Rapid transit in the United Kingdom consists of five systems in four cities: the London Underground and Docklands Light Railway, Tyne and Wear Metro, the Glasgow Subway and Merseyrail in the Liverpool City Region.
What cities have an underground system?
The world’s longest metro and subway systems
- Seoul Subway, South Korea.
- Shanghai Metro, China.
- Beijing Subway, China.
- London Underground, United Kingdom.
- New York Subway, United States.
- Moscow Metro, Russia.
- Tokyo Subway, Japan.
- Madrid Metro, Spain.
How many underground stations are there in the UK?
As of 2021, the Underground serves 272 stations. Sixteen Underground stations are outside London region, eight on the Metropolitan line and eight on the Central line.
What major cities have underground subways?
Here are the biggest ones.
- New York City Subway.
- Washington Metro.
- Chicago L.
- The T (Boston)
- Bay Area Rapid Transit (San Francisco Bay Area) and Muni Metro (San Francisco itself)
- Port Authority Trans Hudson (New York and New Jersey)
- Philadelphia Subways (SEPTA and PATCO)
- Los Angeles Metro Rail.
Which British city does not have an underground rail system?
Why doesn’t Manchester have an underground rail network? – Manchester Evening News.
Has Birmingham got an underground?
Many of the world’s greatest cities have underground systems – but not Birmingham. London, New York, Tokyo and dozens of cities in China can all boast tube networks connecting people across busy urban centres.
Does Liverpool have underground?
With 4 city centre underground stations – Lime Street lower level, Liverpool Central, Moorfields and James Street – you can easily get around the city, giving you more time to see everything Liverpool has to offer.
Why does London Underground have 4 rails?
Originally Answered: Why does the London Underground have 4 rails? The 4th rail in electrical rail systems is to prevent stray currents from corroding 3rd party buried services in the vicinity of the railway system such as iron pipes.
How many underground stations are in London?
London Underground, better known as the Tube, has 11 lines covering 402km and serving 272 stations. The Tube handles up to five million passenger journeys a day. At peak times, there are more than 543 trains whizzing around the Capital.
What’s the oldest underground line in London?
Metropolitan line Opened in 1863, The Metropolitan Railway between Paddington and Farringdon was the first, urban, underground railway in the world.
Which countries have underground trains?
The rest of the top five come from all over the globe: Shanghai Metro in China, Tokyo Metro in Japan, Mexico City Metro and the London Underground. The lowest scoring were the Paris Metro, Beijing Subway and the Moscow Metro.
Which city built the world’s first underground metro system?
The London Underground, which opened in 1863, was the world’s first underground railway system. More than 30,000 passengers tried out the Tube on the opening day and it was hailed by the Times as “the great engineering triumph of the day”.
Does Manchester have an underground system?
Underground metro An underground system does not exist in Manchester but there was a proposal to create an underground system in the 1970s. The Picc-Vic tunnel was proposed to link Piccadilly and Victoria stations with a number of stations between both.
Does Bristol have an underground?
The underground plans were first announced by Bristol mayor Marvin Rees in 2017, when he said such a scheme could take three years to develop and seven years to build – with people travelling on a Bristol version of the tube within 10 years.
Is Glasgow underground older than London?
Glasgow Subway, Glasgow It’s the world’s third oldest and opened just six years after London’s Tube became fully operational, in 1896 (London Underground opened in 1863 but became a fully fledged metro in 1890).
How Many Cities Have An Underground Metro System in the UK?
The Emancipation Proclamation, issued on January 1, 1863, legally abolished slavery in the Confederate States of America. The Union brass knew that they suddenly had a vast network of liberated Black Americans who could be recruited as troops, munitions workers, and rebel leaders, and they seized the opportunity. As a spy and scout, Tubman’s incredible abilities could now be put to the best possible use. By early 1863, following ten months of service to the ill, Tubman had been granted the authorization to assemble a group of infiltrators and survey the interior of the United States, according to Clinton’s account.
Solomon Gregory, for example, was a trusted water pilot who could travel upriver by boat without being seen.
It was not long before Tubman and her spies discovered that there were hundreds of freshly released Black people all across the South who were ready to flee the low country and join the Union.
According to Thomas B.
The raid was successful.
After midnight on February 23, an armed Tubman led her men along 25 miles of riverside, which was home to some of the most aristocratic plantations in the Old South.
TUBMAN remembered, “I’d never seen anything like it.” Some of the ladies would arrive with twins dangling from their necks; I don’t recall ever seeing so many twins in my life; bags on their shoulders, baskets on their heads, and little children trailing behind; everything was loaded; pigs screaming, chickens screaming, and children crying.” Tubman, a superb storyteller, would later joke that she had such difficulty with two slippery pigs that she determined never to wear skirts on a mission again and wrote to her friends in the North to ask for bloomers, which they gladly sent her back.
The Confederates hurried to reply to the raid, but they were caught completely off guard by the attack.
Despite the fact that Tubman was unable to write, he dictated the following summary of the raid to journalist Franklin Sanborn: It was through taking and transporting seven hundred and fifty-six head of their most valuable livestock, known in your region as “contrabands,” that we were able to weaken the rebels on the Combahee River.
- Following the raid’s success, Tubman was now faced with the challenge of figuring out how to care for the influx of new refugees at Port Royale, South Carolina.
- Tubman’s companion Sanborn revealed the fabled Moses of the Underground Railroad and the United States Army as Tubman in a July 1863 edition of the abolitionist periodical Commonwealth.
- ‘Harriet Tubman’ in her Auburn, New York, home in 1911, according to a newspaper account.
- She sought leave to see her family in Auburn throughout the summer, since she was concerned about their well-being.
- As a result of railroad authorities believing her U.S.
- Her position was asked to be vacated, Clinton explains.
- When she was unable to move, the conductor summoned aid.
He threw her unceremoniously into the baggage compartment, where she would remain for the remainder of the voyage, only to be allowed out when she arrived at her final destination.
She welcomed a network of parents, siblings, cousins, nephews, and nieces, with whom she was finally able to spend meaningful time after a long period of being apart from them.
She welcomed old, infirm, and mentally challenged African Americans into her lovely and rambling house and provided them with care at no cost.
” Individuals in their golden years Every type of person has found refuge and acceptance,” one Auburn friend wrote.
Tubman was continuously interested in community programs, raising funds for schools, nurseries, and churches despite the fact that he was sometimes struggling to make ends meet.
Nelson Davis, a young and attractive Union soldier who was born and raised in North Carolina, was to become her husband.
Several media outlets claimed that the crowd was enormous and comprised mostly of the parties’ acquaintances as well as a considerable number of first families from the surrounding area.
