Who Was The Us President During The Underground Railroad? (Solved)

An active leader of the Underground Railroad in Indiana and Ohio, some unofficially called Coffin the “President of the Underground Railroad,” estimating that three thousand fugitive slaves passed through his care.

Levi Coffin
Known for his work with Underground Railroad
Political party Whig Republican

11

Who was president during Underground Railroad?

However, the network now generally known as the Underground Railroad began in the late 18th century. It ran north and grew steadily until the Emancipation Proclamation was signed by President Abraham Lincoln. One estimate suggests that by 1850, 100,000 enslaved people had escaped via the network.

What race was Levi Coffin?

Levi Coffin was born in North Carolina on October 28, 1798 into a Quaker family who greatly influenced by the teachings of John Woolman a Quaker preacher, who believed slaveholding was not compatible with the Quaker beliefs and advocated emancipation.

Was Levi Coffin The president of the Underground Railroad?

Levi Coffin, (born October 28, 1798, New Garden [now in Greensboro], North Carolina, U.S.—died September 16, 1877, Cincinnati, Ohio), American abolitionist, called the “President of the Underground Railroad,” who assisted thousands of runaway slaves on their flight to freedom.

How old was Levi Coffin when he died?

A part of the legendary Underground Railroad for fleeing slaves of pre-Civil War days, this registered National Historic Landmark is a Federal style brick home built in 1839. Escaping slaves could be hidden in this small upstairs room and the beds moved in front of the door to hide its existence.

What states did the Underground Railroad go through?

These were called “stations,” “safe houses,” and “depots.” The people operating them were called “stationmasters.” There were many well-used routes stretching west through Ohio to Indiana and Iowa. Others headed north through Pennsylvania and into New England or through Detroit on their way to Canada.

How many slaves did Levi Coffin save?

Historians have estimated that the Coffins helped approximately 2,000 escaping slaves during their twenty years in Indiana and an estimated 1,300 more after their move to Cincinnati. (Coffin didn’t keep records, but estimated the number to be around 3,000.)

When did Levi Coffin get married?

The Coffins began sheltering fugitive slaves in Indiana during the winter of 1826–27, not long after their arrival at Newport. Their home became one of several Underground Railroad stops in a larger network of sites that provided aid to runaway slaves as they traveled north to freedom in Canada.

Who was Levi Coffin parents?

He was a white-American abolitionist and unofficial president of the Underground Railroad. Levi Coffin, from New Garden, N.C., was the only son among seven children. The young Levi received the bulk of his education at home, which proved to be good enough for Coffin to find work as a teacher for several years.

Where was Levi Coffin from?

Coffin’s active participation in the Underground Railroad caused his fellow abolitionists to nickname him the ” president of the Underground Railroad. ”

How many slaves did Harriet Tubman free?

Harriet Tubman is perhaps the most well-known of all the Underground Railroad’s “conductors.” During a ten-year span she made 19 trips into the South and escorted over 300 slaves to freedom. And, as she once proudly pointed out to Frederick Douglass, in all of her journeys she “never lost a single passenger.”

Levi Coffin

You may only participate in any interactives on this page if you are currently on our website. The interactives are not available for download.

Levi Coffin, 1798-1877

Source: William S. Powell’s DICTIONARY OF NORTH CAROLINA BIOGRAPHY, which was edited by Powell. The University of North Carolina Press owned the copyright from 1979 until 1996. With permission from the publisher, this image has been used. He was born in New Garden, Guilford County, on October 28, 1789, and died in September 1877. Levi Coffin was an abolitionist, temperance leader, and philanthropist. He was a descendant of Tristam Coffin, who came to America in 1642 and was one of nine people who purchased the island of Nantucket from the Native Americans.

Levi grew up in their pioneer house, where he was mostly educated by his father.

