Was the Underground Railroad an illegal organization?
- The Underground Railroad was not located underground nor was it a railroad. It was symbolically underground as the network’s clandestine activities were secret and illegal so they had to remain “underground” to help fugitive slaves stay out of sight.
Where was the Underground Railroad spot in Pennsylvania?
In the central part of Pennsylvania near Harrisburg, Across the Way Bed and Breakfast is a restored Victorian manor and was once an Underground Railroad safe house. Farther west, in downtown Washington, the Lemoyne House is the Underground Railroad’s first national historic landmark.
Was there an Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania?
As the first free state north of the Mason-Dixon line, Pennsylvania provided numerous entry points to freedom and stops along the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad operated from around 1831 until enslaved people were freed after the Civil War.
Where did Harriet Tubman live in Pennsylvania?
Tubman’s efforts during the Civil War 29, 1854, Harriet brought three of her brothers and three other freedom seekers to the home of Allen and Maria Agnew in Kennett Square before escorting them northward. Three years later, she brought her aged parents to safety in St.
Where was the Underground Railroad located at?
There were many well-used routes stretching west through Ohio to Indiana and Iowa. Others headed north through Pennsylvania and into New England or through Detroit on their way to Canada.
Where did Harriet Tubman live in Philly?
From the outside, 625 South Delhi Street looks like an average Philadelphia rowhouse. But in the 1850s, it was home to Underground Railroad leaders William and Letitia Still. Within the house’s narrow confines, they hid hundreds of escapees and gave well-known figures like Harriet Tubman shelter.
Did the Underground Railroad go through Philadelphia?
Two tours of antislavery sites. It’s more than just Harriet Tubman: Philadelphia was an important stop on the Underground Railroad, and in the fight against slavery. And Philadelphia abolitionists, Black and white, were major figures in the movement. You can learn this part of Philadelphia history by walking the city.
Was Pittsburgh part of the Underground Railroad?
Though some may not know it, Pittsburgh was highly involved in the Underground Railroad, and hosts a number of sites relevant to the often-treacherous passage that enslaved people embarked upon to escape captivity in the American South and beyond.
Did the Underground Railroad go through Pittsburgh?
One advantage that Pittsburgh had as a stop on the Underground Railroad were the three main waterways: the Allegheny, the Ohio, and the Monongahela Rivers. These rivers provided routes that the conductors could use to help free the enslaved men and women from the southern states.
Did Harriet Tubman ever live in Pennsylvania?
Abolitionist Harriet Tubman, the most famous “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, lived in Philadelphia in the decade before the Civil War.
Were there tunnels in the Underground Railroad?
Contrary to popular belief, the Underground Railroad was not a series of underground tunnels. While some people did have secret rooms in their houses or carriages, the vast majority of the Underground Railroad involved people secretly helping people running away from slavery however they could.
How many Underground Railroad routes were there?
There were four main routes that the enslaved could follow: North along the Mississippi and Ohio rivers to the northern United States and Canada; South to Florida and refuge with the Seminole Indians and to the Bahamas; West along the Gulf of Mexico and into Mexico; and East along the seaboard into Canada.
Destination Freedom: Traveling PA’s Underground Railroad
A journey through the pathways of Pennsylvania’s Underground Railroad satisfies the need for adventure as well as the desire to learn more about the past. It emphasizes Pennsylvania’s significant role in assisting slaves to freedom, as well as the state’s participation in the national civil rights struggle, by fusing the modern with the history. The Underground Railroad was not a railroad in the traditional sense; rather, it was a sophisticated network of hidden passageways, churches, organizations, and privately-owned residences that assisted fugitive slaves on their perilous voyage north.
The Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church in Philadelphia is the oldest African Methodist Episcopal (AME) church in the United States.
Mother Bethel was an important station on the Underground Railroad, and it was also the starting point for numerous African American groups.
What takes a few minutes in a car today took escapees more than a day to do on foot in the past.
- TheKennedy-Square Underground Railroad Center is a great place to learn about the nearly 16 places in and around town where slaves could be sheltered by stationmasters until they were able to find their way to freedom.
- Across the Way Bed & Breakfast is located in the middle section of Pennsylvania, near Harrisburg, and is a renovated Victorian estate that was originally used as an Underground Railroad safe house.
- John Julius LeMoyne, a practicing physician at the time, was an active conductor on the illustrious expedition.
- At the Underground Railroad History Center in Blairsville, which includes a downloadable map of a three-hour driving trip around locations in western Pennsylvania, visitors may learn about the history of the underground railroad.
- Take US Route 19 north on your way out of town.
- A halt on the Underground Railroad may be found in every county in the state of Pennsylvania, demonstrating the state’s important connection to this painful chapter in American history.
Allow the freedom bell to ring. Read the personal accounts of some of the people who contributed to the development of our country as a land of liberty and equality. paquestforfreedom.com Learn more about Pennsylvania’s subterranean railways by visiting their website.
On The Way To Freedom: 7 Stops Along Pennsylvania’s Underground Railroad
Exploring the paths of Pennsylvania’s Underground Railroad will satisfy both the need for adventure and the want to learn more about the history of the state’s founding. It emphasizes Pennsylvania’s significant role in assisting slaves to freedom, as well as the state’s participation in the national civil rights struggle, by fusing the modern with the past. The Underground Railroad was not a railroad in the traditional sense; rather, it was a sophisticated network of hidden passageways, churches, institutions, and privately-owned residences that supported fugitive slaves on their perilous voyage north.
