Which Of These Best Describes The Underground Railroad? (Question)

What made the Underground Railroad so successful?

  • The Underground Railroad was established to aid enslaved people in their escape to freedom. The railroad was comprised of dozens of secret routes and safe houses originating in the slaveholding states and extending all the way to the Canadian border, the only area where fugitives could be assured of their freedom.

Which of the best describes the Underground Railroad?

The Underground Railroad— the resistance to enslavement through escape and flight, through the end of the Civil War—refers to the efforts of enslaved African Americans to gain their freedom by escaping bondage. Wherever slavery existed, there were efforts to escape.

How would you describe the Underground Railroad?

The Underground Railroad was a network of people, African American as well as white, offering shelter and aid to escaped enslaved people from the South. It developed as a convergence of several different clandestine efforts.

What is the underground railroad known for?

The Underground Railroad was a secret system developed to aid fugitive slaves on their escape to freedom. The free individuals who helped runaway slaves travel toward freedom were called conductors, and the fugitive slaves were referred to as cargo.

What was the Underground Railroad quizlet?

The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses established in the United States during the early-to-mid 19th century, and used by African-American slaves to escape into free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause.

Is the Underground Railroad a real railroad?

Nope! Despite its name, the Underground Railroad wasn’t a railroad in the way Amtrak or commuter rail is. It wasn’t even a real railroad. The Underground Railroad of history was simply a loose network of safe houses and top secret routes to states where slavery was banned.

What was the purpose of the Underground Railroad apex?

What was the Underground Railroad? It was not an actual railroad. It was a network of houses and buildings that were used to help slaves escape from the South to freedom in the Northern states or Canada.

How did Underground Railroad lead to civil war?

The Underground Railroad physically resisted the repressive laws that held slaves in bondage. By provoking fear and anger in the South, and prompting the enactment of harsh legislation that eroded the rights of white Americans, the Underground Railroad was a direct contributing cause of the Civil War.

How did the Underground Railroad lead to the Civil War quizlet?

How did the Underground Railroad cause the Civil War? *The Underground Railroad was a escape route for fugitive slaves in America. *Slaves would be helped by Northerners or “Quakers” who help slaves escape to Canada. *John Brown believed that this would bring an end to slavery.

How did the Underground Railroad work quizlet?

How did the Underground Railroad work? Escaped slaves were lead by conductors. They stopped during the day and traveled at night. They worried freed slaves would take their jobs and they needed cotton that the slaves picked for factories.

What is the Underground Railroad Canada?

The Underground Railroad was a secret network of abolitionists (people who wanted to abolish slavery). They helped African Americans escape from enslavement in the American South to free Northern states or to Canada. It brought between 30,000 and 40,000 fugitives to British North America (now Canada).

What was the Underground Railroad Weegy Brainly?

The Underground Railroad was a secret system developed to aid fugitive slaves on their escape to freedom. … The free individuals who helped runaway slaves travel toward freedom were called conductors, and the fugitive slaves were referred to as cargo.

What was the Underground Railroad quizlet Chapter 11?

– The Underground Railroad was a system of trails and people used by slaves to escape to freedom before the Civil War. – Harriet Tubman used this trail to rescue slaves.

Which best describes the Underground Railroad? A. a series of stops and safe houses for escaped – Brainly.com

What is it that the clinker process enables the Viking ships to accomplish? A. Use the wind to your advantage in order to gain speed B. Unload as soon and effectively as possible C. Travel more quickly with heavier goods on board D. Intimidate other countries by wearing bright colors. Nicodemus was a Jewish ruler who also served as a: Scribe Priest of the Pharisees and Sadducees Please give an example of Sumerian architecture to illustrate your point. How did writing evolve in Sumeria through time, according to the “Cuneiform in Mesopotamia” portion of the website?

Have a wonderful DaYyYy!

Is it possible to tell what happened to Babylon over the thousand years after Hammurabi’s reign?

Which of the following was a constraint that African Americans in the northern United States encountered during the antebellum period?

  • Unable to remain outside after a predetermined curfew has been established.
  • Being unable to visit the state without authorization D.
  • The situation is as follows: The Scientific Revolution marked a shift away from religion and ancient literature, and instead emphasized empiricism and experimentation.
  • Consider the following example: if you want to know why the leaves change color, you would not look to religion or historical literature for the answer.
  • Observational learning Studying the intrinsic qualities of leaves, as well as how those internal properties react to and adapt to external influences, is the focus of this study.
  • When it comes to learning about the world, the scientific method is a technique or a procedure to follow.
  • In what respects does empiricism offer a challenge to established methods of knowledge acquisition?

It was these sources that you resorted to when you needed to discover whether something was true or not.