During the ceremony, Rev.
Fowler made some very emotional and joyous allusions to their past hardships and the seeming smooth sailing the parties now enjoyed, when the ceremony came to a close amid the congratulations of the audience, and the happy pair was formally launched on their lifelong trip.
An acquaintance remarked that Harriet was “a raconteur without peer.” The Underground Railroad was her job for eight years, and she was able to boast that she “never ran my train off the track or lost a passenger.” “I was conductor of the Underground Railroad for eight years, and I can say what most conductors cannot — I never ran my train off the track or lost a passenger,” she said once.
In response to a question about whether or not she supported women’s suffrage, she said, “I’ve suffered enough to believe it.” Incredible to think that for most of her life, this beloved and cherished woman was on the verge of bankruptcy.
Eventually, upon her husband’s death in 1888, she was awarded a widow’s pension, which was enhanced to $20 in 1899 due to her distinguished service.
In 1908, the Harriet Tubman Home, which was located close to her Auburn mansion, was dedicated.
On March 10, 1913, Tubman passed away in the home where she had lived since 1911. Her final words to her family were unsurprising: “I depart, to prepare a home for you.” Tubman had always been the caregiver, and she had always been the leader.
- Transport links include: London Underground
- Newcastle upon Tyne Metro
- Liverpool Merseyrail
- Glasgow Subway
- And other cities around the United Kingdom.
Traveling by underground: London Underground, Newcastle upon Tyne Metro, Liverpool Merseyrail, Glasgow Subway, and more cities.
The Facts – History, RegionUseful Info
*This is an estimate of time. Although individual stations may open at different times, the following is a rough guideline for when they will be open. Please double-check before leaving.
|Underground or Metro||Region||Number of Stations||Opening Times*|
|London Underground (opened in 1863)||LondonGreater LondonHertfordshireEssexBuckinghamshire||270||Monday to Saturday:5am to midnight. (24 hrs on Friday to Saturday for Victoria, Jubilee lines and most of Northern, Piccadilly and Central lines)Sunday: Reduced hours|
|TyneWear Metro (opened in 1980)||Newcastle upon TyneGatesheadSouth TynesideNorth TynesideSunderland||60||Monday to Friday: 5:30am to midnight|
|Merseyrail (opened in 1977)||HaltonKnowsleySeftonSt HelensWirral||68||Monday to Saturday:7am to 7pm|
|Glasgow Subway (opened in 1896)||Glasgow||15||Monday to Saturday: 6:30am to 11:40pmSunday: 10:am to 6.12pm|
The London Underground – AKA The Tube
The Underground system itself is a fantastic way to navigate about the city and is highly recommended. The fact that there are 270 stations means that there are very few areas you can’t go to. In the event that you are in London for a weekend or perhaps a longer period of time, it is a fantastic strategy to discover the metropolis and you should not require a cab. If you’re not from the area, the London Underground might be intimidating, but with time and experience, you’ll get the hang of it.
So, here are a few things to keep in mind.
The following are some of the most important stations to keep an eye out for:
- London Bridge– Although it has escalators, it does not have a step-free entrance. Covent Garden — There is just one major elevator, however because of the number of steps to climb to get out, there is frequently a line
- London’s Oxford Circus station has large gaps between the platforms and the trains. Bank– There are significant gaps between the platforms and the trains.
Click here to access a step-free guide to the London Underground provided by Transport for London (TFL). Keep an eye out for stops that have a red ‘R’ on them. Although some stations have ramps, there are significant gaps between the platforms and the trains. There are a couple different pricing choices available. You can use anOyster Card, which you may top up with money and use as many times as you like, but you will be charged each time you do so until you hit the daily cap, which might be different each day.
- You may do the same thing with your debit or credit card by tapping it in and out using the contactless option on your card reader.
- You can also purchase a ticket if you choose.
- You may save a significant amount of money by taking advantage of group discounts!
- More information may be found on the Transport for London websitehere.
Newcastle – TyneWear Metro AKA ‘The Metro’
It is affectionately referred to as “The Metro” by residents and serves the North East of England well. When compared to the London Underground, it is far less intimidating. As a starting point, there are only two lines: the Green Line and the Yellow Line, respectively. Northumberland County Council’s Green Line connects Newcastle International Airport and South Hylton, while the Yellow Line runs between St James and South Shields. This metro system operates on a Pop Pay As You Go (Pop PAYG) basis, which simply means that you top up your card as you go (just like an Oyster card in London).
Alternatively, single or day tickets can be purchased, but Pop PAYG is just more cost-effective overall. More information may be found on the official Tyne and Wear websitehere.
Liverpool –MerseyrailAKA Already Has a Great Name
The Northern Line and the Wirral Line are the two lines that make up this metro system. The geographical area covered extends from the Liverpool City Centre to the surrounding towns and villages. An Adult Day Saver is available for between £4.10 and £5.50, depending on the zone and location you go to. You may purchase one online. The regions are labeled A-D and G, respectively. Each region is divided into zones, which are denoted by the letters A1, A2, A3, B1, B2, C1, C2, C3, D1, D2, G1, and G2.
Here’s another link to the same website, where you may learn much more about accessible design.
Glasgow SubwayAKA The Clockwork Orange
This metro system, also known as the “Clockwork Orange,” is easy to manage, clean, and a rapid method to move about without having to deal with traffic. It’s simply a circle (with only one line) that travels through the city’s major neighborhoods. It just takes 24 minutes to complete the entire circuit! What a speedy turnaround! Even though they are not as frequent as the Tube (London Underground), trains in this area operate every 4 minutes during peak hours and every 6-8 minutes during off-peak hours.
Another amazing thing about this metro is that the fare is quite affordable!
It will just cost you £3 to get an adult ticket that is good for the entire day!
An Underground Metro System Could Be Coming To You…Are You Excited?
Major cities such as Birmingham and Manchesterhave built tram systems in recent years, indicating that there is no practical need for an underground system in such locations. Other cities in the United Kingdom, on the other hand, have suggested subterranean proposals. Take a look at the following:
- Bristol Underground – as of 2019, four lines have been proposed, connecting the City Centre, the Airport, the North Fringe, the East Fringe, East Bristol, and Bath
- West London Orbital – this is an extension of the London Overground
- And Bath Underground – this is an extension of the Bath Underground. If the line is authorized, it will travel between Hounslow and West Hampstead, as well as Hendon.
Some Fun Underground Facts
- Because of the design of the tunnels that the train goes through, the London Underground is known as the Tube throughout the city. Every day, more over 3 million passengers use the Tube
- There are more than 40 stations on the London Underground system that have been closed down. The London Underground trains run at an average speed of roughly 20 miles per hour
- However, the fastest line is the Metropolitan line, which may reach speeds of up to 60 miles per hour. Some London Underground stations include tiles that are dated, colored, and patterned, which you’ll notice if you’re riding on the tube. The signs were established with the goal of assisting passengers in distinguishing between stations during the late 1800s when many passengers were illiterate. Stations include the following:
- Russell Square, Marylebone, Covent Garden, and Hammersmith are all good options.
- It is possible to travel via subway line on the London Underground. There are 11 lines in all
- Bakerloo is the busiest station in the city. The following stations are on the line: Central, Circle, District, HammersmithCity, Jubilee, Metropolitan, Northern, Piccadilly, Victoria, WaterlooCity. Every year, 3.5 million people travel via this station
- The Glasgow Subway is the world’s third-oldest metro system, while the Tyne-Wear Metro is the second-largest metro system in the United Kingdom. There is a time capsule (the contents of which are unknown). Maghull North station (Merseyrail), which is scheduled to reopen in 2068, is buried in the ruins of what seems to be a graveyard. . so start forming a line right now
We really hope you enjoyed the post and encourage you to explore the rest of our website. Take a look at the video below:
- What are the most culturally diverse cities in the United Kingdom
- A Guide to the Seasons in the United Kingdom — When it’s Hot and When It’s Not
- What is the reason behind London’s lack of skyscrapers?
Britain’s Other Underground Train, Tube, Metro Rail Systems, and Networks
It is one of the most enjoyable aspects of living in London to take use of the huge subterranean rail network, often known as the Tube. A vacation to London would be incomplete without taking the train (at least during the months when it is not hot and humid outside). The Tube elicits a specific emotion in me — a sense of longing for simpler times. The London Underground is one of the few things that characterize London simply by existing, and it is one of those things. But did you know that the United Kingdom has three other underground/metro systems that are each rather impressive in their own right?
Here’s a little information on each of them.
The Glasgow Subway is a metro line that runs beneath the city of Glasgow, Scotland. It was officially inaugurated on December 14, 1896, making it the world’s third-oldest underground metro system, after only the London Underground and the Budapest Metro. The Subway, which was originally a cable train, was subsequently electrified, but its twin circular lines were never extended beyond their current length. Following a name change from its original name of Glasgow District Railway, the system became known as the Glasgow Underground in 1936.
- Currently, it is one of only four underground metro-type systems in the United Kingdom, with the others being London Underground, the London Docklands Light Railway, and the Tyne and Wear Metro System.
- The Glasgow Subway and its surrounding public houses serve as the main point of a pub crawl known as the Subcrawl, which takes place every Friday and Saturday night.
- However, two of the stations (West Street and Shields Road) are not in close proximity to a pub or a bar; yet, Subcrawls are popular among young Glaswegians, particularly students at both of the city’s universities.
- The Glasgow Subway, in contrast to many other subterranean systems, does not have a fare structure that is based on how far you go.
- All kid pricing, with the exception of the Discovery Ticket, are half the price of adult prices.
- Discovery tickets, which allow for unrestricted travel on the underground for one day, are now available for purchase at any time, as of 2010.
Tickets for ten journeys, twenty journeys, and seven days of unrestricted travel are also available. In January 2009, the price of a single ticket increased to £1.20 and the price of a return ticket increased to £2.40. The official website of the Glasgow Subway
Tyne and Wear Metro
The Tyne and Wear Metro, usually known as the Metro, is a light rail system in North East England that serves the cities of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, South Tyneside, North Tyneside, and Sunderland. It was built by the North East Regional Transport Authority. It first opened its doors in 1980 and served almost 78 kilometers of track in 2007–2008, accounting for 40 million public trips (48 mi). Nexus contracts with DB Regio (a subsidiary of German railway company Deutsche Bahn) to run the facility.
- The Metro is a “open access” network, which means that there are no set ticketing rules.
- Inspectors on roaming patrols carry out the checks and balances.
- The original gates, which could be seen on every station when the system first opened, were removed in the late 1980s owing to safety concerns, and new gates were installed in their place.
- Achieving this distinction as the first underground railway network in the United Kingdom to install repeaters allowing customers to use their mobile phones in tunnels is being keenly studied by the London Underground, which has a similar distinction.
- Only compact foldable bicycles are permitted on the Metro, and technically, only versions of folding bicycles that have been certified by Nexus are permitted.
- Since the building’s inception, smoking has been prohibited, making it one of the world’s first complete smoking bans.
- In 1998, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) selected Frederick Delius’s Incidental Music to Hassan to be broadcast over its public address system as a deterrent to vandals.
- It’s been a resounding success thus far.” In 2005, the London Underground began to follow the Metro’s lead and implement similar measures.
It is also notable for being the first railway in the United Kingdom to run exclusively on the metric system; all of its speeds and lengths are monitored in metric units only. The official TyneWear Metro website may be found here.
Located in Liverpool, Merseyside, United Kingdom, Merseyrail is a train operating business and commuter rail network that serves the city and surrounding areas. The network is primarily electric, with some diesel powering the City Line, which is an operationally independent network. Two City Line sections are now being electrified, with completion scheduled for the end of 2016. The network consists of 67 stations split throughout 75 miles of track, with 6.5 miles of it being below ground. It transports more than 100,000 passengers every day.
When additional tunnels were built under Liverpool’s city centre and Birkenhead, uniting formerly independent train routes, Merseyrail became a fully integrated system in 1977.
As a result, a huge and extensive urban railway network was established.
In the days of British Rail, the term Merseyrail was adopted as an official brand for the network, and it has remained in use through successive franchise holders, although it was not used by Arriva during its time as the network’s operator.
Merseyrail is referred to as “Merseyrail Electrics” by National Rail Enquiries and as “Serco/Ned Railways Merseyrail” by Merseytravel, with the latter referring to the former as “Merseyrail Electrics.” The system, which transports over 100,000 passengers every day, is one of the busiest metropolitan commuter networks in the United Kingdom outside of London.
The overall track length is 75 miles (121 kilometers), and there are a total of 67 stops along the way.
The Wirral Line, which runs beneath the River Mersey and connects Liverpool with New Brighton, West Kirby, Chester, and Ellesmere Port, is the longest railway line in the United Kingdom.
Merseyrail has made a public commitment to strive to be the finest railway operating business in the United Kingdom by 2025.
The official Merseyrail website may be found here. Some of the images and text used were sourced from the Wikipedia website.
3 other UK cities you might not have realised also have a Tube
Located in Liverpool, Merseyside, United Kingdom, Merseyrail is a train operating business and commuter rail network that serves the city. In addition to some diesel on the operationally independent City Line, the majority of the network is electric. Electricity is being installed on two of the City Line branches, with completion anticipated in 2016. The network consists of 67 stations split throughout 75 miles of length, with 6.5 miles of it being under ground. Every day, it transports more than 100,000 people.
- In 1969, the Merseyrail system was founded, but it was only in 1977 that additional tunnels were built under Liverpool’s city centre and Birkenhead to link formerly independent train routes, thereby merging them into a single system.
- The initial 1970s network has been expanded, with more expansions anticipated, but budgetary restrictions preventing some of the early plans from being realized.
- However, Merseytravel maintained the Merseyrail branding at stations, allowing the term to persist in common usage.
- There are two train lines, the Northern Line and the Wirral Line, that serve the Liverpool suburbs and the rest of Merseyside.
- Southport, Ormskirk, and Kirkby are served by the Northern Line, which also connects the city center with Hunts Cross and Southport.
- When operating as an independent network, there are fewer issues to deal with because there is less competition with other train-running businesses.
- After having reached a reliability rate of 96.33 percent for 2009-2010, Merseyrail was crowned the most dependable train operator in the United Kingdom in February 2010.
This was the greatest level of dependability ever attained by any train operator in the United Kingdom at the time. Merseyrail’s official website is available here. Certain images and text were borrowed from Wikipedia and utilized in this project.
Glasgow Subway, Glasgow
Apparently, there is a hidden subway system in Glasgow (actually, it isn’t that secret if you live in Glasgow, but we Londoners believe we are at the center of the Earth). (Image courtesy of Creative Commons) Did you know that the Glasgow Subway is one of the world’s oldest subterranean train networks, dating back to the 18th century? It is the third-oldest railway system in the world, having debuted in 1896, barely six years after London’s Tube system became fully operational (London Underground opened in 1863 but became a fully fledged metro in 1890).
- Like a middle kid, it is also stubborn and difficult to deal with; in fact, it is one of the only metro systems in the world that has refused to be extended beyond its original course.
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- It rotates in a circle, similar to a mirrored clock, with the outer ring functioning clockwise and the inner ring operating anti-clockwise, as seen in the diagram.
- It also makes sense, given that the population of London is 9.4 million, compared to the population of Glasgow, which is 1.5 million.
- In spite of the fact that it was a bit ashamed, the restaurant reopened after a month.
Tyne and Wear Metro, Newcastle
Apparently, there is a hidden subway system in Glasgow (actually, it isn’t that secret if you live in Glasgow, but we Londoners believe we are at the center of the universe). (Photo courtesy of Creative Commons). You may not have realized that the Glasgow Subway is one of the world’s oldest subterranean train networks. It is the third-oldest railway system in the world, having debuted in 1896, barely six years after the London Underground was completely operational (London Underground opened in 1863 but became a fully fledged metro in 1890).
- Like a middle kid, it is also stubborn and difficult to deal with; in fact, it is one of the few metro systems in the world that has refused to be extended beyond its original course.
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- A recent report claims that the Glasgow Subway serves 13 million customers each year, which may sound like a lot but is put into perspective when compared to the London Underground, which is used by about 5 million people daily during non-Covid hours.
Fun fact: The Glasgow Subway had a traumatic first day of work as well, with an unfortunate carriage collision resulting in the injuries of four passengers on the train system. In spite of being ashamed, it reopened one month later.
Apparently, there is a hidden subway system in Glasgow (actually, it isn’t that secret if you live in Glasgow, but we Londoners believe we are at the center of the world). (Photo courtesy of Creative Commons) Did you know that the Glasgow Subway is one of the world’s oldest subterranean train systems? It’s the third-oldest railway system in the world, having opened in 1896, barely six years after London’s Tube system became fully operational (London Underground opened in 1863 but became a fully fledged metro in 1890).
- And, like a middle child, it is stubborn and difficult – in fact, it is one of the only metro systems in the world that has refused to be extended beyond its original course.
- The 12 newsletter from MyLondon is totally jam-packed with all the newest information to keep you entertained, educated, and encouraged.
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- The Glasgow Subway is said to serve 13 million customers per year, which may sound like a lot, but when you compare it to the London Underground, which is used by about 5 million people everyday at non-Covid hours, it seems more understandable.
- Fun fact: The Glasgow Subway had a traumatic first day of work as well, with an unintentional carriage collision resulting in the injuries of four individuals.
Which cities have undergrounds?
Glasgow’s secret subway system (actually, it’s not that hidden if you live in Glasgow, but we Londoners believe we’re at the center of the Earth) (Image courtesy of Creative Commons.) Did you know that the Glasgow Subway is one of the oldest subterranean train networks in the world? It is the third-oldest railway system in the world, having debuted in 1896, barely six years after London’s Tube system was completely operational (London Underground opened in 1863 but became a fully fledged metro in 1890).
- And, like a middle child, it is stubborn and difficult – in fact, it is one of the only metro systems in the world that has refused to be expanded beyond its original course.
- MyLondon’s fantastic weekly The 12 is wonderfully jam-packed with all the newest information to keep you entertained, informed, and encouraged.
- Lunchtime reading material, to be sure.
- The MyLondon team presents the tales of London for the benefit of the city’s residents.
- Don’t waste any time and sign up for The 12 newsletterhere.
- The Glasgow Subway is said to serve 13 million customers per year, which may sound like a lot, but when compared to the London Underground, which is utilized by about 5 million people everyday during non-Covid periods, it is put into perspective.
Fun fact: The Glasgow Subway likewise had a traumatic first day of work, with an unintentional carriage collision resulting in the injuries of four individuals. It reopened a month later, but with a tinge of embarrassment.
- There are a number of notable examples, including Derinkuyu in Cappadocia, Turkey
- The Shanghai Tunnels in Portland, United States
- The Edinburgh Vaults in Edinburgh, United Kingdom
- Dixia Cheng in Beijing
- The Wieliczka Salt Mine in Krakow
- The RÉSO in Montreal, Canada
- And the Setenil de las Bodegas in Spain.
Which UK cities have an underground?
In the United Kingdom, how many cities are served by an underground metro system?
- Transport links include: London Underground
- Newcastle upon Tyne Metro
- Liverpool Merseyrail
- Glasgow Subway
- And other cities around the United Kingdom.
What US cities have underground subways?
Notes of Use / Subways of the United States of America
- There is a subway system in New York City and Washington, as well as the Chicago L, the T (Boston), the Bay Area Rapid Transit (in the San Francisco Bay Area) and the Muni Metro system (in San Francisco itself), the Port Authority Trans Hudson system (in New York and New Jersey), the Philadelphia Subways (SEPTA and PATCO), and the Los Angeles Metro Rail system.