- The Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church in Philadelphia is the oldest African Methodist Episcopal (AME) church in the United States, having been established in 1844.
- Mother Bethel was an important stop on the Underground Railroad, and it was also the starting point for numerous African American groups.
- On foot, what is now a matter of an hour’s travel time by automobile took escapees more than a day to complete A large number of stations may be found here.
- Path continues through northern counties and small towns like Reading, which served as crucial stations and conductors in the effort to move the fugitives farther north on the trail.
- Across the Way Bed & Breakfast is located in central Pennsylvania, near Harrisburg.
- John Julius LeMoyne, a practicing physician at the time, was an active conductor on the illustrious pilgrimage route.
- At the Underground Railroad History Center in Blairsville, which includes a downloadable map of a three-hour driving trip around locations in western Pennsylvania, visitors may learn about the history of the Underground Railroad.
- Traveling north on US Route 19 was formerly a dirt road used by numerous freedom-seekers on their journey out of the city.
- No matter where you go, you may experience the courageous missions that were conducted in the service of liberty.
Freedom should resound in the ears of everybody. Read the personal accounts of some of the people who contributed to the development of our country as a place of liberty and justice. paquestforfreedom.com Learn more about Pennsylvania’s subterranean railroads by visiting their website.
Philadelphia, being the epicenter of the Quaker abolitionist movement and the city where Harriet Tubman was released, played a crucial part in the Underground Railroad’s success or failure. The following are some of the most important places associated with the Underground Railroad that you will not want to miss when you are in the area. According to how many sites you see and other activities you participate in, you might make Philadelphia your home base for a few days or even a couple of weeks.
- He was also rumored to have purchased enslaved persons with the intention of releasing them.
- After that, have a look at the Johnson House Historic Siteattic to see the hidden hiding places, including a trap door.
- The Kennett Underground Railroad Center will assist you in visualizing the journey traveled by those seeking freedom.
- Here’s a guide (in PDF format) to all of the connected historical markers, libraries, monuments, and archives in the surrounding area.
2. New Hope And Bucks County
Bucks County, Pennsylvania, is home to churches, farms, taverns, and other places that were formerly part of the Underground Railroad. These locations are located just outside of Philadelphia. Underground Railroad locations may be found in towns including Bristol, Doylestown, Yardley, and New Hope, and they are all available to the public for tours. When visiting this area, you have the option of staying in Philadelphia or in one of the beautiful communities around. When we visited New Hope, we slept at the Wedgwood Inn Bed & Breakfast, which was built in 1870.
- At one end of the property’s side-yard, there’s a gazebo with a hatch door going down into the tunnel system, which was utilized to access to the canal and continue over the Delaware River on their trek north.
- It is included on our list of lovely eastern Pennsylvania communities that you must see while in the area.
- It functioned as a safe haven for members of the Underground Railroad.
- It is estimated that he assisted over 9,000 individuals in their escape from slavery.
- It was discovered in their cellar that an entry to the tunnel system existed.
- The section of the film that discusses the basement chamber begins at 4:38 into the video.
- While you’re there, treat yourself to a delicious lunch or dinner.
- Harriet lived in the region and was a conductor for the Underground Railroad, dedicated her life to the abolition of slavery.
- During the years leading up to the Civil War, she risked her life on multiple occasions to aid approximately 70 freedom seekers on their journey north.
Additionally, there are several other locations in the Bucks County region, and you may use these driving instructions for places in the Upper and Central Bucks County areas. To go around Lower Bucks County, use these driving directions. Photograph courtesy of George Sheldon/Shutterstock
This is the location where it all began. Consider yourself a witness to what remains of the Christiana Resistance, a slave uprising that sparked a national debate about slavery that continues to this day. A self-guided tour is available at the Christiana Underground Railroad Center, located in the historic Zercher’s Hotel. You may retrace the stages of history using maps, tales, and images that are both educational and easy to follow. Photograph courtesy of lcm1863/Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0)
There is plenty of Civil War history to be found at Gettysburg, and one landmark you won’t want to miss is the Dobbin House Tavern, which served as an Underground Railroad safe house. In its current state, it provides beautiful meals in the restaurant and pub, with the opportunity to stay overnight in the bed and breakfast. This unique monument allows visitors to witness the hiding places of freedom seekers, and one of the rooms has a view of the spot where President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address.
Robin O’Neal Smith is an American actress and singer.
5. Allegheny Portage Railroad
The Pennsylvania Main Line Canal and the Allegheny Portage Railroad both played important roles in the history of the Underground Railroad. The Allegheny Portage Railroad served as a link between Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, connecting the two cities by canal. It was made out of inclined planes that transported the boats up and down the mountain that connected Hollidaysburg with Johnstown, Pennsylvania. Photograph courtesy of Zack Frank/Shutterstock The arrangement allowed freedom seekers to continue their journey even if the canals and railways traveled east to west, rather than in the intended south-to-north path that they would have preferred.
Secret chambers on boats and train cars have been discovered, according to historical records.
The Allegheny Portage Railroad Park has been recognized as a location of the Underground Railroad Network to Freedom by the National Park Service.
Make a half-day trip out of it.
6. Blairsville And Indiana County
The Blairsville Underground Railroad History Center acts as an educational resource for the public to learn about the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad Museum, which is housed in the Second Baptist Church building, offers tours of several places associated with the Underground Railroad. From there, you may embark on a three-hour self-guided tour of Indiana County, which will take you down freedom’s journey. Several notable sights, such as the McCune Store, which had a “safe chamber” in the store’s basement that was used to protect people seeking freedom until they could move again, are included on the Indiana County Underground Railroad Driving Tour.
Another visit is the Myers’ House, which served as a refuge and feeding station for freedom seekers. Ruhrfisch courtesy of Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Pittsburgh will be our final destination, and it is home to a number of sites associated with the Underground Railroad that we will explore. Pittsburgh is a bustling city with a diverse range of activities and sights to see; you could easily spend a day or a week here depending on your schedule. Visitors should begin their journey at the Heinz History Center, where they may take in theFrom Slavery to Freedomexhibition, which examines the anti-slavery campaign, the Underground Railroad, and more than 250 years of African American history.
- At the Stoneboro Fairgrounds, you’ll find the Freedom Road Cemetery, which lies across the street from the main entrance.
- This settlement provided a safe haven for exhausted former slaves on their path to freedom in the United States.
- The St.
- Church in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, was built in 1857 and was a stop on the Underground Railroad.
- The bag was stuffed with food for those seeking political asylum.
- With at least one Underground Railroad stopover in every county, Pennsylvania is known as the “Keystone State.” In Pennsylvania, no matter where you go, you’ll be able to locate landmarks, historical sites, and relics from the many travels undertaken in the cause of freedom for all people.
- After Pittsburgh, we’ll head to New York City, where we’ll see several sites associated with the Underground Railroad. There are several additional activities and sights to see in Pittsburgh
- You could easily spend a day or a week there depending on your schedule. Visitors can begin their journey at the Heinz History Center, where they may see theFrom Slavery to Freedomexhibition, which examines the anti-slavery struggle and the Underground Railroad, as well as over 250 years of African American history. During that period of history, it will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the role Pittsburgh played. At the Stoneboro Fairgrounds, you’ll find the Freedom Road Cemetery, which is directly across from the main gate. All that’s left of a black refugee village in Liberia is this structure. On their path to freedom, these tired former slaves found refuge in this town. This area was also the site of several slave-catching raids. Saint Matthew’s African Methodist Episcopal Church in Sewickley, which was built in 1857, was an important stop on the Underground Railroad. At night, conductors were believed to dress in the attire of hunters, complete with a game bag in their possession. The package included meals for those seeking political asylum. An excursion through the pathways of Pennsylvania’s Underground Railroad satisfies the need for adventure as well as the desire to learn more about the history of the United States. With at least one Underground Railroad stopover in each county, Pennsylvania is known as the Keystone State. In Pennsylvania, no matter where you go, you’ll be able to locate landmarks, historical sites, and relics from the many adventures undertaken in the name of freedom for all to be discovered. More reading material may be found here.
Celebrate Harriet Tubman Day by Exploring Philly’s Underground Railroad Sites
The inscription on the Liberty Bell, a notoriously shattered symbol of the abolitionist cause, says, “Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the people thereof,” according to the Bible. In this exhibition, you can see how the bell became a worldwide symbol of freedom through exhibits and movies. As in February 2021, the Liberty Bell will be open everyday, with capacity restrictions in place to provide a safe tourist experience. More information can be found at Visit Philadelphia used this photograph by M.
In 1796, one of them, Ona Judge, was able to escape bondage with the assistance of the Philadelphia community of free Blacks.
More information can be found at Visit Philadelphia used this photograph by P.
- Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church is located on the oldest plot of property continuously held by African Americans and serves as its “mother” church.
- Harriet Tubman, Lucretia Mott, Frederick Douglass, and William Still all addressed the congregation from the pulpit of Mother Bethel.
- Tours of the museum are only available by appointment.
- During a self-guided tour of the site’s Underground Railroad Museum, visitors can explore historical items and hear tales about the site’s history, including the story of Cornelia Wells, a free African American woman who resided there during the Civil War.
Meyer for the City of Philadelphia African Americans in Philadelphia 1776-1876, a permanent exhibit at the country’s first institution sponsored and established by a major municipality to preserve, interpret, and show the legacy of African Americans, is on display at the Audacious Freedom: African Americans in Philadelphia Museum of Art.
In addition, the museum features rotating art exhibitions that explore the contemporary Black experience.
More information can be found at After becoming the first licensed African American Methodist preachers in 1784, Reverends Richard Allen and Absalom Jones staged a walk-out when the authorities of St.
George’s Methodist Church refused to allow Black members to sit in the church’s sanctuary.
More information can be found at This Quakerburial site, established in 1703, is the ultimate resting place of abolitionists such as Lucretia Mott, Robert Purvis, and others.
It also serves as a center for environmental education.
More information can be found at Photo courtesy of R.
Kennedy for Visit Philadelphia of the Johnson House This house in Germantown, built in 1768, belonged to pious Quakers Samuel and Jennett Johnson, who, in the early 1800s, took in fugitive slaves from the South.
It is said that William Still and Harriet Tubman paid a visit to the residence, according to family history.
More information can be found at Volunteers at theKennett Underground Railroad Centergive tours of important places in this charming hamlet, which is located about an hour southwest of Philadelphia’s downtown core.
- While a timetable for guided bus tours is still being finalized for 2021, interested visitors can contact out through email to get a PDF for a self-guided tour in exchange for a $20 gift to the museum.
- Johnson The community of Bristol in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, is home to a monument dedicated to Underground Railroad conductor Harriet Tubman, which stands along the Delaware River shoreline.
- More information may be found here.
- Enslaved persons were assisted in their trek north by churches, farms, pubs and other establishments in towns such as Yardley, Bristol, New Hope, and Doylestown, among others.
- The trip will include a stop to Collingdale’s Historic Eden Cemetery, which is the final resting place for some of the most famous people on the Underground Railroad, including William Still, Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, James Forten, and many more.
- It includes a stop at Arlington Cemetery, formerly known as Riverview and Fernland Farms, both of which are located on National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom land and are managed by the National Park Service (National Park Service National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom).
- click here to find out more
Tour the Underground Railroad in Bucks County
A new life was symbolized by the Underground Railroad for thousands of escaped slaves in the 18th and 19th centuries, and it continues to do so today. Runaways depended on abolitionists and generous towns to assist them on their trek northward through this covert network of hidden, secure sites. From bars and churches to privately held farms, Bucks County was home to a slew of notable train stations, many of which are still open to the public today. Follow the steps on this list to follow the path that many people travelled in their quest for freedom.
1870 Wedgwood Inn
A new life was represented by the Underground Railroad for thousands of escaped slaves during the 18th and 19th centuries. Runaways depended on abolitionists and generous towns to assist them on their trek northward through this covert network of hidden, safe sites during the Civil War. Bucks County was the site of several notable train stations, ranging from pubs and churches to privately held farms, many of which may still be visited to this day. You may trace the route taken by numerous people in their quest for freedom by following this list.
African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church
The Underground Railroad was a ray of hope for thousands of escaped slaves during the 18th and 19th centuries. Runaways depended on abolitionists and generous towns to assist them on their trek northward through this covert network of underground safe locations. From bars and churches to privately held farms, Bucks County was home to a slew of notable train stations, many of which may still be visited today. Follow the steps on this list to follow the path that many individuals travelled in their quest for liberty.
Driving instructions to the Lower Bucks County tour are provided below.
The Archambault House
The Archambault House, which is most notable for the exquisite iron grillwork on its porch, was a station on the Underground Railroad during the American Civil War and is now a museum. Joseph O. Archambault, a dentist, innkeeper, postmaster, and previous proprietor of the Brick Hotel, assisted slaves in their efforts to continue their journey north. Please keep in mind that this is a private property, so please keep your distance.
The Archambault House, which is most notable for the exquisite iron grillwork on its porch, was a station on the Underground Railroad during the American Civil War and is now a historical landmark.
Joseph O. Archambault, a dentist, innkeeper, postmaster, and previous proprietor of the Brick Hotel, aided slaves in their efforts to continue their journey up the Mississippi. It is important to note that this is a private house, so please keep your distance when viewing.
Buckingham Friends Meeting House
In 1776, members of the Buckingham Meeting House (also known as the Solebury Friends Meeting House) voted to abolish the practice of slave ownership. Following the kidnapping of Benjamin “Big Ben” Jones, a local slave and well-known personality, abolitionists presented a series of anti-slavery lectures in this area and in Lambertville, Pennsylvania. Today, the meetinghouse serves as a venue for community gatherings.
When the Buckingham Meeting House (also known as the Solebury Friends Meeting House) was founded in 1776, members voted to abolish the practice of slave ownership. The kidnapping of Benjamin “Big Ben” Jones, a revered figure in the community, prompted a series of anti-slavery lectures in both this city and Lambertville by anti-slavery activists. The meetinghouse now serves as a venue for community gatherings.
Samuel Aaron lived at 105 East State Street for a period of time in the early 1830s, when he served as pastor of the New Britain Baptist Church. He was also a manager for the American Anti-Slavery Society, and it is believed that he was responsible for the concealment of fleeing slaves at his residence in the Borough of Manhattan. (Please keep in mind that this is a private property, so please keep your distance.)
Harriet Tubman Memorial Statue
While strolling down the shoreline, be sure to stop at the Harriet Tubman Memorial Statue, which is one of the most important Underground Railroad landmarks in Bucks County. Tubman devoted her life to the cause of liberation and is considered to be one of the most well-known conductors on the Underground Railroad, according to historians. Before the Civil War, she put her life in danger a number of times in order to assist approximately 70 slaves northward.
Do not miss The Harriet Tubman Memorial Statue, which is one of the most important Underground Railroad landmarks in Bucks County, while you stroll down the coastline! Tubman devoted her life to the cause of liberation and is considered to be one of the most well-known conductors on the Underground Railroad, according to some sources. Several times before the Civil War, she risked her life in order to escort over 70 slaves north.
Mount Gilead Church
The Underground Railroad passed through Bucks County, and the first all-African-American church to operate in the county was a significant stop on the journey. It grew from 70 to 162 members between 1830 and 1840, according to church records. These fugitive slaves from Maryland, Delaware, and the Carolinas took advantage of the protection provided by Buckingham Mountain to start new lives and live independently. When their most famous churchgoer, Benjamin “Big Ben” Jones, was apprehended after being sold out by a white resident in the area, it became one of the major rallying cries for the congregation, giving them even more motivation to continue their church and ensure that it was stronger than it had ever been.
Today, visitors and residents alike can attend a regular church service at the location in question.
However, there are those who believe that Big Ben is buried here, while others believe that he is assumed to have been buried by his wife Sarah in a potters field somewhere near the Bucks County Almshouse.
In the early 1850s, the Newtown Theatre, which is the world’s oldest continuously functioning movie theater, was known as Newtown Hall. It is currently known as the Newtown Theatre. It was a favorite gathering place for town meetings and anti-slavery demonstrations. Several notable abolitionists, including Lucretia Mott and Frederick Douglass, are recorded as having spoken at this event.
The town of New Hope served as the terminus of the Underground Railroad in the county of Bucks. In this location, slaves would cross the Delaware River into New Jersey, where they would continue their trek north. Are you a history buff who enjoys learning new things? While in town, pay a visit to the Parry Mansion Museum for a guided tour of the building’s history. The home, which was built in 1784 by one of New Hope’s founders, Benjamin Parry, contains furniture in 11 rooms that illustrate the estate’s 125-year history of décor.
Begin your journey back in time at the Bucks County Visitor Center in Quakertown, which is conveniently located. The Visitor Center, which is located just off Rt. 309 in the historic downtown district, shares space with the Quakertown Historical Society and the Upper Bucks Chamber of Commerce in a beautiful 19th century barn. In addition, the building contains a glass-enclosed exhibit showcasing historic objects that illustrate the 150-year history of manufacturing and trade in the Upper Bucks County area.
Richard Moore House
The distance between stops, which might be up to 10 miles, led to Richard Moore’s stone home being one of the most significant sites on the Underground Railroad for slaves going through Bucks County during the abolitionist movement. Moore, a potter from the area, became well-known for his friendliness, and many people were sent to his house. Henry Franklin, a former slave, was the driver of the wagon that delivered pottery, coal, and the secret slaves hidden beneath the goods for Moore. Robert L.
Moore’s generosity is now available for purchase.
Several locations in Yardley, including a white-columned mansion on South Main Street, a shop on Afton Avenue, a house on South Canal Street, the Old Library, the borough Baptist and American Methodist Episcopal churches, and a stone house on River Road, were likely hiding places for fugitive slaves. For those who are interested in the genuine narrative of fugitive slave Big Ben seeking freedom from Maryland in Bucks County, we recommend seeing the film The North Star, which was shot in Bucks County and depicts the true story of runaway slave Big Ben seeking freedom from Maryland.
Visit the African American Museum of Bucks County’s events calendar for more information!
Explore Bucks County’s TownsMain Streets
Some Yardley buildings, including a white-columned mansion on South Main Street, a shop on Afton Avenue, a house on South Canal Street, the Old Library, the borough Baptist and American Methodist Episcopal churches, and a stone house on River Road, were believed to have served as hiding places for fugitive slaves during the Civil War. For those who are interested in the genuine narrative of fugitive slave Big Ben seeking freedom from Maryland in Bucks County, we recommend seeing the film The North Star, which was shot in Bucks County and tells the true story of Big Ben.
Do you want to go into further detail about the past? The African American Museum of Bucks County is hosting a number of events.
African American people migrated from farms in and around Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, as well as from Virginia and Maryland, according to historical records. Some were runaways, while others were liberated via the process of manumission. Beginning in 1817, churches and schools were constructed by black people, with some assistance from white individuals in the community who donated to the cause. Because of the availability of low-skilled employment options in Harrisburg, the city was a desirable destination to settle.
- Aside from that, it provided chances for education, including the establishment by Thomas Dorsey of a school specifically for black students.
- In 1836, a group dedicated to the abolition of slavery was established.
- A public forum in front of the courthouse was organized for Frederick Douglass and William Lloyd Garrison, who were invited to Harrisburg.
- Several inhabitants of the city attempted to maintain control over blacks beginning in 1820, including establishing a citizen’s patrol, requiring all blacks to register with the city, and harassing persons of color in the press and by gangs of white people.
A key hub
It was located near to the Mason–Dixon line, which divided the slave states from the free states, and there were several roads that passed through the city. People could move throughout the region using a variety of modes of transportation, including roads, canals, ferries, and the train. These routes connected the cities of New York and Lancaster with the cities of Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. It was also a vital center because of the large number of free blacks who were willing to assist runaways.
A number of roads passed through the city, which was near to the Mason–Dixon line that divided the slave states from the free states. Several modes of transportation were available in the region, including roads, canals, ferry boats, and the train. North to New York, and east to Lancaster and Philadelphia, these roads were important. Because of the large number of free blacks who were willing to assist runaways, it was also an important node of activity.
Working with the Underground Railroad was always risky, but it was considerably more so in Harrisburg since the city’s proximity to the border between slave and free states enhanced the possibility of being captured by slave catchers, among other things. With the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, it became more dangerous to help runaways, and it became significantly more perilous for both enslaved and free individuals. If slave catchers entered free states, they were entitled to aid from law enforcement officials, regardless of how long or well-established they had been in a free state.
People who would abduct black people were well aware that it was extremely difficult for a free person to demonstrate that they were free.
Deshazer. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, was the site of a Pennsylvania antislavery assembly in 1837 that included abolitionists who lived among its inhabitants.
- Joseph Cassey Bustill
- Harriet McClintock Marshall and her husband Elisha Marshall
- J. Howard Wert
- Judy Richards, a black community leader whose black neighborhood between Third and Mulberry Streets was known as “Judytown” because it was the epicenter of UGRR activity
- And J. Howard Wert.
- ABCDEF “Road to Freedom: Harrisburg was a key station on the Underground Railroad’s journey to freedom.” TheBurg.com, January 31st, 2014. retrieved on the 19th of April, 2021
- Gerald G. Eggert’s abcdefEggert, Gerald G. (2010-11-01). Harrisburg Industrializes: The Arrival of Manufacturing Facilities in a Midwestern City. Tom Calarco, Cynthia Vogel, Kathryn Grover, Rae Hallstrom, Sharron L Pope, Melissa Waddy-Thibodeaux, Tom Calarco and Cynthia Vogel are co-authors of a book with the same title published by Penn State Press. ISBN 978-0-271-04166-7. (2010-12-03). Places of the Underground Railroad: A Geographical Guide: A Geographical Guide is a guide to the Underground Railroad. Page 135, ISBN 978-0-313-38147-8
- Authors: McIlrath, Ian
- Ford, David
- Acevedo, Josh
- Publisher: ABC-CLIO (2020). “Harriet M. Marshall, conductor of the Old Eighth” is the title of the piece. Women of the Eighth Ward, Messiah University
- David AbFiske, Women of the Eighth Ward. Also tells the story of Solomon Northup, who was abducted and sold into slavery
- And it features the character “Freeman in Jail – Frank Jackson.” The Liberator, July 11, 1851, p. 2. Retrieved on April 23, 2021
- Switala, William J. The Liberator, July 11, 1851, p. 2. (2008). Pennsylvania was a stop on the Underground Railroad (2 ed.). Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, ISBN 978-0-8117-4912-1, OCLC681280806
- Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, ISBN 978-0-8117-4912-1, OCLC681280806
Pennsylvania’s Underground Railroad History
This location will be the site of a memorial commemorating Sheriff Dave Miller’s acts, which will be put at the Old Lancaster County Jail.
By Stephanie Kalina Metzger
Credit for contemporary photographs: Photographs courtesy of Randolph Harris of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. The following picture credit is given for historical images: From the collection of Randolph Harris. Those who are aware with the Underground Railroad know that it was not a railroad in the traditional sense, but rather a method by which African American slaves were able to escape to the free states and Canada during the early-to-mid nineteenth century. It turns out that the state of Pennsylvania cleared the door for fugitive African American slaves seeking freedom.
- The brave individuals who escorted the escape slaves were referred to as “conductors” because of their bravery.
- “Stationmasters” were the people in charge of running the stations.
- While some traveled north via Pennsylvania and into New England, or south through Detroit on their route to Canada, others traveled south.
- At its peak, it was believed that around 1,000 slaves per year were escaping from slave-holding states through the Underground Railroad system in the United States.
Contemporary photographs are courtesy of Randolph Harris, Lancaster, who took the photographs. Photo credit for historical images: courtesy of Randolph Harris’s private collection. It is well known that the Underground Railroad was not a physical railroad, but rather a method through which African American slaves were able to escape to the free states and Canada during the early-to-mid nineteenth century. In fact, the state of Pennsylvania helped to pave the path for liberated African American slaves.
Those brave souls who guided the escaped slaves on their journey were referred to as “conductors.” Stations, safe houses, and depots were all terms used to allude to hiding locations.
A number of routes ran west through Ohio, into Indiana and Iowa, and back again.
Over the years, it is estimated that almost 3,000 people have volunteered their services to the refugees, despite the possibility of facing severe penalties and imprisonment.
Lancaster walking tours now include four new historical markers associated with the Underground Railroad, as a way of paying attention to the city’s participation in the history of the Underground Railroad.
The Thaddeus Stevens and Lydia Hamilton Smith Historic Site
It is planned to place a historical marker inside the storefront windows of the Kleiss Tavern, which is located at the intersection of South Queen and East Vine streets. It will be explained in detail by the panels what happened in 1848 that established the property’s role as a safe home for the Underground Railroad during the time Stevens and Smith were there. According to Harris, Stevens was well-known for providing slaves with food, shelter, and instructions to the next safe house to the east, where they might escape.
“She was the magnificent lady who stood in the shadow of the great man,” Harris said.
This and other examples highlight the need of study, preservation, and educating the public, said Harris, who added that the home had previously been slated for demolition by the Lancaster County Convention Center Authority.
Fulton Opera House
The site of the old Lancaster County Jail is marked by a sidewalk-mounted marker directly across the street from the Fulton Opera House. In 1835, Sheriff “Dare Devil Dave” Miller surreptitiously liberated two African-American women who had been imprisoned by bounty hunters, according to the tale told on the memorial. Miller’s activities were kept hidden from the public for 50 years.
Thaddeus Stevens’ Grave
The memorial, which is located at the intersection of North Mulberry and West Chestnut Streets, will offer insight on why Stevens chose that location for his final resting place. It was said that he discovered he had acquired a site in a cemetery that was solely open to white people soon before his death. Infuriated, he went out and bought another plot in the Shreiner-Concord Cemetery, which was deemed isolated at the time and did not have any racial restrictions. A chiseled credo on the subject of equality may be seen on the monument dedicated to him.
PhiladelphiaColumbia Railroad Station
The memorial, which is located at the intersection of North Mulberry and West Chestnut Streets, will provide insight into why Stevens chose that location for his final resting place. Apparently, he learned he had acquired a spot in a cemetery that was exclusively open to white people soon before his death. Infuriated, he went out and bought another plot in the Shreiner-Concord Cemetery, which was considered isolated at the time and did not have any racial limitations. A chiseled credo on the subject of equality may be seen on the monument that honors him.
African American Heritage Walking Tours
A new season of walking tours in Lancaster runs on the first Saturday of every month until November 3, with excursions taking place on the second Saturday of the month. The tours, which are sponsored by the African American Historical Society of South Central Pennsylvania, will take place at 12 different places across the downtown area.
The 90-minute tours, which will take place at 11 a.m. and 2 p.m., will begin at the Lancaster City Business Center, which is located at 38 Penn Square in downtown Lancaster. Randolph Harris may be reached at (717) 808-2941 if you require further information.
7 Incredible Places Around Pennsylvania That Were Once Part Of The Underground Railroad
Posted on April 06, 2018 by admin in Pennsylvania Attractions Pennsylvania has a long and illustrious history. In fact, it was the first free state to which runaway slaves would travel while leaving the southern states of the Union. The Underground Railroad, contrary to what its name would imply, was not a railway that slaves used to flee to freedom in the northern United States. Instead, it was a collection of structures like as homes, schools, churches, and other structures that were used to accommodate runaway slaves throughout their voyage to the north.
- Here are seven wonderful locations in Pennsylvania that were formerly a part of the Underground Railroad that you should not miss out on.
- Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church is located at 419 South 6th Street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19147.
- Mother Bethel AME Church, founded shortly after the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation, provided assistance to freed slaves who had made their way to the Philadelphia region.
- and Frederick Douglass were among the well-known speakers who have addressed the congregation throughout its history.
- Pennypacker House, located at 54 S Whitehorse Rd in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania 19460, is worth seeing.
- Pennypacker in 1840, White Horse Farm was transformed into a critical station on the Underground Railroad.
- Pennypacker served in the United States Congress from 1831 until 1838.
In addition, he assisted in transporting the escaped slaves to their next stop on their voyage out of the country.
When John Brown visited Pennsylvania in the summer of 1859, he stayed in a bedroom at the home of his friend Isaac Smith, who was also an abolitionist.
Brown spent the summer meeting with other abolitionists, including Frederick Douglass, to discuss the issue of slavery in America.
Unfortunately, the raid on Harpers Ferry did not go as planned.
Oakdale – Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania Slaves fleeing from the southern United States frequently made their first stop at Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, before continuing north.
Oakdale was located along the Delaware Line, which was used by the Underground Railroad.
Oakdale is now privately held and is not open to the public for tours or visits at this time.
William Goodridge, who was born into slavery in Maryland, rose to fame as an acclaimed and successful merchant in Pennsylvania after a long period of struggle.
The majority of people are familiar with Goodridge’s role in assisting the survivors of the Christiana Riot in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in 1851.
The escaped slaves were really hidden in one of the freight trains on Goodridge’s railway, the Reliance Line, which he owned.
For example, abolitionists gathered in the Abolition Hall to strategize on how to aid fugitive slaves who had fled.
Unfortunately, the property was listed to the Pennsylvania At Risk List in 2017, which means it is no longer safe to occupy.
Southwestern Pennsylvania’s F.
The LeMoyne family was heavily involved with the Underground Railroad throughout the nineteenth century.
Pennsylvania’s history piques your interest, do you?
Please share your thoughts in the comments section!
Address:419 South 6th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19147Address:54 S Whitehorse Rd, Phoenixville, PA 19460Address:123 East Philadelphia Street, York, PA 17401Address:225 East King Street, Chambersburg, PA 17201Address:49 East Maiden Street, Washington, PA 15301Address:49 East Maiden Street, Washington, PA 15301Address:49 East Maiden Street, Washington, PA 15301Address:49 East Maiden Street, Washington,
Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania
Slaves were led to freedom by Pennsylvania conductors. The abolition of slavery was the most important moral issue of the nineteenth century, especially after the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which allowed owners to capture and return their slaves to the slave states of the North. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 allowed owners to capture and return their slaves to the slave states of the North. The Underground Railroad (UGRR) was a loosely organized collection of people who risked their homes and personal safety in order to assist runaways in escaping bondage.
- If convicted, a stationmaster on the UGRR might face up to five years in prison and a fine of $20,000, which was a significant figure at the time.
- Although the Fugitive Slave Law was rendered useless by a ruling of the United States Supreme Court in 1842, Congress enacted a harsher Fugitive Slave Law as part of the Compromise of 1850, which mandated federal officials to track down and return runaway slaves to their owners.
- As a result of the Wrights’ ferry operation over the Susquehanna River, a whole rural hamlet known as Wright’s Ferry developed up around the ferry terminal.
- With its near proximity to Maryland and easy access over the Susquehanna River, Wright’s Ferry attracted a considerable number of formerly enslaved people who eventually moved there.
- During this early era, fugitives were carried across the river by ferry boats, and in 1812, officials constructed a bridge across the Susquehanna near the Wright home.
- A detailed account of those actively participating in the local Underground Railroad is contained in his work on the subject, History of the Underground Railroad in Chester and the Neighboring Counties of Pennsylvania, published in 1882.
- A replica of Susanna Wright’s rebuilt home, which was built in 1738 by an English Quaker pioneer who never married but instead acquired land on what was then the frontier and became self-sufficient by operating a ferry service over the river.
- She also raised silk worms and published a book on the subject, which is available online.
- Whipper was the most significant conductor in the town during this period.
The following is an excerpt from Whipper’s biography, which was included in William Still’s book: “My residence was at the end of the bridge, and as I maintained the station, I was regularly summoned up in the middle of the night to take control of the passengers.” When they first arrived, most of them were starving and without money.
At this point, the path split; some were transferred west by ferry to Pittsburgh, while others.
From 1847 until 1860, I made a yearly contribution of one thousand dollars from my earnings.
Sarah Speakman married Presbyterian preacher James Miller McKim, who was also a famous abolitionist and the editor of the Pennsylvania Freeman, in 1840 in Philadelphia.
He also served as counsel in the numerous court cases that arose following the passing of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850.
Sarah and her husband were also prominent advocates of the Underground Railroad during their time in the United States.
When abolitionist John Brown was sentenced to death in 1859, the McKims rallied around his wife, Mary Brown, and journeyed with her to Virginia.
Following that, the McKims and Frances Harper aided Mary in claiming her husband’s body and led her northward to the cemetery for the funeral ceremony and interment, respectively.
One of the outcomes of this conference was the formation of the Philadelphia Port Royal Relief Committee, which later became known as the Pennsylvania Freedman’s Relief Association when it expanded to include the entire state of Pennsylvania in 1863.
Besides abolitionist concerns, Sarah McKim was a staunch supporter of human rights, particularly women’s rights, as well as children’s rights and animal rights.
He also had a role in the establishment of The Nation, a journal dedicated to promoting the interests of recently liberated slaves.
From the time of its founding in the early 1800s, the town benefited from a plethora of road, canal, and train transportation.
Image: A map of the county of Indiana Western Pennsylvania is a region in the United States that includes the states of Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Ohio.
John Graff was a rich businessman who was concerned about abolition; he was a member of several abolitionist organizations and served as a stationmaster for the Underground Railroad (UGRR).
The chamber provided access to an underground tunnel that ran from the carriage house to the river underneath the building.
He worked as a stationmaster as well.
He established a new life in Blairsville with the assistance of Lewis Johnston, a conductor for the Underground Railroad and an African American community leader with whom Newman shared a home.
Stump claimed to have a federal warrant for Richard Newman, who had been residing in Blairsville for roughly six years at the time.
Just as Heck was about to arrive in Newman, an enraged throng of citizens flooded into the street and dragged Newman away to safety while driving Stump into the Pennsylvania Canal.
For a time, it poured down on the Negroes.
Stump was the one who got the ball rolling, and I was right behind him, heading for the old canal.
We walked along the towpath, a horde of irate people behind us.
I was lifted off the ground around every ten leaps I took because the number thirteen boots made such severe contact with the lower portion of my body that I was literally lifted off the ground.
Unless Andrew Jackson intervenes, I will never, ever, ever chase another fugitive slave north of the fortieth degree.
Located in Chester County, Kennett Square served as the geographic center of a massive and intricately integrated Underground Railroad network in southeastern Pennsylvania.
A large number of Quaker conductors worked in collaboration with a smaller group of free black conductors, who were the most active members of the network.
Miller McKim and was based in Philadelphia.
Abolitionist activity grew in Kennett Square as a result of its proximity to slave states Delaware and Maryland.
White Horse Farm is a family-owned and operated farm in the town of White Horse.
With a gable roof, the mansion is a two-and-a-half-story stucco and stone construction.
Pennypacker made the decision to end his political career in 1839 in order to devote his full attention to the antislavery movement.
As a station on the Underground Railroad, he converted his house into a station in 1840.
Image courtesy of White Horse Farm Schuylkill Township is located in Pennsylvania.
During his time in charge, no slaves were ever arrested.
Edwin Fussell is a physician who practices in the United States.
Edwin Fussell (1813-1882), an abolitionist and conductor on the Underground Railroad, was also one of the founders of the Women’s Medical College in Philadelphia, which he helped to build.
A witty description of the activities on the UGRR is provided by Dr.
No signs, grips, signals, or passes were known to exist by which fugitives could be identified, or by which they might safely reach the different friends of freedom and agents along the Underground Railroad’s route, according to my understanding.
As a result of the darkness, the North Star’s guidance, and the earnest souls of men and women who fought for freedom, nearly all of the trains on this remarkable road ran at night.
When it is feasible, clothing is changed, fetters are removed when required; wounds are healed, hungry people fed; weary limbs are rested, fainting hearts are strengthened; and then it is up and away for Canada.
The children learned that crying did not pay off because their slave mothers did not have time to attend to their infantile needs.
… This is a vast subject, and a thousandth part of its miseries and heartbreaks will never be written, but, thanks to the Father of the poor, the horror is no longer alive, the bloodhound is no longer on the track, and the Underground Railroad is no longer a thing of the past, SOURCES The Kennett Underground Railroad Center is located in Kennett, Pennsylvania.
In 1858, the Blairsville Underground Railroad was rescued. Sarah McKim is a staunch abolitionist. Activist for the rights of women, children, and animals. Dr. Edwin Fussell’s book, The Underground Railroad in Chester County, Pennsylvania, is now available online.