A popular technique to learning about nature and the world would be to study the Bible and see what it has to say about it.

In addition, intellectuals from Ancient Greece and Rome wrote on their findings, which is a standard technique to take.

According to these new scientists, neither the church, nor the king, nor the old intellectuals possessed all of the answers.

The main idea is as follows: PLEASE HELP ME OUT!

is an excerpt from “Science,” by Cristian Violatti, which was published in the Ancient History Encyclopedia.

During the reign of Confucius (c.

479 BCE), Chinese astronomers were able to predict the occurrence of eclipses with reasonable accuracy.

After many centuries and generations, a mathematical treatise titled The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art was finally finished in the 2nd century BCE, after many years and generations.

As a result of this book’s development of algebra and geometry, it is also the first time in recorded history that negative quantities are mentioned.

The creation of innovations was an area in which the Chinese demonstrated extraordinary ability.

In what ways did gunpowder, printing, and the compass move beyond the borders of Asian civilizations? What countries did these technologies expand to, and what was the impact of these innovations? HELP!

Underground Railroad

When describing a network of meeting spots, hidden routes, passages, and safehouses used by slaves in the United States to escape slave-holding states and seek refuge in northern states and Canada, the Underground Railroad was referred to as the Underground Railroad (UR). The underground railroad, which was established in the early 1800s and sponsored by persons active in the Abolitionist Movement, assisted thousands of slaves in their attempts to escape bondage. Between 1810 and 1850, it is estimated that 100,000 slaves escaped from bondage in the southern United States.

Facts, information and articles about the Underground Railroad

When describing a network of meeting spots, hidden routes, passages, and safehouses used by slaves in the United States to escape slave-holding states and seek refuge in northern states and Canada, the Underground Railroad was referred to as the Underground Railroad. The underground railroad, which was established in the early 1800s and sponsored by persons active in the Abolitionist Movement, assisted thousands of slaves in their attempts to flee their bonds of slavery. Between 1810 and 1850, it is estimated that 100,000 slaves escaped from slavery in the South.



The beginnings of the American Civil War occurred around the year 1862.

Slaves Freed

The commencement of the American Civil War occurred around 1862.

Prominent Figures

Harriet Tubman is a historical figure. William Still is a well-known author and poet. Levi Coffin is a fictional character created by author Levi Coffin. John Fairfield is a well-known author.

Related Reading:

The Story of How Canada Became the Final Station on the Underground Railroad Harriet Tubman’s Legacy as a Freedom Fighter and a Spion is well documented.

The Beginnings Of the Underground Railroad

Canada’s Role as the Final Station of the Underground Railroad Harriet Tubman’s Legacy as a Freedom Fighter and as a Spione

The Underground Railroad Gets Its Name

Owen Brown, the father of radical abolitionist John Brown, was a member of the Underground Railroad in the state of New York during the Civil War. An unconfirmed narrative suggests that “Mammy Sally” designated the house where Abraham Lincoln’s future wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, grew up and served as a safe house where fugitives could receive food, but the account is doubtful. Routes of the Underground Railroad It was not until the early 1830s that the phrase “Underground Railroad” was first used.

Fugitives going by water or on genuine trains were occasionally provided with clothing so that they wouldn’t give themselves away by wearing their worn-out job attire.

Many of them continued on to Canada, where they could not be lawfully reclaimed by their rightful owners.

The slave or slaves were forced to flee from their masters, which was frequently done at night. It was imperative that the runaways maintain their eyes on the North Star at all times; only by keeping that star in front of them could they be certain that they were on their trip north.

Conductors On The Railroad

A “conductor,” who pretended to be a slave, would sometimes accompany fugitives to a plantation in order to lead them on their journey. Harriet Tubman, a former slave who traveled to slave states 19 times and liberated more than 300 people, is one of the most well-known “conductors.” She used her shotgun to threaten death to any captives who lost heart and sought to return to slavery. The Underground Railroad’s operators faced their own set of risks as well. If someone living in the North was convicted of assisting fugitives in their escape, he or she could face fines of hundreds or even thousands of dollars, which was a significant sum at the time; however, in areas where abolitionism was strong, the “secret” railroad was openly operated, and no one was arrested.

His position as the most significant commander of the Underground Railroad in and around Albany grew as time went on.

However, in previous times of American history, the phrase “vigilance committee” generally refers to citizen organizations that took the law into their own hands, prosecuting and hanging those suspected of crimes when there was no local government or when they considered the local authority was corrupt or weak.

White males who were found assisting slaves in their escape were subjected to heavier punishments than white women, but both were likely to face at the very least incarceration.

See also:  What Is The True History In The Underground Railroad?

