Why Does Douglass Not Approve Of The Underground Railroad? (Solution)

Why does Frederick Douglass not approve of the underground railroad? because he believes, that to many people know of it. and it isn’t underground. if it was, it might be a little safer.

How did Douglass feel about the Underground Railroad?

Douglass adds that the underground railroad (an organized system of cooperation among abolitionists helping fugitive slaves escape to the North or Canada) should be called the “upperground railroad,” and he honors ” those good men and women for their noble daring, and applauds them for willingly subjecting themselves to

Did Frederick Douglass Support the Underground Railroad?

The famous abolitionist, writer, lecturer, statesman, and Underground Railroad conductor Frederick Douglass (1817–1895) resided in this house from 1877 until his death. He was a leader of Rochester’s Underground Railroad movement and became the editor and publisher of the North Star, an abolitionist newspaper.

Why did Frederick Douglass disapprove of the manner in which the Underground Railroad was conducted?

Why did Frederick Douglass disapprove of the manner in which the Underground Railroad was conducted? He thought that there was too much publicity about the Underground Railroad which may hinder future escape efforts because they were enlightening slaveholders of their methods of escape.

Why does Douglass call the Underground Railroad the Upperground railroad?

“Upperground Railroad” is a term coined by Frederick Douglass in his 1845 autobiography Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, and was designed to criticize those who personally emphasized their work at helping escaped slaves. They stimulate him to greater watchfulness, and enhance his power to capture his slave.

Why does Douglass not explain how he escaped from slavery?

Douglass’s explanation about why he does not describe the means of his escape elaborates on one of the Narrative’s main themes— the perpetuation of slavery through enforced ignorance. Douglass has said that slave owners keep blacks enslaved by refusing to let them be educated.

Why does Douglass fail to give all the details of his escape?

Why does Frederick fail to give the details of his escape? He wanted to protect other slaves and keep it a secret from slave owners who may possibly read his book. He was considered a rebellious slave, and his death was supposed to be a warning to other slaves.

When did Frederick Douglass join the Underground Railroad?

In the summer of 1838 he was working as a caulker for $9 a week at Butler’s Shipyard in Baltimore – and giving all but 25 cents of his earnings to his master. Frederick Douglass was determined to escape to freedom. On Sept. 3, 1838, Frederick Douglass stepped onto a train in Baltimore.

What happened to the Underground Railroad?

End of the Line The Underground Railroad ceased operations about 1863, during the Civil War. In reality, its work moved aboveground as part of the Union effort against the Confederacy.

Was Underground Railroad an actual railroad?

Nope! Despite its name, the Underground Railroad wasn’t a railroad in the way Amtrak or commuter rail is. It wasn’t even a real railroad. The Underground Railroad of history was simply a loose network of safe houses and top secret routes to states where slavery was banned.

Why did Douglass change his name so many times who chooses Douglass and why?

Why did Frederick change his name so much? New owners and Johnson was too common of a last name. Mr. Nathan Johnson changed FD to Douglass because he just got done reading a book.

How old was Frederick Douglass when he escaped slavery?

Frederick Douglass was born in slavery to a Black mother and a white father. At age eight the man who owned him sent him to Baltimore, Maryland, to live in the household of Hugh Auld. There Auld’s wife taught Douglass to read. Douglass attempted to escape slavery at age 15 but was discovered before he could do so.

What did Frederick Douglass do?

Frederick Douglass was an escaped slave who became a prominent activist, author and public speaker. He became a leader in the abolitionist movement, which sought to end the practice of slavery, before and during the Civil War.

Who did Douglass marry?

Frederick Douglass and Helen Pitts Douglass remained married until his death in 1895. After his will was contested by his children, Helen secured loans in order to buy Cedar Hill and preserve it as a memorial to her late husband.

What is Douglass’s purpose for writing his narrative?

Frederick Douglass wrote his autobiography to persuade readers that slavery should be abolished. To achieve his purpose, he describes the physical realities that slaves endure and his responses to his life as a slave.

When did slaves sing the most?

Slaves sing most when they are most unhappy. The songs of the slave represent the sorrows of his heart; and he is relieved by them, only as an aching heart is relieved by its tears.

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave

Summary Douglass manages to flee to the north in this chapter, but he is coy about the means by which he accomplished this achievement. He reveals that his technique of emancipation is still in use by other slaves, and as a result, he does not wish to make it public. Douglass goes on to say that the underground railroad (an organized system of cooperation among abolitionists who assisted fugitive slaves in escaping to the North or Canada) should be renamed the “upperground railroad,” and he commends “those good men and women for their noble daring, and applauds them for willingly subjecting themselves to bloody persecution,” but he is adamantly opposed to anyone disclosing the methods by which slaves were able to fle Apparently, Douglass was in desperate need of money to go away, and so he offered to Hugh Auld that he “lease his time.” For a specific sum every week, Douglass was given the freedom to pursue work on his own terms; anything he earned in excess of the amount he had committed to Auld was his to retain.

“Rain or shine, work or no job, at the end of each week, the money must be forthcoming, or I will be forced to give up my privilege,” the narrator states.

For Douglass, this employment scenario entailed not only suffering under slavery, but also experiencing the worry that comes with being a free man (who must fend for him or herself in the job market).

At some point, he was able to save up enough money to travel to New York City on September 3, 1838.

  1. In the North, there are a plethora of “man-hunters,” who are willing to return fugitive slaves to their masters in exchange for a monetary reward.
  2. This is the first time that Douglass describes his wife, Anna Murray (a liberated lady whom he had met in Maryland) and how she came to live with him in New York City with him.
  3. They were instantly wedded and moved to the city.
  4. Douglass provides the following explanation: “I granted Mr.

That is something I must hang onto in order to maintain a feeling of my own identity.” Sir Walter Scott’s epic love poem The Lady of the Lake was the inspiration for Johnson’s choice for “Douglass” to take the place of “Bailey.” Surprisingly, in the poem, the name of the exiled lord, James of Douglas, is spelt incorrectly with a singleton.

  • Instead, he discovered a cultured and rich society that was devoid of traces of great poverty in the North.
  • Douglass was resourceful, and he quickly found employment loading ships and handling a variety of other odd jobs.
  • During this period, another watershed moment happened.
  • On August 11, 1841, while attending an anti-slavery conference, he delivered his first speech to an assembly of white people, at the request of William Coffin, an abolitionist leader who had invited him to speak.
  • Analysis Douglass, now a free man, saw that his initial name was inextricably linked to his identity and decided to keep it.
  • In The Lady of the Lake, we follow the narrative of James of Douglas, a fugitive who comes to terms with himself; it is a story that is faintly paralleled by Douglass’ own fugitive existence.
  • First and foremost, he asserts, slavery is a robber, and the rewards of slave work are exclusively enjoyed by slaveholders and their families.
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Greed is unquestionably one of the primary components of slavery – along with power and authority.

Certainly, a free market in which an individual must fend for himself or herself is a challenging environment to live in, but Douglass would have preferred it over a slave economy any day.

Douglass is far less critical and forthright about racism in the North than he is in the South (at least in this first version of his autobiography).

First and foremost, he was still high on the high of freedom in the North, and whatever prejudice he encountered there would have been insignificant in comparison to what he faced in the South.

For many years, the power of slave hunters in the free states was a sensitive topic of discussion.

Money became an essential key to freedom, a key that was equally important as knowledge, because Douglass need money in order to purchase his journey to New York.

They had better health, were happier, and were more affluent than their counterparts in the Southern United States (South).

Because northern living circumstances were superior and the free market was a more efficient process, the northern hemisphere dominated. Slave labor had been supplanted by machinery. Having witnessed the type of capitalism that exists in the North, Douglass enthusiastically welcomes it.

What does Douglass think of the “underground railroad,” and why?

Chapter 11 of Frederick Douglass’s Narrative of his Life On May 18, 2017, at 2:15 a.m., Martin G655067 inquired. The most recent edit was made byjill d170087 on 5/18/20172:36 AM.


Please Include Yours. Posted byjill d170087 at 2:27 a.m. on May 18, 2017. Douglass believes that the subterranean railroad has received too much attention. He also believes that, despite the noble intentions of the slave owners, the slaves themselves suffer as a result of their liberation. They haven’t planned ahead of time. The publicity surrounding the Underground Railroad, in his opinion, increased the consciousness of slave owners, and this increased awareness was an impediment to the achievement of the ultimate outcome.

I commend those brave men and women for their great deeds, and I admire them for deliberately exposing themselves to violent punishment as a result of their open admission of their involvement in the emancipation of enslaved people.

They make no contribution to illuminating the slave, but they make significant contributions to educating the master.

We owe a debt of gratitude to both slaves south of the line and slaves north of the line, and in assisting the latter on their journey to freedom, we should take care not to do anything that might make it more difficult for the former to escape slavery.


Fill in the blanks. Posted byjill d170087 at 2:27 a.m. on May 18, 2017 Mr. Douglass believes that the subterranean railroad has received too much attention recently. He also believes that, despite the noble intentions of the slave owners, the slaves themselves suffer as a result of their liberation from slavery. There is a lack of preparation on their part.” His other belief was that the publicity that accompanied the underground railroad made slave owners even more aware, and that the owners’ awareness was an obstacle to achieving the ultimate outcome.

The bravery of those fine men and women is to be commended, as is their willingness to expose themselves to brutal persecution as a result of their open admission of their involvement in the emancipation of slaves.

Slave education is non-existent, but education for the master is extremely beneficial in many ways.

Our obligations extend to both slaves living south of the line and those living north of it; and in assisting the latter on their journey to freedom, we should take care not to do anything that might make it more difficult for the former to escape slavery. a.

What did Frederick Douglass think about the Underground Railroad? – Easierwithpractice.com

What is it about the Underground Railroad that Frederick Douglass disapproves of? because he feels that a large number of individuals are aware of it and it isn’t buried beneath the ground. If it were, it may be a bit more secure.

What does Douglass try to do in this introduction cite evidence from the text to support your answer?

In order to substantiate your response, you must cite specific passages from the book. Douglas attempted to provide some context as to why he felt out of place in the situation. Example: “He who could address this audience without a quailing sensation has stronger nerves than I do.” In the text, “He who could address this audience without a quailing sensation has stronger nerves than I do.”

Why did Frederick Douglass disapprove of the manner in which the Underground Railroad was conducted?

What was it about the Underground Railroad that made Frederick Douglass disapprove of the way it was run? In his opinion, there was far too much publicity around the Underground Railroad, which may jeopardize future escape attempts since they were informing slaveholders of their means of emancipation.

Why does Douglass make a distinction between the Underground Railroad and what he sees as the Upperground railroad?

“Those good men and women for their noble daring, and applaud them for willingly subjecting themselves to the rigors of. slavery,” Douglass continues, referring to the underground railroad (an organized system of cooperation among abolitionists that assisted fugitive slaves escape to the North or Canada) as the “upperground railroad.”

How did some slaves supplement their necessities?

Others traded everything they had in exchange for something they desired or needed, and some slaves even stole small amounts of particular food products from the farms in order to augment their dietary requirements.

What happened to demby?

A slave named Demby is slain by Mr. Gore, one of Colonel Lloyd’s overseers, who believes he is doing it for his master. Demby flees from the terrible flogging he is receiving from Gore and seeks safety in a nearby creek for the night. The slave does not leave the stream until the count of three has been reached, and when Demby does not leave the stream, Gore shoots him to death.

See also:  Why Did The Underground Railroad Stop?

What conclusion does Douglass draw about the foundation of slavery?

During the course of the novel, Demby is a slave who is murdered by Mr. Gore (one of Colonel Lloyd’s overseers). Taking cover in a nearby creek, Demby manages to flee from the harsh beating that Gore is dishing out. if Demby does not leave the stream by three, Gore threatens to shoot him, and when Demby does not leave the stream, Gore shoots him to death in the stream itself.

What is the central claim of what the black man wants?

Everyone should be entitled to equal rights in a society that was founded on the principles of liberty, as stated in the subtitle of “What the Black Man Wants.” This renowned speech was delivered by Frederick Douglass just before the American Civil War. Douglass campaigned for the ability of African-Americans to vote on an equal basis with whites.

What emotions did Douglass say that the songs sung by slaves convey?

Describe the feelings that Frederick Douglass believed were expressed via the singing of slaves. Douglass is experiencing extreme melancholy to the point that he is unable to express how he is feeling to anybody else.

Where do slaves sleep?

When working on small farms, slaves were typically housed in the kitchen or an outbuilding, or in tiny huts close to the farmer’s home.

Those who worked on bigger plantations where there were a significant number of slaves were generally assigned to modest cottages in a slave quarter, away from the master’s home but still under the supervision of an overseer.

The Underground Railroad (Chapter 23) – Frederick Douglass in Context

For most of his life, Frederick Douglass was involved in the Underground Railroad, beginning with his days as a slave and continuing until the commencement of the Civil War. The Underground Railroad was Douglass’s longest-running and most persistent type of advocacy, and it served as the foundation for all other components of his abolitionist philosophy. Frederick Douglass’s interaction with the Underground Railroad began with his first-hand experiences of slave resistance, including covert communication, mobility, and fleeing from his captors.

Douglass rose to prominence as an abolitionist in the northern United States and as a leader of the Underground Railroad.

Douglass’s development as a thinker was aided greatly by his underground job experience.

Aside from that, he gained practical experience in the Underground Railroad, where he refined his literary style and political philosophy (including his views on women’s rights, internationalism, and direct action).

What did Frederick Douglass do in New Bedford? – JanetPanic.com

It wasn’t just Douglass who made the transition from a life of crime in New Bedford to antislavery advocacy. However, his presence and popularity contributed to the city’s reputation as a haven for fugitives, a past that the city continues to be proud of to this day. Douglass’ five children were all born at New Bedford, including three of his sons.

When did Frederick Douglass move to New Bedford?

a ship caulker is a person who seals ships.

Did Frederick Douglass live in New Bedford MA?

Before his oratory abilities were discovered, he lived in New Bedford until 1841. After that, he began traveling and became increasingly engaged in the anti-slavery campaign. When Douglass resided in New Bedford, it was a tiny village by today’s standards, with just roughly 12,000 residents according to the 1840 Census.

How much did it cost to buy Fredericks freedom?

In conjunction with abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison, he embarks on a lecture tour of the United Kingdom and Ireland. Friends in England arrange money to “buy” Douglass’ release; Douglass is manumitted when Hugh Auld gets $711.66 in exchange for his freedom.

What surprised Douglass about life in NYC?

When Douglass arrives in New Bedford, he is taken aback by the city’s affluence and cleanliness. Douglass has always thought that Northerners are impoverished because they do not own slaves, a belief that is supported by historical evidence. However, the city’s industries appear to be flourishing, and the people appear to be working efficiently. Douglass does not believe in great poverty.

What was the most surprised Douglass about life in the North?

Douglass was taken aback by the abundance of luxury available in the North, as he had assumed that Northerners would be forced to live in substandard conditions if they did not have slaves. Instead, he discovered a cultured and rich society that was devoid of traces of great poverty in the North.

How does Master Hugh react to his beating?

For Douglass, the abundance of luxury in the North came as a complete surprise, as he had assumed that Northerners would be forced to live in squalor if they did not have slaves.

Instead, he discovered a cultured and rich society that was devoid of traces of great poverty in the north.

Why doesn’t Douglass approve the Underground Railroad?

What is it about the Underground Railroad that Frederick Douglass disapproves of? because he feels that a large number of individuals are aware of it and it isn’t buried beneath the ground. If it were, it may be a bit more secure.

Why doesn’t Douglass explain his escape?

He admits, however, that the chapter does not provide a detailed description of his escape route because he does not want to provide slaveholders with knowledge that would assist them in preventing other slaves from fleeing to the North.

Did Frederick Douglass Support the Underground Railroad?

In Tuckahoe, Maryland, Douglass was born a slave to a family of slaves and spent his formative years as a houseboy in Baltimore. While working with the Underground Railroad, he was also able to assist slaves in their escape to the North.

Why doesn’t Douglass give the details of his escape?

What was the reason for Douglass not disclosing all of the specifics of his escape? Douglass’s book was published before the abolition of slavery was achieved. The circumstances of his escape would have revealed vital information about the Underground Railroad and placed people’s lives in peril if he had divulged all of the information.

What did the slaves call Mr Covey and why?

“The snake” is a nickname given to Covey by the slaves, partly because he slips through the grass, but also because the term is a reference to Satan’s appearance in the biblical book of Genesis in the guise of a serpent.

How does Douglass defeat Covey?

Covey ran up to him and booted him in the shins and beat him up. Despite the fact that Douglass was bleeding heavily, he managed to escape and travel seven miles to St. Michael’s in order to seek assistance from Master Thomas.

Why does Frederick tell the story of Lloyd’s Ned and Aunt Hester?

Why does Frederick recount the story of Lloyd’s Ned and his Aunt Hester? What is the significance of the narrative? Ned’s aunt was a slave of Coloniel Lloyd, whom he wished to meet but was forbidden to do so (another slave). In this passage, Frederick claims that slaves did not have a record of their birth and that knowing one’s age was considered a privilege that slaves did not deserve.

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How did Frederick Douglass feel about his mother’s death?

Douglass was born in the Maryland town of Tuckahoe. Douglass’ mother dies while he is just approximately seven years old, and he reacts to the news of her death with “roughly the same feelings as should have presumably been felt at the death of a stranger.”

Image 119 of Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass, an American slave

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However, there are two items from the publication entitled A Lecture on Our National Capital by Frederick Douglass, Anacostia NeighborhoodMuseum, Smithsonian Institution, and National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior, published by the Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1978, for which an addition has been made to the catalog.

copyright protection (see Title 17, United States Code) or any other restrictions in the materials in The Capital and the Bay; however, It is called “‘The Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company,’ and it is located on Pennsylvania Avenue at Fifteenth Street North-West, just across from the Treasury Building.” The National Archives is given credit for this photograph in the above-mentioned publication.

According to the National Archives, this photograph has been wrongly attributed to their collections in the past.

Its origin is currently unclear.

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What was the Underground Railroad? : Harriet Tubman

The Underground Railroad was established in the early nineteenth century and reached its zenith between 1850 and 1860, when it was at its most active. It’s possible that reliable numbers on fleeing slaves who used the Underground Railroad may never be discovered because so much of what we know now comes from narratives written after the Civil War. Between 1810 and 1860, it is estimated that over 100,000 slaves managed to escape using the network. In the upper south, the bulk of slaves were transported from slave states that bordered free states such as Kentucky, Virginia, and Maryland; very few slaves were transported from the Deep South.

Various Underground Railroad routes were discovered.

Why was it called Underground Railroad?

The Underground Railroad was neither underground nor a railroad; it was a network of people and ideas. Due to the network’s clandestine actions being secret and illegal, it was necessary for them to remain “underground” in order to aid fleeing slaves in their efforts to remain hidden from the authorities. Historically, the word “railroad” was used to describe a developing transportation system whose proponents communicated in secret through the usage of railroad code (also known as railroad code).

The homes where fugitives would rest and dine were referred to as “stations” or “depots,” and the owner of the property was referred to as the “station master,” while the “conductor” was the person in charge of transporting slaves from one station to the next, among other things.

Secret codes and phrases are included in this exhaustive collection.


With no clearly defined routes, the Underground Railway was a loosely structured network of linkages rather than a well-organized network of connections. They assisted slaves in their journey to freedom by providing them with housing and transportation. Small groups of supporters were formed independently; the majority of them were familiar with a few connecting stations but were unfamiliar with the complete trip. This technique maintained the confidentiality of those participating while also reducing the likelihood of infiltration.

There was no one path, and there were most likely a number of them.

These locations are listed on the website of the National Park Service.

The majority of them traveled on foot and hid in barns or other out-of-the-way locations such as basements and cupboards.

In major cities such as Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, committees were created to address the issue. These committees generated cash to assist fugitives in resettling by providing them with temporary lodging and employment referrals.

Fugitive Slave Act of 1850

Until 1850, fugitives had a minimal probability of being apprehended while residing in free states. Following the enactment of the Fugitive Slave Actas part of the Compromise of 1850, the Underground Railroad was diverted to Canada as its final objective, with the United States being the final destination. In newly constructed settlements in Southern Ontario, tens of thousands of slaves were resettled. In an instant, their work became more difficult and perhaps dangerous. A $1000 fine or six months in jail was imposed on anybody who assisted slaves.

Slave catchers were lavishly compensated, and even free African Americans were subjected to re-education through the destruction of their free documents.

The end of the Underground Railroad

On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves in the Confederate states of the United States of America. Following the war’s conclusion, the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified in 1865, thereby ending slavery in the whole United States and putting an end to the Underground Railroad’s operations throughout the country.

Supporters of the Underground Railroad

Black and white abolitionists, free blacks, Native Americans, and religious organizations such as the Religious Society of Friends, often known as Quakers and Congregationalists, were among those who sympathized with the network’s goals and objectives. It was the Quakers in Pennsylvania that issued the first demand for the abolition of slavery in the United States in 1688. Levi Coffin, William Still, Frederick Douglass, Thomas Garrett, Samuel Burris, William Lloyd Garrison, Sojourner Truth, Joh Brown, Anderson Ruffin Abbott, Henry Brown, Obadiah Bush, Asa Drury, Matilda Joslyn Gage, Samuel Green, Gerrit Smith, Lucretia Coffin Mott, and Jermain Loguen are just a few of the most well-known supporters of the Underground Railroad: Levi Coffin, William Still, Frederick More information on the history of the Underground Railroad may be found at the following websites.

From the National Park Service’s Freedom Sites Network The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center is located in Washington, D.C.

Under the categories of “popular” and “underground railroad,”

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