What UK cities have a metro?
Port Authority Trans Hudson (New York and New Jersey); SEPTA and PATCO Subways in Philadelphia; Los Angeles Metro Rail; Chicago L; The T (Boston); Bay Area Rapid Transit (San Francisco Bay Area) and Muni Metro (San Francisco itself); Port Authority Trans Hudson (New York and New Jersey).
What is the oldest subway in the world?
The underground, often known as the tube, in London is the world’s oldest public transportation system of its sort. It first opened its doors on the 10th of January, 1863, using steam locomotives. There were 37 questions that were connected.
Which is the busiest subway in the world?
The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) of New York City announced ridership estimates of 1.69 billion in 2019, with Times Square, naturally, ranking as the busiest station on the network that year (an enormous 65 million people passed through its gates).
How many cities are in the UK?
There are now 69 such cities in the United Kingdom, with 51 in England, seven in Scotland, six in Wales, and five in Northern Ireland. The majority of these cities are in the south of the country. Lord Mayors are appointed in 23 cities in England, two in Wales, and one in Northern Ireland, while Lord Provosts are appointed in four cities across Scotland.
Why doesn’t Birmingham have an underground?
System buried beneath the ground Work continued until 1956, when the public was informed that the project was no longer economically viable; instead, Birmingham received its underpasses, which helped to reduce traffic congestion around the city. An underground exchange and tube system 100 feet below Newhall Street had been built at a cost of £4 million, with the interchange being 100 feet below Newhall Street.
Is there an underground city in the US?
System in the ground Working on the project continued until 1956, when the public was informed that it was no longer economically viable; instead, Birmingham received its underpasses, which helped to reduce traffic congestion around the city. It had taken four million pounds to establish an underground interchange and tube system 100 feet beneath Newhall Street.
Are there any catacombs in America?
The Catacombs of New York City Despite the fact that catacombs are often associated with historic European towns such as London or Paris, there are several located right here in the United States – specifically, beneath New York City. The deceased were interred in a subterranean system beneath the cemetery grounds, which was tiny but nevertheless terrifying.
Why are there no subways in Texas?
For the most part, the only reason to go underground in the Western world is when the city cannot obtain right of way or when it needs to avoid existing infrastructure. Dallas’ DART system is the only urban rail system in the Southwest that can lay claim to having a subway stop, which is located in downtown Dallas.
Does London have a subway?
If you’re traveling to or from downtown London, the London Underground train network, popularly known as “the Tube,” is a convenient and affordable mode of transportation.
Learn how to master the London Underground public transportation system by reading our tips and recommendations. The Underground is divided into nine zones, with zone 1 covering central London and zone 9 covering the rest of the city. There are a total of 11Tubelines.
Is there an underground train in Birmingham?
Many of the world’s most populous cities have subterranean transportation networks, however Birmingham does not. Tube networks transport people throughout densely populated urban areas in cities such as London, New York, Tokyo, and dozens of other cities in China.
Why is there no underground in Manchester?
It is worth noting that Manchester’s two main stations were built by competing enterprises during the Victorian era, resulting in the creation of two, nearly distinct train networks with limited linkages between them. As a result of this heritage, trains and passengers continue to struggle to move smoothly through the city even now.
Is public transport good in Birmingham?
Getting about Birmingham and the surrounding region is simple because to the excellent public transportation system, which includes buses, trams, and trains. Despite the fact that Birmingham is a well-connected metropolis, walking or cycling throughout the city is frequently just as popular, since there is a plethora of sights and activities to enjoy along the route.
Is London bigger than New York?
As of 2013, the populations of London and New York City were comparable. The population of London was 8.3 million, whereas the population of New York City was 8.4 million. London, on the other hand, has far more space for its residents – it is 138 square miles larger than New York City.
What is the smallest city in the UK?
Dundee, with a population of 143,000 people, was incorporated as a city in 1889. And, with a population of 1,600 people, St Davids is the smallest city in the United Kingdom, having achieved this distinction in 1995.
Which UK city has the largest student population?
Universities in the United Kingdom with the greatest number of students in 2019/20. UCL had the greatest number of students in the United Kingdom in 2019/20 with over 41 thousand, followed by the University of Manchester with slightly over 40.4 thousand students, which was the second highest number in the country.
Which country has the best subway?
The Seoul Subway in South Korea came in first place on the list. The total score takes into consideration every aspect of our research – this includes the number of stations with step-free access, the price of a ticket, and the age of the system, among other factors (amongst many others).
Which city has the busiest subway system in Europe?
It is necessary to hold onto your straps if you are using the metro in Moscow, Russian Federation. In terms of yearly ridership, the Greater Moscow Metro system serves 2.3 billion passengers, making it the busiest metro system in Europe. The system, which first opened its doors in 1935, includes 239 stations, several of which are famous for their stunning architecture.
Which is the highest railway system in world?
As the world’s highest railway track, Qinghai-Tibet comfortably wins the title of the world’s highest track, with its highest point at an elevation of 5,072m – 200m or more above the Peruvian railway in the Andes – and the world’s highest railway station, Tanggula Station, which is only 4m below. In addition, it is the world’s longest plateau railway system.
What’s the oldest train in the world?
EIR-21 is the world’s oldest steam locomotive, having been built in 1898.
The train, which has a similar look to Fairy Queen, has been in service for 164 years. Many sections of the Express EIR-21 were rusted, missing, or damaged, making it unfit for service in its current condition.
What is the oldest train station in the world?
It is believed that the Liverpool Road railway station in Manchester, which was built in 1830, is the world’s oldest surviving mainline station.
Tube is an abbreviation for the London Underground, which is an underground railway system serving the London metropolitan region. A sign displaying the London Underground’s iconic roundel emblem in front of a subway station in the capital city of London. Thinkstock Images/Jupiterimages are trademarks of Thinkstock Images. Soon after the inauguration of the Thames Tunnel in 1843, a city solicitor named Charles Pearson suggested the creation of the London Underground as part of a comprehensive city improvement plan.
- Building the Metropolitan Railway began in 1860 with cut-and-cover methods: trenches were dug along the streets, brick sides were added, girders or an arch of brick was built for the roof, and then the highway was rebuilt on top of it.
- Despite the presence of sulfurous gases, the line was a huge success from the start, transporting 9.5 million people in its first year of operations.
- Photograph courtesy of Philip Lange/Shutterstock.com The City of London and Southwark Subway Company (later known as the City and South London Railway) began construction on the “tube” line in 1866, using a tunneling shield designed by J.H.
- The route was completed in 1870.
- Although the initial concept planned for cable operation, electric traction was eventually installed before the line could be officially inaugurated.
- Upon his arrival in London in 1900, Charles Tyson Yerkes, an American railway entrepreneur, oversaw the building of more tube railroads as well as the electrification of the cut-and-cover lines, which he later oversaw.
- During World Wars I and II, stations served as air raid shelters, and the tunnels of the now-defunct Aldwych spur line were used to store exhibits from the British Museum during the latter period.
- London Underground The Mary Evans Photographic Collection After being nationalized by the London Transport Executive in 1948, the London Underground became a publicly owned and operated system.
- When the Underground was privatized in 2003, the operation of the system was transferred to Transport for London, a public corporation that supplies the Underground with human resources like as conductors and station staff.
- London Underground customers are advised to “watch the space” between the station platform and the trains, according to a sign posted at the station.
- By the beginning of the twenty-first century, the system carried more than one billion people each year.
In 2010, as part of its continuous modernization of its rolling stock, the Underground introduced its first air-conditioned vehicles for the first time. Amy Tikkanen has made the most current revisions and updates to this page.
World’s oldest metro systems
The London Underground, which has been in operation since 1890, is the world’s oldest metro system by a long shot. Image courtesy of tompagenet / WikiCommons.
The London Underground system in the United Kingdom was first established in 1863 for engine trains. When electric trains began running on one of the system’s deep-level tube lines in 1890, it was officially recognized as the world’s first metro system. It is the world’s third-longest metro system, with a total length of 402 kilometers and 270 stations spread across 11 lines. Only 45 percent of the network is genuinely underground, with the majority of the lines in the city center running above ground.
With 540 trains running across the network at peak hours, the network transports nearly five million passengers every day.
Since 2007, London Underground Limited, a subsidiary of Transport for London, has owned and operated the underground system in the capital.
Later, in 1984, ownership of the London Underground was transferred to the London Regional Transport Authority.
The Budapest Metro system in Hungary was officially inaugurated on May 1, 1896, with the opening of Line 1. The line was designated as a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization in 2002. You will be provided with data, insights, and analysis. See all of our newsletters In collaboration with the Railway Technology team Subscribe to our e-newsletters. It consists of four lines, which is the total length of the network. The building of a fifth line to connect the suburban rail system has been suggested, but no date has been set for its completion.
Line M3 was inaugurated in 1976, marking the beginning of the three lines being color-coded as follows: yellow for Line M1, red for Line M2, and blue for Line M3.
It was predicted that the line will save passengers 14 million hours of travel time each year, in addition to reducing the amount of traffic on the roads in the area.
The Glasgow Subway, located in Scotland, is the world’s third-oldest metro system, having first opened its doors in December of 1896. As one of the world’s few metro systems that has not been expanded beyond its initial path, it operates over a 10.5-kilometer subterranean circle in the city of Tokyo. “A number of upgrading works are being carried out throughout the subway system as part of the largest project conducted by the system in 30 years.” Every year, the system transports around 13 million passengers through it.
An unintentional carriage collision at the end of the first day of service resulted in four injuries and the network was forced to suspend operations.
In the course of the subway system’s greatest project in 30 years, a variety of upgrades are being carried out throughout the system.
All stations will be refurbished, as will 17 new trains from Swiss train maker Stadler, as well as the replacement of all ramps and turnouts that allow trains to enter the improved depot above ground.
The Chicago elevated ‘L’ metro system in Illinois, United States, began running as an electrified system in 1897 and has been in operation ever since. It is the second busiest metro system in the United States, with 230.2 million passengers in 2017. On two lines of the network, there is a 24-hour service available, which is only offered on four other rapid transit systems in the country, according to the company. In the city center, the network is roughly 165 kilometers long and has eight lines, including a loop via which services can be routed or circled in order to return to their originating place.
There have been several alterations to the Loop’s stations, the most recent of which being the closing of Randolph / Wabash and Madison / Wabash stations, which were replaced by the Washington / Wabash station in August of this year.
Illinois, United States, began functioning as an electric metro system in 1897 with the construction of the Chicago elevated ‘L’ line. As of 2017, it was the second busiest metro in the United States, with 230.2 million passengers. Only four other rapid transit systems in the country provide a continuous 24-hour service, and two lines of the network provide such service. A loop in the city center allows services to go through or circle around to return to their originating point. The network is roughly 165 kilometers long and has eight lines.
Numerous modifications have occurred at Loop stations, the most recent of which was in August 2017 with the closing of the Randolph / Wabash and Madison / Wabash stations, which were replaced with the Washington / Wabash station.
The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is responsible for the operation of passenger bus, light rail, and heavy rail services in Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. Three primary lines serve the subway system, and the first electrified rapid transit line, currently known as the Orange Line, was built in 1901. Until its elevated parts began to be dismantled in the 1920s, the Boston Elevated Railway served as the primary Orange Line route in Boston. The line was renamed after the Metropolitan Transit Authority, subsequently known as the MBTA, took over operations in 1964 and implemented a color-coded system for identifying passengers.
It is also the shortest of the three lines, having been built in 1904.
The Green Line, a light rail subterranean line that began operation in 1987 and runs through the Tremont Street Subway, was the system’s debut service offering.
A public transportation system in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, operated by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA). Three primary lines serve the subway system, and the first electrified rapid transit line, which is now known as the Orange Line, was built in 1901 and opened to the public. Until its elevated parts began to be dismantled in the 1920s, the Boston Elevated Railway was the original Orange Line. In 1964, when the Metropolitan Transit Authority, subsequently known as the MBTA, took over operations and implemented the color-coded system, the line was renamed.
It has been planned several times since the 1940s, but no work has been begun on the line to connect it to the city of Lynn.
It is still in operation today.
The Athens Metro is a public transportation system in Greece that serves Greater Athens and East Attica, with a terminal at Athens International Airport. The line was converted from the former Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways, which had been in operation since 1869, and began operating as an electrified rapid transport system in September 1904. The system is made up of three lines: Line 1, which was the original network until Line 2 and Line 3 were completed in 2000; and Line 2. In 1992, construction on the 17.9km-long Line 2 and the 18.1km-long Line 3 began, with the goal of providing an alternative mode of transport for car users in an effort to reduce pollution levels.A fourth line has been planned since 2005, with an expected opening date of 2026.The Athens Mass Transit System was established in 2011 to consolidate services previously provided by the city’s separate transportation networks.
It will add 33 kilometers (kilometers) to the network and include 30 new stops.
New York City Subway
Located in Manhattan, the New York City Subway (also known as the A division) began operations in October 1904 with the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) Division and the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation. The A division is now known as the B division (BMT). Initially, a single fare was $0.05, which was a significant savings. It is the world’s biggest transit system in terms of the number of stations, with more than 420 stops spread across 380 kilometers. During the course of a year, the system serves more than 1.72 billion people, ranking it first among the metro systems included in this list and ninth among all metro systems in the globe.
Because the subway operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week, the lines operate in a variety of service patterns, which might alter while maintenance is being performed.
The signaling system is one of the aspects of the subway that is being modernized.
Communications-based train control (CBTC) signalling has been installed on some lines to improve the efficiency of the system while also allowing many trains to pass through the same block at the same time.
Philadelphia’s Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) administers two fast transit lines as well as four other major public transportation services around the city, comparable to what the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) does in Cambridge. Although the Market-Frankford Line (MFL) is the oldest, it first opened its doors in 1907. The Broad Street Line (BSL) first opened its doors in 1928. The Broad Street Line (BSL) is entirely subterranean, with the exception of the terminal station at Fern Rock, whereas the Melbourne Metro Line (MFL) comprises both underground and elevated stops.
From the municipal hall to Olney Avenue, BSL was originally in operation.
The two lines, which are each around 20 kilometers in length, have a combined weekday traffic of more over 310,000 people per day.
Cleaning products for rolling stock, train stations, and depots are also available.
Hydraulic Presses and Rail Forging Lines are two types of hydraulic presses.
10 Oldest Subway Systems in the World (Updated 2021)
All of the world’s major cities have some form of public transportation system, with many of them utilising a combination of subways, buses, light rails, and high-speed trains. Subway systems were initially introduced in the nineteenth century as a means of meeting the expanding need for transportation. It was a brilliant idea to put railways underground in order to let more people travel about without taking up valuable city area. All of the subway systems in this list have been in operation for more than a century and are still in operation.
10. Buenos Aires Underground
The Buenos Aires Underground first opened its doors on December 1, 1913, and was the first subway system in Latin America and the Spanish-speaking world. It has seven lines and 104 stations and is 35.2 miles (56.7 kilometers) long. Its annual ridership is unknown, but daily ridership in 2018 was 1.38 million. Photo source: Wikimedia Commons via Wmtribe2015 The Buenos Aires Underground first opened its doors on December 1, 1913, and was the first subway system in Latin America and the For a metropolis the size of Buenos Aires, the Underground system is very tiny, covering only 34.1 miles in total (54.9 kilometers).
Like all of the other subway systems on this list, the Buenos Aires Underground grew significantly in the first few decades after it was built.
In response to overpopulation and the ever-increasing transport demands of its inhabitants, the city of Buenos Aires has announced plans to renovate and extend its underground system in the next years.
Did You Know?
In the years 1939 to 1994, the Buenos Aires Underground was consolidated and nationalized, and it was managed by the Transport Corporation of Buenos Aires (CTCBA). Buenos Aires Underground, along with the rest of the country’s railroads, has been privately owned and operated since 1994, and is presently administered by Metrovas.
9. Hamburg U-Bahn
Month and year of establishment: February 15, 1912. Germany’s Hamburg, Norderstedy, Ahrensburg, and Großhansdorf are among the cities served. There are four lines in all. The number of stations is 93. 66.1 miles is the total length of the system (106.4 km) Ridership on an annual basis: 242.5 million (2017 numbers) picture credit: Wikimedia Commons courtesy of Jivee Blau A decade after Germany’s first subway system, theHamburg U-Bahnor metro system was built in 1912. The U-Bahnor metro system was founded in 1912.
A connection exists between the city’s U-Bahn system and the S-Bahn, which is Hamburg’s above-ground train system.
In the aftermath of World War II, the Hamburg U-Bahn system was severely damaged, and repairs and expansions were carried out throughout the course of the next few decades.
Did You Know?
Founded on the 15th of February, 1912. In Germany, the areas served include the cities of Hamburg, Norderstedty, Ahrensburg, and Großhansdorf Lines in the poem: four Stations in total: 93. Sixty-one-mile system length (106.4 km) Approximately 242.5 million riders every year (2017 numbers) source: Wikimedia Commons through Jivee Blau, with permission It was created in 1912, nearly a decade after Germany’s first subway system, the Berlin U-Bahn, began operations in that city. The Hamburger Hochbahn, which was formed barely a year before the Hamburg U-Bahn was established, is responsible for the operation of the whole city’s public transportation infrastructure.
The Hamburg U-Bahn system comprises four lines, 91 stops, and a total distance of approximately 66 miles between stations (106.2 kilometers).
8. New York City Subway
Month and year of establishment: October 27, 1904. New York City (including the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Queens), New York, USA is the service area. The number of lines is 36. (1 planned) The total number of stations is 472. (14 planned) 850 miles is the total length of the system (1,370 km) Ridership in a single year: 1,727,366,607 (2017 numbers) a photograph courtesy of Wikimedia Commons and Mtattrain While the New York City Subway is one of the most well-known and widely utilized subway systems in the world, it was not the first subway system in the United States — that honor goes to the Boston subway system, which debuted in 1897 and has been in operation ever since.
The first official subway station in New York City opened its doors on October 27, 1904, and it swiftly grew to become the greatest public transit system in the United States.
Despite the fact that the New York City Subway was fully built by the mid-20th century, additions to the system have been suggested almost since the day it first opened in order to ease congestion and other restraints on riders.
A number of additional stations have been added across the city in recent years.
Did You Know?
Date of foundation: October 27, 1904. New York City (including the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Queens), New York, United States Lines in the poem: 36 (1 planned) 472, to be exact, are available (14 planned) 850 miles is the total distance of the system (1,370 km) 1,727,366,607 ridership per year (2017 numbers) image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons and Mtattrain. As well as being one of the most well-known and widely utilized subway systems in the world, the New York City Subway was unexpected in that it was not the first subway system in the United States — that honor goes to the Boston subway system, which opened its doors in 1897.
It is estimated that almost 2 billion passengers utilize the New York City Subway each year, making it the world’s busiest system in number of stations (472, with 14 more planned).
The city has seen an increase in the number of stations in recent years.
7. Berlin U-Bahn
The year when the company was founded was 1902. Berlin, Germany is the service area. There are nine lines in all. There are 175 stations in all. The system has a length of 94.3 miles (151.7 km) Ridership on an annual basis: 553.1 million picture credit: Wikimedia Commons courtesy of Jivee Blau TheU-Bahn (U-Bahn) in Berlin is the oldest subway system in Germany, with the first line opening its doors in 1902. This initial railway line was mostly elevated, with just a small portion of it being subterranean.
Following its introduction, the U-Bahn quickly gained popularity, and the system was enlarged during the early 1900s.
Following the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, parts of the U-lines Bahn’s were divided and many stops were abandoned.
Did You Know?
Although two of the Berlin U-lines Bahn’s – today’s U6 and U8 – were short and did run from West Berlin to East Berlin beneath the Berlin Wall, passengers were not permitted to depart the train until it re-entered West Berlin during the period when the wall was still in place.
6. Paris Métro
The year when the company was founded was July 19, 1900. France’s Paris metropolitan region is served by this company. The number of lines is sixteen. 304 total stations are available. The length of the system is 139.9 miles (225.1 km) Ridership on an annual basis: 1.520 billion (2015 numbers) Ardfern obtained this image from Wikimedia Commons. The Paris Métro system was officially inaugurated at the 1900 World’s Fair. The first line of the Paris Métro linked all of the city’s major attractions together in one convenient location.
In part due to the fact that Paris is a highly populated and vast city, the Paris Métro (subway system) is one of the busiest in the world, transporting an estimated 4 million passengers every day.
The Paris Métro, which serves as the city’s lifeblood and one of the city’s icons, was exquisitely built, with its entrances featuring Art Nouveau architecture that is unlike anything else in the world. Additionally, art is used to embellish the stations, which are frequently themed.
Did You Know?
One of the most intriguing parts of the Paris Métro is its “ghost stations,” which are stations that have been abandoned for decades since many of them were utilized as bomb shelters during World War II. One of the most fascinating aspects of the Paris Métro is its “ghost stations.” While the ghost stations are now closed to the public, they have piqued the interest of both residents and visitors, and there are plans to reopen some of them for economic and cultural purposes in the future.
5. MBTA Subway
It is one of the most intriguing parts of the Paris Métro to visit its “ghost stations,” which are stations that have been abandoned for decades because they were utilized as bomb shelters during World War II. This is one of the most fascinating elements of the Paris Métro to visit. The ghost stations, albeit restricted to the public, have piqued the interest of both residents and visitors alike, and plans are in the works to repurpose some of these sites for economic and cultural purposes in the coming years.
Did You Know?
A song composed for mayoral candidate Walter A. O’Brien, Jr. in 1949, “Charlie on the MTA,” inspired the present fare system of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA). The CharlieCard and CharlieTicket are the names of the current MBTA fare system. Because he was unable to pay the departure fee, the titular Charlie found himself trapped on an interminable train trip.
4. Glasgow Subway
December 14, 1896 was the date of the organization’s founding. Glasgow, Scotland is the service area. There are only one line in this paragraph. The number of stations is 15 in total. Length of System: 6.5 mi (10.5 km) Ridership on an annual basis: 12.7 million (2019/20 figures). photo credit: Wikimedia Commons courtesy of calflier001 It is the second oldest underground system in the United Kingdom, behind the London Underground, and it serves the city of Glasgow. The Glasgow District Subway Company was responsible for the construction and initial naming of the Scottish railway, which first opened its doors in 1896.
It took another ten years before the Glasgow Subway was converted to electrical propulsion.
The stations of the Glasgow Subway were upgraded during this period.
Did You Know?
There are just a few railways in the world that run on a track running gauge of 4 ft (1,219 mm), which is significantly smaller than the normal gauge of 4 feet 8.5 inches. The Glasgow Subway is among them (1435 mm).
3. Budapest Metro
Year the company was founded: 1896 Budapest, Hungary is the location served. There are four lines in all. The number of stations is 48. 24.7 miles is the total length of the system (39.7 km) Ridership on an annual basis: 409.3 million (2017 numbers) Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons and Sprok.com TheBudapest Metro, like many of the subway systems in this list, is a single line that was constructed in the late nineteenth century. In spite of the fact that Istanbul’s Tünel is roughly a decade older, many people believe Budapest, Hungary’s M1 line to be the continent’s oldest metro network.
As Budapest evolved, so did its subway system, which was expanded with the addition of the M2 and M3 lines in the 1970s and the M4 line, which opened in 2014. Beginning in 2019, work on a fifth line will be completed.
Did You Know?
One of the secrets of the Budapest Metro’s Line 2 is a secret bunker that is buried between the Kossuth tér and Deák Ferenc tér subway stations. The bunker, which was constructed in the 1950s during the construction of the M2 highway, was immediately connected to the Hungarian Parliament.
2. Istanbul Metro
The year the company was founded: late 1874 or early 1875 Istanbul, Turkey is the location served. Lines in the poem: seven (6 more under construction) the total number of stations is 104 (64 under construction) The length of the system is 82.6 miles (133 km) Ridership on an annual basis: 495 million (2019 numbers) image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The history of the Istanbul Metro may be traced back to the construction of the Tünel line in the early 1870s. The Tünel was finished in 1874 and officially opened its doors to the public on December 5, 1874.
Following the success of the Tünel line, ideas for a comprehensive metro system in Istanbul have been in the works since the early twentieth century.
In 1989, the first phase of the current Istanbul Metro system was completed, and construction has proceeded on the system ever since.
Did You Know?
The first phase of the Istanbul Metro, which included the Tünel, did not become nationalized until 1939. Previously, the transportation services in Istanbul were provided by a number of different foreign corporations.
1. London Underground
Year the company was founded: January 1863 Areas served include the Greater London area, Buckinghamshire, Essex, and Hertfordshire (England) Number of Lines: Eleven There are 270 stations in all. The system’s total length is 250 miles (402 km) Ridership: 1.357 billion passengers per year (2017/2018 figures). Chris McKenna contributed this image from Wikimedia Commons. The London Underground has been in operation since 1863, when the Metropolitan Railway (now known as the Metropolitan Line) was initially established.
Over the course of its first 50 years, the Underground network in central London was mostly built in the late nineteenth century.
Did You Know?
Incorporated in: January 1863. Territorial Coverage Included: The Greater London area; Buckinghamshire; Essex; Hertfordshire (England) a total of eleven lines Stations: 270 in total. Maximum Distance Covered by the System: 250 miles (402 km) Ridership: 1.357 billion passengers per year (2017/2018 data). courtesy of Chris McKenna on Flickr.com/Wikimedia Commons The London Underground has been in operation since 1863, when the Metropolitan Railway (now known as the Metropolitan Line) first opened its doors to the general public.
Over the course of its first 50 years, the Underground network in central London was mostly finished during the late nineteenth century. The London Underground system grew into the city’s suburbs throughout the first part of the twentieth century.