The Civil War On The Horizon

Events such as the Missouri Compromise and the Dred Scott decision compelled more anti-slavery activists to take an active part in the effort to liberate slaves in the United States. After Abraham Lincoln was elected president, Southern states began to secede in December 1860, putting an end to the Union’s hopes of achieving independence from the United States. Abolitionist newspapers and even some loud abolitionists warned against giving the remaining Southern states an excuse to separate. Lucia Bagbe (later known as Sara Lucy Bagby Johnson) is considered to be the final slave who was returned to bondage as a result of the Fugitive Slave Law.

Her owner hunted her down and arrested her in December 1860.

Even the Cleveland Leader, a Republican weekly that was traditionally anti-slavery and pro-the Fugitive Slave Legislation, warned its readers that allowing the law to run its course “may be oil thrown upon the seas of our nation’s difficulties,” according to the newspaper.

Following her capture, Lucy was carried back to Ohio County, Virginia, and punished, but she was released at some time when Union soldiers took control of the region. In her honor, a Grand Jubilee was celebrated on May 6, 1863, in the city of Cleveland.

The Reverse Underground Railroad

A “reverse Underground Railroad” arose in the northern states surrounding the Ohio River during the Civil War. The black men and women of those states, whether or not they had previously been slaves, were occasionally kidnapped and concealed in homes, barns, and other structures until they could be transported to the South and sold as slaves.

What is the Underground Railroad? – Underground Railroad (U.S. National Park Service)

Harvey Lindsley captured a shot of Harriet Tubman. THE CONGRESSIONAL LIBRARY

I was the conductor of the Underground Railroad for eight years, and I can say what most conductors can’t say—I neverran my train off the track and I never lost a passenger.

When we talk about the Underground Railroad, we’re talking about the attempts of enslaved African Americans to obtain their freedom by escaping bondage. The Underground Railroad was a method of resisting slavery by escape and flight from 1850 until the end of the Civil War. Escape attempts were made in every location where slavery was practiced. In the beginning, to maroon villages in distant or rough terrain on the outside of inhabited regions, and later, across state and international borders.

  1. The majority of freedom seekers began their journey unaided and the majority of them completed their self-emancipation without assistance.
  2. It’s possible that the choice to aid a freedom seeking was taken on the spur of the moment.
  3. People of various ethnicities, social classes, and genders took part in this massive act of civil disobedience, despite the fact that what they were doing was unlawful.
  4. A map of the United States depicting the many paths that freedom seekers might follow in order to attain freedom.
  5. All thirteen original colonies, as well as Spanish California, Louisiana and Florida; Central and South America; and all of the Caribbean islands were slave states until the Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) and British abolition of slavery brought an end to the practice in 1804.
  6. The Underground Railroad had its beginnings at the site of enslavement in the United States.
  7. The proximity to ports, free territories, and international borders caused a large number of escape attempts.
  8. Freedom seekers used their inventiveness to devise disguises, forgeries, and other techniques, drawing on their courage and brains in the process.
  9. The assistance came from a varied range of groups, including enslaved and free blacks, American Indians, and people from a variety of religious and cultural backgrounds.
  10. Because of their links to the whaling business, the Pacific West Coast and potentially Alaska became popular tourist destinations.

During the American Civil War, many freedom seekers sought refuge and liberty by fleeing to the Union army’s lines of communication.

The Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad, a vast network of people who helped fugitive slaves escape to the North and to Canada, was not run by any single organization or person. Rather, it consisted of many individuals – many whites but predominently black – who knew only of the local efforts to aid fugitives and not of the overall operation. Still, it effectively moved hundreds of slaves northward each year – according to one estimate,the South lost 100,000 slaves between 1810 and 1850. An organized system to assist runaway slaves seems to have begun towards the end of the 18th century. In 1786 George Washington complained about how one of his runaway slaves was helped by a “society of Quakers, formed for such purposes.” The system grew, and around 1831 it was dubbed “The Underground Railroad,” after the then emerging steam railroads. The system even used terms used in railroading: the homes and businesses where fugitives would rest and eat were called “stations” and “depots” and were run by “stationmasters,” those who contributed money or goods were “stockholders,” and the “conductor” was responsible for moving fugitives from one station to the next.For the slave, running away to the North was anything but easy. The first step was to escape from the slaveholder. For many slaves, this meant relying on his or her own resources. Sometimes a “conductor,” posing as a slave, would enter a plantation and then guide the runaways northward. The fugitives would move at night. They would generally travel between 10 and 20 miles to the next station, where they would rest and eat, hiding in barns and other out-of-the-way places. While they waited, a message would be sent to the next station to alert its stationmaster.The fugitives would also travel by train and boat – conveyances that sometimes had to be paid for. Money was also needed to improve the appearance of the runaways – a black man, woman, or child in tattered clothes would invariably attract suspicious eyes. This money was donated by individuals and also raised by various groups, including vigilance committees.Vigilance committees sprang up in the larger towns and cities of the North, most prominently in New York, Philadelphia, and Boston. In addition to soliciting money, the organizations provided food, lodging and money, and helped the fugitives settle into a community by helping them find jobs and providing letters of recommendation.The Underground Railroad had many notable participants, including John Fairfield in Ohio, the son of a slaveholding family, who made many daring rescues, Levi Coffin, a Quaker who assisted more than 3,000 slaves, and Harriet Tubman, who made 19 trips into the South and escorted over 300 slaves to freedom.

The Underground Railroad

At the time of slavery, the Underground Railroad was a network of routes, locations, and individuals that assisted enslaved persons in the American South in their attempts to flee to freedom in the northern states. Subjects History of the United States, Social StudiesImage

Home of Levi Coffin

A network of routes, locations, and individuals existed during the time of slavery in the United States to assist enslaved persons in the American South in their attempts to go north. Subjects Social Studies, History of the United States of America

Media Credits

With the exception of promotional graphics, which normally link to another page that carries the media credit, all audio, artwork, photos, and videos are attributed beneath the media asset they are associated with. In the case of media, the Rights Holder is the individual or group that gets credited.


With the exception of promotional graphics, which normally link to another page that carries the media credit, all audio, artwork, photos, and videos are acknowledged beneath the media asset in question. It is the person or entity who is attributed with being the Rights Holder for media.


The National Geographic Society is a non-profit organization dedicated to the exploration of the world’s natural wonders.

Production Managers

Gina Borgia is a member of the National Geographic Society. Jeanna Sullivan is a member of the National Geographic Society.

Program Specialists

According to National Geographic Society’s Sarah Appleton, Margot Willis is a National Geographic Society photographer.

Last Updated

  • According to National Geographic Society researcher Sarah Appleton, Margot Willis is a National Geographic Society researcher.


If a media asset is available for download, a download button will show in the lower right corner of the media viewer window. If no download or save button displays, you will be unable to download or save the material.


The text on this page is printable and may be used in accordance with our Terms of Service agreement.


  • Any interactives on this page can only be accessed and used while you are currently browsing our site. You will not be able to download interactives.

For Students: Harriet Tubman • New American History

As an enslaved African American woman who was an anabolitionist, a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, and a spy for the Union during the American Civil War, Harriet Tubman is well-known. She was known as “Minty” as a youngster, but she was subsequently referred to as “Moses,” after the biblical character who was instrumental in bringing others to freedom. The actual number of slaves she assisted in escaping to the north, including some of her own family members, is uncertain, and has in some cases been inflated, as has the number of slaves she helped escape to the south.

What do we really know about Harriet Tubman?

Despite the fact that Harriet Tubman is still one of the most well-known historical figures, many people continue to question whether her contributions to American history were fiction or truth, according to some. Make a note of your thoughts in the first and second columns of the KWL chart, which are labeled “Know and Want to Know / Wonder.” Take a few minutes to discuss your chart with a friend or colleague.

In order to collaborate with others while working remotely, your teacher may propose that you utilize the chatbox or another collaboration technique such as a Jamboard.

  • Share any shared thoughts or queries with your companion if you have them
  • In each column, place a check mark next to the thoughts you’ve shared with the group. Combine your efforts with another pair of classmates to continue comparing your KWL charts. Are there any concepts or questions that stand out between the four charts that do not appear to be in accord with one or more ideas on the charts of your classmates?

It is possible that your teacher will ask you to use an exit ticket to record your opinions once you have finished working on the KWL chart with a partner.

What word best describes Harriet Tubman?

When it came to Harriet Tubman’s photography, she was most commonly taken at the end of her life. However, in the spring of 2019, a rare photograph of Harriet was unearthed and presented by the Smithsonian National Museum for African American History & Culture. According to historical records, this photograph of a younger Harriet Tubman was taken between 1868 and 1869, when she was roughly 40 years old.

  • What word(s) would you use to describe Harriet’s appearance in this photograph
  • Change your position and speak with a partner about the word(s) you choose to describe the image. Why did you choose these particular words? In the event that you are working from home, use the chatbox or another collaborative technique, such as a Jamboard, as indicated by your instructor.
  • Were there any words that you and your companion used to describe the image that were similar? What was the difference between your words
See also:  Who Gave The Money For The Underground Railroad? (Solution)

The image of Harriet is described by what word(s) you would use to describe it; Discuss with a companion the word(s) you choose to describe the image in your first group. You chose these particular words for a reason, right? The chatbox or another collaborative technique such as a Jamboard, as indicated by your teacher, should be used when working online. ; How many adjectives were used to describe the image that you and your spouse agreed on? What were the differences between your terms;

  • What fresh information about Harriet can be gleaned from these photographs
  • What phrases would you use to describe the picture of Harriet when she is in her forties? Describe the image of Harriet nearing the end of her life using phrases that you think are appropriate. Compare and contrast your points of view with your companion.

When researching the past, historians employ primary materials such as papers, artifacts, and photos to unearth information about the time period. Take a closer look at the photographs, paying attention to any textual details that may be included in the image.

  • What further information may be gained from these hints
  • What is it about the coloring of the photographs that you find interesting
  • Describe how pictures taken in the past differ from photographs taken now using contemporary photographic techniques and technologies. What resources can you use to learn more about the people, things, and language depicted in the photographs

Your teacher may ask you to write down your responses on an exit ticket as a way of showing your understanding.

Do history books teach us about the real Harriet Tubman, or do we just think they do?

Read this Bunk excerpt(a chunk or segment of a comic book on Harriet Tubman) about the pioneering woman.

  • Is this sample from the beginning, middle, or conclusion of the narrative, or does it appear to be somewhere in between? What hints assist you in comprehending or determining where the snippet could go into the novel are provided
  • Describe the information that the photographs give you about Harriet Tubman, the historical period, or place of the tale. What are the remaining questions you have regarding the narrative

Now, to read the comic in its full, click on the View on the Nibbutton at the end of the excerpt and pick View on the Nibbutton. Once you have finished reading the comic, go back to the Bunk website and click on theView Connectionsbutton to see the results. Take a few minutes to look over the icons, tags, and cards on this page.

  • The gray number changes when you choose a new connection symbol, but what happens to it is not clear. What happens to the stack of cards
  • What happens to the deck of cards

To learn more about the numerous sorts of connections you may build in Bunk, go to How Connections Work andLearn More. To return to the passage about Harriet Tubman that you read earlier, click on the back arrow on your browser.

  • What are some of the tags that appear when you navigate through the various links

Choose an icon and then click on one of the cards that are associated to it. You must read the passage from the card on your own behalf. Take note of the excerpt’s icon, tags, and number of connections by clicking on the appropriate link. Following your completion of the excerpt, debate and summarize the article with a partner who has chosen a different connection icon than your own. In order to collaborate with others while working remotely, your teacher may propose that you utilize the chatbox or another collaboration technique such as a Jamboard.

  • Did either extract particularly address or give fresh information about Harriet Tubman
  • And What was the connection between the articles and the original comic you read earlier
  • Any of the facts concerning Harriet Tubman, the Underground Railroad, or other themes discussed in the comic agreed or disagreed with the material in either article
  • And If yes, how can you go about gathering further information on the subject in order to assist clarify which version is more correct
  • Could you suggest any additional tags that you would like to see applied to one or more of the relationships you saw between theBunkarticles?

Refer back to the KWL chart you created previously in the class for reference. Add whatever new information you have discovered about Harriet Tubman, the Underground Railroad, and life before, during, and after the Civil War to the third column, which is titled “L” for What I Learned, in the column called “L.” Comparing your chart and findings with your companion is a good exercise.

It is possible that your teacher will ask you to use an exit ticket to record your opinions once you have finished working on the KWL chart with a partner.

How should we remember and honor Harriet Tubman?

BackStory is a weekly podcast (digital audio program) in which a group of historians discuss new ideas to consider about people, places, and events in history. BackStory is produced by the American Historical Association. BackStory will also publish fresh content on their blog on an irregular basis (an online journal or informational website). This blog item highlights Harriet Tubman Day, which is observed on March 19th each year to commemorate the legendary abolitionist. You should make a note of any new facts you discover about Harriet Tubman on your KWL chart as you read through the blog.

In order to collaborate with others while working remotely, your teacher may propose that you utilize the chatbox or another collaboration technique such as a Jamboard.

  • Has the blog provided you with any new knowledge on Harriet Tubman, whether it is in agreement or disagreement with the information you obtained from TheNibcomic or one of theBunk Historyexcerpts you read? Which of these sources piqued your curiosity the most and why? (Is it the Nib, the Bunk, or the Backstory?) Work with a partner to explain your response. Which of the three materials you used today, in your opinion, provides the most authentic portrayal of Harriet Tubman’s life and achievements? Consult with your companion about your views

It is possible that your teacher will ask you to use an exit ticket to record your opinions once you have finished working on the KWL chart with a partner.