  1. Contrary to the elders’ objections, he joined the young Quakers of New Garden in 1818 in setting up a Sunday school in the newly constructed brick school adjacent to the meeting house.
  2. Around this time, he became a member of the first manumission society in Guilford County, where he remained an active member for the duration of the organization’s existence.
  3. Due to the high level of interest shown by the slaves, some of the masters grew hostile, and the school was closed down.
  4. When they relocated to Newport (now Fountain City), Wayne County, Indiana, they founded a business, which has remained in operation since.
  5. Coffin traveled by night through hidden roads with two teams, transporting fugitives to hiding spots from where they were picked up by other teams and transported to safety.
  6. In the Harriet Beecher Stowe novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, she is referred to as Eliza Harris, and the phrase “Eliza crossing the ice” has become synonymous with a tight escape.
  7. In addition, he was involved in the temperance movement.
  8. He began working for the freedmen at the outset of the Civil War and remained committed to the cause for the remainder of his life.
  9. In 1867, he served as a representative to the International Anti-Slavery Society, which met in Paris.
  10. Mary Katherine Hoskins was a woman who lived in the United States during the nineteenth century.
  11. 18, 1878; Laura Haviland published A Woman’s Life Work in 1882; Historical Magazine14 (Sept.

1868); New England Historical and Genealogical Register2 (Oct. 1848); Quaker Collection (Guilford College Library in Greensboro); W. H. Seibert published Underground Railroad from Slavery to Freedom in 1898; Stephen B. Weeks published Southern Quakers and Slavery in 1848 (1896).

Underground Railroad

Underground Railroad was a network of people, both black and white, who helped escaped enslaved persons from the southern United States by providing them with refuge and assistance. It came forth as a result of the convergence of numerous separate covert initiatives. Although the exact dates of its inception are unknown, it was active from the late 18th century until the Civil War, after which its attempts to weaken the Confederacy were carried out in a less-secretive manner until the Civil War ended.

Quaker Abolitionists

The Society of Friends (Quakers) is often regarded as the first organized group to actively assist escaped enslaved persons. In 1786, George Washington expressed dissatisfaction with Quakers for attempting to “liberate” one of his enslaved servants. Abolitionist and Quaker Isaac T. Hopper established a network in Philadelphia in the early 1800s to assist enslaved persons who were on the run from slavery. Abolitionist organisations founded by Quakers in North Carolina lay the basis for escape routes and safe havens for fugitive slaves during the same time period.

What Was the Underground Railroad?

The Underground Railroad was first mentioned in 1831, when an enslaved man named Tice Davids managed to escape from Kentucky into Ohio and his master blamed a “underground railroad” for assisting Davids in his liberation. When a fugitive slave called Jim was apprehended in 1839 in Washington, the press said that the guy confessed his plan to travel north along a “underground railroad to Boston” while under torture. The Vigilance Committees, which were established in New York in 1835 and Philadelphia in 1838 to safeguard escaped enslaved persons from bounty hunters, rapidly expanded their duties to include guiding enslaved individuals on the run.

MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Harriet Tubman and her fellow fugitives used the following strategies to escape through the Underground Railroad:

How the Underground Railroad Worked

The majority of enslaved persons aided by the Underground Railroad were able to flee to neighboring states like as Kentucky, Virginia, and Maryland. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 made catching fugitive enslaved persons a lucrative industry in the deep South, and there were fewer hiding places for them as a result of the Act. The majority of fugitive enslaved people were on their own until they reached specific places farther north. The escaping enslaved people were escorted by individuals known as “conductors.” Private residences, churches, and schools were also used as hiding places throughout the war.

The personnel in charge of running them were referred to as “stationmasters.” There were several well-traveled roads that ran west through Ohio and into Indiana and Iowa.

While some traveled north via Pennsylvania and into New England, or through Detroit on their route to Canada, others chose to travel south. The Little-Known Underground Railroad That Ran South to Mexico.

Fugitive Slave Acts

The Fugitive Slave Acts were a major cause for many fugitive slaves to flee to Canada. This legislation, which was passed in 1793, authorized local governments to catch and extradite fugitive enslaved individuals from inside the borders of free states back to their places of origin, as well as to penalize anybody who assisted the fleeing enslaved people. Personal Liberty Laws were introduced in certain northern states to fight this, but they were overturned by the Supreme Court in 1842. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was intended to reinforce the preceding legislation, which was perceived by southern states to be insufficiently enforced at the time of passage.

The northern states were still considered a danger zone for fugitives who had managed to flee.

Some Underground Railroad operators chose to station themselves in Canada and sought to assist fugitives who were arriving to settle in the country.

Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman was the most well-known conductor of the Underground Railroad during its heyday. When she and two of her brothers fled from a farm in Maryland in 1849, she was given the name Harriet (her married name was Tubman). She was born Araminta Ross, and she was raised as Harriet Tubman. They returned a couple of weeks later, but Tubman fled on her own again shortly after, this time making her way to the state of Pennsylvania. In following years, Tubman returned to the plantation on a number of occasions to rescue family members and other individuals.

See also:  How Many Slaves Were Saved In The Underground Railroad?

Tubman was distraught until she had a vision of God, which led her to join the Underground Railroad and begin escorting other fugitive slaves to the Maryland state capital.

Frederick Douglass

In his house in Rochester, New York, former enslaved person and celebrated author Frederick Douglasshid fugitives who were assisting 400 escapees in their journey to freedom in Canada. Reverend Jermain Loguen, a former fugitive who lived in the adjacent city of Syracuse, assisted 1,500 escapees on their journey north. The Vigilance Committee was established in Philadelphia in 1838 by Robert Purvis, an escaped enslaved person who later became a trader. Josiah Henson, a former enslaved person and railroad operator, founded the Dawn Institute in Ontario in 1842 to assist fugitive slaves who made their way to Canada in learning the necessary skills to find work.

Agent,” according to the document.

John Parker was a free Black man living in Ohio who worked as a foundry owner and who used his rowboat to ferry fugitives over the Ohio River.

William Still was a notable Philadelphia citizen who was born in New Jersey to runaway slaves parents who fled to Philadelphia as children.

Who Ran the Underground Railroad?

The vast majority of Underground Railroad operators were regular individuals, including farmers and business owners, as well as preachers and religious leaders. Some affluent individuals were active, including Gerrit Smith, a billionaire who stood for president on two separate occasions. Smith acquired a full family of enslaved people from Kentucky in 1841 and freed them from their captivity. Levi Coffin, a Quaker from North Carolina, is credited with being one of the first recorded individuals to assist escaped enslaved persons.

Coffin stated that he had discovered their hiding spots and had sought them out in order to assist them in moving forward.

Coffin eventually relocated to Indiana and then Ohio, where he continued to assist fugitive enslaved individuals no matter where he was.

John Brown

Abolitionist John Brown worked as a conductor on the Underground Railroad, and it was at this time that he founded the League of Gileadites, which was dedicated to assisting fleeing enslaved individuals in their journey to Canada. Abolitionist John Brown would go on to play a variety of roles during his life. His most well-known duty was conducting an assault on Harper’s Ferry in order to raise an armed army that would march into the deep south and free enslaved people at gunpoint. Ultimately, Brown’s forces were beaten, and he was executed for treason in 1859.

  • The year 1844, he formed a partnership with Vermont schoolteacher Delia Webster, and the two were jailed for assisting an escaped enslaved lady and her young daughter.
  • Charles Torrey was sentenced to six years in jail in Maryland for assisting an enslaved family in their attempt to flee through Virginia.
  • After being apprehended in 1844 while transporting a boatload of freed slaves from the Caribbean to the United States, Massachusetts sea captain Jonathan Walker was sentenced to prison for life.
  • John Fairfield of Virginia turned down the opportunity to assist in the rescue of enslaved individuals who had been left behind by their families as they made their way north.
  • He managed to elude capture twice.

End of the Line

Operation of the Underground Railroad came to an end in 1863, during the American Civil War. In actuality, its work was shifted aboveground as part of the Union’s overall campaign against the Confederate States of America. Once again, Harriet Tubman made a crucial contribution by organizing intelligence operations and serving as a commanding officer in Union Army efforts to rescue the liberated enslaved people who had been freed.

MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Harriet Tubman led a daring Civil War raid after the Underground Railroad was shut down.

Sources

Bound for Canaan: The Epic Story of the Underground Railroad is a book about the Underground Railroad. Fergus Bordewich is a Scottish actor. A Biography of Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom Catherine Clinton is the first lady of the United States. Who Exactly Was in Charge of the Underground Railroad? ‘Henry Louis Gates’ is a pseudonym for Henry Louis Gates. The Underground Railroad’s History in New York is a little known fact. The Smithsonian Institution’s magazine. The Underground Railroad’s Dangerous Allure is well documented.

The President of the Underground Railroad

When Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin was published in 1852, the account of Eliza Harris’s traumatic escape from slavery over the ice floes of the Ohio River had been known for years among Quaker abolitionists in eastern Indiana, who had read about her ordeal in her journal. Levi and Catharine Coffin of Newport, Indiana—now Fountain City—had taken in the genuine Harris before she embarked on her trek to Canada, according to legend. Despite the fact that Levi did not publish his account of Harris’s escape until 1876 in hisReminiscences of Levi Coffin, the news had travelled to Cincinnati and reached the ears of Stowe, who resided in Cincinnati from 1832 to 1849 and was familiar with the area.

  • Levi’s biography recounted the experiences of fugitives he had assisted throughout his life, beginning when he was a little child in North Carolina and continuing through his years as a wealthy merchant and banker in the Midwest.
  • Located on Fountain City’s main street, the Coffins’ home is now a National Historic Landmark.
  • They constructed the home in 1839 for themselves and their four children, as well as, it appears, for the purpose of assisting fugitive slaves.
  • There is a secret entrance in an upper bedroom that leads to the attic.
  • The kitchen is placed in the basement, which allows for the preparation of huge meals for large groups of people at any time of day or night without attracting the attention of the neighbors.

When it came to summer kitchens in Indiana during that time period, “traditionally,” notes Hahn, “they would be in a separate structure behind the main home.” “We assume that the idea was that burying it beneath the house, combined with the well, would allow them to function on a 24-hour basis.” They would be able to accomplish whatever needed to be done, such as cooking meals or providing people, without having to worry about disturbing anyone on the main floor of the home.” Occasionally, parties of a dozen or more freedom seekers would converged on the Coffin home at the same time to seek refuge.

Similarly to Levi’s description of the usage of a comparable area in his Cincinnati home many years later, Hahn believes the huge attic was most likely utilized to host these gatherings of people.

In all of their years working with the Underground Railroad, the Coffins were never successful in apprehending a single fugitive under their care.

As one of the 12 new museums to visit in 2016, Smithsonianmagazine put it on the list with Pompeii, the new MOMA in San Francisco, and other worldwide institutions.

In order to portray the tale of the Underground Railroad, Hahn argues that there aren’t many artifacts to choose from: In addition to static exhibits, the museum offers interactive experiences such as listening to a poem by a mother who is attempting to describe what it is like to raise a child in slavery or experimenting with an interactive map that shows the proximity of Quaker and free black communities in Indiana.

When my daughter visits an exhibit, she gravitates toward one that allows visitors to pick from numerous personalities, including a freedom seeker and a conductor, and make decisions about where to go, where to hide, when to go, and with whom to provide information.

In his description of the home, Hahn highlights two aspects that make it compelling: first, the fact that the house hasn’t altered since it was erected 180 years ago, and second, the thorough record left by Levi.

“We’re talking about someone who was actively involved in the struggle against that system.” “I was actively involved in breaching the law at the time.” Without a doubt, according to Hahn, there were hundreds of additional people in that town who assisted Levi and Catharine in their endeavors to house fugitives.

Webber, created for the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition, portrays Levi and Catharine Coffin, together with Hannah Haddock, assisting a group of escaped slaves. Image credit: Cincinnati Art Museum (courtesy of the Cincinnati Art Museum).

From the White House to Freedom on the Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad, written by William Still and first published in 1872, based on the author’s own experience working with the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society in order to give a compelling and accurate description of the journey from slavery to freedom. Still documented hundreds of runaway slaves and the abolitionists who assisted them along the road, relying on interviews and firsthand recollections for his research. Still, who was the son of escaped slaves, recognized the necessity of chronicling these experiences and was meticulous in ensuring their correctness and authenticity.

More information regarding the enslaved homes of President John Tyler may be found by clicking here.

Commons image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Please Show Me More James Christian Tyler was born into slavery on the plantation of Robert Christian, the father of future First Lady Letitia Christian Tyler, and throughout his life he worked for various members of the Christian family, including Robert Christian himself.

  • James B.
  • Christian.
  • James’ experience with the Tylers ultimately led to his appointment as President of the United States.
  • Christian, a businessman in the city of Richmond, Virginia.
  • When John Tyler became president, James Christian was invited to serve as a member of the White House domestic staff.
  • He acknowledged that his responsibilities had not been particularly demanding.
  • He couldn’t ask for more.
  • This is an heirloom portrait of Letitia Christian Tyler, President John Tyler’s first wife, which has been passed down down the generations.
  • President Tyler’s great-great grandson, John Tyler Griffin, is the great-great grandson of Letitia and President Tyler.
  • James revealed to William Still that his first instructor, Robert Christian, was also his father, which was not an uncommon occurrence at the time.

According to the family, James’ closeness with them “was obvious in his characteristics.” “He had a legitimate right to pity and care because of his hair, which was insignificant.” Due to his lighter skin tone and “Anglo-Saxon” characteristics, he was allocated to lighter labor and spent the most of his time in the household rather than working in the fields.

  1. Enslaved persons with lighter complexion were frequently accorded a better social rank by their masters.
  2. Many slave owners, motivated by a desire to have their most “refined” enslaved persons working in the home and maybe a sense of pity for those who were their blood relatives, granted men like James Christian the kinds of tasks and privileges he mentioned.
  3. The enslaved people on his Sherwood Forest plantation was said to be “uniformly pleasant and joyous,” according to one northern visitor to the farm.
  4. He was unflinching in his judgment of President Tyler’s performance.
  5. Tyler,” he admitted to Still and his fellow abolitionists.
  6. They assessed the president appropriately.
  7. Portrait of President John Tyler by George Peter Alexander Healy, painted in 1859.
  8. This organization is known as the White House Historical Association (White House Collection) Please Show Me More Ultimately, James Christian determined that he was willing to take the risk of escaping Virginia in order to try to elude slave labor and slavery.
  9. Christian in Richmond and had fallen in love with a free lady who lived there, but he was unable to marry her due of his enslaved status.
  10. He made the decision to go to Canada, believing that there would be a better possibility of reuniting with the lady he cherished there.
  11. Due to the fact that Still’s book is the sole written account of James Hambleton Christian’s life, we know nothing about what happened to this former White House inhabitant after he departed Philadelphia.

We can only hope, as the men who assisted him did, that he was able to obtain “the benefits of liberty and a free wife in Canada,” as he described them. 8

You Might Also Like

  • When guests enter the White House China Room, they will see china from practically every presidential administration and first family in the country. Tucked
See also:  What Were The People Who Operated The Underground Railroad Called?

Charles Willson Peale

  • The name Charles Willson Peale is synonymous with portraiture in the eighteenth century. Illustrations of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and other historical figures
  • And

Philip Reed

  • Frequently, the accomplishments and contributions of enslaved people are lost to history, having gone unreported, disregarded, or forgotten by succeeding generations of descendants. one of them

Prominent African-American Women and the White House

  • The fact that Michelle Obama was the first African-American first lady of the United States does not negate the fact that African Americans have played a vital role in

“Running from the Temple of Liberty”: The Pearl Incident

  • A quay at the foot of Seventh Street in Washington, D.C., was where the Pearl schooner moored on April 15, 1848, when it arrived from New York.

Building the President’s House with Enslaved Labor

  • Many aspects of James Hoban’s biography match the typical immigrant success narrative, including his upbringing in Canada. Born into a poor household in County Ki
  • Raised by his grandparents.

African Americans Enter Abraham Lincoln’s White House, 1863-1865

  • The New Year’s Day reception began with President John Adams in 1801 and concluded with President Herbert Ho
  • It was a White House tradition from then until now.

Daniel Webster’s House

  • Starting with President John Adams in 1801 and ending with President Herbert Ho, the New Years Day celebration established a White House tradition.

The First Baptist Church of the City of Washington, D.C.

  • Founded in 1802, just a few years after the city of Washington D.C. was established, the First Baptist Church of the City of Washington D.C.

Paul CuffePresident James Madison: The Transatlantic Emigration Projectthe White House

  • Captain Paul Cuffe came to the White House on May 2, 1812, for a meeting with President James Madison, who was there. 1 The most well-known on the world stage

Enslaved and Entrenched

  • Elias Polk was born into slavery in 1806 on a property held by Samuel Polk, the father of the future president of the United States of America.

Paul Jennings

  • Paul Jennings was born in 1799 at Montpelier, the Virginia residence of James and Dolley Madison. He was the son of James and Dolley Madison. His mother, a lady who was enslaved

The Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad, a vast network of people who helped fugitive slaves escape to the North and to Canada, was not run by any single organization or person. Rather, it consisted of many individuals – many whites but predominently black – who knew only of the local efforts to aid fugitives and not of the overall operation. Still, it effectively moved hundreds of slaves northward each year – according to one estimate,the South lost 100,000 slaves between 1810 and 1850. An organized system to assist runaway slaves seems to have begun towards the end of the 18th century. In 1786 George Washington complained about how one of his runaway slaves was helped by a “society of Quakers, formed for such purposes.” The system grew, and around 1831 it was dubbed “The Underground Railroad,” after the then emerging steam railroads. The system even used terms used in railroading: the homes and businesses where fugitives would rest and eat were called “stations” and “depots” and were run by “stationmasters,” those who contributed money or goods were “stockholders,” and the “conductor” was responsible for moving fugitives from one station to the next.For the slave, running away to the North was anything but easy. The first step was to escape from the slaveholder. For many slaves, this meant relying on his or her own resources. Sometimes a “conductor,” posing as a slave, would enter a plantation and then guide the runaways northward. The fugitives would move at night. They would generally travel between 10 and 20 miles to the next station, where they would rest and eat, hiding in barns and other out-of-the-way places. While they waited, a message would be sent to the next station to alert its stationmaster.The fugitives would also travel by train and boat – conveyances that sometimes had to be paid for. Money was also needed to improve the appearance of the runaways – a black man, woman, or child in tattered clothes would invariably attract suspicious eyes. This money was donated by individuals and also raised by various groups, including vigilance committees.Vigilance committees sprang up in the larger towns and cities of the North, most prominently in New York, Philadelphia, and Boston. In addition to soliciting money, the organizations provided food, lodging and money, and helped the fugitives settle into a community by helping them find jobs and providing letters of recommendation.The Underground Railroad had many notable participants, including John Fairfield in Ohio, the son of a slaveholding family, who made many daring rescues, Levi Coffin, a Quaker who assisted more than 3,000 slaves, and Harriet Tubman, who made 19 trips into the South and escorted over 300 slaves to freedom.

Reminiscences of Levi Coffin, the reputed president of the underground railroad; being a brief history of the labors of a lifetime in behalf of the slave, with…

His birthplace was Montpelier, the Virginia residence of James and Dolley Madison, where he was born in 1799 as Paul Jennings. His mother was an enslaved woman, and he grew up in such environment.

Reminiscences of Levi Coffin, the reputed president of the underground railroad; being a brief history of the labors of a lifetime in behalf of the slave, with the stories of numerous fugitives, who gained their freedom through his instrumentality, and many other incidents.

To provide you with the greatest convenience, citations are created automatically from bibliographic data. These citations may not be comprehensive or exact.

Chicago citation style:

Levi Coffin is a fictional character created by author Levi Coffin. A collection of recollections of Levi Coffin, the reputed president of the underground railroad; comprising a brief history of the labors of a lifetime on behalf of the slave, as well as the stories of numerous fugitives who gained their freedom through his instrumentality, as well as numerous other incidents Web.

APA citation style:

The Memoirs of Levi Coffin, the reputed president of the underground railroad; being a brief history of the labors of a lifetime on behalf of the slave, with the stories of numerous fugitives who gained their freedom through his instrumentality, and many other incidents. Coffin, L. (1876). The Memoirs of Levi Coffin, the reputed president of the underground railroad; being a brief history of the labors of a lifetime on behalf of the slave. The following image was obtained from the Library of Congress:

MLA citation style:

Levi Coffin is a fictional character created by author Levi Coffin. A collection of recollections of Levi Coffin, the reputed president of the underground railroad; comprising a brief history of the labors of a lifetime on behalf of the slave, as well as the stories of numerous fugitives who gained their freedom through his instrumentality, as well as numerous other incidents Web. Obtainable from the Library of Congress, lccn.loc.gov/13005748 (located on the Internet).

Presidential Proclamation – Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument

Inauguration of the Harriet Tubman – Underground Railroad National Monument— — – – — — — — — — — — IN THE NAME OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROCLAMATION OF RIGHTS Harriet Tubman is regarded as a national hero in the United States. She was born into slavery, emancipated herself, and returned to the location of her birth several times to help her family, friends, and other enslaved African Americans escape to freedom in the northern United States of America. With unwavering dedication, Harriet Tubman battled for the Union cause, for the human rights of enslaved people, for the human rights of women, and for the human rights of all.

  1. Born Araminta Ross in 1822 in Dorchester County, Maryland, on the farm where her parents were slaves, she adopted the name “Harriet” around the time of her marriage to John Tubman, a free black man, in 1844.
  2. Harriet Tubman was born and raised in this neighborhood, and she worked and lived there as a slave until she was 27 years old and escaped to freedom in 1849.
  3. Near 1859, she acquired a property in Auburn, New York, where she built a home for herself and her family, as well as a place for people to stay throughout the remaining years of her life.
  4. Following World War II, she founded the Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged, which formalized a pattern of her life – providing assistance to African Americans in need – into a formal organization.
See also:  Where Did The Slaves That Used The Underground Railroad? (TOP 5 Tips)

Douglass wrote to Tubman, saying, “I have had the applause of the crowd and the satisfaction that comes from being approved by the multitude, whereas the most that you have done has been witnessed by a few trembling, scarred, and foot-sore bondmen and women, whom you have led out of the house of bondage, and whose heartfel We have witnessed your passion to freedom and valor as we have gazed upon the dark sky and quiet stars.

  1. The “midnight sky and the quiet stars,” as well as the Dorchester County environment that was Harriet Tubman’s home during her lifetime, have remained remarkably unchanged.
  2. Among Dorchester County, it was in the flat, wide fields, marsh, and dense forests that Tubman developed his physical and spiritual strength.
  3. Stewart’s Canal, which runs along the western perimeter of this historic district, was built over a period of 20 years by slaves and free African Americans alike.
  4. While working for John T.
  5. The canal, as well as the rivers it opened up to the Chesapeake Bay and the Blackwater River, served as a method of transporting products, lumber, and people in search of freedom.
  6. The Jacob Jackson Home Location, located along the canal on 480 acres of flat farmland, woods, and swamp, was the property of one of the original safe homes along the Underground Railroad.
  7. A free black man named Jackson was one of the people to whom Tubman turned for help in 1854 while she was seeking to locate her brothers.
  8. The Jacob Jackson Home Site has been given to the United States as a gift to the country.
  9. She was born in the center of this area, on the property of Anthony Thompson, in Peter’s Neck, at the end of Harrisville Road, in the town of Harrisville.
  10. Tubman was contracted out as a kid at the James Cook Home Site, which is now a museum.

It is only a few miles away from the James Cook Home Site that the Bucktown Crossroads is located, where a slave overseer struck the 13-year-old Tubman with a heavy iron as she attempted to protect a young fleeing slave, resulting in an injury that would affect Tubman for the rest of her life, according to legend.

  • The congregation was established as a Methodist congregation in 1812.
  • A cemetery for African-Americans is located across the street from Scotts Chapel, with headstones going back to 1792.
  • Traditional legend has claimed that this was the location where African Americans prayed outside during Tubman’s time.
  • When it was built, it represented the environment of this region in the early and mid-19th centuries, when both slaves and enslavers labored in its fields, woods, and forests.
  • It was at these locations that enslaved and free African Americans interacted with one another.
  • This environment, which included the cities, roads, and routes that existed within it, as well as its vital waterways, served as a method of communication and a pathway to liberation.
  • The Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge encompasses a large piece of the landscape in Dorchester County that was formerly home to Harriet Tubman, including a portion of Stewart’s Canal.
  • The US Fish and Wildlife Service’s management of the refuge has played an essential role in the preservation of a significant portion of the historic environment that was a formative part of Harriet Tubman’s life and experiences.
  • In the middle of this terrain, the State of Maryland is building the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad State Park on a 17-acre plot of property owned by the federal government.
  • Harriet Tubman is regarded as a freedom fighter and a leader of the Underground Railroad, and she is much admired.

Because of the support expressed by members of Congress, the Governor of Maryland, the City of Cambridge, and other State, local, and private interests for the timely establishment of a national monument in Dorchester County commemorating Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad in order to protect the integrity of the evocative landscape and preserve its historic features; and because Section 2 of the Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat.

225, 16 U.S.C.

Within the boundaries of this monument, all Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of this monument are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms of entry and selection under the public land laws, as well as from all forms of sale, leasing, or other disposition under the mining laws, and are withdrawn from disposition under all laws relating to mineral and geothermal leasing.

The formation of this monument is conditional on the preservation of validly existing rights.

This proclamation establishes a national monument under the administration of the Secretary of the Interior (Secretary), who will do so through the National Park Service and the U.S.

Although the National Park Service will be in charge of the overall administration of the monument, which will include the Jacob Jackson Home Site, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service will have the responsibility and authority to administer those portions of the national monument that are located within the National Wildlife Refuge System (including the Jacob Jackson Home Site).

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service will continue to administer hunting and fishing inside the National Wildlife Refuge System in line with the requirements of the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act and other applicable laws.

To the extent permitted by relevant legislation, the National Park Service must make an offer to the State of Maryland to engage into suitable cooperative management arrangements for the efficient and effective maintenance of both the monument and the Harriet Tubman – Underground Railroad State Park.

Ensure that the monument achieves the following objectives for the benefit of present and future generations via the implementation of the management plan: In order to accomplish these goals, it is necessary to (1) maintain the historic and scientific resources listed above, (2) celebrate the life, and work of Harriet Tubman, (3) convey the tale of the Underground Railroad and its relevance to the region and the nation as a whole.

The management plan must include, among other things, a description of the planned link between the monument and other associated resources, activities, and organizations in the region and beyond.

All unauthorized people are now warned not to usurp, hurt, destroy, or remove any aspect of the monument, or to locate or settle on any of the lands around the monument without prior written permission.

PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA

Aboard the Underground Railroad- Levi Coffin House

Built in 1839 and now a National Historic Landmark, this house was owned by LeviCoffin (1798-1877), a Quaker abolitionist. Because of his outstandingrole in the operation of the Underground Railroad, Coffin has been termedits “president.” It is believed that Coffin and his wife Catharinehelped more than 2,000 fugitive slaves escape to freedom, using this houseas a principal depot. Coffin was born in North Carolina and in 1826 movedto Fountain City, at that time called Newport, where he operated a generalmerchandise store. In 1847 the Coffins moved to Cincinnati and openeda store that dealt in goods made by free labor and continued with theirantislavery activities. Immediately after the issuance of the EmancipationProclamation, Coffin worked to aid freedmen. In 1864 he went to Englandand was instrumental in the formation of an Englishman’s Freedmen’s AidSociety which contributed money, clothing, and other articles to newlyfreed African Americans. In 1867 Coffin attended the International Anti-SlaveryConference in Paris. Following this event he lived in retirement untilhis death in 1877. Coffin’s accounts on his activities as the “president”of the Underground Railroad were published in an 1876 bookentitledReminiscences of Levi Coffin.The Levi Coffin House, owned by the Indiana State Museum and Historic Sites, is located in Fountain City, Indiana, at 113 U.S. 27 North.It is open to the public from June 1-August 31, Tuesday-Saturday, 1:00-4:00pm. From September 1-October 31 it is open on Saturdays only, 1:00-4:00pm.For more information on the Levi Coffin House and the UndergroundRailroad in Fountain City call 765-847-2432 or visit the websitePrevious|List of Sites|Home| Next

Levi Coffin, Underground Railroad Ambassador born

10.28.1798 (Sunday)

Levi Coffin, Underground Railroad Ambassador born

Levi Coffin is a fictional character created by author Levi Coffin. Levi Coffin was born on this date in 1798, making him the oldest of the Coffin family. He was an abolitionist and a white-American who served as the unofficial president of the Underground Railroad. Levi Coffin, a native of New Garden, North Carolina, was the only son of a family of seven. The young Levi got the most of his education at home, which proved to be sufficient for Coffin to secure employment as a teacher for a period of several years afterward.

  • A group of alarmed slave owners, on the other hand, quickly forced the school to close.
  • Coffin profited after establishing a shop in Newport and extending his activities to include chopping pork and making linseed oil, among other things.
  • Additionally, his prosperous business and prominence in the town served to divert resistance to his Underground Railroad efforts from pro-slavery sympathizers and slave hunters in the region, who were opposed to the Underground Railroad.
  • A Quaker Convention in Salem, Indiana, had provided the initial seed money for the venture a year before.
  • Coffin was a prominent player in the Western Freedmen’s Aid Society, which he joined both during and after the American Civil War.
  • Cincinnati, Ohio, was the site of his death in September 1877, and he is buried there at the Spring Grove Cemetery.

Reference:

Ohio History Center is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving the state’s history. The Encyclopedia Britannica, Fifteenth Edition, is a reference work on the history of the world. ISBN 0-85229-633-0 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 1996, copyright

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *