for revolt by a single vote.

He had recently been amputee and had only one leg, so he had to crawl home, more eager than ever to fight for the freedom of his people.

During the 1850s, Sydney Howard Gay dispatched a large number of fugitives to Albany.


He collaborated with another black guy, Louis Napoleon, on a number of projects.

Some of them were transported to Albany by Napoleon.

Thomas Garrett of Wilmington, Delaware had sent him a large number of the persons who had been transported to New York by the Still organization.

Thomas Garrett, the legendary Quaker abolitionist, assisted almost 3,000 persons during his time with the Underground Railroad.

In exchange for her money, he provided her with enough to purchase shoes for fugitives and to employ teamsters to convey them in carts.

During the 1858 capture of Virginia runaway slave Charles Nall by the United States Marshals Service, Harriet Tubman happened to be there in Troy, New York.

New York City became known as “the receiving depot” because of the ever-increasing number of escaped slaves who were brought to the city by William Still and other members of the Philadelphia Vigilance Committee. Troy and Albany were the next two sites on the itinerary.


Albany served as a significant receiving and forwarding post for fugitive slaves who were transported north from New York City via the Hudson River and the Hudson River Valley to the city of Albany. As of 1849, the Vigilance Committee in New York City had provided assistance to more than 2,000 persons. Some runaways who landed in New York City were transported to New England, but most were forwarded to Albany, where Stephen Myers served as Superintendent of the United States Government Reconnaissance Bureau for many years.

There were hundreds of people waiting for Stephen Myers and his wife, Harriet, as well as the other members of the Albany Vigilance Committee.

There were approximately 150 men, 150 women, and 50 children among the fugitives.

The majority of these fugitives have fled to Canada, and a total of $500 has been spent on their board, travel, and other expenditures.

As he stated in 1842: ‘We aided two slaves who were dispatched to our office by William Garner of Elizabethtown; we gave them with money so that they may travel to Canada by means of Lake Champlain.’ While working as a steward on the steamboat Armenia, which ran between New York City and Albany, it is possible that Myers helped runaways in their escape.

  • Abolitionist lawyer William Jay received a letter from Harriet Myers in August 1860 informing him that two fugitives from Westchester who had been dispatched to her husband had come with the money he had given them, which was sufficient to get them to Canada.
  • Harriet had to look after kids because her husband was working as a butler in Lake George at the time of their birth.
  • Meyers reported to William Jay in December that he had received more fugitives in the prior eight weeks than he had received in any four-month period in the previous four years.
  • They arrange an annual UGRR conference, lead walking tours, and are now working on rehabilitating Stephen and Harriet Myers’ former house in the historic district of New York City.
  • ‘Resistance’ should be your motto, Earl Ofari (Boston: Beacon Press, 1972).
  • John Jay is a fictional character created by writer John Jay Baldacci in the 1960s.
  • Rise Now and Fly to Arms: the Life of Henry Highland Garnet, by Martin Burt Pasternak, is out now.
  • from the University of Massachusetts in 1981.
  • “Runaway Slaves” is a term used to describe slaves who have escaped their masters.
  • Emancipator and Free American, May 4, 1843.
  • Tom Calarco provided the photo of the Armenia, a replica of the Hudson River riverboat.

On December 17, 1860, Stephen Myers wrote a letter to William Jay II. It was built on the site of the John Jay Homestead State Historic Site in Katonah, New York. “Open to the General Public.” The Northern Star and Freemen’s Advocate published an article on December 8, 1842.

Revealing Upstate New York’s Key Role in the Underground Railroad

As we go along the Underground Railroad, we’ll be bringing you along for the ride. There were no tickets necessary for passengers or conductors during that time period. This is due to the fact that the Underground Railroad constituted a symbolic network of abolitionists – both Black and white – who provided sanctuary to enslaved persons who were fleeing the Southern Confederacy. The John Kane House, which was erected in the 1700s, is our first destination. During the Revolutionary War, the structure was utilized by the then-General George Washington.

It had an important part in the beginnings of the anti-slavery movement in the state of North Carolina, according to historians.

Peter Bunten, head of the Mid-Hudson Anti-Slavery History Project, talks us about the people who sought freedom during the American Revolutionary War era.

“By fleeing, they were demonstrating their own agency,” he explained.

What You Need To Know

  • As part of the Underground Railroad, we’ll be taking you on a journey with us. There were no tickets necessary for passengers or conductors at that era. This is due to the fact that the Underground Railroad constituted a symbolic network of abolitionists – both Black and white – who provided sanctuary to enslaved persons who were fleeing the Southern Confederate states. The John Kane House, which was erected in the 1700s, is our first destination on this tour. At one point during the Revolutionary War, the structure was utilized by then-General George Washington. During the 1800s, Dutchess County was once again involved in history, although this time in a different way than in the previous centuries. It had an important part in the beginnings of the anti-slavery campaign in the state of North Carolina in the nineteenth century. We go 10 minutes east from the historic Kane House to the Oblong Quaker Meeting House in Pawling, which is home to the Oblong Friends Meeting. Peter Bunten, head of the Mid-Hudson Anti-Slavery History Project, talks us about the people who sought freedom during the American Revolutionary War period. It was their own freedom that they were working for.” The fact that they fled demonstrated their own agency, he explained.

As part of our Underground Railroad tour, we’ll take you on a trip through time. There were no tickets necessary for passengers and conductors during that time period. This is due to the fact that the Underground Railroad constituted a symbolic network of abolitionists – both Black and white – who provided sanctuary to enslaved persons fleeing the Southern Confederacy. The John Kane House, erected in the 1700s, is our first destination. During the Revolutionary War, the structure was utilized by then-General George Washington.

During the state’s early years of the anti-slavery struggle, it played a pivotal role.

Peter Bunten, head of the Mid-Hudson Anti-Slavery History Project, talks us about the individuals who sought freedom during the American Revolutionary War.

Albany’s Myers house a major stop on route of Underground Railroad – The Daily Gazette

If Paul Stewart is correct, the residence at 194 Livingston Ave. in Albany saw just as much festivity as it did turmoil throughout the events of that night. For Stewart, who, along with his wife Mary Liz, founded the Underground Railroad History Project of the Capital Region nearly a decade ago and has been involved in the project for nearly a decade: “When you hear the term Underground Railroad, you immediately think of secrecy and people hiding in corners.” “However, the more closely you examine things, the more you learn.

  • They were most likely asleep in the upper bedroom at the time.
  • It was “they” who were Stephen and Harriet Myers, a black couple who had resided in the house on Livingston Avenue for between 30 and 40 years before moving out.
  • The Underground Railroad was an informal network of secret passageways and safe houses used by slaves seeking freedom in the North and Canada.
  • She was also the daughter of Abraham Johnson and the sister of John Johnson, who were both free black men who worked as riverboat captains on the Hudson River at the time of Harriet’s birth.
  • While progress has been gradual, the aim is that the structure would one day be a bustling historic site.
  • ‘Living Museum,’ as they say.
  • “We’re a long way away from it, but there are still elements about the project that are worth celebrating.” he says.
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There are 300 pages dedicated to the building, and it offers advice for how the restoration process should be carried out.

While the majority of the other structures in the area are built of wood, the Myers’ house is a two and a half story brick structure.

However, brick residences were more frequent in other sections of the city, such as the Pastures or Sheridan Hollow, than they were in that neighborhood.” Wheeler refers to the structure as a “side-passage row house” in his writing.

There is a corridor with a stairway leading up and another leading down to where the family used to have their dining room and kitchen, in addition to the two first-floor parlors, each with its own fireplace.

“It’s mostly intact, but much of the mantel and parts of the architectural woodwork on the first floor have been removed,” Wheeler added.

There were a lot of persons in Albany who were associated with the Underground Railroad, but Stephen and Harriet Myers were the key participants, according to historian Stewart.

Although it’s difficult to say for certain, Abraham and John were both accomplished African-American boat captains.

The fact that they didn’t have any problem with the law was due to a variety of factors, said Stewart.

Furthermore, they were well-known, and Stephen had been intimately associated with a famous Albany family for the most of his life.

Despite the fact that he was claimed to have been born in 1800, his obituary in the Albany Evening Times on February 14, 1870, said that he was 80 years old.

His accomplishments were numerous, and he worked tirelessly to produce and maintain a long line of abolitionist journals.

As for the building’s neighbors, Stewart claims that a small group of people keep a careful check on it, and Sonia Chevvanns, who lives directly across the street, is an outspoken booster of the project.

According to her, “I informed Paul that I would be happy to give up my house if they wanted to use it as a visitor center or some sort of shop.” “I believe it is a really significant piece of history.” Bill Buell, a reporter for the Gazette, may be reached at 395-3190 or

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Underground Railroad

Underground Railroad was a network of people, both black and white, who helped escaped enslaved persons from the southern United States by providing them with refuge and assistance. It came forth as a result of the convergence of numerous separate covert initiatives. Although the exact dates of its inception are unknown, it was active from the late 18th century until the Civil War, after which its attempts to weaken the Confederacy were carried out in a less-secretive manner until the Civil War ended.

Quaker Abolitionists

The Society of Friends (Quakers) is often regarded as the first organized group to actively assist escaped enslaved persons. In 1786, George Washington expressed dissatisfaction with Quakers for attempting to “liberate” one of his enslaved servants. Abolitionist and Quaker Isaac T. Hopper established a network in Philadelphia in the early 1800s to assist enslaved persons who were on the run from slavery. Abolitionist organisations founded by Quakers in North Carolina lay the basis for escape routes and safe havens for fugitive slaves during the same time period.

What Was the Underground Railroad?

The Underground Railroad was first mentioned in 1831, when an enslaved man named Tice Davids managed to escape from Kentucky into Ohio and his master blamed a “underground railroad” for assisting Davids in his liberation. When a fugitive slave called Jim was apprehended in 1839 in Washington, the press said that the guy confessed his plan to travel north along a “underground railroad to Boston” while under torture. The Vigilance Committees, which were established in New York in 1835 and Philadelphia in 1838 to safeguard escaped enslaved persons from bounty hunters, rapidly expanded their duties to include guiding enslaved individuals on the run.

MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Harriet Tubman and her fellow fugitives used the following strategies to escape through the Underground Railroad:

How the Underground Railroad Worked

The majority of enslaved persons aided by the Underground Railroad were able to flee to neighboring states like as Kentucky, Virginia, and Maryland. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 made catching fugitive enslaved persons a lucrative industry in the deep South, and there were fewer hiding places for them as a result of the Act. The majority of fugitive enslaved people were on their own until they reached specific places farther north. The escaping enslaved people were escorted by individuals known as “conductors.” Private residences, churches, and schools were also used as hiding places throughout the war.

The personnel in charge of running them were referred to as “stationmasters.” There were several well-traveled roads that ran west through Ohio and into Indiana and Iowa.

While some traveled north via Pennsylvania and into New England, or through Detroit on their route to Canada, others chose to travel south. The Little-Known Underground Railroad That Ran South to Mexico.

Fugitive Slave Acts

The Fugitive Slave Acts were a major cause for many fugitive slaves to flee to Canada. This legislation, which was passed in 1793, authorized local governments to catch and extradite fugitive enslaved individuals from inside the borders of free states back to their places of origin, as well as to penalize anybody who assisted the fleeing enslaved people. Personal Liberty Laws were introduced in certain northern states to fight this, but they were overturned by the Supreme Court in 1842. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was intended to reinforce the preceding legislation, which was perceived by southern states to be insufficiently enforced at the time of passage.

The northern states were still considered a danger zone for fugitives who had managed to flee.

Some Underground Railroad operators chose to station themselves in Canada and sought to assist fugitives who were arriving to settle in the country.

Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman was the most well-known conductor of the Underground Railroad during its heyday. When she and two of her brothers fled from a farm in Maryland in 1849, she was given the name Harriet (her married name was Tubman). She was born Araminta Ross, and she was raised as Harriet Tubman. They returned a couple of weeks later, but Tubman fled on her own again shortly after, this time making her way to the state of Pennsylvania. In following years, Tubman returned to the plantation on a number of occasions to rescue family members and other individuals.

Tubman was distraught until she had a vision of God, which led her to join the Underground Railroad and begin escorting other fugitive slaves to the Maryland state capital.

Frederick Douglass

In his house in Rochester, New York, former enslaved person and celebrated author Frederick Douglasshid fugitives who were assisting 400 escapees in their journey to freedom in Canada. Reverend Jermain Loguen, a former fugitive who lived in the adjacent city of Syracuse, assisted 1,500 escapees on their journey north. The Vigilance Committee was established in Philadelphia in 1838 by Robert Purvis, an escaped enslaved person who later became a trader. Josiah Henson, a former enslaved person and railroad operator, founded the Dawn Institute in Ontario in 1842 to assist fugitive slaves who made their way to Canada in learning the necessary skills to find work.

Agent,” according to the document.

John Parker was a free Black man living in Ohio who worked as a foundry owner and who used his rowboat to ferry fugitives over the Ohio River.

William Still was a notable Philadelphia citizen who was born in New Jersey to runaway slaves parents who fled to Philadelphia as children.

Who Ran the Underground Railroad?

The vast majority of Underground Railroad operators were regular individuals, including farmers and business owners, as well as preachers and religious leaders. Some affluent individuals were active, including Gerrit Smith, a billionaire who stood for president on two separate occasions. Smith acquired a full family of enslaved people from Kentucky in 1841 and freed them from their captivity. Levi Coffin, a Quaker from North Carolina, is credited with being one of the first recorded individuals to assist escaped enslaved persons.

Coffin stated that he had discovered their hiding spots and had sought them out in order to assist them in moving forward.

Coffin eventually relocated to Indiana and then Ohio, where he continued to assist fugitive enslaved individuals no matter where he was.

John Brown

Abolitionist John Brown worked as a conductor on the Underground Railroad, and it was at this time that he founded the League of Gileadites, which was dedicated to assisting fleeing enslaved individuals in their journey to Canada. Abolitionist John Brown would go on to play a variety of roles during his life. His most well-known duty was conducting an assault on Harper’s Ferry in order to raise an armed army that would march into the deep south and free enslaved people at gunpoint. Ultimately, Brown’s forces were beaten, and he was executed for treason in 1859.

The year 1844, he formed a partnership with Vermont schoolteacher Delia Webster, and the two were jailed for assisting an escaped enslaved lady and her young daughter.

Charles Torrey was sentenced to six years in jail in Maryland for assisting an enslaved family in their attempt to flee through Virginia.

After being apprehended in 1844 while transporting a boatload of freed slaves from the Caribbean to the United States, Massachusetts sea captain Jonathan Walker was sentenced to prison for life.

John Fairfield of Virginia turned down the opportunity to assist in the rescue of enslaved individuals who had been left behind by their families as they made their way north.

He managed to elude capture twice.

End of the Line

Operation of the Underground Railroad came to an end in 1863, during the American Civil War. In actuality, its work was shifted aboveground as part of the Union’s overall campaign against the Confederate States of America. Once again, Harriet Tubman made a crucial contribution by organizing intelligence operations and serving as a commanding officer in Union Army efforts to rescue the liberated enslaved people who had been freed.

MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Harriet Tubman led a daring Civil War raid after the Underground Railroad was shut down.


Bound for Canaan: The Epic Story of the Underground Railroad is a book about the Underground Railroad. Fergus Bordewich is a Scottish actor. A Biography of Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom Catherine Clinton is the first lady of the United States. Who Exactly Was in Charge of the Underground Railroad? ‘Henry Louis Gates’ is a pseudonym for Henry Louis Gates. The Underground Railroad’s History in New York is a little known fact. The Smithsonian Institution’s magazine. The Underground Railroad’s Dangerous Allure is well documented.

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