How will you share the story of inspiring Americans like Harriet Tubman?

You may see this TED-Ed cartoon created by educator Janell Ross and animator Yan Dan Wong by clicking here. Citations: History is a fabrication (2019). The Daring Raid of Harriet Tubman During the Civil War. Janell’s website is available at: 2018. “Harriet Tubman’s Breathtaking Courage” is a documentary about the life and courage of Harriet Tubman. Youtube. Gabriel. “Harriet Tubman Day” is observed on March 12. BackStory. Virginia Humanities is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the arts and humanities in Virginia.

  • Allison.
  • The Smithsonian Institution published this on March 26, 2019.
  • In this full-length portrait, Harriet Tubman is seen standing with her hands on the back of a chair, circa 1871.
  • Tarwater took this photograph.
  • The Nib is an abbreviation for Nib.

Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad

Taking a look at Harriet Tubman, who is considered the most renowned conductor on the Underground Railroad, our Headlines and Heroes blog. Tubman and those she assisted in their emancipation from slavery traveled north to freedom, occasionally crossing the Canadian border. While we’re thinking about the Texas origins of Juneteenth, let’s not forget about a lesser-known Underground Railroad that ran south from Texas to Mexico. In “Harriet Tubman,” The Sun (New York, NY), June 7, 1896, p. 5, there is a description of her life.

  1. Prints Photographs Division is a division of the Department of Photographs.
  2. Culture.
  3. She then returned to the area several times over the following decade, risking her life in order to assist others in their quest for freedom as a renowned conductor of the Underground Railroad (also known as the Underground Railroad).
  4. Prior to the Civil War, media coverage of her successful missions was sparse, but what is available serves to demonstrate the extent of her accomplishments in arranging these escapes and is worth reading for that reason.
  5. Her earliest attempted escape occurred with two of her brothers, Harry and Ben, according to an October 1849 “runaway slave” ad in which she is referred to by her early nickname, Minty, which she still uses today.
  6. Photograph courtesy of the Bucktown Village Foundation in Cambridge, Maryland.
  7. Her first name, Harriet, had already been chosen for her, despite the fact that the advertisement does not mention it.

She had also married and used her husband’s surname, John Tubman, as her own.

Slaves from the Cambridge, Maryland region managed to evade capture in two separate groups in October 1857.

In what the newspapers referred to as “a vast stampede of slaves,” forty-four men, women, and children managed to flee the situation.



Tubman and the majority of her family had been held in bondage by the Pattison family.

While speaking at antislavery and women’s rights conferences in the late 1800s, Tubman used her platform to convey her own story of slavery, escape, and efforts to save others.

There are few articles regarding her lectures during this time period since she was frequently presented using a pseudonym to avoid being apprehended and returned to slavery under the rules of the Federal Fugitive Slave Act.

“Harriet Tribbman,” in “Grand A.

Convention at Auburn, New York,” Anti-Slavery Bugle (Salem, Ohio), January 21, 1860, p.

“Grand A.

Convention in Auburn, New York,” Anti-Slavery Bugle (Salem, Ohio), January 21, 1860, p.

A description of Harriett Tupman may be found in “A Female Conductor of the Underground Railroad,” published in The Daily Dispatch (Richmond, VA) on June 6, 1860, page 1.

In addition, when Tubman’s remarks were mentioned in the press, they were only quickly summarized and paraphrased, rather than being printed in their whole, as other abolitionists’ speeches were occasionally done.

With the rescue of Charles Nalle, who had escaped slavery in Culpeper, Virginia, but had been apprehended in Troy, New York, where Tubman was on a visit, Tubman’s rescue attempts shifted from Maryland to New York on April 27, 1860, and continued until the end of the year.

At the Woman’s Rights Convention in Boston in early June 1860, when Tubman spoke about these events, the Chicago Press and Tribunereporter responded with racist outrage at the audience’s positive reaction to Tubman’s story of Nalle’s rescue as well as her recounting of her trips back to the South to bring others to freedom.

  • Later media coverage of Tubman’s accomplishments was frequently laudatory and theatrical in nature.
  • On September 29, 1907, p.
  • This and several other later articles are included in the book Harriet Tubman: Topics in Chronicling America, which recounts her early days on the Underground Railroad, her impressive Civil War service as a nurse, scout, and spy in the Union Army, and her post-war efforts.
  • In keeping with contemporary biographies such asScenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman(1869) and Harriet, the Moses of her People(1886), both written by Sarah H.
  • Taylor, financial secretary at Tuskegee Institute, certain content in these profiles may have been embellished from time to time.
See also:  What Happened To The Underground Railroad? (Solution)

This request was made in an essay written by Taylor shortly before to the release of his book, “The Troubles of a Heroine,” in which he requested that money be delivered directly to Tubman in order to pay off the mortgage on her property so that she may convert it into a “Old Folks’ Home.” On March 10, 1913, Tubman passed away in the Harriet Tubman Home for Aged Negroes in Auburn, New York, where she had lived for the previous twelve years.

While these newspaper stories provide us with crucial views into Harriet Tubman’s amazing heroics, they also serve as excellent examples of the variety of original materials available inChronicling America. More information may be found at:

  • Harriet Tubman: A Resource Guide
  • Harriet Tubman: A Resource Guide
  • Runaway! from Slavery in America: A Resource Guide
  • Slavery in America: A Resource Guide Newspaper advertisements for fugitive slaves, as well as a blog called Headlines and Heroes Topics in Chronicling America: Fugitive Slave Advertisements

A Guide to Resources on Harriet Tubman Runaway! from Slavery in America: A Resource Guide; Runaway! from Slavery in America: A Resource Guide Newspaper advertisements for fugitive slaves, as well as a blog called Headlines and Heroes; Topics in Chronicling America: Fugitive Slave Advertisements

Stories from the Underground Railroad, 1855-56

William Still was an African-American abolitionist who risked his life on numerous occasions in order to aid slaves fleeing their captivity. After reading these excerpts, readers will have the opportunity to read some of the letters Still received from abolitionists and former slaves. They offer light on issues like as family separation, the financial expenses of escaping to freedom, and the logistical challenges faced by those on the Underground Railroad. Appellation on behalf of a destitute slave in Petersburg, Virginia, written by John H.

  1. STILL, MY DEAR FRIEND: —I’m writing to let you know that Miss Mary Wever has arrived in this city in good health.
  2. H.
  3. I believe they will tie the knot as soon as they are able to get ready.
  4. Hill will begin putting the items together the next day.
  5. It is not my responsibility to inform you of his situation because Miss Wever has already informed you of it in detail.
  6. Tell my uncle to travel to Richmond and inquire as to the location of this individual.
  7. He doesn’t have a lot of money.

We shall, on the other hand, raise all of the money that is needed to ensure his safe arrival.

Thank you for your cooperation.

Bustill writes a letter to the editor (U.G.R.R.

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, March 24, 1956.

These people got here this morning about 8:45 a.m.

I would appreciate it if you could email me any information that you think would be of interest to them.

This is our first instance, and I am hopeful that it will turn out to be a complete success.

This Road was chosen because it allowed us to gain time; it is predicted that the owners would arrive in town this afternoon, and by using this Road, we gained five hours of valuable time, which we may need in the future.


Depot) to the editor.

When responding, use the term “goods” in your response.

Bustill, who lives in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, about three weeks ago.

Jones in Elmira, and the next day they were out looking for the package again; it was delivered safely to Elmira, according to a letter I received from Jones, and everything is in order.

The date was September 28, 1856.

SIR:— I take the opportunity of writing to you a few lines about my children because I am so anxious to obtain them and I would appreciate it if you could kindly do everything you can to help me.

Joseph G.

Nash, a sister-in-law of Dr.

You may find her by asking for Dr.

And I have faith in you to attempt whatever you believe would be the most effective method.

Yours Respectfully, Jefferson Pipkins is a fictional character created by author Jefferson Pipkins.

I currently reside in Yorkville, which is close to Toronto Canada West.

Still has received my wife’s heartfelt condolences.

WELCOME, OLD FRIEND STILL:—I am writing to you on behalf of Mrs.

She hails from the city of Washington.

She is making a pit stop in our city and expresses a strong desire to hear back from her children.

Biglow, of Washington City.

As I’m sure you’re aware, she is quite concerned about her children.

She is interested in learning whether Mr.

She would appreciate it if you will write to Mr.

She extends her heartfelt greetings to you and your loved ones.

Please address your letter to me, dear brother, and I will see that it is sent to her on her behalf.

Watkins went for Ithaca, New York, and other destinations in that section of the state.

Watkins, and other notables; Gerritt Smith was also there.

We have a great deal of admiration for her.

The FBI has apprehended 31 fugitives in the previous twenty-seven days; however, we are confident that you have apprehended many more than that.

I am, of course, yours truly, J.W.

He is the author of the book J.W.

Loguen: A Novel, ed.

The Underground Railroad: A Record(Philadelphia: PorterCoates, 1872), pages 41, 43, 378, 137, and 158. William Still, The Underground Railroad: A Record(Philadelphia: PorterCoates, 1872), pages 41, 43, 378, 137, and 158. Google Books has a copy of this book.

6 Strategies Harriet Tubman and Others Used to Escape Along the Underground Railroad

Despite the horrors of slavery, the decision to run was not an easy one. Sometimes escaping meant leaving behind family and embarking on an adventure into the unknown, where harsh weather and a shortage of food may be on the horizon. Then there was the continual fear of being apprehended. On both sides of the Mason-Dixon line, so-called slave catchers and their hounds were on the prowl, apprehending runaways — and occasionally free Black individuals likeSolomon Northup — and taking them back to the plantation where they would be flogged, tortured, branded, or murdered.

In total, close to 100,000 Black individuals were able to flee slavery in the decades leading up to the Civil War.

The majority, on the other hand, chose to go to the Northern free states or Canada.

1: Getting Help

Harriet Tubman, maybe around the 1860s. The Library of Congress is a federal government institution that collects and organizes information. No matter how brave or brilliant they were, few enslaved individuals were able to free themselves without the assistance of others. Even the smallest amount of assistance, such as hidden instructions on how to get away and who to trust, may make a significant difference. The most fortunate, on the other hand, were those who followed so-called “conductors,” like as Harriet Tubman, who, after escaping slavery in 1849, devoted her life to the Underground Railroad.

Tubman, like her other conductors, built a network of accomplices, including so-called “stationmasters,” who helped her hide her charges in barns and other safe havens along the road.

She was aware of which government officials were receptive to bribery.

Among other things, she would sing particular tunes or impersonate an owl to indicate when it was time to flee or when it was too hazardous to come out of hiding.

2: Timing

Tubman developed a number of other methods during the course of her career to keep her pursuers at arm’s length. For starters, she preferred to operate during the winter months when the longer evenings allowed her to cover more land. Also, she wanted to go on Saturday because she knew that no announcements about runaways would appear in the papers until the following Monday (since there was no paper on Sunday.) Tubman carried a handgun, both for safety and to scare people under her care who were contemplating retreating back to civilization.

The railroad engineer would subsequently claim that “I never drove my train off the track” and that he “never lost a passenger.” Tubman frequently disguised herself in order to return to Maryland on a regular basis, appearing as a male, an old lady, or a middle-class free black, depending on the occasion.

  • They may, for example, approach a plantation under the guise of a slave in order to apprehend a gang of escaped slaves.
  • Some of the sartorial efforts were close to brilliance.
  • They traveled openly by rail and boat, surviving numerous near calls along the way and eventually making it to the North.
  • After dressing as a sailor and getting on the train, he tried to fool the conductor by flashing his sailor’s protection pass, which he had borrowed from an accomplice.

Enslaved women have hidden in attics and crawlspaces for as long as seven years in order to evade their master’s unwelcome sexual approaches. Another confined himself to a wooden container and transported himself from Richmond, Virginia, to Philadelphia, where abolitionists were gathered.

4: Codes, Secret Pathways

Circa 1887, Harriet Tubman (far left) is shown with her family and neighbors at her home in Auburn, New York. Photograph courtesy of MPI/Getty Images The Underground Railroad was almost non-existent in the Deep South, where only a small number of slaves were able to flee. While there was less pro-slavery attitude in the Border States, individuals who assisted enslaved persons there still faced the continual fear of being ratted out by their neighbors and punished by the law enforcement authorities.

In the case of an approaching fugitive, for example, the stationmaster may get a letter referring to them as “bundles of wood” or “parcels.” The terms “French leave” and “patter roller” denoted a quick departure, whilst “slave hunter” denoted a slave hunter.

5: Buying Freedom

The Underground Railroad, on the other hand, functioned openly and shamelessly for long of its duration, despite the passing of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act, which prescribed heavy fines for anybody proven to have helped runaways. Stationmasters in the United States claimed to have sheltered thousands of escaped slaves, and their activities were well documented. A former enslaved man who became a stationmaster in Syracuse, New York, even referred to himself in writing as the “keeper of the Underground Railroad depot” in his hometown of Syracuse, New York.

At times, abolitionists would simply purchase the freedom of an enslaved individual, as they did in the case of Sojourner Truth.

Besides that, they worked to sway public opinion by funding talks by Truth and other former slaves to convey the miseries of bondage to public attention.

6. Fighting

The Underground Railroad volunteers would occasionally band together in large crowds to violently rescue fleeing slaves from captivity and terrify slave catchers into going home empty-handed if all else failed. Perhaps unsurprisingly, John Brown was one among those who advocated for the use of brutal force. Abolitionist leader John Brown led a gang of armed abolitionists into Missouri before leading a failed uprising in Harpers Ferry, where they rescued 11 enslaved individuals and murdered an enslaver.

Brown was followed by pro-slavery troops throughout the voyage.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *